Coal Mining Business in Indonesia

Dear Client,

Terlampir beberapa file terkait energi dan batubara:
1. Daftar isi terbaru dari buku “Coal Business in Indonesia, March 2017”. Last update: 7 Maret 2017.
2. Daftar harga buku-buku terkait energi dan batubara.
3. Daftar CNC ke-23 dan IUP yang dicabut.

Bagian yang di-update/ditambahkan dari edisi sebelumnya terdapat pada bagian/bab Coal Transport. Beberapa sub-bab yang ditambahkan mencakup coal handling, coal shipping vessels and freight rates. Denah, bagan, grafis, dan tabel ditambahkan demi memberikan gambaran dan ilustrasi yang lebih riel dan detil.

Saat ini, buku “Coal Business in Indonesia, March 2017. Last update: 7 Maret 2017”, ditawarkan dengan harga US$ 2.000 (dua ribu dollar AS), khusus untuk e-book dengan format pdf, single license.

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Dua hal lainnya yang perlu di-update dalam buku “Coal Business in Indonesia, March 2017” adalah analisa tentang IUP dan daftar eksportir batubara. Daftar CNC yang dipublikasikan DMB banyak yang tidak konsisten. Pun analisa IUP yang disampaikan DMB. Akibatnya, verifikasi dan cross-check data dan informasi harus dilakukan demi keutuhan dan integritas analisa data dan informasi.

Daftar eksportir batubara sudah tersedia, tetapi belum di-cross-check ulang dan cross-link dengan berbagai direktori yang ada, antara lain:
1. direktori usaha tambang dengan status CNC,
2. direktori perusahaan tambang batubara,
3. direktori perusahaan tambang batubara dengan status CNC,
4. direktori perusahaan eksportir batubara,
5. direktori perusahaan pengangkut batubara,
6. direktori usaha batubara, dan lainnya.

Informasi yang sepotong-potong dari KESDM dan DMB membuat kompilasi dan analisa batubara menjadi lebih riweh dan ribet. Oleh karena itu, fokus kerja saya saat ini adalah meng-update analisa tentang IUP dan daftar eksportir batubara. Untuk itu, saya perlu waktu 2-3 hari.

Setelah analisa dan peng-update-an terakhir ini selesai, buku “Coal Business in Indonesia, April 2017” hanya akan ditawarkan dalam bentuk cetak dan sewa e-book flash. Tidak ada diskriminasi harga antara pembeli WNI atau WNA. Buku edisi cetak “Coal Business in Indonesia, April 2017” ditawarkan dengan harga US$ 2.500 (dua ribu lima ratus dollar AS).

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Khusus untuk early bird buyers, saya menawarkan buku “Coal Business in Indonesia, April 2017” dengan harga Rp 10 juta.

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Khusus untuk e-book dalam format flash (file *.exe) berjudul “Coal Business in Indonesia, April 2017”, teks tidak bisa di-klip atau di-copy.

Khusus untuk early bird buyers, bila bapak memerlukan tabel, denah, bagan, grafis, dan gambar dalam buku “Coal Business in Indonesia, April 2017”, saya bisa memberikannya secara gratis dengan beberapa batasan tertentu.

Penawaran ini ditutup sampai 31 Maret 2017.

Demikian update dan penawaran dari saya.
Terima kasih atas perhatian dan kerjasamanya.
Salam,

Sando
Jakarta, 8 Maret 2017


Coal Mining Business in Indonesia, August 2016

by Sando Sasako
Jakarta, 20 July 2016
Last update: 6 December 2016
The updated version is available on this site: http://bit.ly/2gIZCWK

In 2015, Australia replaced Indonesia as the largest exporter of coal in the world. Previously, Indonesia had been supplying lower quality of coal with relatively cheapest price. The cost structure of Indonesian coal only comprises of extraction and transportation to the nearby seaports, ranging from $30 to $55 per ton.

The ever cheapest price of Indonesian steaming coal in the world has been allowed by the government as the coal exported is not required to be upgraded in any quality terms, either as cleaner energy source or higher energy content. Coal that mined and exported has contributed as the major and highest source for state revenue, about 85% of mining revenue. That does not include revenues to local governments in terms of taxes and non-taxes.

There has not been any report of any coal quality upgrades in Indonesia, particularly regarding the gasification process. Some coal liquefaction technologies have been implemented partially to produce SNG (synthetic natural gas), ethanol, DME (dimethyl ether), and methanol-olefins. However, direct application of coal in power generation (mine-mouth power plant) has been implemented only in Sumatera, known as IPP (Independent Power Producer) Coal.

