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    Celine Dion: a grandnanny of 50 or 60? 

    Celine Dion: a grandnanny of 50 or 60?

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6633071/Celine-Dion-steps-Paris-close-pal-Pepe-Munoz-enjoying-fashion-week.html
    Celine Dion, 50, looks out of this world as she goes braless in a plunging futuristic jumpsuit for her most DARING PFW outfit yet
    By LILY WADDELL and SEAN O’GRADY FOR MAILONLINE
    PUBLISHED: 18:45 GMT, 25 January 2019 | UPDATED: 02:59 GMT, 26 January 2019

    She has been on everyone’s lips since arriving in the city of love for the prestigious week-long fashion extravaganza.

    And Celine Dion pulled off her most outrageous outfit yet when she arrived at the Folies Bergere, in Paris during fashion week on Friday.

    The style icon, 50, left little to the imagination by going braless in a deeply low-cut jumpsuit which had a sheer panel to offer a look at her cleavage.

    Dazzling diva: Celine Dion, 50, looked out of this world as she went braless in a plunging futuristic jumpsuit for her most DARING PFW outfit yet on Friday

    Dramatic shoulder pads and shimmering embroidery detailing on the one-piece ensured all eyes were well and truly on the fashionista.

    The My Heart Will Go On hitmaker finished off her kooky look with trendy microscopic sunglasses and chunky ankle bracelets.

    Seemingly shrouded in mystery, the blonde tamed her golden locks underneath a PVC hat which had a netting detail that veiled her face from view.

    Always watching: Dramatic shoulder pads and shimmering embroidery detailing on the one-piece ensured all eyes were well and truly on the fashionista

    Cheeky: Doing little to dispel the rumours of romance, Celine and pal Pepe Munoz were inseparable when they left Folies Bergere together

    Close pals: They have always insisted their close bond is strictly friendship and that there is no romance blossoming between them

    Earlier in the day, Celine kept her stylish looks fresh when she stepped out in a different outfit with her close pal Pepe Munoz, 34.

    Doing little to dispel the rumours of romance, the pair were inseparable when they left the Crillon Hotel in Paris.

    The Canadian singer was said to be making her way to the office of designer Alexandre Vauthier, whose designs she has worn in the past.

    What a woman! She pulled off her most outrageous outfit yet when she arrived at the Folies Bergere, in Paris during fashion week on Friday

    A cheeky look! Celine offered a glimpse at some major sideboob when she went braless in the very saucy jumpsuit

    Together: During Paris Fashion Week, Celine and Pepe have barely left each other’s sides

    The hitmaker stood out easily with her eye-catching outfit, donning a white, ruffled dress with a detailed and colourful floral pattern.

    Wrapping up in the frosty January weather, she paired it with a velvet green jacket and purple boots.

    Styling her blonde locks into an updo, Celine went for an elegant finish with a crimson lip and pearl earrings.

    Looking in high spirits while she walked the streets of the French capital, the singer sported a pair of shades and carried a printed handbag.

    All good friends: Pepe placed a supportive hand on Celine’s waist as they posed outside

    Glamour: Celine Dion, 50, was stylish as ever as she stepped out with close pal Pepe Munoz, 34, as they left the Crillon Hotel in Paris on Friday

    Style: The Canadian singer was said to be making her way to the office of designer Alexandre Vauthier, whose designs she has worn in the past

    Fashion: The hitmaker stood out easily with her eye-catching outfit, donning a white, ruffled dress with a detailed and colourful floral pattern

    Her friend Pepe looked dapper for the day out, donning a grey, polo neck jumper with black, slim-fitting jeans and matching boots.

    Celine and Pepe, who laughed off rumours of a romance after they were linked in the summer of 2017, were seen putting on a tactile display at Alexandre’s Haute’s fashion presentation.

    The pair looked close as they chatted on the front row, with Pepe adjusting Celine’s dress, and the superstar lovingly cupping his face.

    Fashion week: Wrapping up in the frosty January weather, she paired it with a velvet green jacket and purple boots

    Radiant: Styling her blonde locks into an updo, Celine went for an elegant finish with a crimson lip and pearl earrings

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6633071/Celine-Dion-steps-Paris-close-pal-Pepe-Munoz-enjoying-fashion-week.html#v-5575641721090098218

    Back in 2018, Pepe revealed that romance rumours between the pair, sparked when they danced together onstage, had amused them.

    Dispelling romance rumours, he told the Montreal Gazette: ‘We still laugh about them. I can count on her when I need to talk, and I am ready to listen to her, too.’

    ‘Céline is a woman who is completely transparent. She doesn’t cheat. She is exactly what you see: nice, tender, generous, always ready to offer the best of herself.’

    Ensemble: Looking in high spirits while she walked the streets of the French capital, the singer sported a pair of shades and carried a printed handbag

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6633071/Celine-Dion-steps-Paris-close-pal-Pepe-Munoz-enjoying-fashion-week.html#v-2015412073330028797


    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6628463/Celine-Dion-50-dancer-pal-Pepe-Mu-oz-34-step-Paris-Haute-Couture-Week-leather.html
    Celine Dion, 50, and dancer pal Pepe Muñoz, 34, step out for Paris Haute Couture Week in coordinating leather jackets
    By ANDREW BULLOCK FOR MAILONLINE
    PUBLISHED: 16:13 GMT, 24 January 2019 | UPDATED: 14:35 GMT, 25 January 2019

    Another day, another Haute Couture show in Paris for Celine Dion and her dancer pal Pepe Muñoz.

    The friends were seen dashing from one event to another on Thursday, having hit the RVDK Ronald Van Der Kemp’s Spring/Summer 2019 show the day before in the French capital.

    Celine, 50, and Pepe, 34, complimented each other’s looks, coordinating in leather biker-style jackets.

    Another day, another Haute Couture show: Celine Dion and her dancer pal Pepe Muñoz stepped out in matching leathers on Thursday

    While Pepe went for the classic black leather look, Celine slipped her lithe frame into a plum coloured number in the same style.

    The That’s The Way It Is songstress teamed hers with a black large-buckled belt which she tied around her waist on the outside of the jacket.

    She wore a black polo-neck sweater, matching leather gloves and leather trousers, as well as Nicholas Kirkwood ‘Annabel Pearl Biker Boots’ in Black Nappa Leather.

    Celine wore Max Mara Marilyn shades as she braved the chilly climes, with her companion also keeping things as incognito as possible in his own pair of sunglasses.

    C’est chic: Celine slipped her lithe frame into a plum coloured number in the same style

    That’s The Way It Is: The songstress teamed hers with a black large-buckled belt which she tied around her waist on the outside of the jacket

    Step into style like Celine in boots by Nicholas Kirkwood
    Nicholas Kirkwood ‘Annabel’ boots
    £850
    Now reduced to £340!

    Celine Dion is taking Haute Couture Fashion Week by storm. The superstar has attended several shows in Paris and, in turn, wowed us on every occasion.

    Today, she stepped out wearing head-to-toe leather and we are seriously in awe. While her show-stopping look comprised a sassy belted jacket and skinny trousers, it was her choice of footwear that particularly caught our eye.

    She opted for Nicholas Kirkwood’s ‘Annabel’ design. Inspired by the rebellious 80s new wave era, these boots are set on a towering gripped heel that is adorned with the label’s signature faux pearl.

    Ankle boots are guaranteed to complement an abundance of outfits, from tailored trousers to flouncy skirts, so we think these are well-worth their £340 price tag. Click (right) to buy them now.

    Alternatively, discover further embellished footwear from the likes of Dune, Carvela and Aquazurra below.

    Off their feet: The friends were seen dashing from one event to another on Thursday, having hit the RVDK Ronald Van Der Kemp’s Spring/Summer 2019 show the day before in the French capital

    His’n’Her’s: Celine, 50, and Pepe, 34, complimented each other’s looks, coordinating in leather biker-style jackets

    He toted a man bag, which he wore across his chest, while Celine swung a black leather purse by her side.

    Even their gloves were in-sync, with Pepe opting out of leather ones and instead wearing black finger-less gloves.

    Celine and Pepe, who laughed off rumours of a romance after they were linked in the summer of 2017, kicked off the shows this week at the Alexandre Vauthier Haute’s fashion presentation.

    Hi there! She wore a black polo-neck sweater, matching leather gloves and leather trousers

    Stepping out: Celine wore Max Mara Marilyn shades as she braved the chilly climes

    Dashing about town: Celine and Pepe, who laughed off rumours of a romance after they were linked in the summer of 2017, kicked off the shows this week at the Alexandre Vauthier Haute’s fashion presentation

    The singer and her Spanish backup dancer pal looked close as they chatted on the front row, with Pepe adjusting Celine’s dress, and the superstar lovingly cupping his face.

    Back in 2018, Pepe revealed that romance rumours between the pair, sparked when they danced together onstage, had amused them.

    Dispelling romance rumours, he told the Montreal Gazette: ‘We still laugh about them. I can count on her when I need to talk, and I am ready to listen to her, too.’

    ‘Céline is a woman who is completely transparent. She doesn’t cheat. She is exactly what you see: nice, tender, generous, always ready to offer the best of herself.’


    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6624487/Celine-Dion-50-showcases-signature-style-silk-ensemble-heads-Valentino-Show.html
    Celine Dion, 50, showcases her signature style in a silk ensemble as she heads to Valentino Fashion Show in Paris
    By LILY WADDELL FOR MAILONLINE
    PUBLISHED: 18:21 GMT, 23 January 2019 | UPDATED: 21:24 GMT, 23 January 2019

    She has undergone an incredible style transformation.

    And Celine Dion was the spectacle of sophistication once again when she left the Hotel De Crillon to attend the Valentino Fashion Show, in Paris on Wednesday.

    The My Heart Will Go On hitmaker, 50, oozed opulence in a silky sandy blouse and long beige skirt as she stepped out into the rainy streets.

    She’s a fashion goddess! Celine Dion, 50, showcased her signature style in a silk ensemble as she headed to Valentino Fashion Show in Paris on Wednesday

    Burgundy heels and an over sized handbag in the same shade to match brought a pop of colour to Celine’s biscuit coloured ensemble.

    Giant golden earrings hung from her ears like glistening chandeliers and the singer ensured the jewels were on display by tying back her golden locks.

    A day before, Celine was seen putting on a tactile display with Pepe at the Alexandre Vauthier Haute’s fashion show.

    Celine and Pepe were romantically linked two years ago in 2017 but the pair laughed off the rumours they were dating.

    Sparkling sensation: Giant golden earrings hung from her ears like glistening chandeliers and the singer ensured the jewels were on display by tying back her golden locks

    Back in 2018, Pepe revealed that romance rumours between the pair, sparked when they danced together onstage, had amused them.

    Dispelling romance rumours, he told the Montreal Gazette: ‘We still laugh about them. I can count on her when I need to talk, and I am ready to listen to her, too.’

    ‘Céline is a woman who is completely transparent. She doesn’t cheat. She is exactly what you see: nice, tender, generous, always ready to offer the best of herself.’

    Celine’s appearance comes after it was announced she will headline Barclaycard’s British Summer Time Hyde Park on Friday July 5, 2019.

    Her headlining performance will come just a month after the end of her second record-breaking Las Vegas residency Celine on 8 June 2019.

    Striking looks: Burgundy heels and an over sized handbag in the same shade to match brought a pop of colour to Celine’s biscuit coloured ensemble

    Keep it chic like Celine in a cape by Valentino
    Valentino AW18 couture

    Celine Dion treated us to an array of stunning ensembles during this season’s Haute Couture Fashion Week. We saw the superstar decked out in several luxury labels, from Baja East to Alexandre Vauthier.

    Most recently, she stepped out in head-to-toe Valentino, and the look nailed winter chic. Hailing from the brand’s current couture line, her outfit incorporated a long silk cape that looked particularly enticing.

    With UK temperatures hitting freezing point, we are on the lookout for anything cosy, and this cape is bound to keep its wearer warm – without compromising on style.

    So we have searched the virtual web for similar pieces. Browse our favourite finds from the likes of Boohoo, MANGO and Max Mara below – just add burgundy accessories for a nod to Celine’s look!

    Style: Celine was making another stylish appearance during PFW

    BFFs: She was accompanied by hunky Spanish back-up dancer Pepe Munoz

    Radiant: The songstress opted for simple yet radiant make-up

    It will be the only European date of the year for the French-Canadian vocal powerhouse and special guests are still to be announced.

    Announcing her news, she said: ‘I’ve got a big craving for some bangers and mash and some sticky toffee pudding.

    ‘So I’m heading over to London this summer, to headline the Barclaycard British Summer Time Hyde Park festival on July 5 and I can’t wait to see you guys.’

    Celine has sold over 240million records worldwide (more than any other BST Hyde Park headliner) and is renowned for her monumental vocal range.

    Amazing looks: The My Heart Will Go On hitmaker, 50, oozed opulence in a silky sandy blouse and long beige skirt as she stepped out into the rainy streets

    She said: ‘It’s my first time doing a show in beautiful Hyde Park…. I’m so excited. I love London, and it’s a great honour for me to be part of the Barclaycard presents BST Hyde Park concerts. I can’t wait…. summertime in London, here we come!’

    Celine achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling albums such as Falling Into You and Let’s Talk About Love, both of which were certified diamond in the US.

    She has built her reputation as a trailblazer and era-defining live performer with her now legendary Vegas residency A New Day. Celine has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year.

    It remains the highest-grossing concert residency of all time – closely followed by her second headlining residency Celine, which kicked off in 2011 at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas.


    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6623539/Celine-Dion-wows-plunging-silver-trouser-suit-attends-Paris-Haute-Couture-Week.html
    Celine Dion, 50, wows in a plunging silver trouser suit as she cosies up to Pepe Muñoz, 34, in the front row once again at Paris’ Haute Couture Week
    By RYAN SMITH FOR MAILONLINE
    PUBLISHED: 14:13 GMT, 23 January 2019 | UPDATED: 17:04 GMT, 23 January 2019

    She’s been spotted out and about in Paris over the past several days, as she enjoys the sights and delights surrounding the French capital’s Haute Couture Week.

    And Celine Dion, 50, continued to display her passion for fashion on Wednesday, when she stepped out in style for RVDK Ronald Van Der Kemp’s Spring/Summer 2019 show — accompanied once again by her close pal Pepe Muñoz, 34.

    The pair, who in 2018 shot down rumours that they were in a romantic relationship, looked relaxed and happy as they sat together in the front row at the hot ticket show, after Celine walked in on the arm of the handsome Spaniard dancer.

    Passion for fashion: Celine Dion attended RVDK Ronald Van Der Kemp’s Spring/Summer 2019 show at Paris’ Haute Couture Week on Wednesday afternoon

    Acclaimed songstress Celine wowed as she stepped out on the streets of the City of Light in a plunging silver trouser suit, which featured upturned shoulder pads.

    The My Heart Will Go On singer teamed her structured ensemble with towering gold heels and chunky statement jewellery, which included a choker and a bracelet.

    Wearing her golden locks in a sleek bun the French-Canadian beauty highlighted her good looks with a makeup palette that included a mixture of pinks.

    Friendly in the front row: The 50-year-old star was accompanied by close pal Pepe Muñoz, 34

    You’ve got to hand it to her: She walked into the fashion presentation on her hunky friend’s arm

    Silver sensation: Acclaimed songstress Celine wowed as she stepped out on the streets of the City of Light in a plunging silver trouser suit, which featured upturned shoulder pads

    Golden: The My Heart Will Go On singer teamed her structured ensemble with towering gold heels and chunky statement jewellery, which included a choker, watch, ring and a bracelet

    Tress-ed to impress: The French-Canadian singer wore her lustrous golden locks in a sleek bun

    Pinks: She highlighted her good looks with a makeup palette that included a mixture of pinks

    Toting a small gold handbag, Celine was accompanied by her dancer friend Pepe, who kept a low profile in the background as she posed for photographs.

    For the outing, Pepe cut a far more casual figure, donning ripped jeans with a light grey hoodie, a black leather biker jacket and greyscale running shoes.

    Just a day before, Celine and Pepe, who laughed off rumours of a romance after they were linked in the summer of 2017, were seen putting on a tactile display at Alexandre Vauthier Haute’s fashion presentation.

    Gent: As Celine made her way out of a chauffeur-driven vehicle, Pepe was on hand to help her

    Take my hand: He extended his hand to the Grammy-winning star as they walked to the venue

    Moment in the spotlight: Pepe stood on the background as Celine posed for the photographers

    It’s all in the details: The singing superstar also accessorised with a pair of gold hoop earrings

    Purse: She carried a small golden handbag as her main accessory as she attended the event

    Guests: Celine and Pepe were followed by an army of well-heeled guests en route to the show

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6623539/Celine-Dion-wows-plunging-silver-trouser-suit-attends-Paris-Haute-Couture-Week.html#v-5899508972282884465

    The singer, 50, and her Spanish backup dancer pal, 34, looked close as they chatted on the front row, with Pepe adjusting Celine’s dress, and the superstar lovingly cupping his face.

    The songstress put on an extremely leggy display in a black sequinned floor-length gown, with a racy cut-out detail which flashed her decolletage.

    Her gown of choice featured a soaring thigh-high split which revealed her slender legs in black stilettos.

    Fashion: Celine has been spotted out and about in Paris over the past several days, as she enjoys the sights and delights surrounding the French capital’s Haute Couture Week

    Denied: In 2018, the friendly pair shot down rumours that they were in a romantic relationship

    Casually cool: For the outing, Pepe cut a far more casual figure, donning ripped jeans with a light grey hoodie, a black leather biker jacket and greyscale running shoes

    Staying close: Handsome Spaniard Pepe stayed close to the star as she walked into the venue

    Strike a pose: Celine struck a series of striking poses for the huge gathering of photographers

    Chilling out: Celine and her pal Pepe looked relaxed as they chatted while walking arm-in-arm

    Her caramel tresses were pulled back into an elegant bun while her pretty features were enhanced with smoky shadow, fluttery lashes and a slick of peach gloss.

    Pepe looked devastatingly handsome in a black leather jacket paired with slate grey trousers and black leather boots.

    His brunette tresses were styled in a coiffed quiff while he sported a smattering of stubble.

    Snaps: As she stood outside the imposing venue, Celine continued to pose for photographers

    Continuing: The posing continued once the 50-year-old star got inside the venue for the show

    Welcome: The star has become a much welcomed fixture on the fashion circuit over the years

    Win: Celine has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year

    Taking the plunge: Singer Celine opted to go without a top under her deeply plunging blazer

    All eyes on me: She ensured all eyes were on her striking ensemble during her fashion outing

    Back in 2018, Pepe revealed that romance rumours between the pair, sparked when they danced together onstage, had amused them.

    Dispelling romance rumours, he told the Montreal Gazette: ‘We still laugh about them. I can count on her when I need to talk, and I am ready to listen to her, too.’

    ‘Céline is a woman who is completely transparent. She doesn’t cheat. She is exactly what you see: nice, tender, generous, always ready to offer the best of herself.’

    Coveted seats: The pair sat among a host of guests as they settled into their front row seats

    Round of applause: The mother-of-three applauded enthusiastically as the show got underway

    Grand setting: As with many of the Paris presentations, the show took place in a grand setting

    Spotlight: Even as she relaxed in her seat, the cameras remained angled in Celine’s direction

    This comes after it was announced Celine will headline Barclaycard’s British Summer Time Hyde Park on Friday July 5, 2019.

    Her headlining performance will come just a month after the end of her second record-breaking Las Vegas residency Celine on 8 June 2019.

    It will be the only European date of the year for the French-Canadian vocal powerhouse and special guests are still to be announced.

    Announcing her news, she said: ‘I’ve got a big craving for some bangers and mash and some sticky toffee pudding.

    Lead the way: The singer led the way as the pair walked over to their prime seats at the event

    Coming to UK shores: Celine recently announced that she is set to perform in London in July

    Sole: Her London performance is currently her sole European show scheduled for this year

    One is amused: At one point, the pair seemed to be amused by Celine’s small golden handbag

    Stardom: Celine first gained international attention after winning the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival and the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest (while representing Switzerland)

    English-language debut: The French-Canadian star rose dramatically in 1990, when she released her debut English-language album, Unison, which topped charts around the world

    ‘So I’m heading over to London this summer, to headline the Barclaycard British Summer Time Hyde Park festival on July 5 and I can’t wait to see you guys.’

    Celine has sold over 240million records worldwide (more than any other BST Hyde Park headliner) and is renowned for her monumental vocal range.

    She said: ‘It’s my first time doing a show in beautiful Hyde Park…. I’m so excited. I love London, and it’s a great honour for me to be part of the Barclaycard presents BST Hyde Park concerts. I can’t wait…. summertime in London, here we come!’

    The man of the hour: At the event, the iconic singer posed with designer Ronald Van Der Kemp

    Loss: Celine lost her husband of 21 years, René Angélil, in January 2016 after a cancer battle

    Interview: Celine flashed a broad smile as she sat down for an impromptu interview with Vogue

    Celine achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling albums such as Falling Into You and Let’s Talk About Love, both of which were certified diamond in the US.

    She has built her reputation as a trailblazer and era-defining live performer with her now legendary Vegas residency A New Day.

    It remains the highest-grossing concert residency of all time – closely followed by her second headlining residency Celine, which kicked off in 2011 at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas.

    BFFs: Celine and Pepe proved they were still the best of friends as they put on a very tactile display at the Alexandre Vauthier show on Tuesday

    Hands everywhere: The singer and her Spanish backup dancer pal looked close as they chatted, with Pepe adjusting Celine’s dress, and the superstar lovingly cupping his face

    Cosying up: The pals, who have dispelled rumours of a romance, cosied up in the FROW

    Adjust: Celine looked sensational in a plunging sequinned gown as Pepe adjusted her neckline

    Toned: The mother-of-three showcased her toned and tanned legs as she posed on the steps

    Take the plunge like Celine in a dress by Alexandre Vauthier
    Alexandre Vauthier SS18 couture
    If you have been wondering how to make an entrance on your next big occasion, we recommend looking to Celine Dion for inspiration. All eyes shifted to the superstar when she arrived at Alexandre Vauthier’s SS19 couture show!

    Her show-stopping ensemble comprised an embellished dress, court shoes and chandelier earrings, creating an ultra-glamorous aesthetic that was perfect for the evening.

    Sadly her exact dress isn’t available to purchase, but you can get your hands on a similar design by clicking (right).

    Or why not recreate the look with the help of our edit below? We’ve rallied up sparkling alternatives from Boohoo, Goddiva, French Connection and PrettyLittleThing that are certain to have similar impact.

    Whichever dress you choose, let yours do that talking by teaming it with black accessories.

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6623539/Celine-Dion-wows-plunging-silver-trouser-suit-attends-Paris-Haute-Couture-Week.html#v-2015412073330028797

    Celine has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year.

    Tickets go on special fan pre-sale on January 23 2019 at 9am (check celinedion.com for details)’

    Barclaycard presents British Summer Time fan pre-sale on Friday 25 at 9am (check http://www.bst-hydepark.com/) and on general sale on January 29 2019 at 9am.

    Already announced for Barclaycard presents British Summer Time Hyde Park 2019 are Florence and the Machine (July 13) and Robbie Williams (July 14).

    Priorities: Celine is set to headline the British Summer Time Hyde Park festival on July 5 as she says she’s craving London’s famous ‘bangers and mash’

    Achivements: Celine has sold over 240million records worldwide (more than any other BST Hyde Park headliner) and is renowned for her monumental vocal range

    Icon: Celine achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling albums such as Falling Into You and Let’s Talk About Love, both of which were certified diamond in the US

    Get them quickly: Barclaycard presents British Summer Time fan pre-sale on Friday 25 at 9am (check http://www.bst-hydepark.com/) and on general sale on January 29 2019 at 9am


    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6620329/Celine-Dion-puts-tactile-display-dancer-pal-Pepe-Mu-oz-PFW.html
    Celine Dion, 50, dazzles in sparkling gown as she puts on a VERY tactile display with dancer pal Pepe Muñoz, 34, at PFW… after she is announced as headline act for British Summer Time
    By EVE BUCKLAND and REBECCA DAVISON FOR MAILONLINE
    PUBLISHED: 17:34 GMT, 22 January 2019 | UPDATED: 18:54 GMT, 22 January 2019

    They laughed off rumours of a romance after they were linked in the summer of 2017.

    And Celine Dion and Pepe Muñoz proved they were still the best of friends as they put on a very tactile display at the Alexandre Vauthier Haute Couture Spring Summer 2019 during Paris Fashion Week on Tuesday.

    The singer, 50, and her Spanish back-up dancer pal, 34, looked close as they chatted on the front row, with Pepe adjusting Celine’s dress, and the superstar lovingly cupping his face.

    BFFs: Celine Dion and Pepe Muñoz proved they were still the best of friends as they put on a very tactile display at the alexandre Vauthier Haute Couture Spring Summer 2019 during Paris Fashion Week on Tuesday

    Hands everywhere: The singer, 50, and her Spanish back-up dancer pal, 34, looked close as they chatted on the front row, with Pepe adjusting Celine’s dress, and the superstar lovingly cupping his face

    The My Heart Will Go On songstress put on an extremely leggy display in a black sequinned floor-length gown, with a racy cut-out detail which flashed her decolletage.

    The gown featured a soaring thigh-high split which revealed her slender legs in black stilettos.

    Her caramel tresses were pulled back into an elegant bun while her pretty features were enhanced with smoky shadow, fluttery lashes and a slick of peach gloss.

    Cosying up: The pals, who have dispelled rumours of a romance, cosied up in the FROW

    Adjusting: The star looked sensational in a plunging sequinned gown as Pepe adjusted her neckline

    Leggy: The My Heart Will Go On songstress put on an extremely leggy display in a black sequinned floor-length gown, with a racy cut-out detail which flashed her decolletage

    Sparkle: The gown featured a soaring thigh-high split which revealed her slender legs in black stilettos

    Snappy: Her caramel tresses were pulled back into an elegant bun while her pretty features were enhanced with smoky shadow, fluttery lashes and a slick of peach gloss

    Animated: The stars looked happy as they cheered on the front row

    Sparkling chandelier earrings added extra glitz to her ensemble.

    Pepe looked devastatingly handsome in a black leather jacket paired with slate grey trousers and black leather boots.

    His brunette tresses were styled in a coiffed quiff while he sported a smattering of stubble.

    Applause: The pals looked delighted as they applauded the show

    Toned: The mother of three showcased her tanned legs as she posed on the steps

    Back in 2018, Pepe revealed that romance rumours between the pair, sparked when they danced together onstage, had amused them.

    Dispelling romance rumours, he told the Montreal Gazette: ‘We still laugh about them.’

    ‘I can count on her when I need to talk, and I am ready to listen to her, too.’

    ‘Céline is a woman who is completely transparent. She doesn’t cheat. She is exactly what you see: nice, tender, generous, always ready to offer the best of herself.’

    Leggy lady! Celine looked phenomenal as she strutted her stuff outside the venue

    That’s a wrap: Earlier in the day Celine had sensibly kept warm by arriving in a billowing coat

    This comes after it was announced Celine will headline Barclaycard’s British Summer Time Hyde Park on Friday July 5, 2019.

    Her headlining performance will come just a month after the end of her second record-breaking Las Vegas residency Celine on 8 June 2019.

    It will be the only European date of the year for the 50-year-old Canadian vocal powerhouse and special guests are still to be announced.

    Priorities: Celine Dion is set to headline the British Summer Time Hyde Park festival on July 5 as she says she’s craving London’s famous ‘bangers and mash’

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6620329/Celine-Dion-puts-tactile-display-dancer-pal-Pepe-Mu-oz-PFW.html#v-2015412073330028797

    Announcing her news, she said: ‘I’ve got a big craving for some bangers and mash and some sticky toffee pudding.

    ‘So I’m heading over to London this summer, to headline the Barclaycard British Summer Time Hyde Park festival on July 5 and I can’t wait to see you guys.’

    Celine has sold over 240m records worldwide (more than any other BST Hyde Park headliner) and is renowned for her monumental vocal range.

    Achivements: Celine has sold over 240m records worldwide (more than any other BST Hyde Park headliner) and is renowned for her monumental vocal range

    She said: ‘It’s my first time doing a show in beautiful Hyde Park…. I’m so excited.

    ‘I love London, and it’s a great honour for me to be part of the Barclaycard presents BST Hyde Park concerts. I can’t wait…. summertime in London, here we come!’

    Celine achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling albums such as Falling Into You and Let’s Talk About Love, both of which were certified diamond in the US.

    Icon: Celine achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling albums such as Falling Into You and Let’s Talk About Love, both of which were certified diamond in the US

    She has built her reputation as a trailblazer and era-defining live performer with her now legendary Vegas residency A New Day.

    It remains the highest-grossing concert residency of all time – closely followed by her second headlining residency Celine, which kicked off in 2011 at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas.

    Celine has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year.

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6620329/Celine-Dion-puts-tactile-display-dancer-pal-Pepe-Mu-oz-PFW.html#v-5899508972282884465

    Tickets go on special fan pre-sale on January 23 2019 at 9am (check celinedion.com for details)’

    Barclaycard presents British Summer Time fan pre-sale on Friday 25 at 9am (check http://www.bst-hydepark.com/) and on general sale on January 29 2019 at 9am.

    Already announced for Barclaycard presents British Summer Time Hyde Park 2019 are Florence and the Machine (July 13) and Robbie Williams (July 14).

    Is there nothing she can’t do? Celine has won five Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year

    Get them quickly: Barclaycard presents British Summer Time fan pre-sale on Friday 25 at 9am (check http://www.bst-hydepark.com/) and on general sale on January 29 2019 at 9am


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  • the1uploader 2:54 pm on 2019-01-08 Permalink  

    15 rollback attacks or blockchain reorg revealed 12 double spending worth 219,500 ETC ($1.1m) 

    15 rollback attacks or blockchain reorganisations revealed 12 double spending worth 219,500 ETC ($1.1m)

    https://bit.ly/2AtKcPd

    https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/01/almost-500000-in-ethereum-coin-stolen-by-forking-its-blockchain/
    GONE —
    Almost $500,000 in Ethereum Classic coin stolen by forking its blockchain
    Dan Goodin – 1/8/2019, 9:50 AM

    Rollback attack let attackers spend 88,500 previously spent coins.

    Attackers have stolen almost $500,000 worth of the Ethereum Classic digital currency by carrying out a compute-intensive hack that rewrote its blockchain, officials with Coinbase, one of the leading crypto currency exchanges, said on Monday.

    The heist was the result of carrying out what’s known as a rollback attack, which allowed the attackers to reorganize the Ethereum blockchain, Coinbase security engineer Mark Nesbitt said in a blog post. From there, the attackers were able to “double spend” about 88,500 ETC, meaning they were able to recover previously spent coins and transfer them to a new entity. As a result, the coins were effectively transferred from the rightful recipients to new entities chosen by the attackers.

    “We observed repeated deep reorganizations of the Ethereum Classic blockchain, most of which contained double spends,” Nesbitt wrote. “The total value of the double spends that we have observed thus far is 88,500 ETC (~$460,000).”

    Rollback attacks are often referred to as 51-percent attacks, because, in theory, they require an attacker to control a majority of the CPU power generating a blockchain. Such an arrangement violates a core requirement of any blockchain-based currency: it allows a single entity to write the contents of its universal, shared transaction history.

    Nesbitt wrote:

    The function of mining is to add transactions to the universal, shared transaction history, known as the blockchain. This is done by producing blocks, which are bundles of transactions, and defining the canonical history of transactions as the longest chain of blocks. If a single miner has more resources than the entirety of the rest of the network, this miner could pick an arbitrary previous block from which to extend an alternative block history, eventually outpacing the block history produced by the rest of the network and defining a new canonical transaction history.

    This is called a “chain reorganization,” or “reorg” for short. All reorgs have a “depth,” which is the number of blocks that were replaced, and a “length,” which is the number of new blocks that did the replacing.

    Stated a different way, a rollback attack generates a new fork of the blockchain. This causes nodes to replace the original blockchain with the new one and makes it possible for attackers to reverse previously made transactions. Rollback attacks require control of a substantial fraction of the total hashpower devoted to generating the coin’s blockchain for a period long enough to pull off the attack. Bitcoin creator Satoshi Nakamoto warned of the key limitation in his white paper introducing the digital coin.

    Coinbase paused movements of affected ETC funds to prevent any double spends from hitting its users. Meanwhile, the Kraken Exchange temporarily halted ETC deposits and withdrawals and plans to bring ETC funding back online once exchange officials believe it is safe to do so. ETC officials, for their part, have confirmed that double spends are affecting the currency, but they have yet to say more.

    blog post https://blog.coinbase.com/ethereum-classic-etc-is-currently-being-51-attacked-33be13ce32de
    temporarily halted ETC deposits and withdrawals https://status.kraken.com/incidents/n31wl183hqmc
    confirmed that double spends are affecting the currency https://twitter.com/eth_classic/status/1082392663314202624


    https://www.wired.com/story/attack-on-ethereum-currency-highlights-crypto-weakness/
    Attack on an Ethereum Currency Highlights a Crypto Weakness
    Klint Finley, 01.08.19 06:22 pm

    The promise of digital cryptocurrencies like bitcoin is that you don’t need to trust the people you send or receive money from because the software makes it technically impossible for anyone to cheat the system. Instead of relying on humans and their flawed judgment, you rely on the laws of mathematics. But a recent attack on the cryptocurrency Ethereum Classic—not to be confused with the original Ethereum project—shows once again how hard it is to remove human frailty from digital systems.

    Like other cryptocurrencies, Ethereum Classic relies on a decentralized ledger known as a blockchain created and shared by the machines that process transactions on the network. This ledger ensures that no one can spend their virtual tokens twice. Unless, that is, someone could take over at least 51 percent of the machines in the network. That’s what appears to have happened last weekend.

    Currency exchange Coinbase said Monday it had detected double spends on the Ethereum Classic platform on Saturday and that it had suspended transactions involving Ethereum Classic. Kraken, another exchange, followed suit with a similar announcement. Coinbase security engineer Mark Nesbitt wrote in a blog post that the company had spotted 21 instances of double spending Ethereum Classic tokens, involving a total value of about $1.1 million. Ethereum Classic is not as popular some other cryptocurrencies: It had a total market value of $553.5 million on Friday, according to CoinMarketCap; by comparison, ether, the currency created by the original Ethereum project, had a value of $16.3 billion, and bitcoin a value of $67.5 billion.

    Nesbitt tells WIRED that Coinbase is “very confident” that the double spends are a result of someone taking over 51 percent of the Ethereum Classic network, effectively enabling those attackers to rewrite history.

    Ethereum Classic’s team announced on Twitter that it is looking into the issue but didn’t confirm that double spends had occurred. The company also complained that Coinbase hadn’t contacted it before announcing the suspension. Nesbitt tells WIRED that Coinbase tried unsuccessfully to contact the Ethereum Classic team on Monday but are now in contact. Ethereum Classic did not respond to our request for comment.

    It’s not clear how someone would have been able to gain control of 51 percent of the Ethereum Classic network. Cryptocurrency observers have known for years that blockchains are vulnerable to such an attack, but major cryptocurrency projects had yet to see a successful takeover, in part because it would be so expensive to set up enough computers to muscle out the rest of the network.

    If someone has gained the power to rewrite Ethereum Classic’s ledger and spend tokens multiple times, the software’s developers, and the owners of the machines running that software, will need to decide what to do. The team could release a new version of the software with a new version of the blockchain that reverses the double spends and hope that users will adopt the new version. But making changes to the blockchain would go against the project’s raison d’etre.

    Ethereum Classic was founded in 2016 after a hacker stole about $50 million of ether from an investment scheme known as the DAO or “Decentralized Autonomous Organization.” The heist was a result of mistakes made by the DAO’s programmers, not an attack on the Ethereum blockchain itself. But the Ethereum team decided to alter the blockchain to restore the stolen tokens to their previous owners.

    Ethereum Classic was created by members of the Ethereum community who rejected the idea of altering the blockchain. Essentially, its users opted to keep using the version of the Ethereum ledger that shows the stolen cryptocurrency sitting in the virtual wallet of the DAO hacker, and ignores subsequent the transactions made on the original Ethereum network, which likewise ignores transactions made on the Ethereum Classic network. The attack on the Ethereum Classic network does not affect the original Ethereum project.

    The attack on Ethereum Classic is different from the attack on the DAO in that it apparently altered the Ethereum Classic blockchain directly, which is more serious than exploiting bugs in software developed outside the project. The community might find as a more valid justification for reversing the offending transactions. But it will be up to the community to decide what to do, not the software. It’s also another black eye for cryptocurrencies, and a reminder that blockchains aren’t truly immune to human politics and judgment.

    bitcoin https://www.wired.com/story/guide-bitcoin/
    said https://blog.coinbase.com/ethereum-classic-etc-is-currently-being-51-attacked-33be13ce32de
    announcement https://twitter.com/krakenfx/status/1082449448809033728
    blog post https://blog.coinbase.com/ethereum-classic-etc-is-currently-being-51-attacked-33be13ce32de
    announced https://twitter.com/eth_classic/status/1082392663314202624
    complained https://twitter.com/eth_classic/status/1082371684290637825
    hacker stole about $50 million https://www.wired.com/2016/06/50-million-hack-just-showed-dao-human/


    https://blog.coinbase.com/ethereum-classic-etc-is-currently-being-51-attacked-33be13ce32de
    Deep Chain Reorganization Detected on Ethereum Classic (ETC)
    Mark Nesbitt, Jan 7, 2019

    On 1/5/2019, Coinbase detected a deep chain reorganization of the Ethereum Classic blockchain that included a double spend. In order to protect customer funds, we immediately paused interactions with the ETC blockchain.

    Updated Jan. 7, 10:27pm PT: At time of writing, we have identified a total of 15 reorganizations, 12 of which contained double spends, totaling 219,500 ETC (~$1.1M).

    We will continue to monitor the status of the network and update this article with the most recent information we have. Current ETC network status can be found here.

    Background Info

    Page 3 of Satoshi Nakamoto’s whitepaper, Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System, states the following:

    “If a majority of CPU power is controlled by honest nodes, the honest chain will grow the fastest and outpace any competing chains.”

    The “honest[y]” of more than half of miners is a core requirement for the security of Bitcoin and any proof-of-work cryptocurrencies based on Bitcoin. Honest action, in this context, means following the behavior described in the Bitcoin white paper. This is sometimes described as a “security risk” or “attack vector,” but is more accurately described as a known limitation to the proof-of-work model.

    Failure to meet this requirement breaks several core guarantees of the Bitcoin protocol, including the irreversibility of transactions. Many other cryptocurrencies, such as Ethereum Classic, have also adopted proof-of-work mining.

    The function of mining is to add transactions to the universal, shared transaction history, known as the blockchain. This is done by producing blocks, which are bundles of transactions, and defining the canonical history of transactions as the longest chain of blocks*. If a single miner has more resources than the entirety of the rest of the network, this miner could pick an arbitrary previous block from which to extend an alternative block history, eventually outpacing the block history produced by the rest of the network and defining a new canonical transaction history.

    This is called a “chain reorganization,” or “reorg” for short. All reorgs have a “depth,” which is the number of blocks that were replaced, and a “length,” which is the number of new blocks that did the replacing.

    This, on its own, might end up being nothing more than a minor inconvenience. After all, the transactions all still exist, but they might have been put into a different order, perhaps delaying some of them. However, imagine a miner who also owns a large number of coins. The miner could send those coins to a merchant in a transaction, T, while also secretly extending an alternative block history.

    The miner’s secret blocks do not include T, but rather include a transaction that sends the same coins used in T to a different address. Call that transaction T’. When the miner reveals this secret history, it will contain T’, not T. Because T and T’ attempted to send the same coins and T’ is now in the canonical history, this means that T is forever invalid, and the recipient of the coins sent in transaction T never even received them in the new, now-canonical history. More info on this can be found here.

    https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/1600/0*NG5Vae6KlP8cl57X

    What we observed

    Updated Jan. 7, 10:27pm PT.

    We observed repeated deep reorganizations of the Ethereum Classic blockchain, most of which contained double spends. The total value of the double spends that we have observed thus far is 219,500 ETC (~$1.1M).

    Timeline of events

    Late on the evening of Saturday 1/5, our systems alerted us to a deep reorg in ETC that contained a double spend. Our on-call engineers responded to the alert and worked to confirm the report through the night. We determined that we would temporarily halt send/receive interaction with the ETC blockchain in order to safeguard customer funds.

    This meant that customers who tried to send or receive ETC on Coinbase Consumer or Pro were unable to complete their transactions.


    Customers who tried to send or receive ETC on Coinbase Consumer or Pro were unable to complete their transactions starting early Sunday morning, Pacific Time.

    On the morning of Sunday 1/6 we posted an update on status.coinbase.com stating (that) “Due to unstable network conditions on the Ethereum Classic network, we have temporarily disabled all sends and receives for ETC. Buy and sell is not impacted. All other systems are operating normally.”

    https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/1600/0*Of6FAZMsQDuD-4N9
    In addition to in-platform notifications, we shared an update via status.coinbase.com.

    We performed an analysis on Sunday afternoon/evening to confirm the pattern and determine the key details of the double-spend attacks. Beginning Sunday afternoon, we observed 8 more incidents, all containing double spends.
    Out of an abundance of caution, we did not put up a blog post prior to legal and technical review. A false alarm could have inadvertently caused market instability.
    On Monday 1/7 morning after legal and technical review, we finalized our public analysis and posted to our blog and social media accounts.

    Note: A full blockchain analysis is beyond the scope of this article. Further research into the addresses sending the double spend transactions, the history of sends/receives from the addresses, the block fields such as timestamp, and the subsequent movement of miner rewards from attack blocks may shed light on the threat actor or actors behind these attacks.

    We observed the following deep chain reorgs:

    Common ancestor: 7245623. Depth 4 / Length 7. No double spends were observed in this reorg. We noted that this was a reorg of unusual depth for ETC.
    Common ancestor: 7248488. Depth 5 / Length 6. No double spends were observed in this reorg. We noted that a second reorg of unusual depth was highly suspicious, but did not necessary indicate an attack as there was no double spend and the depth was still below the ETC confirmation limit for most services.
    Common ancestor: 7249343. Depth 57 / Length 74. A transaction of value 600 ETC in orphaned block 7249357 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7249361**.

    We ceased interacting with the ETC blockchain upon observing this reorg. Coinbase was not the target of this double spend and no funds were lost.

    Common ancestor: 7254419. Depth 32 / Length 53. A transaction of value 4,000 ETC in orphaned block 7254430 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7254435**
    Common ancestor: 7254568. Depth 123 / Length 140. A transaction of value 5,000 ETC in orphaned block 7254646 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7254656**
    Common ancestor: 7255033. Depth 60 / Length 79. A transaction of value 9,000 ETC in orphaned block 7255055 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7255066*
    Common ancestor: 7255204. Depth 25 / Length 35. A transaction of value 9,000 ETC in orphaned block 7255212 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7255225**.
    Common ancestor: 7255476. Depth 37 / Length 46. A transaction of value 15,700 ETC in orphaned block 7255487 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7255492**.
    Common ancestor: 7255542. Depth 67 / Length 85. A transaction of value 15,700 ETC in orphaned block 7255554 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7255563**.
    Common ancestor: 7255662. Depth 62 / Length 110. A transaction of value 24,500 ETC in orphaned block 7255669 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7255681**.
    Common ancestor: 7255998. Depth 69 / Length 86. A transaction of value 5,000 ETC in orphaned block 7256012 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7256022**.

    Updates as of 10:27pm PT, January 7

    Common ancestor: 7261497. Depth 44 / Length 54. A transaction of value 26,000 ETC in orphaned block 7261492 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7261497**.
    Common ancestor: 7261603. Depth 35 / Length 44. A transaction of value 52,800 ETC in orphaned block 7261610 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7261614**.
    Common ancestor: 7261647. Depth 8 / Length 9. No double spends were observed in this reorg.
    Common ancestor: 7261676. Depth 37 / Length 47. A transaction of value 52,200 ETC in orphaned block 7261684 was double spent by a transaction in attacker block 7261690**.

    Next Steps

    The Coinbase team is currently evaluating the safety of re-enabling sends and receives of Ethereum Classic and will communicate to our customers what to expect regarding support for ETC. Coinbase takes security very seriously. As part of that commitment, we monitor blockchains for activity that could be harmful to our customers and take prompt action to safeguard funds. We want to emphasize to customers that Coinbase strives to be the most trusted and safest place to buy, sell, or store cryptocurrency.

    • It is actually the chain with the most accumulated work, rather than the chain with the most blocks, that defines the canonical history. In most cases, these chains will be the same

    ** The block explorer does not properly handle reorgs and labels the transaction as confirmed. Click on the block to see that the block is orphaned.

    This website may contain links to third-party websites or other content for information purposes only (“Third-Party Sites”). The Third-Party Sites are not under the control of Coinbase, Inc., and its affiliates (“Coinbase”), and Coinbase is not responsible for the content of any Third-Party Site, including without limitation any link contained in a Third-Party Site, or any changes or updates to a Third-Party Site. Coinbase is not responsible for webcasting or any other form of transmission received from any Third-Party Site. Coinbase is providing these links to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement, approval or recommendation by Coinbase of the site or any association with its operators.

    Unless otherwise noted, all images provided herein are by Coinbase.

    here. https://status.coinbase.com/
    whitepaper https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
    here https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Weaknesses#Attacker_has_a_lot_of_computing_power
    miner https://gastracker.io/miner/0x3ccc8f7415e09bead930dc2b23617bd39ced2c06

    7245623 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x086f8a22652bb944475828899e2fc374291cbae96c3925b25eaf36aa8cb4f87a
    Depth 4 https://gastracker.io/block/0x23bae3ce6b6c7ebb7bbf87e5e2b9862e99191ffcd8fb5d8274146205d09e0d44
    Length 7 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x111d5b4abdab174fd8fcb02cb905361579dd99cf9437291a1e05c829df297a65

    7248488 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x3f3f6286b5c2665cfb9f6c0ce9f91dcbd00853d7e4682384ba4f1d65288b0e85
    Depth 5 https://gastracker.io/block/0x382d6cea27ad4b1432a782f2d67b67f5a432e3aca3ddad53df3c30ef8c3f433a
    Length 6 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xe2596547c3ea8c9a77a85184b374a34255376432e96cf0b041e5f83c7ed271b1

    7249343 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xfba78a56d946c0ef7ad980e4fc297acaae26d9d31330490918be9ac28ccadd70
    Depth 57 https://gastracker.io/block/0xbc86573ed1fcbeb624cdf727af188e1a1b56d0e57d6be8e6e95aa47b33236746
    Length 74 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xbe0a4d04943574c883df8a4d6bd8118f1f225e0be78d286cfdbe4d98cf620af0
    7249357 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x8b0b59c35dfcb0b6cae12d05b38c6edf2970da12e367efa655012bbcd7378fa5
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x4baa588ed6ba3eef0c15c8fb2bc5fde8b3aee0edfcf138805c720062f77380ae

    7254419 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x2860c821c7f6280acbdbdfca7f35250af6eaa0e4c380db35c6655acacaef8175
    Depth 32 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x79b9972455e81a8d1f0799cdd5a822fb39319655412664561b794bc838a5663d
    Length 53 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xfd7a5b5b3e00b6dd0827fd1d8834047c5b0a743709c1618e05a84c80f022e47d
    7254430 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xedcf9e5cea4c86088289eb5c2b7fb1f89efb79dee52ec7d85999adb9670aa3ce

    Depth 123 https://gastracker.io/block/0x406be441237013221ffa90d602b40a108230b1bcedefc6b010d7351bea370249
    Length 140 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x95e2097727a3d94238027757a6e698849239f4aa7dc00288860a55b49c4799e2
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xa8265efc66620f9c99f7f21b348cc6c9e039fc54d5182785e58916b935c06f28

    Depth 60 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xa7296dc8213feda7f9f5306c8a06d4b99c85aac1cb03343dd15225ca4dcb9fd7
    Length 79 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x6fe4c108e19eda21b4da0949a2e3c9b518133e6eca4a8fcb4f3b38251c5c42e9
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xee31dffb660484b60f66e74a51e020bc9d75311d246f4636c0eabb9fdf161577
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x84508f3084e64ddefeac96b3ccdad386e75136103793d1b59c3f0e0cea88a5db

    Depth 25 https://gastracker.io/block/0x061e57a3855ef16a2e7c48a3a3ee8386d15ac3817f12f50c798f526db1b47753
    Length 35 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x44b1caae3296bfffa5548764862601190ce469d58a0d18440c4e46720c43316a
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xa5fc583e05f71e5e139970e49fffd0f76baa636e32d788d5cf6922be4acdf364

    Length 46 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x83c4f9befb930e644420655199d54f4893feab6cefc8325378612e6f4a48954c
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xa901fcf953256c9d38854bcdf8eaf31859f9d874e8a099a5cdcbf5859bfa66ef
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x89081164deece402f39574880c13c824ea15a77f58b2d3062f53bd8f0fc3ac73

    Depth 67 https://gastracker.io/block/0x6b2e262d05ec69307500f7566e1069639a2faff82783474826810d97baa274b1
    Length 85 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xd90874169ddfb44f50afe80c0b43d23b2b4f71799b62f40c796b2f2b8b5aa9de
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xb9a30cee4ff91e7c6234a0aa288091939482a623b6982a37836910bb18aca655
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xc6ba109814b2c85bbb69ff5a0f3b0bb41075090faded0093e340bffbfc1aa537

    Depth 62 https://gastracker.io/block/0x3af4ad47a609d9138751de5f63847f354a14f1a74e8940904d7f89657cf7a300
    Length 110 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x492cb3b9b5d32f2d624e7739e568b436f73ee780d5ad1ff8e4129c1e98a06d04
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x9ae83e6fc48f63162b54c8023c7a9a55d01b7085294fb4a6703783e76b1b492a
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x794ea628f9ce8e3701e077cec563033059f73ebb6360ba6ff658cbfa552dffd0

    Depth 69 https://gastracker.io/block/0x69ed79b40115a78306b0243b19699d0ebf1e7f906eca91c2c0adc52ecf5db4ad
    Length 86 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x13db68e3df20754059daa147549198bb6c64d1be2c4c15babe8c501e04ba20cb
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xaab50615e3166726b405e43fa61e6aa329c9be2543f56821ed4ba13fe77a821c
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x3caf3dc869e51fea16c6cce4dd392cb8ef94aecd0a862c6bc13c58c2d46b74eb

    Depth 44 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0x436feb0ced0cb38bce53c7d780df0728bfaf291c66819e69fc6b977ad695f5fa
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xd5922587150ee320bbdfb37346d14c698b23b0c778c017fb3c1da637f09f70b8
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0xbdfed1da47bfb2c61669efd65b4fd65f82dedc54566e54f200866d4e70ea5118

    Depth 35 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xcbec76fdb21973cbfdf08f399d91bc3f904a992996be71d9c9b1a1504b1355c7
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x9a0e8275fcf048e2c72a2cb92df12b86862dd020446cfca420cc0491cb3e9020
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x20eabb739cab494dea5ff6c2d9e9406e6df28508b80ebd304f1ddf62d7dfe461

    Depth 37 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xf56c6c0ef7ae039a4a94628e78f773e773f428164f6f73a2f2b072b467b1da19
    Length 47 https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/block/0xc3bf50bc1849488d6a21a257755ab35f12475c9da45009df363b49a06239ecf1
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x4db8884278c46f9c249b573c67bfeeefa3effb7ae7253b66f866e64a45075fbd
    transaction https://minergate.com/blockchain/etc/transaction/0x55abfc48515f7ea7f8f83b1657fbaa1aaed03200191cbe033299eaa83fe05305


     
  • the1uploader 8:32 am on 2018-12-25 Permalink  

    Aquaman (2018) – english subtitle 

    magnet:?xt=urn:btih:23E7A4876B36CE427A847A827306B4B2DC67304A

    Aquaman 2018 720p PROPER HD-TC HQ X264-SeeHD.mkv

    Aquaman (2018) – English Subtitle

    1
    00:00:38,010 –> 00:00:45,468
    RESYNC BY : OPT

    3
    00:00:55,731 –> 00:00:57,893
    Jules Verne once wrote

    4
    00:00:57,899 –> 00:01:00,767
    Put two ships in the open sea

    5
    00:01:00,769 –> 00:01:04,831
    without wind or tide. it will come together.

    6
    00:01:25,794 –> 00:01:27,922
    That’s how my parents met.

    7
    00:01:27,929 –> 00:01:30,831
    Like two ships destined for each other.

    8
    00:01:44,780 –> 00:01:45,975
    Hey. it’s ok.

    9
    00:01:53,722 –> 00:01:55,691
    Easy. easy. easy.

    10
    00:01:55,724 –> 00:01:57,886
    You weren’t breathing.

    11
    00:02:10,772 –> 00:02:12,934
    They were from different worlds.

    12
    00:02:14,743 –> 00:02:19,772
    But life. like the sea.
    has a way of bringing people together.

    13
    00:03:04,960 –> 00:03:07,794
    I was gonna make you some eggs.

    14
    00:03:08,930 –> 00:03:10,956
    Just don’t eat my dog. ok?

    15
    00:03:13,935 –> 00:03:16,962
    It’s ok. It’s ok. I made tea.

    16
    00:03:21,009 –> 00:03:25,709
    Come. try it. It’ll
    make you better.

    17
    00:03:37,967 –> 00:03:40,801
    So. who are you?

    18
    00:03:43,907 –> 00:03:45,876
    Atlantian.

    19
    00:03:47,043 –> 00:03:49,877
    Queen of Atlantis.

    20
    00:03:50,914 –> 00:03:56,979
    Wow. I’m Tom. Keeper of lighthouse.

    21
    00:04:28,851 –> 00:04:32,879
    She had fled an arranged marriage.
    left her whole world behind.

    22
    00:04:32,922 –> 00:04:36,051
    But in my father’s lighthouse.
    she found something

    23
    00:04:36,059 –> 00:04:38,028
    unexpected.

    24
    00:04:40,830 –> 00:04:44,858
    and my father. found
    the love of his life.

    25
    00:04:53,009 –> 00:04:55,911
    How about Arthur?

    26
    00:04:55,912 –> 00:04:57,972
    After the hurricane.