Coal liquefaction is the first step toward the implementation of coal gasification. Coal technology is discussed under the section of “Coal Gasification” along with the issues of CTL (coal-to-liquid), CTG (coal-to-gas), and CTC (coal-to-chemicals). Some coal deposits underground have been conceived by many to contain enormous amounts of reserves, either under the seabed of North Sea, NE England and the underground of Hat Creek, British Columbia, Canada.

Nevertheless, some UCG (underground coal gasification) projects in the world have been cancelled due to failures to fulfill some clauses on guaranteeing environment protection whilst its technology implemented. No technology has ever been present at the moment to assure that the layers surrounding the coal seams underground won’t crack or collapse during coal gasification and let unidentified gas, liquids, fire, or mud to surface.

Porong mud flows, Centralia underground coal fire, Derweze methane burning are some examples of man-made disasters on the mother nature. That hasn’t included the cancer plague suffered by the communities nearby Angren UCG in Uzbekistan operated by Linc Energy. Listed on the SGX-ST (SGX:BRE) and the OTCQX of USA (OTCQX: LNCGY), Linc Energy entered into Voluntary Administration on 30 March 2016 and got itself liquidated afterwards.

Two Indonesian companies that have been known to make some deals with Linc Energy regarding the UCG technologies are PT Sugico Graha (Sugico) and PT Medco Energi Mining Internasional (MEMI), a subsidiary of PT Medco Energi Internasional Tbk. Coal-bed methane (CBM) in Indonesia is another story to be told, discussed, and analysed in separate section in this book.

This research report also contains coal statistics in Indonesia, from resources to reserves, production, export and import, domestic sales, coal terminals and coal seaports. And also a bunch of lists regarding coal regulations, coal agreements with the Indonesian government, issues on environmental and decentralisation, coal mining permits (from CCoW to IUP), the Clean and Clear (CNC) status, domestic market obligation (DMO) by coal companies, and the first coal companies performance.




The above writing is a report sample of research and analysis on “Coal Mining Business in Indonesia


This book is a part of an on-going research on energy business in Indonesia, including a near exhaustive profile of renewable energy in the world and its increasing trends. This part will be updated in a timely manner.


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Coal Mining Business in Indonesia - Sando Sasako


Contents

Foreword iii

Contents v
List of Tables ix
List of Figures x

Global Trends in Energy Industry 1
The Saudi Factor 1
The Revolutionary US Shale 3
Primary Energy Consumption in the World 5

Global Coal Trends 8
Coal Price Dynamics in the World 9
Fracking Coalmines 11
Coal Gasification 12
Underground Coal Gasification 15
Kincardine UCG, Scotland, UK 16
Raven and Hat Creek Coalfield, BC, Canada 19

Global Warming or Global Heating 21
Greenhouse Gas 23
CO2 as One of GHGs 25
Oxygen Carriers 26
CO2 Recovery 28

Underwater Coalmines 29
Hashima Coal Mine, Japan 30
Okinoyama Coal Mine, Japan 31
Beizao Coal Mine, China 31
Bomlo Coal Mine, Norway 33
Cape Breton Coal Mines, Nova Scotia, Canada 35
Solway Coal Mines, Cumbria, UK 39
North Sea Coal Mines, NE England 40
Forth Coal Mines, Scotland, UK 41
The End of Deep Coal Mines in the UK 42

Energy Business in Indonesia in a brief 45

Coal-Bed Methane 47
The Milestone of CBM Commercialisation 49
CBM Asia @ Kutai West PSC 50
Dart Energy & IGas 52
Dart Energy & NuEnergy 53

Coal 61
History of Coal Business in Indonesia 66
Regulatory Frameworks 69
The Dutch Colonialism 69
The Mining Law of 1967 69
The Production Sharing Contract in Coal Mining of 1975 71
The Coal Contract of Work of 1981 71
Forced Localisation 72

Issues on Enviromental and Decentralisation 74
Ministerial Regulations (Permen ESDM) 75
Ministerial Decrees (Kepmen ESDM) 77

Clean and Clear: The Causes 80
The Non-CNC Status 82
Unclear DMO System 85
Forestry Land Use Permit 89
Korsup Minerba 90