    27
    00:04:58,014 –> 00:05:02,042
    Afterall. he’s a king. no?

    28
    00:05:02,085 –> 00:05:04,919
    He’s more than that.

    29
    00:05:04,921 –> 00:05:08,824
    He’s living proof our people
    can co-exist.

    30
    00:05:08,858 –> 00:05:11,953
    He could unite our worlds
    one day.

    31
    00:05:18,901 –> 00:05:23,862
    and the Trident could only be wielded
    by the strongest Atlantean.

    32
    00:05:23,873 –> 00:05:28,937
    and it gave the king mastery
    of the seven seas.

    33
    00:05:28,945 –> 00:05:33,781
    Made him so powerful.
    the ocean became so jealous.

    34
    00:05:33,816 –> 00:05:37,878
    and sent a terrible earthquake
    to destroy Atlantis.

    35
    00:05:37,920 –> 00:05:40,890
    Down it fell to the bottom of the ocean.

    36
    00:05:40,890 –> 00:05:43,018
    But legend has it that one day

    37
    00:05:43,026 –> 00:05:45,018
    a new king will come

    38
    00:05:45,061 –> 00:05:47,087
    who will use the power of the Trident

    39
    00:05:47,096 –> 00:05:50,897
    to put Atlantis back together again.

    40
    00:05:56,873 –> 00:05:58,808
    Tom. take him!

    41
    00:06:16,859 –> 00:06:18,794
    Queen Atlanna.

    42
    00:06:18,828 –> 00:06:20,057
    By the authority of King Orvax.

    43
    00:06:20,096 –> 00:06:23,066
    You re ordered to return to Atlantis.

    44
    00:06:23,066 –> 00:06:24,967
    Atlanna!

    45
    00:06:48,717 –> 00:06:51,744
    Tom! Here!

    46
    00:07:17,779 –> 00:07:20,806
    The two worlds were never meant to meet

    47
    00:07:20,815 –> 00:07:24,616
    and I was a product of a love that
    never should have been.

    48
    00:07:24,619 –> 00:07:26,747
    You don’t have to do this.
    Atlantean. Please.

    49
    00:07:26,788 –> 00:07:32,819
    Tom. They will always find me.
    Next time they will send an army.

    50
    00:07:33,695 –> 00:07:36,688
    I have to go back.

    51
    00:07:36,698 –> 00:07:39,668
    It’s the only way to save him.

    52
    00:07:41,770 –> 00:07:43,796
    To save you.

    53
    00:07:47,909 –> 00:07:50,777
    Where I come from.

    54
    00:07:50,779 –> 00:07:54,739
    the sea carries our tears away.

    55
    00:07:56,918 –> 00:08:01,822
    Not here. You’d feel it.

    56
    00:08:09,731 –> 00:08:14,601
    I will return to you
    when it’s safe.

    57
    00:08:14,636 –> 00:08:15,865
    One day.

    58
    00:08:15,904 –> 00:08:18,874
    Right here. At sunrise.

    59
    00:08:21,710 –> 00:08:23,679
    We’ll be together again.

    60
    00:08:24,879 –> 00:08:29,817
    You stay strong. my little prince.
    I’ll always be with you.

    61
    00:08:38,660 –> 00:08:41,755
    Don’t let him forget me.

    62
    00:09:13,662 –> 00:09:18,794
    Now today. we have better maps of Mars
    than our own sea floor.

    63
    00:09:20,702 –> 00:09:24,639
    Come on. Come over here.
    Boys. stop.

    64
    00:09:27,676 –> 00:09:28,837
    Hi. fishy.

    65
    00:09:30,879 –> 00:09:33,747
    My name’s Arthur. What’s yours?

    66
    00:09:33,882 –> 00:09:35,680
    You guys hungry?

    67
    00:09:35,717 –> 00:09:39,813
    Check it out. Arthur is talking to the fish.

    68
    00:09:39,854 –> 00:09:41,720
    You’re such a prick. Arthur.

    69
    00:09:41,723 –> 00:09:44,625
    Stop! Stop it!

    70
    00:09:44,626 –> 00:09:47,721
    Stop! Let me go!

    71
    00:11:44,279 –> 00:11:50,150
    Move it! Come on. hurry up!

    72
    00:11:59,127 –> 00:12:01,119
    Sir. we’ve secured the captain.

    73
    00:12:01,163 –> 00:12:04,258
    Distress signal disabled.
    We’re running dark in here.

    74
    00:12:04,266 –> 00:12:06,292
    Well they heard it. you can count on it.

    75
    00:12:06,301 –> 00:12:08,327
    I’ll make you a deal.

    76
    00:12:08,370 –> 00:12:11,204
    I won’t tell you how to captain.

    77
    00:12:11,206 –> 00:12:13,334
    and you don’t tell me how to pirate.

    78
    00:12:24,353 –> 00:12:30,224
    Where’s the rest of the crew?
    They’ve sealed themselves up in the torpedo bay.

    79
    00:12:30,225 –> 00:12:31,352
    Our reputation precedes us.

    80
    00:12:31,393 –> 00:12:35,228
    Your reputation. This is your win.

    81
    00:12:39,234 –> 00:12:41,169
    Here.

    82
    00:12:42,270 –> 00:12:46,207
    You take this piece of junk.
    this is part of your life.

    83
    00:12:47,376 –> 00:12:50,369
    I never told you the story behind it.

    84
    00:12:50,412 –> 00:12:53,246
    This was your grandfather’s.

    85
    00:12:53,248 –> 00:12:57,276
    He was one of the navy first
    fought in World War 2.

    86
    00:12:57,319 –> 00:12:58,287
    He was so stealthy in the water.

    87
    00:12:58,353 –> 00:13:02,222
    His unit nicknamed him Manta.

    88
    00:13:02,357 –> 00:13:06,192
    But after the war. his country
    forgot about him

    89
    00:13:06,194 –> 00:13:10,097
    So he went back to the seas.
    scavenging and surviving with his wit.

    90
    00:13:10,232 –> 00:13:16,263
    And this knife. he gave it to me
    when i was your age.

    91
    00:13:18,306 –> 00:13:20,298
    And now. it’s yours. son.

    92
    00:13:49,304 –> 00:13:51,205
    We just hit something.

    93
    00:13:52,207 –> 00:13:57,236
    No. Something hit us./
    Sir. there’s something out there.

    94
    00:13:57,245 –> 00:14:00,272
    Another submarine? /No.
    I think it’s a man.

    95
    00:14:48,196 –> 00:14:50,188
    That’s not a man.

    96
    00:14:53,401 –> 00:14:57,361
    Stopper. to the right.
    Bravo team. clear the passageway.

    97
    00:15:19,361 –> 00:15:21,330
    Permission to come onboard.

    98
    00:15:28,370 –> 00:15:30,134

    99
    00:17:22,183 –> 00:17:24,345
    I’ve waited a long time for this.

    100
    00:17:37,198 –> 00:17:39,224
    Am I supposed to know who you are?.

    101
    00:17:39,367 –> 00:17:42,201
    I scavenge the high seas.

    102
    00:17:43,138 –> 00:17:44,333
    You’re the Aquaman.

    103
    00:17:44,372 –> 00:17:47,103
    We’re about to meet at some point.

    104
    00:17:50,412 –> 00:17:52,347
    Let’s not make it happen.

    105
    00:18:48,236 –> 00:18:50,171
    Ow!

    106
    00:19:02,383 –> 00:19:04,375
    Dad!

    107
    00:19:05,320 –> 00:19:07,380
    Dad.

    108
    00:19:10,225 –> 00:19:12,285
    That’s your kid?

    109
    00:19:16,297 –> 00:19:18,391
    Shame on you.

    110
    00:19:20,201 –> 00:19:22,397
    You get yourself into this mess.
    get yourself out of this.

    111
    00:19:22,403 –> 00:19:24,201
    Bastard!

    112
    00:19:47,362 –> 00:19:50,196
    Wait! Help me he’s trapped!

    113
    00:19:50,231 –> 00:19:52,291
    You can’t leave him like this!

    114
    00:19:53,368 –> 00:19:55,132
    Please!

    115
    00:19:55,136 –> 00:19:57,162
    You killed innocent people.

    116
    00:19:57,205 –> 00:19:59,333
    You ask the sea for mercy.

    117
    00:20:12,320 –> 00:20:15,188
    Get out of here!

    118
    00:20:15,190 –> 00:20:16,158
    I’ll never leave you.

    119
    00:20:16,324 –> 00:20:19,351
    You need to live so that you can kill
    that son of a bitch.

    120
    00:20:23,364 –> 00:20:26,357
    Now. go!

    121
    00:20:33,374 –> 00:20:35,309
    Go!

    122
    00:20:52,260 –> 00:20:54,161
    Damn you!

    123
    00:20:54,162 –> 00:20:56,131
    Go.

    124
    00:22:14,142 –> 00:22:16,202
    I’ll always know where to find you.

    125
    00:22:16,210 –> 00:22:18,202
    Old habits.

    126
    00:22:26,321 –> 00:22:28,381
    Come on. I’ll buy you breakfast.

    127
    00:22:33,161 –> 00:22:36,188
    You want me to hand it in a sippy cup for you.

    128
    00:22:39,100 –> 00:22:42,332
    How is it that i could breathe underwater
    and lose the drink on the table with you.

    129
    00:22:42,370 –> 00:22:46,102
    That’s my superpower.

    130
    00:22:50,178 –> 00:22:53,307
    The same pirate who are suspected

    131
    00:22:53,314 –> 00:22:57,183
    to be connected with the disappearance of the Navy’s
    high classified prototype stealth submarine.

    132
    00:22:57,218 –> 00:23:00,382
    And in further development.
    we now have unconfirmed reports

    133
    00:23:00,388 –> 00:23:04,291
    that the meta-human dubbed by social media
    as the Aquaman

    134
    00:23:04,325 –> 00:23:07,124
    was responsible for this daring rescue…

    135
    00:23:07,128 –> 00:23:08,289
    It’s not me.

    136
    00:23:08,296 –> 00:23:12,233
    Oh shit. You’re doing it. aren’t you?

    137
    00:23:12,266 –> 00:23:15,168
    What Vulco trained you to do.

    138
    00:23:15,203 –> 00:23:19,106
    I knew you couldn’t stand on
    the sidelines forever.

    139
    00:23:19,140 –> 00:23:22,304
    Your mother always knew you were
    special./ Don’t even start.

    140
    00:23:22,310 –> 00:23:26,213
    She believed you’d be the one
    to unite our two worlds.

    141
    00:23:26,214 –> 00:23:28,183
    Please. stop.

    142
    00:23:30,251 –> 00:23:34,154
    Whatever Atlantis’s problem are.
    you’re bigger than them.

    143
    00:23:34,155 –> 00:23:36,215
    Atlantis murdered my mother.

    144
    00:23:36,257 –> 00:23:39,159
    You didn’t know that for sure./ Yes. I do.

    145
    00:23:39,193 –> 00:23:43,130
    They took her. for loving you and having me.

    146
    00:23:43,364 –> 00:23:46,129
    And you know it.

    147
    00:23:49,370 –> 00:23:53,205
    Son. one day you’d have to stop blaming yourself.

    148
    00:23:59,247 –> 00:24:01,239
    Hey buddy.

    149
    00:24:01,416 –> 00:24:05,114
    You’d that fish boy from the TV?

    150
    00:24:05,319 –> 00:24:07,185
    Oh. great.

    151
    00:24:13,227 –> 00:24:16,254
    Hey fish man. What’d you want?

    152
    00:24:16,364 –> 00:24:18,356
    I’ll tell you what I want.

    153
    00:24:22,270 –> 00:24:24,238
    Can I get a picture with you?

    154
    00:24:24,238 –> 00:24:26,264
    You’re like our local hero. man.

    155
    00:24:27,208 –> 00:24:31,111
    It’ll be quick.

    156
    00:24:35,149 –> 00:24:37,311
    Whatever./Alright. Let’s do this.

    157
    00:24:37,318 –> 00:24:40,288
    Dont’ touch me./Right. that’s exactly
    what I’d want to do down here.

    158
    00:24:40,321 –> 00:24:42,347
    Here we go.
    Everybody smile.

    159
    00:25:36,144 –> 00:25:39,239
    He understands the significance of this meeting.

    160
    00:25:39,280 –> 00:25:41,215
    He’ll hear you out.

    161
    00:26:00,234 –> 00:26:03,170
    King Orm./King Nereus.

    162
    00:26:03,171 –> 00:26:06,198
    You pick a meeting place too close to the
    surface to my liking.

    163
    00:26:06,207 –> 00:26:08,199
    You don’t recognise the council of the kings?

    164
    00:26:08,209 –> 00:26:14,274
    At the site where the seven kings were one.
    Our ancestors gathered here.

    165
    00:26:15,116 –> 00:26:17,381
    …sat here at the head of the table.

    166
    00:26:18,919 –> 00:26:21,855
    Xebel were always by his side.

    167
    00:26:21,855 –> 00:26:27,852
    Brine. Fishermen. Deserters and Trench had not yet followed.
    Lost nations had not yet vanished.

    168
    00:26:27,928 –> 00:26:31,956
    Together we were the greatest empire
    the world had ever seen.

    169
    00:26:31,965 –> 00:26:36,801
    But now. several long wars shattered
    by archaic laws and politics

    170
    00:26:36,837 –> 00:26:38,863
    While the threat above us grows undeniable.

    171
    00:26:38,872 –> 00:26:40,966
    Violence has always plagued the surface.

    172
    00:26:41,808 –> 00:26:43,800
    They will destroy themselves.

    173
    00:26:43,877 –> 00:26:45,937
    Not before destroying us first.

    174
    00:26:45,946 –> 00:26:48,848
    We have been hiding long enough.

    175
    00:26:48,849 –> 00:26:52,843
    The time has come for
    Atlantis to rise again.

    176
    00:26:52,886 –> 00:26:55,856
    We honour you King Nereus…

    177
    00:26:55,889 –> 00:27:01,089
    by inviting Xebel to be the first kingdom
    to join King Orm’s alliance.

    178
    00:27:01,094 –> 00:27:03,859
    As if you have a choice. Vulko.

    179
    00:27:03,864 –> 00:27:06,993
    By law you need four to seven
    kingdoms to send an attack.

    180
    00:27:07,000 –> 00:27:09,902
    The lost nations and the Deserters
    have long perished.

    181
    00:27:09,937 –> 00:27:11,997
    The Trench were nothing but anglers.

    182
    00:27:12,005 –> 00:27:14,941
    The Brine wouldn’t join you. and
    the Fishermen are cowards.

    183
    00:27:14,942 –> 00:27:17,002
    With only my army to convince them.

    184
    00:27:17,044 –> 00:27:19,878
    your plans are still burnt.

    185
    00:27:19,913 –> 00:27:22,041
    But I know what you really want.

    186
    00:27:22,049 –> 00:27:24,917
    Once you’d obtained the pledge of
    the four kingdoms.

    187
    00:27:24,918 –> 00:27:26,944
    you will be deemed

    188
    00:27:26,987 –> 00:27:29,957
    Ocean Master.

    189
    00:27:29,957 –> 00:27:34,053
    That’s merely a title./I’m not a fool King Orm.

    190
    00:27:34,061 –> 00:27:38,795
    As Ocean Master you’ll be commander of
    the greatest military might on this planet.

    191
    00:27:38,832 –> 00:27:41,825
    I’m the natural choice to lead it.

    192
    00:27:42,002 –> 00:27:44,801
    Are you?

    193
    00:27:44,805 –> 00:27:47,832
    What about the rumours there is another?

    194
    00:27:47,874 –> 00:27:50,867
    An Atlantian living on the surface

    195
    00:27:50,877 –> 00:27:53,813
    One of royal blood.

    196
    00:27:53,814 –> 00:27:57,808
    You may sit on the throne of Atlantis.

    197
    00:27:57,951 –> 00:27:59,920
    But your claim is just weak.
    How can you possibly hope to unite the empire?

    198
    00:28:00,453 –> 00:28:03,514
    My mother’s bastard has never even
    been to Atlantis.\

    199
    00:28:03,523 –> 00:28:04,582
    His loyalty is to the…

    200
    00:28:15,502 –> 00:28:17,562
    Surface dwellers! Move out!

    201
    00:28:38,591 –> 00:28:40,457
    The king is injured!

    202
    00:29:38,585 –> 00:29:41,521
    I’m not trying to start a war.

    203
    00:29:41,521 –> 00:29:44,423
    The war has already begun.

    204
    00:29:44,457 –> 00:29:47,450
    Then it’s time to send them
    a message that we’re here.

    205
    00:29:53,399 –> 00:29:55,425
    Here’s the key./ Thank you.

    206
    00:29:55,468 –> 00:29:57,494
    Let’s go home.

    207
    00:29:57,503 –> 00:30:01,463
    If your grandpa’s still alive.
    he’d be banging our heads when we’re not finishing it.

    208
    00:30:03,409 –> 00:30:06,345
    Tell you what. There’s still
    plenty of time for that.

    209
    00:30:06,379 –> 00:30:08,405
    Got to get you to bed.

    210
    00:30:10,583 –> 00:30:12,449
    Got it.

    211
    00:30:19,325 –> 00:30:21,556
    I’ve been looking for you./
    Oh no. No. No.

    212
    00:30:21,561 –> 00:30:24,326
    I need you to come with me to Atlantis./ Listen.

    213
    00:30:24,330 –> 00:30:27,391
    I’m going to tell you the same thing
    I told that rusty starfish Vulko.

    214
    00:30:27,400 –> 00:30:29,301
    It’s been nice meeting you. lady.

    215
    00:30:29,302 –> 00:30:30,531
    No. thank you. I’m not interested.

    216
    00:30:30,570 –> 00:30:34,405
    You defeated Steppenwolf
    and saved Atlantis.

    217
    00:30:34,440 –> 00:30:36,306
    That had nothing to do with Atlantis.

    218
    00:30:36,309 –> 00:30:38,403
    Your half brother. Raja Orm.
    is about to declare war

    219
    00:30:38,444 –> 00:30:41,414
    with the surface world.
    Billions will die.

    220
    00:30:41,414 –> 00:30:43,474
    Your people and mine.

    221
    00:30:43,483 –> 00:30:46,385
    We must stop him.

    222
    00:30:50,423 –> 00:30:52,483
    And how do you propose we do that?

    223
    00:30:52,492 –> 00:30:55,485
    You re the first born son of
    Queen Atlanna.

    224
    00:30:55,528 –> 00:30:58,327
    The throne is yours by birthright.

    225
    00:30:58,331 –> 00:31:00,493
    The only way to stop this war

    226
    00:31:00,500 –> 00:31:03,436
    and save both worlds

    227
    00:31:03,469 –> 00:31:06,530
    is for you to take your rightful
    place as King.

    228
    00:31:09,475 –> 00:31:13,344
    You think if i just show up.
    Orm will give up the throne?

    229
    00:31:13,379 –> 00:31:16,349
    I’m the bastard son of a queen
    your people executed.

    230
    00:31:16,349 –> 00:31:19,547
    Trust me. I’m no king.
    / I agree.

    231
    00:31:19,585 –> 00:31:21,554
    That’s awesome. Go.

    232
    00:31:21,587 –> 00:31:25,285
    But. Vulko seems to believe in you for some reason.

    233
    00:31:25,425 –> 00:31:28,327
    And that’s why I’m here.
    Vulko has learnt of the location of

    234
    00:31:28,327 –> 00:31:31,388
    the lost trident of
    Atlantis./ Ooh. Fairy tales.

    235
    00:31:31,431 –> 00:31:33,332
    It’s a myth./It’s not a myth.

    236
    00:31:33,332 –> 00:31:35,528
    with the sacred trident.
    people will listen to you.

    237
    00:31:35,568 –> 00:31:37,366
    You can then claim your birthright

    238
    00:31:37,370 –> 00:31:38,531
    and dethrone Orm.

    239
    00:31:38,571 –> 00:31:42,303
    My birthright? It died with my mother.

    240
    00:31:42,341 –> 00:31:44,367
    But I’ll promise you this.

    241
    00:31:44,410 –> 00:31:46,402
    If Orm attacks. I’ll treat him the same way

    242
    00:31:46,412 –> 00:31:48,506
    your people treated her.

    243
    00:31:48,548 –> 00:31:51,313
    With no mercy.

    244
    00:32:48,508 –> 00:32:53,310
    That submarine was barely operational.
    But it served its purpose.

    245
    00:32:53,346 –> 00:32:56,441
    One of your kind intervened.

    246
    00:32:56,482 –> 00:33:01,443
    He is not one of us./ He killed my father.

    247
    00:33:02,355 –> 00:33:04,483
    Our transaction has ended.

    248
    00:33:08,361 –> 00:33:10,330
    Keep the money.

    249
    00:33:10,496 –> 00:33:12,522
    I want Aquaman.

    250
    00:34:22,602 –> 00:34:24,434
    Dad!

    251
    00:34:29,408 –> 00:34:30,535
    Dad!

    252
    00:35:14,553 –> 00:35:17,489
    He;s not breathing./Move! Let me help.

    253
    00:35:53,492 –> 00:35:56,291
    You know I don’t even know your name.

    254
    00:36:00,399 –> 00:36:02,425
    You may call me Mera.

    255
    00:36:03,369 –> 00:36:05,429
    Thank you. Mera.

    256
    00:36:26,359 –> 00:36:28,351
    My god.

    257
    00:36:28,361 –> 00:36:30,489
    This was Orm’s doing.

    258
    00:36:31,430 –> 00:36:34,366
    The worst has yet to come.

    259
    00:36:41,507 –> 00:36:45,444
    There’s a flash flood…
    /Building has been destroyed…

    260
    00:36:45,478 –> 00:36:48,607
    ….unprecedented sites from
    all over the world today…

    261
    00:36:48,614 –> 00:36:52,483
    we’re seeing warships and trash washed up
    by massive waves.

    262
    00:36:54,387 –> 00:36:58,381
    Garbage in multiple counties.

    263
    00:36:58,557 –> 00:37:01,527
    Decades of pollution has been thrown
    back to land.

    264
    00:37:01,527 –> 00:37:04,326
    question. was this a natural disaster

    265
    00:37:04,363 –> 00:37:05,422
    or something else.

    266
    00:37:05,464 –> 00:37:07,330
    No. This was no natural disaster.

    267
    00:37:07,366 –> 00:37:09,494
    They threw out our garbage and warships.

    268
    00:37:09,502 –> 00:37:11,562
    This was our first contact with the
    people of Atlantis.

    269
    00:37:11,570 –> 00:37:15,405
    Here you go again.
    with your insane Atlantean theory.

    270
    00:37:15,441 –> 00:37:17,376
    You have absolutely no proof of this.

    271
    00:37:17,376 –> 00:37:18,400
    Open your eyes.

    272
    00:37:18,411 –> 00:37:20,277
    We already have an Atlantean
    living among us

    273
    00:37:20,312 –> 00:37:21,541
    and his name is Aquaman.

    274
    00:37:29,422 –> 00:37:30,583
    What is it?

    275
    00:37:30,589 –> 00:37:34,390
    This is the exact spot that Vulko gave me
    my first formal lesson.

    276
    00:37:35,361 –> 00:37:38,388
    You have to forgot all the teachings
    of the surface world.

    277
    00:37:38,431 –> 00:37:43,369
    Go deeper. to uncover your Atlantean instinct.

    278
    00:37:43,369 –> 00:37:44,564
    But I already know how to swim.

    279
    00:37:45,438 –> 00:37:47,430
    Not even close.

    280
    00:37:50,543 –> 00:37:56,505
    So. we’re clear.

    281
    00:37:57,450 –> 00:38:00,420
    Help you stop this war. then I’m done.
    Maybe that’s for the best.

    282
    00:38:19,472 –> 00:38:23,568
    The ocean is more than our life soul.
    It’s who we are.

    283
    00:38:23,609 –> 00:38:26,443
    Wait. You can talk underwater?

    284
    00:38:26,445 –> 00:38:29,381
    Hey. I can talk underwater too!

    285
    00:38:29,381 –> 00:38:30,508
    This is awesome!

    286
    00:38:30,549 –> 00:38:34,486
    No. We can do more than just talk.

    287
    00:38:40,593 –> 00:38:45,554
    Being an Atlantean means being more
    than just able to breathe in water.

    288
    00:38:45,598 –> 00:38:50,536
    Your body is equipped to survive
    the extreme cold. and pressure.

    289
    00:38:50,536 –> 00:38:54,371
    And your eyes adjust to see in the dark.

    290
    00:39:17,363 –> 00:39:19,355
    This is awesome!

    291
    00:39:46,358 –> 00:39:49,556
    SO Vulko. when can I meet my mother?

    292
    00:39:51,363 –> 00:39:54,424
    Soon. my young prince.

    293
    00:39:54,433 –> 00:39:59,428
    When you’re ready. I will take you to
    Atlantis to meet the Queen.

    294
    00:40:09,348 –> 00:40:11,317
    I hid my ship in here.

    295
    00:40:12,518 –> 00:40:14,453
    Listen. I’m not getting in that thing.

    296
    00:40:14,486 –> 00:40:16,455
    Well to get to where we’re going.
    you’re gonna have to.

    297
    00:40:16,455 –> 00:40:20,415
    Your fish ship has been marinated in chump butter.
    I might come out like small bud.

    298
    00:40:20,459 –> 00:40:22,428
    That’s be an improvement.

    299
    00:40:27,466 –> 00:40:28,525
    Yup.

    300
    00:42:25,303 –> 00:42:28,171
    Welcome home.

    301
    00:43:15,386 –> 00:43:20,324
    There is a safe house down in the old city.
    The high ones never ventured to the sea floor.

    302
    00:43:20,324 –> 00:43:22,350
    We’re here.

    303
    00:43:50,454 –> 00:43:52,480
    What is this?

    304
    00:43:52,490 –> 00:43:55,358
    These are air pockets we used as
    natural air precaution.

    305
    00:43:55,393 –> 00:43:57,419
    Only the high ones can breathe on air.

    306
    00:43:57,428 –> 00:44:00,193
    Plus. it keeps the animals out.

    307
    00:44:00,231 –> 00:44:02,257
    They get kind of messy.

    308
    00:44:04,468 –> 00:44:07,233
    Vulko. Here I am old man.

    309
    00:44:07,238 –> 00:44:10,299
    After all these years.
    you finally get what you wanted.

    310
    00:44:12,343 –> 00:44:16,337
    Arthur. I wish it was under better circumstances.

    311
    00:44:16,380 –> 00:44:18,440
    I can’t believe Orm attacked.

    312
    00:44:18,449 –> 00:44:22,318
    It wasn’t an attack.
    Legally. he’s not allowed to yet.

    313
    00:44:22,320 –> 00:44:24,380
    What he did to your surface warships

    314
    00:44:24,388 –> 00:44:27,187
    was merely a warning./
    What provoked him?

    315
    00:44:27,224 –> 00:44:33,255
    King Orm and your father were ambushed by the surface.
    /The surface? I don’t think so.

    316
    00:44:33,264 –> 00:44:36,428
    I’d still think that’s Atlantis
    fairytale./ I was there.

    317
    00:44:36,434 –> 00:44:39,268
    A surface warship fired at us.

    318
    00:44:39,303 –> 00:44:42,239
    Now. Xebel sides with Atlantis.

    319
    00:44:42,273 –> 00:44:46,472
    giving Orm a fleet big enough to force
    the other two kingdoms to join him.

    320
    00:44:46,477 –> 00:44:51,245
    If we’re gonna prevent this war.
    you must dethrone him now.

    321
    00:44:51,282 –> 00:44:53,376
    How many times do I have to tell you.
    I don;t want to be king.

    322
    00:44:56,017 –> 00:44:58,885
    Once he’s named Ocean Master.
    that’ll be too late.

    323
    00:44:58,887 –> 00:45:01,880
    The power at his disposal will be
    unlike anything you’ve ever seen.

    324
    00:45:01,923 –> 00:45:04,893
    I’m from the surface. No one’s
    gonna take me seriously.

    325
    00:45:04,893 –> 00:45:06,020
    Heck. I’d don’t even know where to begin.

    326
    00:45:06,061 –> 00:45:08,997
    By winning the hearts and minds of the people

    327
    00:45:09,030 –> 00:45:11,864
    by proving to them that you’re worthy.

    328
    00:45:11,866 –> 00:45:13,027
    by retrieving this.

    329
    00:45:19,908 –> 00:45:21,934
    I already got one of those.

    330
    00:45:22,877 –> 00:45:25,073
    Not like this one you don’t.

    331
    00:45:25,080 –> 00:45:28,016
    This is the lost Trident of Atlantis.

    332
    00:45:28,049 –> 00:45:30,814
    Oh. I know the story./
    It’s more than a story.

    333
    00:45:30,852 –> 00:45:32,047
    It’s real.

    334
    00:45:32,988 –> 00:45:37,084
    It was forged by the greatest weapon masters
    in history.

    335
    00:45:38,026 –> 00:45:40,962
    Crafted from Poseidon’s steel.

    336
    00:45:40,962 –> 00:45:44,899
    for King Atlan.
    the first ruler of Atlantis.

    337
    00:45:46,835 –> 00:45:47,996
    Legend says. the Trident was build with the power

    338
    00:45:48,003 –> 00:45:50,871
    to command the sea.

    339
    00:45:51,840 –> 00:45:52,864
    So what happened to it?

    340
    00:45:52,874 –> 00:45:56,038
    To know that. is to go back to the time before
    the Great Fall.

    341
    00:45:56,945 –> 00:46:00,040
    When King Atlan ruler over all that was.

    342
    00:46:01,082 –> 00:46:03,984
    the Kingdoms of Atlantis were one.

    343
    00:46:06,855 –> 00:46:11,919
    It was a time of great prosperity and
    technological advancement.

    344
    00:46:12,927 –> 00:46:15,897
    We’ve unlocked the secret to unlimited energy

    345
    00:46:15,897 –> 00:46:19,800
    when the rest of the world still thought
    the earth was flat.

    346
    00:46:21,002 –> 00:46:24,905
    But we became too ambitious.

    347
    00:46:24,906 –> 00:46:27,034
    too hungry for power.

    348
    00:46:43,858 –> 00:46:47,818
    …swallowed us and Atlantis sank.

    349
    00:46:48,830 –> 00:46:54,030
    But the very power that collapsed our civilisation
    also paved the way to our future.

    350
    00:46:54,035 –> 00:46:58,871
    It gave us ability to breathe underwater.

    351
    00:46:58,907 –> 00:47:01,001
    and so. we evolved.

    352
    00:47:01,876 –> 00:47:03,037
    Others regressed.

    353
    00:47:03,078 –> 00:47:05,843
    Became savage.

    354
    00:47:06,047 –> 00:47:11,816
    And the king lived out the remainder of
    his days in self imposed exile.

    355
    00:47:11,820 –> 00:47:15,052
    Neither he. nor the Trident were ever seen again.

    356
    00:47:16,024 –> 00:47:20,792
    One of our archeological team uncovered this
    a few months ago.

    357
    00:47:20,829 –> 00:47:24,857
    It’s an ancient recording dating back to
    the first dynasty.

    358
    00:47:24,866 –> 00:47:28,030
    I believe it contained Atlan’s final message
    to it’s people

    359
    00:47:28,069 –> 00:47:32,905
    and the whereabouts of the sacred Trident./
    So what does it say?

    360
    00:47:32,907 –> 00:47:33,966
    We don’t know.

    361
    00:47:34,008 –> 00:47:35,874
    The technology’s too old.

    362
    00:47:35,877 –> 00:47:38,904
    The cylinder bears the marking of the
    Deserter Kingdom.

    363
    00:47:38,913 –> 00:47:41,974
    You must take it there to retrieve the message.

    364
    00:47:42,016 –> 00:47:46,078
    The clue to Atlan’s final resting
    place is inside this.

    365
    00:48:04,038 –> 00:48:06,974
    You’re under arrest for illegal entry./Go.

    366
    00:48:08,910 –> 00:48:10,970
    You must be seen here.

    367
    00:49:06,968 –> 00:49:09,836
    I don’t suppose you want to talk about this. do you?

    368
    00:49:13,875 –> 00:49:14,968
    Neither do I.

    369
    00:49:54,949 –> 00:49:59,887
    In the name of His Highness King Orm.
    I place you under arrest.

    370
    00:50:20,008 –> 00:50:22,807
    Welcome to Atlantis.

    371
    00:50:23,978 –> 00:50:25,970
    Brother.

    372
    00:50:28,950 –> 00:50:31,943
    I can’t believe you’re finally here.

    373
    00:50:32,987 –> 00:50:35,923
    I’ve heard so many stories about you.

    374
    00:50:41,829 –> 00:50:47,962
    All these years. I’m ashamed of my mother’s surface brother.

    375
    00:50:47,969 –> 00:50:55,001
    ashamed of the fact that I have a half breed
    brother I want to run my Trident through.

    376
    00:50:55,043 –> 00:50:58,912
    But now that you’re finally here before me.

    377
    00:50:58,946 –> 00:51:00,972
    I must admit…

    378
    00:51:07,021 –> 00:51:09,013
    I’m conflicted.

    379
    00:51:09,023 –> 00:51:13,961
    You want conflict. will you take these chains
    off little brother?

    380
    00:51:13,995 –> 00:51:16,863
    and we’ll see what we can run through.

    381
    00:51:18,866 –> 00:51:22,860
    Yes. I see you brought our mothers weapon.

    382
    00:51:22,904 –> 00:51:26,932
    Is that why you’ve come here after all this time?

    383
    00:51:26,974 –> 00:51:29,000
    To kill me?

    384
    00:51:29,010 –> 00:51:31,878
    I came here to stop a maniac from destroying my world.

    385
    00:51:31,879 –> 00:51:33,814
    I see.

    386
    00:51:33,815 –> 00:51:38,844
    And how do you plan to stop the atrocities
    by the surface to commit

    387
    00:51:38,986 –> 00:51:44,926
    over centuries polluted our waters

    388
    00:51:44,926 –> 00:51:47,862
    and poisoned our children.

    389
    00:51:47,862 –> 00:51:50,991
    Now the skies are burning our oceans

    390
    00:51:52,967 –> 00:51:56,961
    You’ve come all this way to take side
    against your own people?

    391
    00:51:57,004 –> 00:51:59,064
    There are no sides I don’t want this.

    392
    00:51:59,073 –> 00:52:01,975
    You’ve clearly chosen a side to come
    here to challenge the throne

    393
    00:52:02,009 –> 00:52:04,843
    Thats to stop your war.

    394
    00:52:06,047 –> 00:52:08,949
    Are you invoking the combat of the Kings?

    395
    00:52:08,950 –> 00:52:12,045
    Call it whatever you want. I call it an ass whooping.

    396
    00:52:12,887 –> 00:52:15,857
    Well then perhaps that’s how we’ll proceed

    397
    00:52:15,890 –> 00:52:16,949
    Your majesty!/Orm please.

    398
    00:52:16,991 –> 00:52:18,823
    Don’t you see?

    399
    00:52:18,860 –> 00:52:23,059
    If I defeat the first born son of Atlanna in
    front of everyone.

    400
    00:52:23,064 –> 00:52:26,091
    then all seven kingdoms will have to concede that

    401
    00:52:26,100 –> 00:52:28,797
    I. am the one true king.

    402
    00:52:28,803 –> 00:52:32,001
    Your majesty. There is no victory in feeding the ignorant.

    403
    00:52:32,039 –> 00:52:34,907
    Your brother is clearly an imbecile.

    404
    00:52:34,909 –> 00:52:38,073
    Your Highness. He doesn’t know our ways.

    405
    00:52:38,112 –> 00:52:40,877
    Then he’ll about to get an education.

    406
    00:52:41,849 –> 00:52:45,013
    Are you officially challenging me?/
    Hell yes. I’ll challenge you.

    407
    00:52:45,052 –> 00:52:47,817
    And when I win. if you win.

    408
    00:52:47,855 –> 00:52:50,950
    I will cease all immediate action.
    The war is over.

    409
    00:52:50,992 –> 00:52:53,985
    But if I win.

    410
    00:52:54,829 –> 00:52:56,855
    you’re over.

    411
    00:52:56,864 –> 00:52:59,925
    Good./So be it.

    412
    00:52:59,967 –> 00:53:01,028
    Challenge has been made.
    and I accept.

    413
    00:53:02,170 –> 00:53:05,140
    Prepare him for the ring of fire!

    414
    00:53:05,140 –> 00:53:07,166
    Wait. What?

    415
    00:53:26,929 –> 00:53:30,127
    How can you be so foolish to let
    Orm bait you into a fight?

    416
    00:53:30,132 –> 00:53:32,897
    It seems to me that’ll solve all our problems.

    417
    00:53:32,935 –> 00:53:35,928
    I beat him in battle. War’s over.
    I’m getting home.

    418
    00:53:35,938 –> 00:53:37,964
    You’re a formidable fighter on land.

    419
    00:53:38,006 –> 00:53:40,066
    But here. you’re out of your element literally.

    420
    00:53:40,075 –> 00:53:43,045
    Orm has spent his entire life underwater.

    421
    00:53:43,045 –> 00:53:45,913
    training to be a warrior. Training to be the best.

    422
    00:53:46,048 –> 00:53:48,176
    You taught me how to fight.

    423
    00:53:48,183 –> 00:53:50,948
    Let’s see if you remember anything

    424
    00:53:54,089 –> 00:53:57,116
    What’s with the big fork?
    /That’s a Trident.

    425
    00:53:57,159 –> 00:53:58,957
    Now defend!

    426
    00:54:32,127 –> 00:54:36,087
    The hell is this?/I’ll teach you the
    movement to master the Trident.

    427
    00:54:46,074 –> 00:54:47,167
    It’s not fair.

    428
    00:54:47,209 –> 00:54:49,974
    This thing is too big. Why can’t I use a sword?

    429
    00:54:49,978 –> 00:54:51,139
    That’s your mother’s Trident.

    430
    00:54:51,146 –> 00:54:54,014
    A traditional weapon of royalty.

    431
    00:54:54,016 –> 00:54:56,918
    You’ll never be a King until you mastered it.

    432
    00:54:56,952 –> 00:54:58,944
    Why she never come to see me. ha?

    433
    00:54:58,954 –> 00:55:02,152
    I told you. when you’re ready…/
    Stop lying to me!

    434
    00:55:02,157 –> 00:55:05,025
    I’ve done everything you’ve asked.

    435
    00:55:05,060 –> 00:55:07,962
    and everytime i passed a
    test. you make another one.

    436
    00:55:07,963 –> 00:55:09,090
    When am I ever gonna be good enough?

    437
    00:55:13,168 –> 00:55:15,933
    Did she not love me?

    438
    00:55:15,937 –> 00:55:18,998
    Your mother loved you more than
    anything in the world.

    439
    00:55:19,007 –> 00:55:22,136
    But she had to return to Atlantis
    to keep you safe.

    440
    00:55:22,978 –> 00:55:26,107
    Her marriage to
    King Orvax was arranged a long time ago

    441
    00:55:26,148 –> 00:55:29,983
    so she had to marry him and bear him

    442
    00:55:29,985 –> 00:55:31,954
    a son. Prince Orm.

    443
    00:55:31,987 –> 00:55:33,979
    But Orvax eventually found out about you.

    444
    00:55:33,989 –> 00:55:41,089
    He became overwhelmed with jealousy and
    sacrificed her to the creatures of the Trench

    445
    00:55:43,131 –> 00:55:45,999
    Are you saying they executed her

    446
    00:55:47,135 –> 00:55:49,934
    because she had me?

    447
    00:56:03,085 –> 00:56:06,954
    I remember. everything.

    448
    00:56:09,991 –> 00:56:14,952
    I have something for you.
    It belonged to my mother.

    449
    00:56:16,198 –> 00:56:24,072
    Tell me. do you think she would enjoy
    watching her sons murder each other?

    450
    00:56:24,106 –> 00:56:29,010
    I understand your fear. your reluctance. Mera.

    451
    00:56:29,044 –> 00:56:30,945
    I surely do.

    452
    00:56:30,979 –> 00:56:32,914
    I don’t want war.

    453
    00:56:32,914 –> 00:56:35,179
    Don’t patronise me. I know you.

    454
    00:56:35,217 –> 00:56:39,052
    What you’re doing is against every advise your
    mother gave us when we were children.

    455
    00:56:39,054 –> 00:56:43,958
    If she were her…/ But she’s not here.
    is she.

    456
    00:56:43,992 –> 00:56:47,121
    What my mother taught us was treason.

    457
    00:56:47,129 –> 00:56:50,031
    Don’t follow her ways.

    458
    00:56:50,631 –> 00:56:53,692
    Alright. the feared ring of fire. huh?

    459
    00:56:53,735 –> 00:56:57,695
    How it works…
    Let’s keep your ass right here.

    460
    00:57:00,641 –> 00:57:06,581
    Vulko. will you escort my betrothed to the royal box.

    461
    00:57:16,758 –> 00:57:19,626
    Let’s go. Lady Mera.

    462
    00:57:24,699 –> 00:57:29,501
    Down here we have a legend called Karathen.

    463
    00:57:29,537 –> 00:57:33,565
    An ancient sea monster so powerful that King
    Atlan himself feared it.

    464
    00:57:33,708 –> 00:57:38,510
    So he imprisoned it./
    In the depths of the ocean.

    465
    00:57:38,546 –> 00:57:42,711
    And it that abyss. the creature buys
    time waiting to rise again.

    466
    00:57:42,717 –> 00:57:45,619
    Atlantis has been lying and wait.

    467
    00:57:46,654 –> 00:57:48,714
    And now the beast has awaken.

    468
    00:57:54,629 –> 00:57:57,497
    You know. there was a time

    469
    00:57:57,532 –> 00:58:00,661
    when I wanted to meet you more than anything.

    470
    00:58:00,701 –> 00:58:03,694
    To get to know my little brother.

    471
    00:58:03,704 –> 00:58:06,572
    To let him know that he wasn’t alone.

    472
    00:58:06,574 –> 00:58:08,600
    Then we run into together.

    473
    00:58:10,711 –> 00:58:14,512
    For me I know what a dick you turned out to be.

    474
    00:58:16,651 –> 00:58:19,553
    You’re the reason our mother was executed.

    475
    00:58:20,555 –> 00:58:23,525
    and I’ve hated you since the beginning

    476
    00:58:25,526 –> 00:58:28,690
    But I do not want to kill you. Arthur.

    477
    00:58:28,696 –> 00:58:32,565
    I’m going to give you one chance.

    478
    00:58:34,034 –> 00:58:39,234
    Go home. Do not ever come back to Atlantis.

    479
    00:58:39,239 –> 00:58:42,107
    You re not going to win it.

    480
    00:58:42,109 –> 00:58:46,012
    The war is coming to the surface.
    whether you like it or not.

    481
    00:58:46,046 –> 00:58:49,983
    and I’m bringing the wrath of
    the seven seas with me.

    482
    00:58:51,050 –> 00:58:53,952
    You know I can’t let that happen.

    483
    00:58:53,987 –> 00:58:55,979
    I know.

    484
    00:58:58,925 –> 00:59:00,894
    What the hell is that?

    485
    00:59:02,095 –> 00:59:04,826
    The ring of fire.

    486
    00:59:25,051 –> 00:59:27,020
    Shit.

    487
    00:59:28,054 –> 00:59:33,789
    People of Atlantis. hear me.
    My brother has come from the surface

    488
    00:59:33,827 –> 00:59:35,056
    to challenge me for the throne!

    489
    00:59:36,062 –> 00:59:39,931
    Let us settle this in the ancient way.

    490
    00:59:39,933 –> 00:59:43,961
    By bloodshed to the gods…

    491
    01:00:19,005 –> 01:00:20,871
    Never thought I’d see the day when my own father

    492
    01:00:20,874 –> 01:00:22,968
    would bow to the King of Atlantis.

    493
    01:00:22,976 –> 01:00:25,036
    The surface dweller drew first blood.

    494
    01:00:25,078 –> 01:00:28,845
    What would you have us do? Beg them for mercy?

    495
    01:00:28,848 –> 01:00:30,840
    I detest the surface as much as you do.

    496
    01:00:30,884 –> 01:00:34,048
    But don’t you find the timing of all of
    this a bit convenient?

    497
    01:00:37,056 –> 01:00:41,892
    You wouldn’t be that gullible. would you?

    498
    01:00:43,897 –> 01:00:45,957
    You want this war too. don’t you?

    499
    01:00:45,999 –> 01:00:48,867
    It’s past time the surface dweller
    earn their place in the world.

    500
    01:00:48,868 –> 01:00:51,963
    If this is what must be done. then so be it.

    501
    01:00:57,877 –> 01:01:02,975
    That’s my mother’s Trident.
    powerful but flawed like her.

    502
    01:01:03,016 –> 01:01:05,850
    I wield my father’s.

    503
    01:01:05,852 –> 01:01:08,822
    And it has never known defeat!

    504
    01:01:56,869 –> 01:01:59,031
    I promised Atlanna I’ll protect him.

    505
    01:02:06,012 –> 01:02:10,814
    This isn’t a competition.
    It’s an execution.

    506
    01:04:05,998 –> 01:04:10,902
    I am the one true king!

    507
    01:04:53,045 –> 01:04:56,106
    You waiting for an invitation? Get in!

    508
    01:05:05,925 –> 01:05:08,895
    Mera!

    509
    01:05:11,998 –> 01:05:15,958
    So what’s the plan?/The plan was to recover
    Atlan’s Trident. Then challenge Orm.

    510
    01:05:16,002 –> 01:05:18,904
    Ok. So we do things not in order.
    Shit happens.

    511
    01:05:23,976 –> 01:05:27,811
    Heads up. We got a bogey on our six./
    What does that even mean?

    512
    01:05:27,847 –> 01:05:29,873
    Bad guys behind us./ We just did that.

    513
    01:05:29,882 –> 01:05:31,043
    Bad guys behind us.

    514
    01:06:38,918 –> 01:06:41,854
    Woah. woah. wait. You said we shouldn’t go
    over these walls/ I did.

    515
    01:06:41,854 –> 01:06:43,914
    We shouldn’t hide these things./
    I did! Now shut up!

    516
    01:07:17,823 –> 01:07:20,884
    We are not dead yet!

    517
    01:07:21,927 –> 01:07:24,021
    Jump!

    518
    01:07:30,069 –> 01:07:32,834
    Here. hold this.

    519
    01:07:33,973 –> 01:07:36,841
    What are you doing?/
    We’re gonna follow Pinnochio.

    520
    01:07:36,876 –> 01:07:39,072
    Who?/ Never mind. come here.
    Get in. Come on.

    521
    01:07:41,113 –> 01:07:44,049
    Great. So we are getting eaten.

    522
    01:08:05,905 –> 01:08:09,069
    How’d you even doing this anyway?/
    I don’t know.

    523
    01:08:09,075 –> 01:08:14,946
    I can hear them sometimes.They can hear me/
    Right. We’re both is some animal stomach.

    524
    01:08:14,947 –> 01:08:16,006
    Hey. I just saved your life.

    525
    01:08:16,048 –> 01:08:17,812
    I saved yours first.

    526
    01:08:21,987 –> 01:08:26,823
    He said. coast is clear.
    So. where to now?

    527
    01:08:27,827 –> 01:08:30,888
    To the ocean of sand.
    your people called the Sahara.

    528
    01:08:31,997 –> 01:08:33,829
    Right.

    529
    01:08:56,989 –> 01:09:00,926

    530
    01:09:00,926 –> 01:09:01,916
    Thanks for the ride buddy.

    531
    01:09:05,965 –> 01:09:07,866
    Are you ok?

    532
    01:09:08,000 –> 01:09:10,936
    I’ve never been so high up.

    533
    01:09:11,871 –> 01:09:14,033
    We’re so far from home.

    534
    01:09:15,007 –> 01:09:17,067
    At least you have a home.

    535
    01:09:17,076 –> 01:09:20,877
    Not anymore. I can never go back.

    536
    01:09:20,880 –> 01:09:23,975
    I betrayed everything when
    I saved you at the Coliseum.

    537
    01:09:27,953 –> 01:09:31,048
    Kalau begitu. I have to take you back.

    538
    01:09:31,090 –> 01:09:34,060
    Atlantis is many wonderful things.

    539
    01:09:34,093 –> 01:09:37,063
    But forgiving does not./
    But you’re royalty.

    540
    01:09:37,096 –> 01:09:39,031
    So is your mother.

    541
    01:09:39,832 –> 01:09:42,859
    If I go back now. I would be sacrificed
    for the Trench.

    542
    01:09:42,868 –> 01:09:45,838
    Even my own father wouldn’t take me back.

    543
    01:09:49,041 –> 01:09:54,036
    Look on the bright side.
    You don’t have to marry someone you’re obligated.

    544
    01:09:54,046 –> 01:09:56,880
    Obligation isn’t love.

    545
    01:09:56,916 –> 01:09:59,943
    This is my family and my nation.

    546
    01:09:59,952 –> 01:10:02,046
    and I’ve turned my back on both.

    547
    01:10:04,023 –> 01:10:07,050
    Sometimes we have to do what’s right.

    548
    01:10:07,059 –> 01:10:10,996
    even if your heart aches against it.

    549
    01:10:25,811 –> 01:10:28,872
    Your Highness.

    550
    01:10:29,849 –> 01:10:31,909
    The tracking puts Princess Mera here.

    551
    01:10:32,017 –> 01:10:34,043
    In the desert.

    552
    01:10:34,086 –> 01:10:38,820
    You aid she was dead./Apparently not.

    553
    01:10:39,959 –> 01:10:42,861
    Does your brother still lives as well?/
    Not for long.

    554
    01:10:42,862 –> 01:10:45,923
    Captain Murk. assemble the strike force immediately./
    No!

    555
    01:10:45,931 –> 01:10:49,060
    Mira is to be arrested and she returned to me.

    556
    01:10:49,068 –> 01:10:50,832
    She betrayed the throne…

    557
    01:10:50,836 –> 01:10:52,828
    She’s the daughter of Xebel.

    558
    01:10:52,872 –> 01:10:56,775
    If any harm befalls her. our coalition is over.

    559
    01:10:56,809 –> 01:11:01,042
    Your Highness. we are now entering the waters of
    the Fisherman Kingdom.

    560
    01:11:01,046 –> 01:11:07,850
    Securing the alliance of the other two kingdoms
    should be our immediate concern.

    561
    01:11:10,089 –> 01:11:12,923
    My vizier is correct.

    562
    01:11:13,826 –> 01:11:15,852
    As usual.

    563
    01:11:16,929 –> 01:11:23,859
    Arrest them and bring back King Nereus’s
    daughter unharmed.

    564
    01:11:46,058 –> 01:11:47,219
    We’re here.

    565
    01:11:49,194 –> 01:11:52,096
    Hey. is there anything nearby?

    566
    01:11:52,097 –> 01:11:55,067
    Nothing but deserts for hundreds of…
    mate./Nothing but deserts…

    567
    01:11:55,100 –> 01:11:56,068
    He’s wrong!

    568
    01:11:58,170 –> 01:11:59,229
    Mera. no!

    569
    01:12:02,141 –> 01:12:04,167
    She just jumped without a parachute.

    570
    01:12:04,209 –> 01:12:07,145
    Redhead. You gotta love ‘em.

    571
    01:12:36,208 –> 01:12:38,200
    You’re crazier than I thought.

    572
    01:12:41,013 –> 01:12:42,072
    This way.

    573
    01:13:03,268 –> 01:13:07,205
    You were defeated the last time because your
    surface weapons failed you.

    574
    01:13:07,239 –> 01:13:09,265
    Ours will not.

    575
    01:13:12,144 –> 01:13:16,138
    It’s prototype armour for the next generation
    Atlantean soldier.

    576
    01:13:16,315 –> 01:13:20,047
    Revenge is something we Atlantean understand.

    577
    01:13:20,052 –> 01:13:23,181
    You will lead my finest commandoes as
    your personal army.

    578
    01:13:23,188 –> 01:13:25,248
    to hunt the half breed abomination.

    579
    01:13:25,290 –> 01:13:28,158
    I can’t touch them but you can.

    580
    01:13:28,193 –> 01:13:30,094
    He’s fled to your world.

    581
    01:13:30,095 –> 01:13:32,087
    Kill him and the woman he’s with

    582
    01:13:32,130 –> 01:13:33,257
    and you will be rewarded.

    583
    01:13:33,298 –> 01:13:36,132
    Killing him is my reward.

    584
    01:13:39,204 –> 01:13:43,005
    The crown jewel is too experimental.

    585
    01:13:43,175 –> 01:13:46,202
    Converge water into beams of energised plasma.

    586
    01:14:59,217 –> 01:15:02,153
    Hmm. I think we’re gonna need a bigger helmet.

    587
    01:15:01,554 –> 01:15:06,492
    One of the tribes of Atlantis broke off and settled
    here when the region was still an inland sea.

    588
    01:15:06,525 –> 01:15:09,461
    When the water dried up. they perished along with it.

    589
    01:15:09,462 –> 01:15:11,430
    Perished? Yeah that’s great.

    590
    01:15:11,430 –> 01:15:13,490
    We’re getting close now./ Yeah. close to what?

    591
    01:15:13,499 –> 01:15:15,559
    Dying of thirst?/I’m close to punching your face.

    592
    01:15:15,601 –> 01:15:18,469
    A fight club? I didn’t know you knew
    how things work up here.

    593
    01:15:18,471 –> 01:15:20,406
    Why don;t you look around. we are lost.

    594
    01:15:20,439 –> 01:15:23,432
    You see that over there.
    What is that? Na-da.

    595
    01:15:23,442 –> 01:15:24,466
    This place’s a wasteland.

    596
    01:15:24,610 –> 01:15:27,444
    You’re the one who call this
    ‘wasteland’ a home.

    597
    01:15:27,480 –> 01:15:28,675
    This isn’t my home.

    598
    01:15:28,714 –> 01:15:31,411
    The whole shore doesn’t look like this.

    599
    01:15:31,417 –> 01:15:32,544
    Oh. no. Of course not.

    600
    01:15:32,585 –> 01:15:36,420
    You also got disgusting cities with sewers
    emptying out into our ocean

    601
    01:15:36,455 –> 01:15:37,684
    and whole mountains made out of thrash.