CCoW Companies: The First Generations 93
BHP Kendilo Coal Indonesia 98
BHP Businesses in Indonesia 100
Rio Tinto 100
Tata Power 101
Arutmin Indonesia 103
Kaltim Prima Coal 103
Bumi Resources 105
The IndoCoal Deals 105
Asmin Koalindo Tuhup 107
Allied Indo Coal 108

References 111

Directory of Coal Mining Companies in Indonesia 115
Abadi Batubara Cemerlang 115
Abadi Coal Cemerlang 115
Aceh Resources and Mineral 115
Aceh Resources and Mineral Core 115
Adaro Indonesia 115
Adimas Baturaja Cemerlang 115
Allied Indo Coal , PT 116
Andhika Mutiara Etam 116
Andhika Mutiara Lestari 116
Andhika Mutiara Sejahtera 116
Antang Gunung Meratus 116
Anugerah Jatimulia 117
Anugerah Jatimulya 117
Arutmin Indonesia 117
Asmin Bara Bronang 117
Asmin Bara Jaan 117
Asmin Koalindo Tuhup 117
Astaka Dodol 118
Bahari Cakrawala Sebuku 118
Bangun Banua Persada Kalimantan 118
Bara Mutiara Prima 118
Bara Pramulya Abadi 119
Bara Sentosa Lestari 119
Bara Utama Unggul 119
Baradinamika Mudasukses 119
Baramarta, PD 119
Baramarta 119
Baramulti Sukses Sarana 120
Baramulti Suksessartana 120
Baramutiara Prima 120
Barasentosa Lestari 120
Batu Alam Selaras 120
Batubara Duaribu Abadi, PT 120
Batubara Selaras Sapta, PT 120
Baturona Adimulya 121
Benakat Energi 121
Benakat Energy 121
Bentala Coal Mining 121
Berau Coal 121
Bharinto Ekatama 121
Bima Duta Batubara Sakti 122
Borneo Bhaktibara Utama 122
Borneo Indobara 122
Buana Bara Utama 122
Bukit Baiduri Enterprises 122
Bukit Sunur 123
Bumi Laksana Perkasa 123
Bumi Panen Sukses 123
Bumi Sukse Mandiri 123
Buntok Perdana Coal Mining 123
Calicari 123
Coal Duaribu Abadi 123
Coal Selaras Sapta 124
Danau Mas Hitam 124
Daya Lapan 124
Delma Mining Corporation 124
Dhamar Tejokencono 124
Dharma Puspita Mining 124
Dutaputra Tanaratama 125
Ekasatya Yanatama 125
Energi Batubara Sumatera 125
Energy Batubara Sumatra 125
Fajar Bumi Sakti 125
Firman Ketaun Perkasa 125
Galicari 125
General Sakti Kreasindo 126
Generalindo Prima Coal 126
Gunung Bayan Pratama 126
Gunung Bayan Pratama Coal 126
Hulubalang Inti Bumi 126
Indexim Coalindo 126
Indominco Mandiri 127
Insani Bara Perkasa 127
Interex Sacra Raya 127
Intitirta Prima Sakti 127
Intitirta Primasakti 128
Jorong Barutama Greston 128
Juloi Coal 128
Kadya Caraka Mulia 128
Kalimantan Energi Lestari 128
Kalteng Coal 129
Kaltim Prima Coal 129
Kartika Selabumi Mining 129
Karunia Poladaya Bumi 129
Karya Bumi Baratama 129
Kendilo Coal Indonesia 130
BHP Kendilo Coal Indonesia 130
Kideco Jaya Agung 130
Kitadin 130
Kodeco Horna Mandiri 130
Kurnia Sarana Lestari 130
Kutai Kertanegara Prima Coal 130
Lahai Coal 131
Lanna Harita Indonesia 131
Lianganggang Cemerlang 131
Mahakam Sumber Jaya 131
Mandiri Intiperkasa 131
Mantimin Coal Mining 132
Marunda Graha Mineral 132
Marunda Grahamineral 132
Maruwai Coal 132
Maruai Coal 132
Meulaboh Energitama 132
Meullaboho Energitama 133
Mitrajaya Timuragung 133
Multi Harapan Utama 133
Multi Tambangjaya Utama 133
Nusa Minera Utama 133
Nusantara Termal Coal (D/A Nusantara Thai Coal) 134
Nusantara Thai Coal 134
Pari Coal 134
Pendopo Energi Coal 134
Pendopo Energy Batubara 134
Perkasa Inakakerta 134
Persada Permata Mulya 135
Persada Permata Mulia 135
Pesona Khatulistiwa Nusantara 135
Pinang Jaya Sarana Bara 135
Pinangjaya Sarana Bara 135
Ramdany Coal Mining 135
Ratah Coal 135
Restubara Karya Pratama 136
Riau Bara Harum 136
Salamindo Coalindo 136
Salamindo Pahala 136
Santan Coal 136
Santan Batubara 136
Sarwa Sembada Karya Bumi 136
Selatan Selabara 137
Selo Argodedali 137
Selo Argokencono Sakti 137
Senamas Energindo Mulya 137
Senamas Energindo Mulia 137
Sinar Benua Prima 138
Sinarindo Barakarya 138
Singlurus Pratama 138
Solok Bara Adipratama 138
Sumber Barito Coal 138
Sumber Kurnia Buana 139
Suprabari Mapanindo Mineral 139
Tambang Damai 139
Tanito Harum 139
Tanjung Alam Jaya 140
Tanjung Alam Raya 140
Taraco Mining 140
Teguh Persada Coal 140
Teguh Reksa Daya 140
Teguh Sinar Abadi 140
Tempayang Cemerlang 141
Timah Batubara Utama 141
Torah Antareja Mining 141
Trimarta Coal Perkasa 141
Trimata Buana 141
Trimata Benua 141
Trimata Coal Perkasa 142
Trubaindo Coal Mining 142
Wadung Mas Tambang Mulia 142
Wadungmas Tambang Mulia 142
Wahana Baratama Mining 142
Whirakaneo Coalindo 142
Whiratama Bina Perkasa 142
Yamabhumi Palaka 143