    602
    01:15:37,690 –> 01:15:41,650
    You got great factories. and…

    603
    01:15:41,660 –> 01:15:43,629
    Ok. ok. ok. Point taken. Listen.

    604
    01:15:43,662 –> 01:15:46,530
    Yeah. we got some idiots running the show. But
    there are good things too right.

    605
    01:15:46,532 –> 01:15:48,524
    We got green forest. big mountains.

    606
    01:15:48,534 –> 01:15:49,502
    and beautiful lakes.

    607
    01:15:49,535 –> 01:15:53,438
    You’d love them. There are like baby oceans./
    Are you trying to provoke me?

    608
    01:15:53,439 –> 01:15:55,635
    I’m just trying to say don’t judge
    a place before you even see it.

    609
    01:15:55,641 –> 01:15:57,667
    You judged Atlantis on far less.

    610
    01:16:01,680 –> 01:16:04,548
    No. no. no. Will you just stop it with that.

    611
    01:16:04,583 –> 01:16:05,642
    No.

    612
    01:16:05,651 –> 01:16:08,644
    Your stupid Atlantean GPS just told you to
    jump out of an airplane

    613
    01:16:08,687 –> 01:16:11,555
    over the middle of the desert.
    And now we are stranded.

    614
    01:16:14,627 –> 01:16:17,563
    If you are the next true king we’re doomed.

    615
    01:16:45,424 –> 01:16:46,551
    That was awesome.

    616
    01:16:52,665 –> 01:16:55,430
    Look what I found.

    617
    01:16:55,434 –> 01:16:58,404
    What you found?/Yeah.

    618
    01:17:08,414 –> 01:17:09,677
    Check this place out.

    619
    01:17:10,483 –> 01:17:13,453
    This is badass!

    620
    01:17:13,652 –> 01:17:19,489
    This is the hall of armoury where the legend
    says where Atlann’s Trident was forged.

    621
    01:17:21,427 –> 01:17:23,487
    I don’t think they are a legend anymore.

    622
    01:17:29,468 –> 01:17:31,596
    I was right.

    623
    01:17:33,472 –> 01:17:35,464
    It’s real.

    624
    01:18:13,646 –> 01:18:15,581
    Nothing.

    625
    01:18:15,581 –> 01:18:17,675
    Of course it’s not working.
    It’s been sitting here

    626
    01:18:17,716 –> 01:18:20,447
    collecting dust since before
    the Sahara was a desert.

    627
    01:18:21,620 –> 01:18:27,491
    Man./Since before the Sahara
    was a desert.

    628
    01:18:27,493 –> 01:18:29,553
    Thank you for repeating what I just said.

    629
    01:18:29,595 –> 01:18:31,587
    It’s completely dried out.

    630
    01:18:33,566 –> 01:18:36,559
    You do the best thinking when you’re
    not thinking at all.

    631
    01:18:36,569 –> 01:18:38,595
    Now hold still.

    632
    01:18:38,604 –> 01:18:41,506
    What are you doing?/ We need water.

    633
    01:18:41,640 –> 01:18:45,668
    You are the closest source. Now hold still.

    634
    01:19:23,649 –> 01:19:25,584
    We could’ve just peed on it.

    635
    01:19:35,594 –> 01:19:37,495
    King Atlann.

    636
    01:19:39,498 –> 01:19:44,436
    In this Trident resides the power of Atlantis.

    637
    01:19:44,470 –> 01:19:48,601
    In the wrong hands. it would bring destruction.

    638
    01:19:48,607 –> 01:19:52,544
    In the hands of the true heir.
    it will unite all our

    639
    01:19:52,578 –> 01:19:54,570
    kingdoms above and below.

    640
    01:19:54,580 –> 01:19:59,450
    If you seek my power.
    you must prove your worth.

    641
    01:19:59,485 –> 01:20:03,388
    Journey beyond the edge of
    the world to the hidden sea.

    642
    01:20:03,422 –> 01:20:06,483
    Look inside the bottle for the chartered path.

    643
    01:20:06,492 –> 01:20:09,485
    Only in the hands of the true king.

    644
    01:20:09,528 –> 01:20:12,521
    can he truly see.

    645
    01:20:27,579 –> 01:20:29,673
    We can’t let Orm find this.

    646
    01:20:31,617 –> 01:20:33,483
    Hey. wait! No…

    647
    01:20:34,486 –> 01:20:35,579
    What?

    648
    01:20:35,587 –> 01:20:37,556
    Shouldn’t we have written it down first?

    649
    01:20:37,589 –> 01:20:40,525
    I memorised it. Didn’t you?

    650
    01:20:41,560 –> 01:20:43,426
    Oh. yeah.

    651
    01:20:43,662 –> 01:20:45,631
    What did it just said?

    652
    01:20:47,599 –> 01:20:50,467
    Something something Trident.

    653
    01:21:12,691 –> 01:21:15,422
    It’s our next stop.

    654
    01:22:49,454 –> 01:22:51,616
    I’m starting to think you actually
    like the surface dwellers.

    655
    01:22:51,623 –> 01:22:54,559
    It’d be wrong to judge a
    place I’ve never seen before.

    656
    01:22:56,461 –> 01:22:59,488
    I’ll be right back. Don’t go anywhere.

    657
    01:23:19,518 –> 01:23:21,680
    Well. apparently she’s right up on the
    hill in the old castle.

    658
    01:23:21,687 –> 01:23:24,623
    I’ve just learnt something very interesting.

    659
    01:23:25,524 –> 01:23:27,390
    Pinocchio.

    660
    01:23:27,526 –> 01:23:30,553
    You risk our lives on something you read
    on a children’s book?

    661
    01:23:31,597 –> 01:23:35,398
    Wait it’s a book? How about that.

    662
    01:23:35,667 –> 01:23:39,434
    We have to go.

    663
    01:23:43,608 –> 01:23:47,636
    King Nereus. I had hoped that our
    people had evolved

    664
    01:23:47,679 –> 01:23:50,672
    that war with the surface is inevitable.

    665
    01:23:50,716 –> 01:23:56,519
    It is the position of the Fishermen that
    when the time comes to make ourselves known

    666
    01:23:56,521 –> 01:23:57,580
    to the lands men.

    667
    01:23:57,589 –> 01:23:59,524
    It shall be to educate them.

    668
    01:23:59,691 –> 01:24:01,660
    not destroy them.

    669
    01:24:01,793 –> 01:24:05,628
    I admire your lofty aspirations King…

    670
    01:24:08,633 –> 01:24:13,697
    But I suspect they are a cloud of ink hiding the
    heart of coward

    671
    01:24:13,705 –> 01:24:15,571
    How dare you!

    672
    01:24:17,676 –> 01:24:20,669
    Please. I implore you.

    673
    01:24:20,679 –> 01:24:24,707
    Your kingdom’s bloated philosophers
    and flaccid moments

    674
    01:24:24,716 –> 01:24:28,517
    whose waters have gone stagnant and it sickens me.

    675
    01:24:36,661 –> 01:24:37,685
    My king!

    676
    01:24:37,729 –> 01:24:39,561
    The king is dead.

    677
    01:24:39,765 –> 01:24:42,564
    Long live the heir.

    678
    01:24:43,635 –> 01:24:48,699
    Princess. Prepare your armies. Your Highness.

    679
    01:24:48,707 –> 01:24:52,508
    We move against the Brine kingdom at once.

    680
    01:25:00,552 –> 01:25:01,747
    What are the records saying again?

    681
    01:25:01,787 –> 01:25:05,690
    Journey beyond the edge of the world to the hidden sea.

    682
    01:25:05,690 –> 01:25:07,682
    Look into the bottle for the chartered path.

    683
    01:25:07,726 –> 01:25:09,718
    Only in the hands of the true king.

    684
    01:25:09,728 –> 01:25:11,697
    can he truly see.

    685
    01:25:13,665 –> 01:25:16,726
    Look into the bottle for the chartered path.

    686
    01:25:20,806 –> 01:25:24,766
    Oh man./What?

    687
    01:25:30,715 –> 01:25:33,583
    But how do you know where to point it…/
    Let me see.

    688
    01:25:33,585 –> 01:25:34,678
    What’s the last line?

    689
    01:25:34,719 –> 01:25:37,484
    Only in the hands of the true king.

    690
    01:25:37,522 –> 01:25:38,649
    can he truly see.

    691
    01:25:43,662 –> 01:25:45,756
    He was a great General. but he wasn’t a king.

    692
    01:25:50,702 –> 01:25:54,662
    How do you know all this stuff?/My pops.
    He make sure I know my history.

    693
    01:25:54,706 –> 01:25:59,770
    None of these guys are kings. except this guy.

    694
    01:25:59,778 –> 01:26:02,680
    Romulos. first king of Rome.

    695
    01:26:04,583 –> 01:26:06,677
    Only in the hands of the true king.

    696
    01:26:06,718 –> 01:26:08,619
    can he truly see.

    697
    01:26:17,696 –> 01:26:21,690
    There it is. That’s where we’re heading./
    What? Let me see.

    698
    01:26:28,573 –> 01:26:30,667
    Not bad. for an imbecile huh?

    699
    01:26:31,776 –> 01:26:34,575
    Not bad at all.

    700
    01:31:36,552 –> 01:31:38,384
    Go!

    701
    01:31:48,564 –> 01:31:52,467
    I’ll show you the same mercy
    you showed my father.

    702
    01:31:52,502 –> 01:31:55,438
    and cut you like the fish you are.

    703
    01:33:50,419 –> 01:33:52,479
    Arthur!

    704
    01:33:55,391 –> 01:33:59,419
    Mera. They are tracking you./ What?

    705
    01:33:59,462 –> 01:34:02,330
    They are tracking you.

    706
    01:34:11,541 –> 01:34:15,535
    Arthur! Stay with me.

    707
    01:34:15,545 –> 01:34:18,413
    Arthur. wake up.

    708
    01:35:10,366 –> 01:35:12,392
    Did you steal a boat?

    709
    01:35:12,401 –> 01:35:15,371
    Are the boats at the marina
    not for public use?

    710
    01:35:15,371 –> 01:35:18,535
    No. Those belong to people.

    711
    01:35:21,544 –> 01:35:25,345
    Those are Orm’s elite commandoes.
    The one who lead them

    712
    01:35:25,348 –> 01:35:30,480
    isn’t Atlantean. I’ve never seen him before./
    Yeah. I have.

    713
    01:35:31,420 –> 01:35:34,288
    He and his father were pirates.

    714
    01:35:34,323 –> 01:35:37,521
    He blames me for his father’s death.

    715
    01:35:37,560 –> 01:35:42,555
    He pick a dangerous line of trade.
    It’s not your fault.

    716
    01:35:42,565 –> 01:35:46,366
    It’s not how I feels.

    717
    01:35:46,402 –> 01:35:49,429
    It was up to me. I let him die.

    718
    01:35:50,506 –> 01:35:53,442
    I could save him but I didn’t.

    719
    01:35:53,442 –> 01:35:59,473
    I know I made an enemy. And he could hurt you.
    knowing it’s my fault.

    720
    01:36:00,583 –> 01:36:02,575
    Well he’s behind us now.

    721
    01:36:04,453 –> 01:36:07,514
    It’s what lies ahead that should concerns us.

    722
    01:36:08,457 –> 01:36:12,417
    The chartered path leads to
    the kingdom of the Trench.

    723
    01:36:13,529 –> 01:36:16,499
    That’s the same creatures that
    killed my mother.

    724
    01:36:16,532 –> 01:36:20,333
    Yes. She was taken there
    and sacrificed to them.

    725
    01:36:20,336 –> 01:36:22,430
    It has become a place of death.

    726
    01:36:22,471 –> 01:36:25,373
    I know next to nothing about what’s down there.

    727
    01:36:28,477 –> 01:36:30,469
    We should turn back.

    728
    01:36:30,613 –> 01:36:33,549
    We can still warn the surface. try to
    prepare them for what’s coming.

    729
    01:36:33,549 –> 01:36:36,576
    Turn back? /Look. I learn from a young age

    730
    01:36:36,585 –> 01:36:39,316
    about not to show weakness.

    731
    01:36:39,355 –> 01:36:42,325
    Hey. it’s not a problem with my anger and my fist.

    732
    01:36:42,325 –> 01:36:45,295
    I’m a blunt instrument and I’m damn good at it.

    733
    01:36:45,328 –> 01:36:48,389
    I’ve done nothing.
    Getting my ass kicked

    734
    01:36:48,397 –> 01:36:49,558
    this whole trip.

    735
    01:36:49,565 –> 01:36:53,366
    I’m no leader. I’m not a king.

    736
    01:36:53,402 –> 01:36:55,530
    I do not work or play well with others.

    737
    01:36:56,372 –> 01:36:58,398
    And i”m not going to let you die

    738
    01:36:58,407 –> 01:37:00,535
    trying to turn me into something I’m not.

    739
    01:37:01,376 –> 01:37:06,110
    You think you’re unworthy to lead because
    we’re from two different worlds.

    740
    01:37:06,248 –> 01:37:10,208
    But that is exactly why you are worthy.

    741
    01:37:10,218 –> 01:37:14,087
    You are the bridge between land and sea.

    742
    01:37:14,122 –> 01:37:16,284
    I can see that now.

    743
    01:37:16,324 –> 01:37:22,230
    The only question is. can you?

    744
    01:37:37,045 –> 01:37:41,073
    The tracking on Lady Mera is still
    dark. Your Highness.

    745
    01:37:41,083 –> 01:37:45,987
    Vulko. my trusted vizier.

    746
    01:37:46,021 –> 01:37:49,856
    You stood by the throne since my father.

    747
    01:37:51,059 –> 01:37:54,894
    Have you any advise for me since this war begins

    748
    01:37:54,897 –> 01:37:57,765
    I’ve already given it. my king.

    749
    01:37:57,799 –> 01:38:00,997
    That I will stand by your decision as always.

    750
    01:38:01,036 –> 01:38:04,029
    My decision…

    751
    01:38:04,039 –> 01:38:07,976
    To protect it…

    752
    01:38:08,877 –> 01:38:11,039
    While you betray it.

    753
    01:38:11,847 –> 01:38:15,784
    You think I do not know of your treachery.

    754
    01:38:15,817 –> 01:38:20,084
    that you ever made loyal to my mother’s bastard son.

    755
    01:38:20,923 –> 01:38:26,794
    That you have spent years training him
    to take the throne from me.

    756
    01:38:28,864 –> 01:38:30,992
    Do not deny it.

    757
    01:38:33,035 –> 01:38:36,938
    I do not./Why?

    758
    01:38:37,806 –> 01:38:40,071
    I am a pure blood.

    759
    01:38:40,075 –> 01:38:44,035
    I have devoted my life to Atlantis.

    760
    01:38:44,079 –> 01:38:45,980
    You wanted nothing to do with it.

    761
    01:38:46,014 –> 01:38:47,846
    You swore to serve the throne.

    762
    01:38:47,849 –> 01:38:48,873
    I do serve it.

    763
    01:38:48,917 –> 01:38:50,943
    Arthur may only be half Atlantean.

    764
    01:38:50,953 –> 01:38:55,857
    but he is already twice the king you’ll ever be.

    765
    01:39:01,096 –> 01:39:02,962
    Take him.

    766
    01:39:03,865 –> 01:39:07,097
    But make sure he has a view.

    767
    01:40:47,610 –> 01:40:51,411
    What the hell are these things?/The Trench!
    We’re here!

    768
    01:40:52,715 –> 01:40:55,651
    There’s too many of them!/ Come on inside!

    769
    01:41:04,890 –> 01:41:07,758
    They re from the depths.
    They are afraid of lights.

    770
    01:41:25,795 –> 01:41:27,696
    Get ready to jump.

    771
    01:42:35,798 –> 01:42:37,699
    Over there!

    772
    01:43:12,735 –> 01:43:16,695
    That thing will tear us apart.
    /We don’t have a choice.

    773
    01:43:36,859 –> 01:43:38,725
    Arthur!

    774
    01:43:41,698 –> 01:43:42,791
    Mera!

    775
    01:44:13,696 –> 01:44:17,599
    Mera! Mera!

    776
    01:44:39,622 –> 01:44:40,851
    Mera!

    777
    01:45:27,837 –> 01:45:31,638
    Arthur./Mom.

    778
    01:46:09,745 –> 01:46:12,806
    They sacrificed me to the Trench.

    779
    01:46:12,849 –> 01:46:16,752
    But I survived. fought my way through like you did.

    780
    01:46:16,752 –> 01:46:19,813
    and I ended up here./You’ve been here
    alone for twenty years?

    781
    01:46:19,856 –> 01:46:23,793
    Yes. Come. sit here.

    782
    01:46:27,730 –> 01:46:31,758
    You must forgive me.
    Forgive me for everything.

    783
    01:46:31,801 –> 01:46:34,771
    This happened because you had me.

    784
    01:46:35,705 –> 01:46:37,674
    Not for having you.

    785
    01:46:37,707 –> 01:46:40,676
    None of this is your fault.

    786
    01:46:40,676 –> 01:46:41,837
    I made a choice.

    787
    01:46:41,844 –> 01:46:45,576
    I had to leave to say you.

    788
    01:46:45,615 –> 01:46:47,880
    to save your father.

    789
    01:46:49,619 –> 01:46:53,818
    Tell me. tell me about him. Is he….

    790
    01:46:57,693 –> 01:47:00,629
    He still walks to the end of the dock…

    791
    01:47:01,864 –> 01:47:03,856
    Every morning.

    792
    01:47:05,868 –> 01:47:07,734
    …every day.

    793
    01:47:09,872 –> 01:47:12,808
    Waiting for you.

    794
    01:47:19,815 –> 01:47:21,807
    Why didn’t you ever come back?

    795
    01:47:26,722 –> 01:47:30,659
    Because the portal that brought you here
    will never let us return.

    796
    01:47:31,627 –> 01:47:34,722
    The Trident is the only way back.

    797
    01:47:34,730 –> 01:47:39,634
    But it is guarded by the Karathen.

    798
    01:47:40,636 –> 01:47:43,697
    The creature from our legend is real.

    799
    01:47:43,706 –> 01:47:46,767
    It lies beyond the waterfall.

    800
    01:47:50,680 –> 01:47:54,617
    We’ll go with you.
    We fight it together. /No.

    801
    01:47:54,617 –> 01:47:56,779
    It’s too powerful.

    802
    01:47:56,819 –> 01:47:59,789
    I’ve tried many times over the years.

    803
    01:48:00,690 –> 01:48:03,751
    The creature will only allow the true king to pass.

    804
    01:48:06,629 –> 01:48:08,689
    You’re afraid.

    805
    01:48:10,666 –> 01:48:12,658
    Yes.

    806
    01:48:12,868 –> 01:48:15,599
    Good.

    807
    01:48:15,905 –> 01:48:17,897
    You’re ready.

    808
    01:48:18,774 –> 01:48:21,744
    Atlantis had always had a king.

    809
    01:48:21,777 –> 01:48:24,611
    Now it needs something more.

    810
    01:48:24,647 –> 01:48:26,707
    What could be greater than a king?

    811
    01:48:27,683 –> 01:48:30,653
    A hero.

    812
    01:48:30,686 –> 01:48:32,655
    A king only fights for its nation.

    813
    01:48:32,655 –> 01:48:36,820
    You fight for everyone.

    814
    01:50:05,848 –> 01:50:10,616
    You do not belong here.

    815
    01:50:11,654 –> 01:50:20,825
    I have guarded the Trident against false
    kings since the beginning and for a thousand years.

    816
    01:50:20,863 –> 01:50:25,597
    I have seen the greatest champion tried.

    817
    01:50:25,601 –> 01:50:26,762
    and failed.

    818
    01:50:26,802 –> 01:50:32,742
    But never have i sense one as unworthy as you.

    819
    01:50:32,742 –> 01:50:39,706
    You dare to come here with your tainted
    mongrel blood

    820
    01:50:39,715 –> 01:50:43,743
    to claim Atlantis’s greatest treasure?

    821
    01:50:45,755 –> 01:50:47,747
    So be it.

    822
    01:50:48,624 –> 01:50:50,650
    Half breed.

    823
    01:51:09,712 –> 01:51:12,739
    You thought yourself worthy?

    824
    01:51:12,748 –> 01:51:15,718
    You thought yourself a king?

    825
    01:51:15,751 –> 01:51:20,746
    You dishonour this place with your presence.

    826
    01:51:28,731 –> 01:51:32,759
    You’re right. I am a half breed
    mongrel.

    827
    01:51:32,802 –> 01:51:37,763
    But I did not come here because I thought I was worthy.
    I know I’m not.

    828
    01:51:37,807 –> 01:51:44,611
    You understand me./
    I do.

    829
    01:51:44,613 –> 01:51:51,645
    No mortal has conversed with
    me since King Atlan.

    830
    01:51:51,887 –> 01:51:55,824
    Who are you?

    831
    01:51:55,858 –> 01:51:57,827
    I’m nobody.

    832
    01:51:59,628 –> 01:52:02,598
    I came because I have no choice.

    833
    01:52:03,899 –> 01:52:06,733
    I came to save my home.

    834
    01:52:06,769 –> 01:52:08,761
    and the people that I love.

    835
    01:52:10,939 –> 01:52:15,070
    I came because the Trident is our only hope.

    836
    01:52:15,077 –> 01:52:17,979
    and if that’s not good enough.

    837
    01:52:19,915 –> 01:52:21,941
    then screw you.

    838
    01:52:23,886 –> 01:52:30,850
    No man has ever freed the Trident from Atlann’s grip.

    839
    01:52:30,893 –> 01:52:35,024
    Should he deemed you unworthy.

    840
    01:52:35,030 –> 01:52:40,867
    Well I haven’t insisted in yours

    841
    01:52:40,903 –> 01:52:43,964
    and I am damaged

    842
    01:54:11,994 –> 01:54:15,829
    The one true king.

    843
    01:54:28,811 –> 01:54:36,048
    Remember. the Brine are a powerful savage group It will sweep
    us all and declare their leadership will turn the tide.

    844
    01:54:36,051 –> 01:54:41,786
    Defeat the Brine king and you will command
    the greatest military might on this planet.

    845
    01:54:42,991 –> 01:54:45,051
    Today we unite our kingdoms.

    846
    01:54:46,061 –> 01:54:48,929
    Tomorrow we scorch the surface!

    847
    01:54:50,732 –> 01:54:55,864
    Rise. Atlantians!

    848
    01:55:17,892 –> 01:55:19,827
    Go!

    849
    01:56:33,868 –> 01:56:36,667
    No. we need him.

    850
    01:56:38,606 –> 01:56:43,738
    You expect me to address you as Your Highness?

    851
    01:56:43,745 –> 01:56:45,646
    Not Your Highness

    852
    01:56:45,847 –> 01:56:50,785
    Call me Ocean Master.

    853
    01:56:50,785 –> 01:56:55,655
    You can take my army.
    you sub belly slut.

    854
    01:56:55,690 –> 01:56:58,785
    You will never have my allegiance!

    855
    01:56:58,826 –> 01:56:59,816
    So be it!

    856
    01:58:07,795 –> 01:58:09,821
    The King has risen.

    857
    01:58:17,605 –> 01:58:19,767
    Attack!

    858
    02:00:18,426 –> 02:00:20,625
    There’s too many casualties.
    We have to stop fighting now.

    859
    02:00:20,762 –> 02:00:23,755
    I’ll find my father.
    You must defeat Orm.

    860
    02:00:24,933 –> 02:00:28,802
    and what if I can’t?/
    Last time you was in his element.

    861
    02:00:29,771 –> 02:00:32,969
    This time. make him fight in yours.

    862
    02:01:01,803 –> 02:01:04,932
    What’s the plan again?/
    Plan is not to get killed.

    863
    02:01:05,874 –> 02:01:08,844
    Ya. Good plan. Not get killed.

    864
    02:01:41,776 –> 02:01:44,803
    The Trident. He has the Trident./ Impossible!

    865
    02:02:01,730 –> 02:02:03,858
    Stand down! Let her pass.

    866
    02:02:03,865 –> 02:02:05,800
    Please. father.

    867
    02:02:05,800 –> 02:02:06,893
    He has the Trident.

    868
    02:02:06,935 –> 02:02:08,961
    I know you think this was necessary.

    869
    02:02:09,004 –> 02:02:11,940
    But Arthur is king by our most sacred law.

    870
    02:02:11,940 –> 02:02:13,966
    And if you turn your back on that now

    871
    02:02:13,975 –> 02:02:16,911
    then the Atlantis you’re fighting for
    is already dead./ It’s true.

    872
    02:02:16,945 –> 02:02:20,712
    The half breed wields King Atlan’s Trident./
    He …the sea.

    873
    02:02:21,983 –> 02:02:24,748
    Then the half breed is your king.

    874
    02:03:40,929 –> 02:03:44,024
    Vulko! Come on. he needs our help.

    875
    02:03:44,065 –> 02:03:46,034
    We can’t. Look.

    876
    02:03:46,034 –> 02:03:49,061
    The people must bear witness.

    877
    02:03:53,942 –> 02:03:56,776
    The Trident doesn’t change what you are.

    878
    02:03:57,045 –> 02:03:59,844
    Half breed bastard.

    879
    02:04:00,982 –> 02:04:04,919
    Atlantis will never accept you as it’s King.

    880
    02:04:06,988 –> 02:04:09,822
    Well then my blood shed

    881
    02:04:10,825 –> 02:04:13,056
    will the gods make on your will.

    882
    02:04:42,857 –> 02:04:43,916
    Yield the throne.

    883
    02:06:20,054 –> 02:06:22,853
    Finish it./Yield the throne.

    884
    02:06:22,891 –> 02:06:24,951
    Mercy is not our way.

    885
    02:06:25,994 –> 02:06:28,930
    Maybe you don’t know this brother.

    886
    02:06:33,001 –> 02:06:35,994
    But I’m not one of you./ Do it!

    887
    02:06:38,940 –> 02:06:41,967
    Kill me!/No!

    888
    02:06:43,978 –> 02:06:46,038
    That is enough killing!

    889
    02:06:52,820 –> 02:06:54,083
    Mother.

    890
    02:06:55,023 –> 02:06:57,822
    Orm. my son.

    891
    02:07:05,867 –> 02:07:08,996
    It’s a long story.
    I’ll tell you later.

    892
    02:07:09,938 –> 02:07:11,873
    Come on.

    893
    02:07:18,046 –> 02:07:25,044
    I don’t understand. We thought…/
    I know. Arthur saved me.

    894
    02:07:28,890 –> 02:07:31,917
    You’re with him?/I am.

    895
    02:07:33,061 –> 02:07:37,795
    You’re both my children.
    and I love you so much.

    896
    02:07:38,066 –> 02:07:41,901
    But you have been misguided.

    897
    02:07:41,903 –> 02:07:47,035
    Your father taught you that there were two worlds.
    He was wrong.

    898
    02:07:47,041 –> 02:07:54,778
    The land and the sea are one.

    899
    02:08:13,901 –> 02:08:15,836
    My Queen.

    900
    02:08:17,839 –> 02:08:18,898
    Vulko.

    901
    02:08:20,975 –> 02:08:26,039
    Take him. But make sure he has a view.

    902
    02:08:32,954 –> 02:08:37,016
    When you’re ready… let’s talk.

    903
    02:08:53,040 –> 02:08:58,979
    People of Atlantis.
    today we gather in bloodshed.\

    904
    02:08:58,979 –> 02:09:03,940
    I give you. King
    Arthur. of Atlantis.

    905
    02:09:03,984 –> 02:09:08,888
    Hail to the King!

    906
    02:09:17,998 –> 02:09:21,935
    So what do I do now?/
    Be their king.

    907
    02:09:24,805 –> 02:09:26,933
    This is gonna be fun.

    908
    02:10:16,423 –> 02:10:19,416
    I love you./
    I love you too.

    909
    02:10:19,460 –> 02:10:21,520
    You’re back./Yes.

    910
    02:10:29,336 –> 02:10:31,396
    My father was my housekeeper.

    911
    02:10:32,373 –> 02:10:35,343
    My mother was a queen.

    912
    02:10:35,542 –> 02:10:37,534
    They were never meant to meet.

    913
    02:10:41,415 –> 02:10:44,408
    But their love saved the world.

    914
    02:10:46,353 –> 02:10:48,322
    They made me what I am.

    915
    02:10:48,355 –> 02:10:52,383
    A son of the land. a king of the seas.

    916
    02:10:54,295 –> 02:10:58,289
    I am the protector of the deep.

    917
    02:10:58,295 –> 02:11:01,289
    I am Aquaman.

     
  • the1uploader 12:04 am on 2018-12-11 Permalink  

    Hot bodies painted 

    marvel.dc_new
    https://www.instagram.com/marvel.dc_new/

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/6a127785c3099c799adab77b0e667313/5CA2563D/t51.2885-15/e35/47585491_112412759797393_2534003152665140926_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/bfaf5c2ba1f48bc1d2d8d312178d7498/5CAC99C9/t51.2885-15/e35/46008139_969900856547344_791113943657177283_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/5b9b8480126e3d003423182c2015d96d/5C90ABA4/t51.2885-15/e35/47011239_201660817449185_873323998206623691_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/8365369889d02707821321526cf0562f/5C97E8F1/t51.2885-15/e35/47581824_2227496994188949_5231235914039004511_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/3565b21a4fc953e341613eeb2519a7ca/5C8EEF3B/t51.2885-15/e35/46848684_336033180559663_940437393535826347_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/2739f7362b7ebd94dc8d0891e9e79bac/5C9FE990/t51.2885-15/e35/46375657_712784972454790_743946935773837577_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/78f27d4e90fd7f3e5a5308e221764768/5CA2503D/t51.2885-15/e35/46948732_2222951361252439_7579809534021950818_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/fda0f603450add0ad2f29b2fedc47f0d/5CA1E941/t51.2885-15/e35/46423446_222160425344257_3273902031271971995_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com


    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/54db7859f819acff201843e721b5b49c/5CA0E6F4/t51.2885-15/e35/46527567_263443030994663_2082930760769897565_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/ca7dfab90ff4e0c09ff8b846d22e0cba/5C8B3FE4/t51.2885-15/e35/46588368_208971623314059_4835852733760123296_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com

    https://scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/22afb19248b00f865432fcfd4033b910/5C90C852/t51.2885-15/e35/45690345_2226676384278784_7446852451563389886_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin6-1.cdninstagram.com



     
  • the1uploader 11:12 pm on 2018-12-05 Permalink  

    Jaenudin Naciro 

    Jaenudin Nachiro Namamu

    Jaenudin Nachiro namamu
    Otak pas-pasan setengah dungu
    Matamu menyala merah
    Moncong putih berliur ludah

    Jaenudin Nachiro namamu
    Meniti realita padahal semu
    Narasi pandir kosong tak berisi
    Membuat malu seantero negeri

    Nachiro sulap jadi pembalap
    Naik chopper gaya alap-alap
    Nachiro bermahkota ala raja
    Bicara gagap tak punya data

    Nachiro tunjukkan kuasa
    Bikin sempurna mau ketawa
    Nachiro kerja minus prestasi
    Mengigau di tengah mimpi

    Nachiro oh Nachiro
    Potret zaman sontoloyo

    Fadli Zon, Citeureup, Bogor, 5 Des 2018



    alif
    6. 8 8:01 pmall

    Dulu kami hidup tak susah. Mencari kerja sangat mudah
    Tetapi kini, pengangguran, semakin banyak gak karuan

    10 juta lapangan kerja. Tetapi bukan untuk kita
    Kerja, kerja, kerja, buruh asing yang kerja
    Anak-anak bangsa tetep nganggur aja

    Di sana sini orang menjerit. Harga-harga selangit hidup yang sulit,
    Sembako naik, listrik naik
    Di malam buta, BBM ikut naik (buset)

    Pajak mencekik usaha sulit. Tapi korupsi subur penguasanya makmur
    Rumah rakyat kau gusur, nasib rakyat yang kabur
    Awas, awas, kursimu nanti tergusur

    Beban hidup, kami sudah gak sanggup
    Pengennya cepet-cepet tahun depan

    2019 ganti presiden
    Kuingin presiden yang cinta pada rakyatnya

    2019 ganti presiden
    Ku ingin presiden yang tak pandai berbohong

    2019 ganti presiden
    Ku ingin presiden yang cerdas, gagah perkasa

    2019 ganti presiden
    Bukan presiden yang suka memenjarakan ulama dan rakyatnya

    (Cabe mahal – tanam sendiri. Daging mahal – makan bekicot. Listrik mahal – cabut meteran. Beras mahal – ditawar dong)

    #2019GantiPresiden


    https://scontent-sin2-2.cdninstagram.com/vp/9647b6724ad855127195f19d1f9649dd/5CD204CD/t51.2885-15/e35/46706193_2168211270161982_2961467584146551892_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-sin2-2.cdninstagram.com&_nc_cat=106

    Mengapa umat Islam harus mencegah Jokowi jadi presiden lagi?
    oleh: reaksirakyat1

    Setidaknya ada lebih dari 20 alasan mengapa umat Islam harus mencegah Jokowi kembali terpilih jadi presiden. Apa saja?

    1. Yang menistakan Al Qur’an surat Al Maidah 51 (Ahok), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    2. Yang menghina ajaran Islam (Abu Janda, Denny Siregar dkk), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    3. Yang mengaku bangga jadi anak PKI (Ribka Tjiptaning – PDIP), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    4. Yang mengkriminalisasi dan fitnah Ulama, ada di kubu Jokowi.

    5. Yang membakar bendera bertuliskan kalimat Tauhid (Oknum Banser), ada di kubu Jokowi di.

    6. Yang kepanasan dengan suara azan dan akan men-tertibkan volume suara azan dengan peraturan menteri (Menteri Agama), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    7. Yang anti perda2 Islam dan anti syari’at Islam (PDIP dan PSI), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    8. Yang ingin menghapus kolom agama di KTP (Musdah Mulia – PDIP), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    9. Yang ingin menghapus pelajaran agama di sekolah (Musdah Mulia – PDIP), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    10. Yang membuat semua kebutuhan rakyat naik seperti BBM, Listrik, Gas, Telor, Sembako, Daging, Cabe, Beras, biaya Pendidikan naik (Para menteri kabinet kerja) ada di kubu Jokowi.

    11. Yang mengatakan konde lebih baik dari pada hijab ada di kubu Jokowi.

    12. Yang mengatakan seandainya naik haji dan umroh ditiadakan karena pemborosan, mending uangnya buat kaum duafa / miskin (Ade Armando), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    13. Yang tidak percaya adanya Hari Kiamat dan bilang kaum pengkhayal masa depan (Megawati – PDIP), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    14. Yang mengancam perang dengan umat Islam di Indonesia (Victor Laiskodat – Nasdem / gubernur NTT), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    15. Yang melarang takbir keliling dan sembelih hewan qurban di lapangan terbuka dan di area sekolah (Ahok), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    16. Yang membaca Alquran dengan langgam Jawa (Acara Maulid di istana), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    17. Yang mengusulkan agar sekolah Islam dikurangi jumlahnya, agar seimbang dengan sekolah kristen yang ada di Indonesia seperti Muhammadiyah dan pesantren2 (Musdah Mulia – PDIP), ada di kubu Jokowi.

    18. Yang mengatakan Al Qur’an bukan kitab suci dan Nabi Muhammad bukan manusia suci, ada di kubu Jokowi.

    19. Yang menembaki ulama saat Aksi 411 pada 2016 silam, ada di kubu Jokowi.

    20. Yang menyebut umat Islam yang hadir pada Reuni 212 sebagai Jamaah Monaslimun (Guntur Romli), ada di kubu Jokowi.


    adanya Sistem dan kebijakan2 di rezim jokowi yg tidak menguntungkan agama saya, Islam…
    _Ada kebijakan2 yg mendiskreditkan agama islam…
    _Ada sistem2 yg membahayakan agama islam…
    _Sistem yg mencoba menjauhkan umat islam dari syareat islam…
    _Sistem yg berupaya menjauhkan umat islam tanpa sadar secara perlahan lahan dari syareat islam… Dengan :
    _Adanya aturan pengeras suara di masjid
    _Adanya upaya penghapusan pelajaran agama di sekolah2
    _Adanya larangan sholat di sekolah
    _Adanya larangan takbir keliling
    _Adanya aturan2 tentang materi khutbah di masjid
    _Adanya penggolongn 200 orang mubaligh versi pemerintah
    _Banyaknya penodaan agama Islam baik oleh tokoh pemerintah maupun orang awam
    _Banyaknya kasus persekusi terhadap ulama’ dan warga masyarakat yg tdk pro pemerintah
    -banyaknya tenaga kasar dari jutaan orang cina masuk ke Indonesia. Sehingga pribumi jadi penganguran dinegara nya sendiri.


    Tentu sebagai relawan Jokowi 2014, kami paham betul bagaimana kondisi negeri ini selama Jokowi menjadi Presiden. Sebab rujukan kami dalam menilai memiliki tolak ukur yaitu Nawacita. Dalam kajian kami selama ini Nawacita tidak ada yang dilaksanakan. Nawacita hilang entah dimana. Yang terjadi saat ini adalah kehancuran bangsa.

    Ini dapat kita buktikan bagaimana kondisi negara ini di bidang ekonomi, politik, sosial, hukum dan budaya.

    Pertama, dalam bidang ekonomi terbukti pertumbuhan ekonomi hanya 4 persen padahal janji dalam Pilpres 2014 adalah 7 persen bahkan utang negara makin terus bertambah setiap hari.

    Kedua, dalam bidang politik telah terjadi kehancuran sendi-sendi demokrasi, apalagi pasca perintah langsung Jokowi kepada relawannya untuk melakukan kekerasan. Sejak Indonesia merdeka, baru Jokowi lah Presiden yang menyeruhkan kekerasan kepada pengikutnya.

    Ketiga, dalam bidang sosial telah terjadinya perpecahan sosial, seperti tenaga kerja asing (TKA) dari China mendapat fasilitas pekerjaan yang luas, sedangkan anak muda di dalam negeri banyak menjadi pengangguran karena sempitnya peluang pekerjaan.

    Bahkan yang membuat terkejut, Jokowi ingin membenturkan ormas Islam terbesar di negeri ini yaitu NU dan Muhammadiyah dalam kasus kebijakan lima hari sekolah, sebab Jokowi yang perintahkan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan membuat kebijakan itu, tetapi begitu NU menolak, langsung Jokowi cuci tangan bahkan menyalahkan menterinya yang notabene dari Muhammadiyah.

    Keempat, dalam bidang hukum telah terjadi penegakan hukum pilih kasih, bila yang melakukan pelanggaran hukum pihak oposisi maka kepolisian akan segera memproses bahkan menangkap pelakunya tetapi bila yang melakukan itu pihak pendukung Jokowi, maka polisi tidak pernah memprosesnya.

     
  • the1uploader 2:03 pm on 2018-12-03 Permalink  

    Hancurnya Kredibilitas Media Cetak & TV Indonesia 

    https://www.tribunislam.com/2014/04/kibuli-rakyat-12-media-ini-menjadi-juru-kampane-partai-bosnya.html
    Ini Konglomerat 12 Media Indonesia :
    1. Hary Tanoe – MNC, RCTI, Seputar Indonesia
    2. Dahlan Iskan – Jawa Pos Group
    3. Jacob Oetama – Kompas Gramedia
    4. Eric Thohir – Mahaka Media, Republika
    5. Sariatmadja Family – SCTV, Elang Mahkota Teknologi
    6. Chairul Tanjung – Detik.com, CT Corp, Trans TV
    7. Aburizal Bakrie & Brothers – ANTV, TVONE
    8. Surya Paloh – Media Indonesia, MetroTV
    9. Adiguna Sutowo – MRA Media
    10. Pia Alisjahbana – Femina Group
    11. Goenawan Muhamad Yayasan Tempo – Majalah Tempo, Tempo.co
    12. James Riady Lippo Group – Berita satu Media Holding


    BUNUH DIRI MASSAL PERS INDONESIA
    6 Des 2018

    Tanda-tanda pers Indonesia sedang melakukan bunuh diri massal, semakin nyata. Pemberitaan media massa tentang Reuni 212 yang berlangsung di Monas Ahad (2/12), membuka tabir yang selama ini coba ditutup-tutupi. Kooptasi penguasa, kepentingan ideologi, politik dan bisnis membuat pers menerapkan dua rumus baku, framing dan black out.

    Peristiwa besar yang menjadi sorotan media-media internasional itu sama sekali tidak “menarik” dan tidak layak berita, bagi sebagian besar media nasional yang terbit di Jakarta. Sejumlah pembaca Harian Kompas pada Senin (3/12) pagi dibuat terkejut ketika mendapati koran nasional itu sama sekali tidak memuat berita jutaan orang yang berkumpul di Monas.

    Halaman muka Kompas bersih dari foto, apalagi berita peristiwa spesial tersebut. Setelah dibuka satu persatu, peristiwa super penting itu ternyata terselip di halaman 15. Dengan judul “Reuni Berlangsung Damai” Kompas hanya memberi porsi berita tersebut dalam lima kolom kali seperempat halaman, atau sekitar 2.500 karakter. Tidak ada foto lautan manusia yang menyemut dan memadati kawasan Monas dan sekitarnya.

    Bagi Harian Kompas peristiwa itu tidak penting dan tidak ada nilai beritanya (news value). Halaman 15 adalah halaman sambungan, dan topiknya tidak spesifik. Masuk kategori berita dibuang sayang. Yang penting ada. Karena itu namanya halaman “umum.” Masih untung pada bagian akhir Kompas mencantumkan keterangan tambahan “Berita lain dan foto, baca di KOMPAS.ID.

    Kompas memilih berita utamanya dengan judul “Polusi Plastik Mengancam.” Ada dua berita soal plastik, dilengkapi dengan foto seorang anak di tengah lautan sampah plastik dalam ukuran besar. Seorang pembaca Kompas yang kesal, sampai membuat status “Koran Sampah!”

    Halaman muka Harian Media Indonesia milik Ketua Umum Partai Nasdem Surya Paloh juga bersih dari foto dan berita Reuni 212. Mereka memilih berita utama dengan judul “ PP 49/2018 Solusi bagi Tenaga Honorer.”

    Harian Sindo Milik Ketua Umum Partai Perindo Hary Tanoe memilih berita utamanya “Pesona Ibu Negara di Panggung G-30” dengan foto-foto mereka dalam ukuran besar.

    Koran Tempo memilih berita utama “Menuju Ekosistem Digital” yang ditampilkan dalam seluruh halamannya.

    Hanya Koran Rakyat Merdeka, Republika yang memuat berita dan foto peristiwa Reuni 212 di halaman muka. Rakyat Merdeka menulis Judul “212 Makin lama, Makin Besar Kenapa Ya?.”

    Republika menulis Judul “Reuni 212 Damai.”

    Sementara Harian Warta Kota memuat foto lepas, suasana di Monas dengan judul berita yang dengan berita utama yang sangat besar “Ketua RW Wafat Usai Reuni.”

    Agenda Setting

    Dengan mengamati berbagai halaman muka media, kita bisa mendapat gambaran apa terjadi di balik semua itu? Media bersama kekuatan besar di belakangnya, tengah melakukan agenda setting. Mereka membuat sebuah skenario menenggelamkan peristiwa Reuni 212, atau setidaknya menjadikan berita tersebut tidak relevan.

    Operasi semacam ini hanya bisa dilakukan oleh kekuatan besar, dan melibatkan biaya yang cukup besar pula.

    Target pertama black out sepenuhnya. Jangan sampai berita tersebut muncul di media. Untuk kasus pertama ini kelihatannya tidak ada media yang berani mati dan mengabaikan akal sehat. Reuni 212 terlalu besar untuk dihilangkan begitu saja. Kasusnya jelas berbeda dengan unjuk rasa Badan Eksekutif Media Se-Indonesia (BEMSI), dan ribuan guru honorer yang berunjuk rasa ke istana beberapa waktu lalu. Pada dua kasus itu mereka berhasil melakukan black out.

    Target kedua, kalau tidak bisa melakukan black out, maka berita itu harus dibuat tidak penting dan tidak relevan. Apa yang dilakukan Kompas, dan Media Indonesia masuk dalam kategori ini.

    Target ketiga, diberitakan, namun dengan tone yang datar dan biasa-biasa saja. Contohnya pada Republika. Meski dimiliki oleh Ketua Tim Kampanye Nasional Jokowi-Ma’ruf, harap diingat latar belakang koran ini adalah milik umat. Tidak mungkin mereka menempatkan berita ini di halaman dalam, apalagi menenggelamkannya.

    Pers di Indonesia mayoritas tdk netral

    Bisa dibayangkan apa yang terjadi, bila Republika berani mengambil posisi seperti Kompas? Ketika Erick memutuskan bersedia menjadi ketua tim sukses saja banyak pembaca yang sudah mengancam akan berhenti berlangganan. Apalagi bila sampai berani melakukan black out dan framing terhadap berita Reuni 212. Wassalam.

    Target keempat tetap memberitakan, tapi dengan melakukan framing, pembingkaian berita. Reuni memakan korban. Contohnya adalah Warta Kota yang membuat judul “Ketua RW Wafat Usia Reuni.” Berita ini jelas terlihat sangat dipaksakan. Satu orang meninggal di tengah jutaan orang berkumpul, menjadi berita yang menarik dan penting? Sampean waras?

    Hal yang sama jika kita amati juga terjadi di media online dan televisi. Hanya TV One yang tampaknya mencoba tetap menjaga akal sehat di tengah semua kegilaan. Mereka masih memberi porsi pemberitaan yang cukup layak dan melakukan siaran langsung dari Monas.

    Tidak perlu orang yang punya pengalaman di media untuk memahami semua keanehan yang kini tengah melanda sebagian besar media arus utama Indonesia.

    Berkumpulnya jutaan orang dari berbagai penjuru kota di Indonesia, dan juga kota-kota dunia di Lapangan Monas, apalagi pada masa kampanye, jelas merupakan berita besar. Tidak alasan untuk tidak memuat, apalagi mengabaikannnya.

    Bagi kalangan media peristiwa itu jelas memenuhi semua syarat kelayakan berita. Mau diperdebatkan dari sisi apapun, pakai ilmu jurnalistik apapun, termasuk ilmu jurnalistik akherat, atau luar angkasa (kalau ada), Reuni 212 jelas memenuhi semua syarat.

    Luasnya pengaruh (magnitude), kedekatan (proximity), aktual (kebaruan), dampak (impact), masalah kemanusiaan (human interest) dan keluarbiasaan (unusualness), adalah rumus baku yang menjadi pegangan para wartawan.

    Permainan para pemilik dan pengelola media yang berselingkuh dengan penguasa ini jelas tidak boleh dibiarkan. Mereka tidak menyadari sedang bermain-main dengan sebuah permainan yang berbahaya. Dalam jangka pendek kredibilitas media menjadi rusak. Masyarakat akan kehilangan kepercayaan. Mereka akan ditinggalkan.

    Di tengah terus menurunnya pembaca media cetak, tindakan itu semacam bunuh diri, dan akan mempercepat kematian media cetak di Indonesia. Dalam jangka panjang rusaknya media dan hilangnya fungsi kontrol terhadap penguasa, akan merusak demokrasi yang kini tengah kita bangun.

    Masyarakat, aktivis, wartawan, lembaga-lembaga kewartawanan seperti PWI, AJI, IJTI, maupun lembaga-lembaga seperti Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia, dan Dewan Pers tidak boleh tinggal diam. Terlalu mahal harga yang harus dibayar bangsa ini, karena medianya larut dalam konspirasi dan dikooptasi. E N D



    Bunuh Diri Jurnalisme Harian Kompas
    6 Des 2018

    https://scontent-ams3-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/c4c8572c19520353108495873c25abf4/5C9F6EC6/t51.2885-15/e35/45665685_270374886882992_7879973790877289873_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ams3-1.cdninstagram.com

    “Tugas pers bukanlah untuk menjilat penguasa, tapi mengkritik orang yang sedang berkuasa.” —P.K. Ojong—

    Kutipan statemen tegas dan gagah dari pendiri Harian Umum Kompas itu dalam beberapa hari ini menyebar cepat di media sosial (medsos).

    Setelah ditelusuri pernyataan lengkapnya berbunyi: ”Secara intituitif setiap orang merasakan bahwa tugas utama pers adalah mengontrol dan kalau perlu mengecam pemerintah. Wartawan jangan sekali-sekali meminta dan menerima fasilitas dari pejabat. Sekali hal itu terjadi, ia tidak bebas lagi menghadapi pejabat itu dalam profesinya. Tugas pers bukanlah untuk menjilat penguasa tapi untuk mengkritik yang sedang berkuasa.”

    Pesan dari P.K. Ojong itu sungguh dahsyat. Sebuah kredo yang harus dijunjung tinggi tidak hanya oleh wartawan Kompas, namun semua wartawan di seluruh dunia. Independensi, sikap kritis, fungsi kontrol, menjaga jarak dari kepentingan bisnis dan kekuasaan, membela keadilan, menyuarakan kebenaran adalah “ayat suci” yang harus dijunjung tinggi media, maupun seorang wartawan.

    https://scontent-ams3-1.cdninstagram.com/vp/267491d89373bc50b1cd0a6c662e309c/5C8CAB16/t51.2885-15/e35/46860660_282002715993550_5223586863955704403_n.jpg?_nc_ht=scontent-ams3-1.cdninstagram.com

    Apa boleh buat dengan kredo semacam itu pilihan hidup menjadi seorang wartawan mirip laku asketisme. Suatu gaya hidup bercirikan laku-tirakat atau berpantang kenikmatan-kenikmatan duniawi, yang seringkali dilakukan untuk mencapai maksud-maksud rohani. Jadilah profesi wartawan itu mirip-mirip dengan ulama, pendeta, atau tokoh agama lainnya.

    Semua prinsip-prinsip ideal itu saat ini ramai dipertanyakan. Apakah Kompas sudah bergeser idealismenya? Apakah petuah pendiri Kompas itu telah berubah menjadi slogan kosong yang tidak lagi berarti? Pilihan Kompas tidak untuk menampilkan Reuni 212 di halaman muka menimbulkan pertanyaan, bahkan gugatan. Di medsos bergema seruan untuk memboikot Kompas, bahkan ada yang menyatakan langsung berhenti berlangganan.

    Apakah Kompas menganggap peristiwa luar biasa itu bukan sebuah peristiwa penting? Tidak ada nilai beritanya? Atau Kompas sengaja “meniadakan” peristiwa itu karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan ideologi dan politik?

    Halaman muka adalah etalase sekaligus kebijakan politik redaksi (Editorial policy). Apa yang dinilai penting dan tidak penting, bagaimana sikap dan penyikapan, serta pilihan politik redaksi, dapat terlihat dari halaman muka.

    Secara bisnis (jualan) halaman muka diperuntukkan untuk berita yang diperkirakan akan dapat mengangkat tiras sebuah media. Di tengah terus menurunnya tiras media cetak, peristiwa di Monas tentu tak boleh dilewatkan begitu saja.

    Jutaan orang berkumpul di Monas rasanya terlalu naif, atau bodoh malahan, untuk diabaikan sebagai pasar yang bisa dibidik. Kecuali, Kompas memang sudah punya pilihan dan penyikapan politik yang berseberangan dengan Reuni 212.

    Kompas edisi Senin (3/12) ternyata memilih menurunkan berita utama tentang ancaman polusi sampah plastik. Berita Reuni 212 hanya ditempatkan di halaman 15 dengan porsi pemberitaan yang kecil. Halaman 15 atau halaman umum, adalah halaman sambungan dan berita lain yang tidak terlalu penting. Cukup asal ada saja.

    Redaksi Kompas bisa berkilah bahwa setiap Senin mereka menyiapkan agenda setting. Sebuah pilihan atas topik-topik penting yang agendanya perlu didesakkan kepada publik. Topik semacam ini biasanya disiapkan jauh-jauh hari untuk menyiasati kekosongan berita pada akhir pekan. Sifatnya timeless, tidak mementingkan aktualitas. Bisa ditayangkan kapan saja.

    Rasanya terlalu naif bila redaksi Kompas tidak mengetahui bahwa pada tanggal 2 Desember akan ada agenda tahunan Reuni 212. Secara jurnalistik peristiwa itu jelas merupakan peristiwa penting. Ada sekelompok, ribuan, bahkan jutaan orang berkumpul di Monas memperingati sebuah peristiwa bersejarah, Aksi 212. Sebuah peristiwa terbesar dalam sejarah protes massa yang pernah terjadi di Indonesia.

    Ketika muncul gugatan terhadap Kompas, banyak yang membela dengan dalih kebebasan redaksi. Mereka bebas menentukan apa yang dimuat, dan apa yang tidak dimuat. Pertanyaannya? Kebebasan macam apa bila bertentangan dengan akal sehat dan prinsip-prinsip jurnalisme universal?

    Ulama berpengaruh Abdullah Gymnastiar dalam program ILC menyatakan lepas dari afiliasi politik maupun agamanya, massa ini berkumpul menyuarakan ketidakadilan (perceive unjustice). Umat Islam menurut Aa Gym merasa sakit hatinya disebut radikal, intoleran, ingin memisahkan diri, anti NKRI dan berbagai stigma negatif lainnya.

    Perasaan yang sama itulah yang membuat orang datang berduyun-duyun ke Monas. Banyak diantaranya yang berasal daerah dan luar negeri sudah sejak lama menabung, menyiapkan bekal untuk hadir. Dalam perspektif politik Jawa, apa yang dilakukan oleh massa Reuni 212 itu sama seperti laku “topo pepe.”

    Sebuah protes terhadap raja yang dilakukan dengan cara berjemur dan berdiam diri di alun-alun depan istana. Bedanya seorang Raja Jawa akan menemui para pemrotes, dan menampung aspirasinya. Sementara Jokowi memilih meninggalkan istana atau dalam bahasa Jawa disebut nglungani, dan melakukan “blusukan” di Bogor, Jabar.

    Filosof dan aktivis demokrasi Rocky Gerung (Roger) menyatakan peristiwa itu settingnya sama dengan ketika pejuang hak-hak sipil AS Marthin Luther King memimpin ratusan ribu orang melakukan protes menuntut persamaan hak di Washington DC pada tanggal 28 Agustus 1963.