List of Tables

Table 1 – Primary Energy Consumption in the World by Countries, 2005-2015 (mtoe) 5
Table 2 – Primary Energy: Consumption in the World by Countries and by Fuel Type, 2014 (mtoe) 6
Table 3 – Primary Energy: Consumption in the World by Countries and by Fuel Type, 2015 (mtoe) 7
Table 4 – BP coal prices, 1987-2015 ($/tonne) 9
Table 5 – US coal export price, 2010q1-2016q1 ($/short tons) 9
Table 6 – Coal In-Place Resources for Upper Limestone Fm + Limestone Coal Fm, Kincardine, Nov.2014 17
Table 7 – Coal In-Place Resources for Upper Limestone Fm, Kincardine, Nov.2014 17
Table 8 – Coal In-Place Resources for Limestone Coal Fm, Kincardine, Nov.2014 17
Table 9 – Coal In-Place Resources, Kincardine, Nov.2014 18
Table 10 – Estimates of trace chemicals abundance in the global atmosphere, 1980. 25
Table 11 – Overview of existing chemical-looping combustors 28
Table 12 – Some undersea coalmines in Solway Firth, Cumbria, UK 39
Table 13 – CBM Resources in Indonesia 47
Table 14 – The 20 largest shareholders of Dart Energy Limited, 20100914 52
Table 15 – Some subsidiaries of IGas which were held through subsidiaries, 30 June 2015 53
Table 16 – Coal reserves in Indonesia, 2014 62
Table 17 – Coal supply in Indonesia, 2000-2014 63
Table 18 – Existing coal terminals in Indonesia 64
Table 19 – Coal mining companies in Indonesia by permits, March 2015 66
Table 20 – CNC status of IUP by announcements, 20110630-20160104 81
Table 21 – Problems of Non-CNC IUPs by category and regions, 20140203 82
Table 22 – Clean and Clear IUPs by province, 2014 – April 2016 84
Table 23 – Coal Domestic Market Obligations in Indonesia, 2010-2015 85
Table 24 – Coal Domestic Market Obligations in Indonesia, by CCoW and KP/IUP companies, 20100419-20150427 (mt) 87
Table 25 – Overlay of IUP, COW, and PKP2B with Forest Area Map and IPPKH 89
Table 26 – IUP within conservation forests in 12 provinces, 2014-2015 89
Table 27 – The First Generation CCoW Companies: The dates, area, and resources/reserves 93
Table 28 – The second generation of CCoW Companies: 17 of 19 93
Table 29 – Coal produced from Kalimantan, 1997-2000 (1000 ton) 94
Table 30 – The third generation of CCoW Companies: 106 of 114 95
Table 31 – Coal production from CCoW companies, 2005-2012 (1,000 ton) 97
Table 32 – Financial profile of 3 direct subsidiaries of Tata Power on coal business in Indonesia, 2015q1 (₹ crore) 101
Table 33 – Subsidiaries of Tata Power related with coal mining business in Indonesia, 2015q1 (₹ crore) 101
Table 34 – Tata Power companies in Indonesia, 2015 102