    Jika peristiwa Aksi 212 pada 2 Desember 2016 merupakan sebuah momen, maka Reuni 212 yang terjadi Ahad lalu telah menjadi monumen. Sikap sejumlah media termasuk Kompas yang mencoba “menenggelamkan” peristiwa sangat dikecam oleh Roger. Secara keras dia menyebutnya sebagai Penggelapan sejarah!

    Sebagai sebuah peristiwa, Reuni 212 jelas merupakan peristiwa istimewa. Stasiun berita TV One bahkan sampai membuat siaran langsung. TV One bahkan mengangkat topik itu dalam program talk show Indonesia Lawyer Club (ILC). TV One banjir pujian karena keberaniannya menentang arus.

    Namun Pemimpin Redaksi TV One Karni Ilyas menanggapinya dengan biasa-biasa saja. “Dear Pemirsa TV One; Terima kasih atas semua atensi dan apresiasi. Sesungguhnya kami hanya menjalankan tugas jurnalistik: memberitakan peristiwa yg terjadi di ruang publik. Tidak lebih,“ tulis Karni di akun twitternya.

    Karni ilyas@karniilyas
    Dear Pemirsa TV One; Terima kasih atas semua atensi dan apresiasi. Sesungguhnya kami hanya menjalankan tugas jurnalistik: memberitakan peristiwa yg terjadi di ruang publik. Tidak lebih.

    Bukan untuk pertama kali

    Bila kita membuka-buka kembali arsip lama, ternyata bukan hanya kali ini saja Kompas mengabaikan Reuni 212. Pada tahun 2017 Kompas juga tidak memberi porsi peristiwa tersebut di halaman muka.

    Pada edisi Ahad 3 Desember 2017 Kompas memilih foto peristiwa peringatan puncak Hari Guru sebagai foto utama. Dari sisi berita, peristiwa tersebut tidak aktual. Hari Guru jatuh setiap tanggal 25 November. Pada tahun lalu diperingati pada tanggal 2 Desember bersamaan dengan Reuni 212.

    Hanya pada Aksi 212 tahun 2016 Kompas memberi porsi berita sangat besar di halaman utama. Kompas memuat judul besar “Terima Kasih” dilengkapi dengan foto yang ikonik lautan massa di Monas. Pada foto bawah terlihat Presiden Jokowi berjalan di bawah guyuran hujan menuju Monas.

    Mengapa sikap Kompas yang tidak memberitakan peristiwa Reuni 212 menjadi sorotan dan perhatian publik? Sebagai media, Kompas adalah media cetak terbesar dan terpenting di Indonesia. Sikap dan pilihan politiknya akan sangat menentukan. Kompas juga mempunyai sejarah panjang dalam jatuh bangunnya pergulatan pers Indonesia.

    Mengutip laman wikipedia ide awal penerbitan harian Kompas datang dari Jenderal Ahmad Yani, yang mengutarakan keinginannya kepada Frans Xaverius Seda untuk menerbitkan surat kabar yang berimbang, kredibel, dan independen. Ahmad Yani menginginkan ada media yang bisa menandingi wacana Partai Komunis Indonesia. Frans kemudian mengemukakan keinginan itu kepada dua teman baiknya, Peter Kansius Ojong (Auwjong Peng Koen)

    Seorang pimpinan redaksi mingguan Star Weekly, dan Jakob Oetama, wartawan mingguan Penabur milik gereja Katolik. Singkat cerita koran yang semula akan diberi nama Bentara Rakyat itu terbit sebagai corong Partai Katolik. Nama yang dipilih Kompas, sesuai pemberian Presiden Soekarno. Pemimpin Redaksi pertamanya adalah Jacob Oetama.

    Dengan latar belakang Kompas seperti, dugaan adanya faktor “kesengajaan” menenggalamkan berita Reuni 212 menjadi sangat sensitif. Kompas harus bisa menjelaskan kepada publik bahwa kebijakan redaksinya benar-benar didasarkan pada prinsip-prinsip jurnalistik yang universal.

    Bukan hanya karena ingin menjilat penguasa, seperti telah diingatkan oleh P.K. Ojong, apalagi pilihan ideologis karena berseberangan dengan para pendukung Reuni 212. Bila benar itu pilihan ideologi dan politik, maka akan menjadi semacam “bunuh diri” jurnalisme ala Kompas. E N D



    Download the pictures in these links:

    1. https://bit.ly/2BVVT28
    2. https://bit.ly/2Sz4GfQ
    3. https://bit.ly/2QCV2f6
    4. https://bit.ly/2QeuRMa
    5. https://bit.ly/2E65yVk
    6. https://bit.ly/2rlovfg
    7. https://bit.ly/2QjbQbB
    8. https://bit.ly/2L0sPcI
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    10. https://bit.ly/2UpQibx
    11. https://bit.ly/2QhSeEQ


    12. https://bit.ly/2rru2AZ
    13. https://bit.ly/2PtsKiA

     
  • the1uploader 12:10 am on 2018-12-03 Permalink  

    Jumlah Peserta Reuni 212: 13,4 juta 

    APA pesan penting yang sampai kepada Presiden Jokowi pasca Reuni 212 yang sangat sukses?

    Pertama, Jokowi gagal mengkooptasi sekaligus memecah soliditas umat.
    Kedua, kekuasaan tidak boleh digunakan untuk menakut-nakuti rakyat.
    Ketiga, Jokowi dan pemerintah tengah menghadapi pembangkangan dari masyarakat (civil disodibience).

    Kubu pendukung pemerintah pasti sangat kaget dengan fakta bahwa reuni 212 kali ini dihadiri oleh peserta jumlah luar biasa besar. Ada yang menyebut lebih besar dari Aksi 212 yang dulu diklaim mencapai 7 juta peserta. Lepas berapapun jumlahnya, satu hal yang tidak bisa dibantah, jumlahnya benar-benar bikin kaget.

    Monas dan kawasan sekitarnya benar-benar berubah menjadi lautan putih. Bagaimana tidak mengagetkan? Jokowi secara sistematis mencoba mematahkan perlawanan umat dengan strategi rangkul dan pukul. Mereka yang tidak bisa dirangkul akan menghadapi pukulan keras yang sering disebut sebagai kriminalisasi.

    Jokowi berhasil merangkul Kyai Ma’ruf Amin sebagai cawapres. Ma’ruf adalah pentolan GNPF MUI. Sebagai Ketua Umum MUI, Ma’ruf mengeluarkan fatwa Ahok telah menista agama. Fatwa itulah yang mendorong serangkaian Aksi Bela Islam (ABI) dan puncaknya adalah Aksi 212.

    Ma’ruf dipilih karena latar belakangnya sebagai pengurus puncak Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Sebagai ormas Islam terbesar di Indonesia, Jokowi berharap mendapat dukungan dari warga nadliyin. Melihat suasana pada reuni 212 terlihat jelas mayoritas warga yang hadir berlatar belakang nahdliyin.

    Warga berbondong-bondong memadati Monas sambil melantunkan salawat nabi yang menjadi salah satu tradisi penting kaum nahdliyin. Sejumlah anak cucu pendiri NU yang dikenal sebagai kubu kultural diketahui juga hadir dalam reuni tersebut.

    APA pesan penting yang sampai kepada Presiden Jokowi pasca Reuni 212 yang sangat sukses?
    Pertama, Jokowi gagal mengkooptasi sekaligus memecah soliditas umat.
    Kedua, kekuasaan tidak boleh digunakan untuk menakut-nakuti rakyat.
    Ketiga, Jokowi dan pemerintah tengah menghadapi pembangkangan dari masyarakat (civil disodibience).

    Kubu pendukung pemerintah pasti sangat kaget dengan fakta bahwa reuni 212 kali ini dihadiri oleh peserta jumlah luar biasa besar. Ada yang menyebut lebih besar dari Aksi 212 yang dulu diklaim mencapai 7 juta peserta.

    Lepas berapapun jumlahnya, satu hal yang tidak bisa dibantah, jumlahnya benar-benar bikin kaget. Monas dan kawasan sekitarnya benar-benar berubah menjadi lautan putih.

    Bagaimana tidak mengagetkan? Jokowi secara sistematis mencoba mematahkan perlawanan umat dengan strategi rangkul dan pukul. Mereka yang tidak bisa dirangkul akan menghadapi pukulan keras yang sering disebut sebagai kriminalisasi.

    Jokowi berhasil merangkul Kyai Ma’ruf Amin sebagai cawapres. Ma’ruf adalah pentolan GNPF MUI. Sebagai Ketua Umum MUI, Ma’ruf mengeluarkan fatwa Ahok telah menista agama. Fatwa itulah yang mendorong serangkaian Aksi Bela Islam (ABI) dan puncaknya adalah Aksi 212.

    Ma’ruf dipilih karena latar belakangnya sebagai pengurus puncak Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Sebagai ormas Islam terbesar di Indonesia, Jokowi berharap mendapat dukungan dari warga nadliyin.

    Melihat suasana pada reuni 212 terlihat jelas mayoritas warga yang hadir berlatar belakang nahdliyin. Warga berbondong-bondong memadati Monas sambil melantunkan salawat nabi yang menjadi salah satu tradisi penting kaum nahdliyin. Sejumlah anak cucu pendiri NU yang dikenal sebagai kubu kultural diketahui juga hadir dalam reuni tersebut.

    (1) Jokowi juga merangkul sejumlah ulama berpengaruh yang sebelumnya menjadi pendukung Aksi 212 seperti TGB Zainul Majdi, dan Yusuf Mansur. Terakhir Jokowi juga berhasil merangkul Yusril Ihza Mahendra. Semua tokoh tidak berhasil menggoyahkan konsolidasi umat. Yang terjadi mereka malah ditinggalkan umat.

    Figur seperti TGB, Yusuf Mansur, dan Yusril menjadi bulan-bulanan caci maki, dan bullyan di media sosial. Secara politik mereka sudah tidak ada gunanya bagi Jokowi. Baik sebagai endorser, apalagi menjadi penarik suara (vote getter). Yusril bahkan terancam dikudeta dari posisi Ketua Umum PBB. Mereka menjadi kartu mati.

    Jokowi juga tidak berhasil melumpuhkan perlawanan para ulama. Rezim Jokowi berhasil membuat Habib Rizieq tokoh sentral gerakan 212 hijrah ke Arab Saudi, karena berbagai kriminalisasi. Posisi Habib Rizieq bahkan semakin penting. Posisinya kira-kira mulai mirip dengan pemimpin spiritual Iran Ayatulloh Khomenei ketika mengasingkan diri ke Paris.

    Saat ini di GNPF MUI yang telah berubah menjadi GNPF Ulama muncul sejumlah figur idola baru di kalangan umat. Figur-figur seperti Habib Bahar Bin Smith yang memilih jalan keras, atau figur yang kocak namun tak kalah kritis dan nylekit ketika menyampaikan kritik model Ustadz Haikal Hasan Baraas.

    Sejumlah akademisi dan pengamat asing menyebut Jokowi anti demokrasi dan mulai otoriter. Dia mencoba menekan para lawan politik dan pengritiknya dengan cara menakut-nakuti melalui kriminalisasi. Korbannya selain para ulama, juga para aktivis dan pegiat medsos yang kritis terhadap dirinya. Namun langkah ini tidak menyurutkan perlawanan.

    Munculnya sejumlah figur kritis pasca hijrahnya Habib Rizieq menunjukkan scare management, manajemen menakut-nakuti yang dterapkan Jokowi tidak berhasil. Kesadaran bahwa Indonesia adalah negara demokrasi, membuat banyak aktivis terus menggelorakan perlawanan.

    Satu poin lain yang sampai kepada Jokowi dari Reuni 212 adalah munculnya pembangkangan masyarakat. Para peserta reuni tidak mau lagi mendengarkan himbauan para pejabat, maupun ulama yang meminta mereka untuk tidak hadir.

    Gubernur Jawa Timur Soekarwo misalnya telah meminta warganya untuk tidak pergi ke Jakarta. Namun ribuan warga Jatim berbondong-bondong hadir di Monas.

    Nasib yang dialami oleh Ketua MUI Jabar Rahmat Syafei meminta warga Jabar tidak hadir pada reuni. Faktanya warga Jabar tercatat sebagai peserta yang paling banyak hadir di Monas, setelah warga Jakarta.

    Begitu pula berbagai langkah polisi yang mencoba menghambat warga datang, mulai dari sekedar imbauan, sampai pelarangan pengusaha bus menyewakan armadanya, tak diindahan warga.

    Yang paling menyedihkan adalah kegagalan Panglima TNI Hadi Tjahjanto menakut-nakuti warga dengan mengerahkan pasukan besar-besaran ke Monas, juga tidak berhasil. Yang terjadi langkah Hadi malah banyak dipertanyakan karena dikhawatirkan menyeret kembali TNI ke ranah politik praktis, dan membuat prajurit berhadapan dengan warganya sendiri.

    Untungnya para peserta reuni tidak terpancing. Aparat TNI-Polri juga tidak melangkah terlalu jauh dengan melakukan provokasi yang tidak perlu.

    Dari semua pesan, ada satu lagi pesan yang jauh lebih penting yang harus ditangkap Jokowi, bahwa dia sudah mulai kehilangan basis legitimasinya, setidaknya di kalangan jutaan kaum muslim, dan kelompok-kelompok agama lain yang bersimpati kepada gerakan 212. [***]


    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/allahu-akbar-data-akurat-peserta-reuni-212-diikuti-134-juta-jiwa.htm
    Allahu Akbar! Data Akurat: Peserta Reuni 212 Diikuti 13,4 Juta Jiwa!
    Redaksi – Senin, 23 Rabiul Awwal 1440 H / 3 Desember 2018 18:10 WIB

    Eramuslim.com – Jumlah Peserta Reuni Akbar Mujahid 212 kemarin memang sungguh mengagetkan banyak pihak. Jika ICW sempat menyebut cuma didatangi 20.000an peserta dan kepolisian cuma ratusan ribu peserta, bahkan Jubir PSI yang juga pentolan JIL Guntur Romli bilang jumlah peserta Reuni Akbar 212 masih kalah dari peserta tari poco-poco-nya Jokowi di Monas beberapa waktu lalu, maka ada data yang tak bisa dibantah yang didapatkan Iwan Piliang yang bersumber dari jumlah IMEI telepon genggam peserta Reuni Akbar Mujahid 212 yang didapat dari MSC atau pusat operatornya masing-masing.

    Dari data tersebut didapat informasi akurat jika jumlah peserta Reuni Akbar Mujahid 212 kemarin adalah sebanyak 13,4 Juta jiwa! Jadi bukan delapan juta, bukan sepuluh juta, tapi tigabelas juta empatratusan ribu peserta! Allahu Akbar!

    “Barusan saya diberitahu bahwa msc (pusat operator) mencatat jumlah HP/ IMEI pada saat kejadian Acara Reuni 212 berjumlah 13,4 Juta, saya beritahu teman-teman jurnalis yang pada mau menggoreng, eh pada kaget dan nampaknya urung…,” ujar Iwan Piliang lewat pesan singkat.

    Nah, kita coba lihat nanti, Kapitra bikin acara tandingan berapa jumlah pesertanya ya? [em/wa]



    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/dampak-reuni-212-triliunan-rupiah-bergulir.htm
    Dampak Reuni 212, Triliunan Rupiah Bergulir
    Redaksi – Senin, 23 Rabiul Awwal 1440 H / 3 Desember 2018 16:30 WIB

    Eramuslim.com – Badan Pemenangan Nasional (BPN) Prabowo-Sandi melihat ada dampak positif dari kegiatan Reuni 212 yang dilaksanakan di Monas dengan dihadiri 8 juta umat Muslim, Minggu, 2 Desember 2018.

    Juru bicara Badan Pemenangan Nasional (BPN) Prabowo-Sandi, Taufan Rahmadi menilai, dampak positif karena ada jutaan orang dari penjuru Nusantara secara tidak langsung turut membentuk sebuah konsep pariwisata yang secara riil menggerakkan ekonomi bernilai triliunan rupiah.

    Menurut kalkulasi sederhana Taufan, untuk melihat dampak positif reuni 212 pada perekonomian. Dia memperkirakan bila jemaah yang hadir mencapai 8 juta orang, dan setiap orang menghabiskan Rp200 ribu untuk kebutuhan pribadi seperti transportasi, akomodasi dan konsumsi. Maka setidaknya Rp1,6 triliun uang berputar dari berbagai sektor untuk mendukung aksi tersebut.

    “Tentunya itu baru asumsi sederhana. Bagaimana jika uang yang dikeluarkan tiap orang lebih dari Rp200 ribu? Seperti yang kita tahu, harga sewa kamar hotel di Jakarta saja setidaknya Rp450 ribu per malam. Belum lagi biaya-biaya yang dikeluarkan untuk bahan bakar, buah tangan, dan lain-lain,” ujar Taufan, Senin 3 Desember 2018.

    Taufan menambahkan, setidaknya ada tiga sektor yang mendapatkan dampak positif langsung dari Reuni 212, yakni transportasi, akomodasi, dan kuliner. Tiga sektor tersebut adalah kebutuhan dasar yang pasti dibutuhkan oleh setiap orang yang hadir di acara tersebut.

    Untuk datang ke Jakarta, peserta dari berbagai penjuru Indonesia datang dengan moda transportasi darat, laut, dan udara. Tiket-tiket bus, ferry, dan pesawat terbang ludes diborong oleh jemaah, bahkan ada pula yang rela sewa sejumlah pesawat komersil untuk keperluan transportasi.

    “Ini belum termasuk moda transportasi rakyat di sekitar tempat aksi, seperti ojek online, taksi, dan mobil rental, yang tentunya mendapat dampak luar biasa dari banyaknya massa yang hadir,” kata Taufan.

    Begitu juga imbas positif pada bisnis akomodasi dan penginapan. Taufan mengatakan, meski banyak massa yang hadir memilih menginap di masjid, banyak pula yang lebih memilih menginap di hotel dan penginapan dengan alasan privasi dan kenyamanan. Sehingga banyak hotel dan penginapan di sekitaran tempat Reuni 212 dipenuhi oleh jemaah yang hadir.

    “Bisnis akomodasi sangat diuntungkan sebelum dan sesudah aksi ini, karena ada jutaan orang yang menjadi konsumen dadakan,” katanya.

    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/dampak-reuni-212-triliunan-rupiah-bergulir.htm/2
    Sektor lainnya, seperti UMKM kuliner pasti juga ikut tergerak. Restoran dan rumah-rumah makan, katering kotakan, jajanan tradisional dan kaki lima, ikut bergerak mendapatkan manfaat. Belum lagi usaha kecil jajanan asongan yang ikut beredar di sekitaran aksi, pastinya ikut ludes diborong oleh jamaah yang hadir. Masyarakat kecil mendapat imbas ekonomi langsung dari Reuni 212.

    “Jadi, secara tidak langsung aksi Reuni 212 ini sebenarnya membentuk suatu konsep pariwisata baru, yaitu pariwisata gerakan, banyak orang dari banyak penjuru hadir lalu memberikan dampak positif terhadap ekonomi masyarakat,” katanya.

    Taufan menambahkan, apabila Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta lebih jeli, tempat-tempat destinasi pariwisata di Jakarta bisa lebih dipersiapkan untuk menyambut massa aksi ini. Bisa jadi, setelah melakukan aksi, banyak peserta yang akan berkeliling mengunjungi destinasi wisata di Jakarta, seperti Ancol, TMII, dan berbagai destinasi wisata lainnya.

    “Jadi bisa dibayangkan, selama 1 atau 2 hari Reuni 212, jemaah memberikan dampak yang luar biasa bagi ekonomi warga Jakarta dan sekitarnya,” kata Taufan. [vva]



    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/reuni-212-sudah-usai-bagaimana-nasib-acara-tandingannya-kapitra.htm
    Reuni 212 Sudah Usai, Bagaimana Nasib Acara Tandingannya Kapitra?
    Redaksi – Senin, 23 Rabiul Awwal 1440 H / 3 Desember 2018 17:30 WIB

    Eramuslim.com – Reuni 212 telah selesai digelar kemarin. Bagaimana nasib aksi tandingan reuni 212 yang digagas Kapitra Ampera?

    “Tetap kita gelar kontemplasi itu tapi waktunya saja,” ujar penggagas aksi kontemplasi 212, Kapitra Ampera, saat dihubungi detikcom, Senin (3/12/2018).

    Dia mengatakan saat ini dirinya sedang menyusun jadwal kegiatan tersebut. Menurutnya, kegiatan tersebut bakal disesuaikan dengan agenda KPU.

    “Kita lagi susun jadwal pertama kita mau steril dari politik, maka kita sesuaikan agenda itu dengan agenda KPU. Supaya kita tidak melakukan itu waktu kampanye. Kedua ya kita bikin itu di waktu kampanye, supaya tidak ada kerja mengerjai kita bikin tidak ada ragu-ragu yang bisa digoreng,” tutur Kapitra.

    “Apakah kita bikin 21 Februari itu sudah masuk kampanye, atau sebelumnya. Makanya kita sesuaikan itu, lagi kita rapatkan,” imbuhnya.

    Caleg PDIP itu mengaku aksi kontemplasi 212 itu bukanlah aksi dadakan. Sudah sejak dua bulan yang lalu, dia dan Forum Silaturahmi menggagas aksi yang digelar untuk menandingi reuni 212.

    “Kita sudah siapkan dua bulan lalu. Kita sudah konsolidasi dari dua bulan yang lalu,” kata Kapitra.

    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/reuni-212-sudah-usai-bagaimana-nasib-acara-tandingannya-kapitra.htm/2
    Seperti diketahui, Caleg PDIP Kapitra Ampera melakukan manuver dengan mengadakan aksi kontemplasi 212, yang menandingi reuni 212 di Monas, Jakarta Pusat. Kapitra bersama sejumlah orang yang tergabung dalam Forum Silaturahmi menilai reuni 212 sudah jauh dari tujuan dan cita-cita aksi 212 pada 2016.

    Kapitra bersama Forum Silaturahmi telah mengajukan surat izin aksi kontemplasi ke Mapolda Metro Jaya. Aksi kontemplasi 212 akan dimulai pada Sabtu (1/12) setelah salat Isya hingga Minggu (2/12) pukul 15.00 WIB.

    Polisi yang sudah menerima surat pemberitahuan terkait Aksi Kontemplasi 212 itu kemudian menyarankan agar aksi tandingan reuni 212 itu ditunda. Alasannya, kegiatan tersebut akan dilakukan berbarengan dengan Reuni 212.

    “Memang ada surat masuk, ada pemberitahuan. Yang diinisiasi oleh Pak Kapitra yang berkaitan dengan hal yang sama, di tempat yang sama. Tapi setelah intelijen ada pemberitahuan yang akan melihat seperti apa dan dari intelijen menyarankan kepada panitia untuk ditunda pelaksanaannya,” ujar Kabid Humas Polda Metro Jaya Kombes Argo Yuwono di Mapolda Metro Jaya, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jakarta, Jumat (30/11).

    Kapitra pun memutuskan untuk menunda sesuai saran polisi. Kapitra mengatakan pihaknya tak ingin terjadi bentrokan antar-umat Islam. Dia ingin menunjukkan wajah Islam yang ramah dan damai.

    “Saya juga tidak ingin ada bentrok dan sebagainya. Kita ingin menunjukkan kedamaian Islam. Tapi kita kan nggak tahu kalau ada yang nyusup dan segala macam, itu kan domain intelijen,” kata Kapitra saat dihubungi, Jumat (30/11).[dtk]


    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/ini-penyusup-di-reuni-212-identitasnya-dibongkar-netizen.htm
    Sisca Rumondor, Penyusup di Reuni 212
    Redaksi – Senin, 23 Rabiul Awwal 1440 H / 3 Desember 2018 19:35 WIB

    Eramuslim.com – Terciduk, Seorang perempuan peserta Reuni Akbar 212, ternyata pendukung Presiden Jokowi. Hal ini diketahui dari pengakuan dirinya melalui video hasil rekamannya sendiri yang tersebar di media sosial.

    Perempuan yang mengaku sebagai peserta Reuni Alumni 212 melakukan sebuah liputan melalui video pendek dengan berbagai pernyataan yang dilontarkannya divideonya sendiri.

    Terlihat dia memakai busana muslimah lengkap dan memakai topi warna putih dan kacamata hitam.

    Menariknya, dari laporannya dikatakan Habib Bahar lagi-lagi melakukan khotbah ujaran kebencian terhadap Presiden Jokowi. Sayang sekali, katanya, ujaran kebencian diulang kembali.

    “Acara 212 terbukti mempunyai agenda-agenda yang lain. Saya disini melaporkan untuk teman-teman. Pak Jokowi tetap adalah yang terbaik. Hanya Bapak yang paling pas memimpin negeri ini,” kata dia.

    Dari acara 212 di Monas dia juga melaporkan, diantara bendera-bendera dengan begitu bangga mereka kibarkan. Tapi sekarang ada keunikan menjadi berwarna tidak saja hitam putih tapi juga ada yang pink, kuning dan hijau.

    https://www.eramuslim.com/berita/nasional/ini-penyusup-di-reuni-212-identitasnya-dibongkar-netizen.htm/2
    “Jadi katanya jangan sampai menjadi salah kaprah tentang isi tersebut. Sekali lagi, pak Jokowi tetap is the best,” sebutnya.

    Videonya kemudian dikomentari politisi PAN, Musthofa Nahra melalui akun twitternya, @AkunTofa.

    “Wajah perempuan ini bakal terkenal di tengah Umat Islam se NKRI gara2 nyusup ke tengah2 massa #ReuniAkbar212diMonas dan bikin fitnah,” tulisnya.

    Kemudian kicauan Mustofa dikomentari Ustadz Haikal Hassan.

    “Ji…ini siape? Mirip rike ya..” tulisnya.

    Identitas Terungkap

    Heboh adanya pendukung Jokowi pada acara Reuni 212 mendorong seorang warganet bernama Sarah Ahmad mencari tahu identitas yang sesungguhnya.
    Dia menemukan fakta-fakta berikut:
    Menyamar pakai Jilbab menyusup ke acara Reuni 212 bernama Sisca Rumondor. Suaminya Alex Rumondor. Non muslim.
    Alumni SMA 37 Jakarta Angkatan 1986.
    Alumnus FIKOM UNPAD (Fakultas Ilmu Komunikasi, Universitas Padjajaran) Angkatan 1988.


     
  • the1uploader 6:01 pm on 2018-12-02 Permalink  

    International Media Coverage over Millions Gathered in Monas, Jakarta on Second Round 212 

    International Media Coverage over Millions Gathered in Monas, Jakarta on Second Round 212

    While Indonesian mainstream media (MSM) have been forbidden to accomodate the movement of contending political opponents, international media still covered the millions gathered around Monas in Jakarta. Of course, with minimised figures.

    The second 212 movement in Jakarta intends to topple the ruling communists in Indonesia that suppressing muslim communities in Indonesia through criminalisation and blatant legal accusations.


    https://www.sbs.com.au/news/tensions-flare-at-jakarta-protest-over-governor-s-koran-comments
    Tensions flare at Jakarta protest over governor’s Koran comments
    Updated 4 November 2016

    Police have been pelted with water bottles and sticks at a protest led by a hardline Muslim group in Jakarta.

    Tensions have flared at a massive demonstration in Jakarta as tens of thousands of protesters march towards the presidential palace, shutting down major roads in the capital.