List of Figures

Figure 1 – Potential future global oil projects by average breakeven prices 3
Figure 2 – Australian monthly thermal coal price, Jan. 1980 – July 2016 (US$/metric ton) 10
Figure 3 – Monthly coal prices from Australia, Colombia, South Africa, Jan. 1970 – July 2016 ($/mt) 10
Figure 4 – American weekly coal prices, 20080506-20160812 (US$) 11
Figure 5 – Various technologies implemented during power generation process 12
Figure 6 – Some chemical reactions in converting syngas 13
Figure 7 – Some routes of coal to chemicals from methane via syngas 13
Figure 8 – Coal cycle and its derived products schematics, from liquid (CTL), to gas (CTG), and chemicals (CTC) 14
Figure 9 – Potential UCG in the UK, 2004 15
Figure 10 – Kincardine UGC project area of interest, 20141105 17
Figure 11 – Kincardine UCG licenses in the Firth of Forth, 20150402. 18
Figure 12 – Kincardine area of interest in Midland Valley of Scotland, 20141105 19
Figure 13 – Coalmines in British Columbia, Canada 20
Figure 14 – Selected significant climate anomalies and events, July 2016 21
Figure 15 – Earth’s Annual Global Mean Energy Budget, July 1987 – Dec. 1988 22
Figure 16 – Earth’s Global Energy Budget, March 2000 – March 2004 22
Figure 17 – Monthly mean atmospheric carbon dioxide at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, March 1958 – July 2016 (ppm) 26
Figure 18 – Oxygen transport capability of different MeO/Me systems. 27
Figure 19 – The effective aquifuge in Beizao Coalmine 32
Figure 20 – TBU Underwater coal mining in The Baltic Union 33
Figure 21 – TBU Coal Island 34
Figure 22 – TBU Sandisle structure 34
Figure 23 – Coal mines in Nova Scotia, Canada 36
Figure 24 – Donkin coal resource block 36
Figure 25 – Solway Firth, Irish Sea, UK 39
Figure 26 – The map of Tynemouth-Boldon-Sunderland, NE England 41
Figure 27 – Deep coal mining closures in the UK, 2010-2015 43
Figure 28 – Deep coal mining closures in the UK, 1960-1969 43
Figure 29 – Onshore coal distribution in the UK by depth, 2014 44
Figure 30 – CBM Basins in Indonesia 47
Figure 31 – Coal bed methane (CBM) resources in Indonesia, 2010 48
Figure 32 – CBM PSC terms in Indonesia 48
Figure 33 – Some CBM PSCs in East Kalimantan 51
Figure 34 – CBM basin in South Sumatera, Nov. 2011 54
Figure 35 – Tanjung Enim CBM PSC 55
Figure 36 – Muralim CBM PSC 56
Figure 37 – Sangatta West CBM PSC 58
Figure 38 – The CBM PSCs of NuEnergy in Sumatera 59
Figure 39 – Gasification-based system concepts 61
Figure 40 – Gasification chemistry 61
Figure 41 – Coal distribution in Indonesia by calory class, 2014 62
Figure 42 – Supply and export of Indonesian coal, 1997-2014 63
Figure 43 – Export share over coal production in top producing countries 63
Figure 44 – Coal seaports in Indonesia, 2015 65
Figure 45 – UK banks involvement in Indonesian coal companies 66
Figure 46 – Mining permits in Indonesia, 20140203 67
Figure 47 – Mining problems in Indonesia, 20140203 80
Figure 48 – JORC’s general relationship between exploration results, mineral resources, and ore reserves 80
Figure 49 – Problems of Non-Clean & Clear Status of IUPs classified and mapped 83
Figure 50 – Adding value to the coal by implementing clean coal technology 85
Figure 51 – Coal DMO mechanism in Indonesia 86
Figure 52 – Monitoring and reporting system on the implementation of coal DMO mechanism in Indonesia 87
Figure 53 – Clean & Clear Status of IUPs, May 2011 – April 2016 90
Figure 54 – The mechanics of $600m structure finance (fixed rate note) of IndoCoal in 2005 106
Figure 55 – The mechanics of unrated $900m structured export notes (FRN) of IndoCoal in 2006 106


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