    Not long after police spoke directly to protesters over a loud speaker praising them for holding a peaceful protest, a group of young men waving the green and black flags of the Islamic Students Association began pelting officers with water bottles and sticks.

    Police responded by putting on riot gear and creating a wall of officers about ten deep.

    Protesters are calling for the arrest of the Jakarta governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, commonly referred to as Ahok, over comments he made referring to the Koran.

    Thousands of military are stationed behind barbed wire at the palace and streets around Jakarta’s largest mosque Masjid Istiqlal have been shut down.

    The hardline Muslim group, the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) has called on people across the archipelago to descend on Jakarta for a “constitutional jihad”, saying Ahok, should be jailed.

    Their members, as well as others from organisations such as the Islamic Students Association (HMI), Islamic Defender Troop (LPI), A Koran discussion group – Az Zikra – have heeded the call.

    Although the demonstration was promoted as an attack on Ahok, protesters have also turned their attention towards President Joko Widodo who called for calm in the lead up to the rally this week.

    “(President Joko Widodo) is no longer pro-people,” a protester yelled through a megaphone.

    “The 4th of November is not the only day that Muslim people will fight.

    “I am ready to be shot. Whoever (has the courage) to shoot, please go ahead.”

    As a Christian ethnic Chinese Indonesian, the straight-talking Ahok has long been a target for hardline groups.

    But when last month he said a Koranic verse was being used to manipulate voters into voting for a Muslim leader at the February gubernatorial elections, tensions flared.

    Muslim cleric Hilman Fauzi, 27, from Bogor on the outskirts of Jakarta, said he had no problem with Ahok until his comments last month about how a Koranic verse was being used to lie to voters.

    “Even though I’m not a (voter) in Jakarta. What (Ahok) did has hurt us,” he told AAP

    This is about religion,” 25-year-old construction worker Ucin told AAP.
    Source AAP


    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/02/jakarta-protests-muslims-against-christian-governor-ahok
    Jakarta protests: Muslims turn out in force against Christian governor Ahok
    Agence France-Presse
    Fri 2 Dec 2016 17.04 AEDT

    Huge crowds descend on Jakarta to demand the Indonesian capital’s governor be arrested for insulting Islam

    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/6832737b091188c2851bb65feff6703152f6fd51/0_133_4000_2400/master/4000.jpg?width=620&quality=85&auto=format&fit=max&s=9ec97514ac6556128068172dd66123db
    A huge crowd gathers at the national monument in Jakarta to protest against the city’s Christian governor. Photograph: Solo Imaji / Barcroft Images

    A crowd of at least 200,000 Muslim protesters has descended on Jakarta to demand the Christian governor of the Indonesian capital be arrested for insulting Islam.

    There was heavy security at the rally on Friday with authorities wary of the kind of violence that marred a similar demonstration in November.

    People headed towards a huge park in downtown Jakarta to protest against Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, known by his nickname Ahok, who has become the target of widespread anger in the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country.

    Indonesian president blames ‘political actors’ for stoking Jakarta blasphemy protests https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/nov/05/indonesian-president-blames-political-actors-for-stoking-jakarta-blasphemy-protests

    Waving banners that read “Jail Ahok, the law must be fair”, demonstrators dressed in white Islamic skullcaps and robes marched through the streets. Many had travelled from outside the capital to take part.

    “All we want is justice, and by justice I mean Ahok being detained,” said Ricky Subagia, 26, who had come 200km (120 miles) from the town of Garut.

    President Joko Widodo, who is a political ally of Ahok, unexpectedly went to the national monument to join Friday prayers with the sprawling crowd.

    He called for protesters to disperse peacefully. They cheered and then broke into chants calling for Ahok’s arrest.

    Authorities did not have an immediate estimate of numbers although tens of thousands appeared to be on the streets. National police spokesman Rikwanto, who goes by one name, said police estimated 200,000 people were on the streets.

    Purnama, Jakarta’s first non-Muslim governor in half a century, is already being prosecuted for allegedly committing blasphemy over comments he made about the Koran in an election campaign.

    But he has not been detained and conservative Muslim groups are now pushing for his arrest.

    Speaking on the main stage at the national monument, national police chief Tito Karnavian called for the protesters to support the legal process in the blasphemy case.

    “We have worked to finalize the dossier and have handed over to the prosecutors. Therefore, I request support from all of you so that the legal process goes well,” he said as the crowd cheered “God is Great”.

    The case is viewed in part as a test of religious tolerance for Indonesia, where minorities have increasingly come under attack in recent years and the government stands accused of failing to rein in fringe hardline groups.

    But critics say it is as much about politics and accuse opponents of Purnama, also a member of Indonesia’s ethnic Chinese minority, of whipping up anger and encouraging the protests to reduce his support ahead of February polls for the governorship.

    Thousands of police and soldiers were deployed to keep the peace at Friday’s rally, which could dwarf a protest of a few weeks earlier that brought 100,000 people on to the streets and was the biggest demonstration the city had seen in years.

    The 4 November protest descended into violence as night fell, with Muslim hardliners hurling missiles at security forces, who responded with tear gas and water cannon.

    One person was killed and hundreds injured.

    Police named Purnama as a suspect in a blasphemy investigation in November following the protest as calls mounted for him to prosecuted.

    The governor had accused his opponents of using a Koranic verse that suggests Muslims should not choose non-Muslims as leaders in order to trick people into voting against him.

    being prosecuted for allegedly committing blasphemy https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/16/jakarta-christian-governor-to-face-blasphemy-trial-over-islam-insult-claim


    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/12/indonesians-rally-governor-purnama-blasphemy-161202055726769.html
    Indonesians rally against Purnama over blasphemy claims
    Tens of thousands of Muslims gather in capital demanding Basuki Tjahaja Purnama be jailed for insulting the Quran.
    3 Dec 2016

    Tens of thousands of Muslims are rallying in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, against the city’s Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, who is accused of insulting the Quran.

    Protesters chanting, praying and carrying banners gathered at the National Monument in central Jakarta on Friday demanding that Purnama, an ethnic Chinese Christian popularly known as Ahok, be jailed on blasphemy charges.

    Purnama, a long-term ally of President Joko Widodo, is being investigated over comments he made about his opponents’ use of the Quran in campaigning. He denies wrongdoing but has apologised for the remarks.

    Police on Thursday handed over a dossier from their investigation of Purnama’s comments to prosecutors, who are expected to take the case of alleged blasphemy to court in coming weeks.

    Police officials estimated that at least 150,000 people, including many who travelled to Jakarta from towns and cities across the island of Java, gathered on Friday under drizzling rain.

    Some reports put the number of protesters at several hundreds of thousands.


    Police officials estimated that at least 150,000 people had gathered under drizzling rain [Reuters]

    National news agency Antara said 22,000 police personnel would be deployed to avoid a repeat of violence that flared during a protest last month when more than 100 people were injured in clashes with police.

    Al Jazeera’s Step Vaessen, reporting from Jakarta, described the protest as “an extremely big show of force by Islamist groups who have been gaining importance in Indonesia over the years.

    “It is basically a threat to the secular state here in the long run, with conservative Muslims getting more and more power on the ground”.

    Widodo addressed the rally and praised the peaceful protest, before urging the crowd to leave safely.

    “Thank you and safe travels on your return from where you came from. God bless you,” said Widodo, who has blamed “political actors” for exploiting the popular fury over Purnama to destabilise his government.

    Our correspondent said Widodo, who lives right across from the protest site, in a surprise development walked towards the National Monument park to attend Friday prayers along with hundreds of thousands of protesters.

    “Widodo wants to give a strong signal that he now understands that the protests have gone way beyond some radical groups. In fact, it’s a lot bigger now,” she said.

    Political tension

    Purnama is running for re-election in February against two Muslim candidates.

    The contest has generated high political tension for weeks, with rumours of plots to undermine Widodo and scupper his chances of winning a second term in 2019.

    “Many people really feel hurt by what the governor said, but also religious sentiments are being creatively used by politicians to gain support ahead of regional elections,” Al Jazeera’s Vaessen said.

    After president Joko Widodo urged protestors to disburse peacefully thousands shouted arrest Ahok. President had to leave urgently
    — Step Vaessen (@stepvaessen) December 2, 2016

    Police have warned against attempts to destabilise the government.

    Rikwanto, police spokesperson, said 10 people who he identified only by their initials had been detained before dawn on Friday, citing articles of the criminal code that cover conspiracy and acts of treason.

    Two of them were charged under the law of information technology for hate speech.

    “They have now been detained and are undergoing investigation,” said Rikwanto, who goes by only one name.

    Indonesia is home to the world’s biggest Muslim population but recognises six religions and is home to dozens of ethnic groups, some of which follow traditional beliefs.

    National unity plea

    Religious and ethnic tension last month prompted Widodo to rally top military, political and religious figures in a sign of unity amid fears of attempts to undermine the stability of his government.

    The Jakarta government has put up signboards on major roads calling for national unity and displaying pictures of independence heroes who fought against colonial rule.

    Purnama is popular with many for pushing through tough reforms to modernise the traffic-plagued capital.

    But opinion polls have shown him slipping into second place in the race for re-election as governor, a position that Widodo himself, who is popularly known as Jokowi, used as a stepping stone to the presidency.


    Indonesia is home to the world’s biggest Muslim population but recognises other religions as well [Reuters]

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera News and Agencies

    December 2, 2016 https://twitter.com/stepvaessen/status/804570366957867008


    http://asaa.asn.au/marketing-morality-indonesias-democracy/
    Marketing morality in Indonesia’s democracy
    BY Vedi Hadiz and Inaya Rakhmani
    Published: 21st December, 2017
    Published: 2017-12-21T15:02:43+10:00
    Updated: 2018-01-04T10:33:37+10:00

    Issues of inequality and injustice, and expressions of grievance against the status quo, are increasingly being framed by racial and religious identity in Indonesia, write Inaya Rakhmani and Vedi R. Hadiz

    The first anniversary of the largest religiously-driven mass demonstration in Indonesia has just been celebrated by some of the organisations that were its driving force.

    A year ago, in December 2016, millions of Muslims descended upon Jakarta and joined with large numbers of the capital city’s residents in a rally called the Action to Defend Islam (Aksi Bela Islam). The demonstrators demanded that then governor of Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (better known as ‘Ahok’), be stripped of his governorship and put on trial for blaspheming against the Islamic religion in an off-the-cuff campaign speech.

    Now imprisoned, Ahok had controversially commented on a Quranic verse, which suggests that Muslims should not appoint a non-Muslim leader. Ahok himself is a Christian and ethnic-Chinese, thus part of a social group seen to have benefitted from state policies going back to colonial times allowing for the concentration of wealth in their hands.

    Wilson (2016) and Mietzner and Muhtadi (2017) respectively saw the 2016 protests as being due more to the destructive effects of economic inequality, on the one hand, and primordial, religious sentiment on the other. But the Ahok case showed a link between expressions of Muslim solidarity and resentment of existing socio-economic conditions.

    Many people, especially the young, now feel let down by the promises of modernity and development

    Such resentment is not exclusively held by poor Muslims. It is also held by a cross section of the young and educated middle class whose aspirations for upward social mobility have been dampened by actual circumstances they confront.

    Thus, as Wilson implies in his explanation, Ahok’s controversial program of urban redevelopment, involving mass evictions, accentuated the already strong sense of precarious existence that permeates through Indonesian society.

    Growing levels of piety as election looms

    Many people, especially the young, now feel let down by the promises of modernity and development that had been instilled through educational and other institutions. Yet responses have been increasingly articulated through the language of religious morality, reflecting the growing levels of piety within Indonesian society and enabling the sort of religious solidarity to which Mietzner and Muhtadi refer.

    In fact, the connection between socio-economic grievances and strength of religious sentiment has facilitated the emergence of a ‘market of morality’, a space through which Islamic symbols are consumed and reproduced as an expression of grievance against an unjust status quo.

    The workings of this market are virtually guaranteed to be salient in Indonesian democracy all the way up to the 2019 presidential election, and perhaps beyond.

    Struggles of a perpetually marginalised, virtuous majority are imagined as a narrative of oppression

    Islamic morality potentially provides a rich cultural resource pool for competing elites to exploit, including in many of the 171 local elections due to take place across the archipelago in 2018. Mass mobilisations of support, when required, may be expedited by a particular kind of narrative of oppression that was used so well against Ahok in Jakarta.


    Demonstrators at 212 Reunion, Jakarta, December 2017 Photo: Andi Rahman Source: authors

    This is one that emphasises the struggles of a perpetually marginalised, virtuous majority that are imagined as an ummah (community of believers). The ummah is contrasted against the greedy business elites labelled as the ethnic Chinese minority, who are in turn also backed by corrupt and powerful political figures.

    Impact on looming presidential contest

    It appears likely that the 2019 presidential contest will once again pit President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) against his nemesis, Prabowo Subianto. Jokowi has already been confronted by rumours about his identity, churned out mainly through social media both by buzzers and internet users, which alleges his role in allowing Chinese influence into Indonesia by also casting doubts on his Muslim credentials.

    By contrast, Prabowo and his allies—including Anies Baswedan, who is also seen to harbour presidential ambitions after defeating Ahok—have made it a point to seek alliances with more hardline Muslim organisations.

    Survey of perceptions among Muslim activists

    In a survey of 600 people who participated in the Action to Defend Islam, we sought to understand the link between perceptions of social injustice, adherence to Islamic morality and political action. Sixty five per cent of our respondents were male, which partly reflects lesser levels of female participation, while a significant portion (109 people) were low-to-mid-ranking employees of private companies or students (101 people).

    Concerns about social injustice are deeply linked to anxieties about the future held by young and educated Muslims with aspirations for upward social mobility

    A slight majority had completed tertiary education (51 per cent) while secondary education was the highest attained by 47 per cent of our respondents. No less than 44 per cent reported monthly household expenditures of between Rp4.5 to 7 million a month (A$450-700), which place them in the lower middle-class bracket or at borderline middle class.

    Reflecting the youthful nature of Action to Defend Islam, 60 per cent of respondents were in their 20s, 18 per cent in their 30s, while only 14 per cent were over 40 years old.

    These numbers suggest that concerns about social injustice are deeply linked to anxieties about the future on the part of young and educated Muslims with aspirations for upward social mobility. Most respondents had attained higher levels of education than their parents but were saddled with the reality or prospect of insecure employment.

    Education fails to deliver

    The promise that education would increase opportunities for more secure social status is increasingly doubted, resulting in more grievances being directed at those perceived to have unfairly attained economic and social access.

    Commonly held gripes appear to have produced similar political attitudes amongst our respondents. While the anti-Ahok mobilisations of 2016 were spearheaded by hardline groups like the notorious Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) and the now-banned Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia, nearly 60 per cent of respondents claimed affinity with mainstream Islamic organisations like the Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama.

    These organisations are usually held up as guardians of ‘moderate’ forms of Islamic politics in Indonesia. This is not so surprising, however, because our survey shows little difference in adherence to opinions on many questions pertaining to Islamic morality among those who veer toward moderate or hardline organisations.

    Moderate Muslim organisations perceived as incapable of addressing universally-held anxieties

    These include attitudes toward non-Muslims, the role of women in society and religiously acceptable economic activity. It appears that moderate Muslim organisations are perceived to be incapable of addressing universally-held anxieties, driving respondents to support the more assertive narratives of marginalisation deployed by hardline Muslim groups.


    Poster banned by Minister of Communication and Information Source: Dunia Muallaf

    Interestingly, one-fifth of our respondents felt that not one Islamic organisation actually represents their interests. As a consequence, hardline narratives are being mainstreamed into Muslim politics previously led by moderate Islamic organisations.

    Long-term impact of negative social circumstances

    These results do not reflect a set of social circumstances that have suddenly come into being. Since the late 1980s, the neoliberalisation of the Indonesian economy has eroded public institutions and increased competition between individuals, in a context largely devoid of social safety nets beyond the family.

    Because the market is too abstract to be blamed, the most convenient scapegoats are ‘others’ defined as being firmly outside of the toiling majority.

    The Ahok case, which displayed strong anti-Chinese sentiment, shows that market injustices can be smoothed over by the idea that the Muslim majority has been systematically marginalised in competition over economic resources.

    It also shows that political elites are ready to take advantage of the anxieties of young and educated Muslims and their problematic aspirations of upward social mobility.

    Consequently, issues of inequality and injustice will be increasingly framed on the basis of racial as well as religious identities, thereby neglecting how these are more fundamentally related to neoliberal transformations and the nature of economic and political power.

    Featured image: Action to Defend Islam protest, Jakarta, 2 December 2016 Photo: Fathiyah Wardah Source: VOA Indonesia

    Vedi R. Hadiz is Professor of Asian Studies, University of Melbourne, a former visiting scholar at universities in Europe, and currently an adjunct professor in Indonesia. His latest book is a study of Islamic populism in Asia and the Middle East.

    Dr Inaya Rakhmani is a lecturer in communications in the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Indonesia, and head of its Communication Research Centre, and an associate at the Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University.

    celebrated https://thediplomat.com/2017/12/what-did-indonesias-anti-ahok-reunion-rally-reveal/
    Action to Defend Islam https://theconversation.com/why-hundreds-of-thousands-of-muslims-rallied-against-the-jakarta-governor-68351
    Wilson (2016) http://www.newmandala.org/jakarta-inequality-poverty-elite-pluralism/
    Mietzner and Muhtadi (2017) http://www.newmandala.org/ahoks-satisfied-non-voters-anatomy/
    Chinese influence into Indonesia http://www.straitstimes.com/opinion/anti-china-campaign-in-jokowis-indonesia
    Anies Baswedan http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/12/02/anies-attends-212-reunion-rally.html
    survey http://australiaindonesiacentre.org/projects/islamic-morality-challenges-democracy-study-urban-lower-middle-class-responses/


    http://theconversation.com/conservative-turn-will-continue-in-indonesian-presidential-election-next-year-101032
    ‘Conservative turn’ will continue in Indonesian presidential election next year
    Alexander R Arifianto
    August 13, 2018 3.49pm AEST

    https://images.theconversation.com/files/231580/original/file-20180812-2915-ujg8f3.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&rect=0%2C0%2C3301%2C2405&q=45&auto=format&w=926&fit=clip
    Indonesian President Joko Widodo (centre left) shakes hands with his vice-presidential running mate, Ma’ruf Amin (centre right), during a meeting with supporters before registering their bid for the 2019 election in Jakarta, Indonesia. Mast Irham/EPA

    The recent announcement of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s running mate in his re-election bid suggests the continued strong influence of conservative groups over politics in the world’s largest Muslim population.

    A pluralist and nationalist figure, Jokowi picked Ma’ruf Amin, a conservative Muslim cleric, as his vice-presidential candidate.

    By chosing Ma’ruf, Jokowi aims to appeal to a growing Islamist constituency that has dominated the national political landscape. His decision may further accommodate the rise of conservative groups in Indonesia’s Muslim politics.

    The political background

    Compared to previous Indonesian general elections, religion, especially Islam, has increasingly played a major role in national politics.

    We have witnessed how political actors used the Islam card to win votes in the Jakarta gubernatorial election in 2017.

    Politicians formed a movement to defend Islam and called it the “212 Movement” – from the date of the rally, December 2. They demanded the Chinese and Christian Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama be ousted from the Jakarta governorship and be imprisoned for blasphemy.

    The movement’s strategy to use ethnic and religious sentiments to turn Jakarta voters against Ahok was very effective.

    Because of this, its organisers, the National Movement to Guard Ulama’s Religious Edicts (GNPF Ulama) and the Islam Defenders Front (FPI), have become a force to be reckoned with in the 2019 presidential election.

    Anti-Jokowi

    Immediately after their success in ousting Ahok, 212 Movement alumni made it clear they were opposed to Jokowi.

    The groups have been attacking Jokowi for his “anti-Islamic” policies. This includes prosecuting ulemas and developing infrastructure projects that do not help poor Muslims.

    These Islamist activists have been promoting a social media campaign, organised by opposition parties Gerindra and the Islamist Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), calling for a new president in 2019. The campaign goes with the hashtag #2019GantiPresiden (#2019ChangePresident) campaign.

    Another key player in the 212 Movement is FPI. FPI was a hardline Islamic organisation, backed by the Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI), that carried out acts of thuggery against groups and establishments deemed “un-Islamic”, such as bars and nightclubs and religious minorities. But it has changed into an Islamist organisation with a political agenda. FPI wants to change the Indonesian state into an Islamic state enshrined with Islamic principles.

    FPI has long demanded that an ideal presidential ticket should consist of an Islamic leader and a secular nationalist politician, preferably from the TNI.

    By having this combination, the conservative group hopes to gain support from the nationalists and TNI to create a more Islamic Indonesian society. This would exclude non-Muslims from elected offices and the public sector in general.

    As FPI involves itself more in politics and less in criminal and violent activities, more Indonesian Muslims find its activities acceptable.

    A recent study found that during one of the anti-Ahok rallies in November 2016, 22.6% of Indonesian Muslims had a favourable view of FPI, compared to just 16.6% in July 2011.

    An Indonesian Survey Circle (LSI) study found support among Indonesian Muslims for changing Indonesia into an Islamic state increased from 4.6% in 2005 to 13.2% this year.

    Besides FPI’s growing popularity, Jokowi is also troubled by the fact that his opponents – backed by conservative Muslim groups – scored several victories during last June’s regional elections.

    For instance, they won the North Sumatra governorship by deploying the same ethno-religious sentiments to attack another candidate, Djarot Saiful Hidayat. Djarot is a former Jakarta deputy governor to Ahok.

    The conservative group almost won the gubernatorial election in West Java, one of the most crucial areas in the national election.

    The eventual winner, Ridwan Kamil, was initially known as a pluralist and moderate politician. But, to secure his victory, he had to make overtures towards conservative Islamists.

    Jokowi and his advisers clearly had these troubling political trends in mind when preparing for his re-election campaign. That’s why he picked a running mate who is acceptable among conservative Islamic groups to draw their support for his re-election bid.

    Jokowi and his Islam card

    Jokowi won the 2014 presidential election with an image of a pluralist and moderate Islamic figure.

    For his next presidential campaign, however, Jokowi has no choice but to bolster his own Islamic credentials.

    The Jokowi campaign team has clearly calculated that Islamist groups from the “212 Movement” are the primary stumbling block for his re-election.

    Hence, it came as no surprise that Jokowi chose Ma’ruf Amin, the chairman of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), as his vice-presidential nominee.

    By nominating Ma’ruf, Jokowi hopes to split the Islamist opposition, especially from GNPF Ulama and other 212 Movement alumni.

    These groups deeply respect Ma’ruf, as he gave religious legitimacy to the 212 Movement. Under his watch, MUI issued a religious opinion (fatwa) declaring Ahok a blasphemer.

    Ma’ruf was also a key player behind two controversial MUI fatwa (edicts) in 2005. One fatwa targets liberal and secular influences within Islam, including the Liberal Islam Network (JIL).

    Another fatwa targets the Ahmadi minorities. Following the fatwa, violent attacks and persecution against the Ahmadi group increased.

    So far, Jokowi’s strategy to split the support of conservative Islamist groups seems to be working. The GNPF ulama has welcomed Ma’ruf’s nomination. The group calls it a “very smart decision”.

    With Ma’ruf as his running mate, Jokowi now claims that “he is a leader who respect the ulama’s demands”. He is showing he is a true Islamic leader.

    Jokowi’s coalition also claims that many 212 Movement alumni can now support his re-election bid, since he now has as his running mate an ulama that supports the movement.

    The rise of conservative turn

    Ma’ruf’s selection also means that to win votes Indonesian politicians continue to accommodate Islamist groups that are pushing for a “conservative turn”.

    Jokowi’s move to be closer to Islamic groups has alienated some former supporters. Disappointed by Jokowi’s selection of Ma’ruf, some Jokowi supporters who come from a non-Muslim Chinese Indonesian background have threatened to “be absent from voting or even vote for Prabowo” to express their displeasure.

    In the long run, the conservatives’ continued prominence in the country’s politics might endanger Indonesia’s long-term status as a secular and democratic country. As enshrined in the national ideology Pancasila and the 1945 Indonesian Constitution, Indonesia must guarantee equality for all citizens irrespective of their ethnic or religious backgrounds.

    effective https://theconversation.com/jakarta-governor-election-results-in-a-victory-for-prejudice-over-pluralism-76388
    prosecuting ulemas https://news.detik.com/berita/3990865/permintaan-pa-212-jokowi-hentikan-kriminalisasi-ulama
    #2019GantiPresiden http://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/idss/co18130-2019-indonesian-presidential-election-the-2019changepresident-campaign-tightening-the-screws/
    FPI https://www.routledge.com/The-Politics-of-Protection-Rackets-in-Post-New-Order-Indonesia-Coercive/Wilson/p/book/9780415569125
    Islamic state https://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/rsis/co17228-islamic-defenders-front-an-ideological-evolution/
    has long demanded http://wap.mi.baca.co.id/23299964?origin=relative&pageId=a42bf080-f1dd-4c8c-9794-a4c18b1716dc&PageIndex=0#list
    exclude non-Muslims http://www.insideindonesia.org/islam-and-citizenship-3
    study https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10357823.2018.1473335
    study https://news.detik.com/berita/4119173/survei-lsi-pro-pancasila-turun-10-pro-nkri-bersyariah-naik-9
    won https://regional.kompas.com/read/2018/06/28/18581961/gerindra-klaim-sudrajat-ahmad-syaikhu-juara-pilkada-jawa-barat-2018
    won https://regional.kompas.com/read/2018/06/28/18581961/gerindra-klaim-sudrajat-ahmad-syaikhu-juara-pilkada-jawa-barat-2018
    overtures towards conservative Islamists https://www.iseas.edu.sg/images/pdf/ISEAS_Perspective_2018_42@50.pdf.
    bolster his own Islamic credentials http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/07/11/indonesias-presidential-hopefuls-will-need-to-brandish-their-islamic-credentials/
    chose https://news.detik.com/berita/4158601/jokowi-deklarasi-maruf-amin-jadi-cawapres#
    issued a religious opinion ( fatwa ) https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3318150/mui-nyatakan-sikap-soal-ucapan-ahok-terkait-al-maidah-51-ini-isinya
    fatwa http://mui.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/12b.-Penjelasan-Tentang-Fatwa-Pluralisme-Liberalisme-dan-Se.pdf.
    Ahmadi https://e-dokumen.kemenag.go.id/files/fmpbnNCJ1286170246.pdf
    increased https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/02/28/religions-name/abuses-against-religious-minorities-indonesia
    very smart decision https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4158702/gnpf-ulama-pilih-maruf-amin-jokowi-lebih-cerdas
    claims https://kumparan.com/@kumparannews/ma-ruf-amin-sindir-prabowo-katanya-hormati-ulama-tapi-wakilnya-bukan-1533814983435185295
    support https://www.viva.co.id/berita/politik/1063461-ppp-klaim-alumni-212-dukung-jokowi-gara-gara-ma-ruf-amin
    conservative turn https://bookshop.iseas.edu.sg/publication/1806
    Disappointed by Jokowi’s selection of Ma’ruf https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20180810185747-32-321370/kecewa-maruf-amin-cawapres-jokowi-pendukung-ahok-terbelah
    threatened https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20180810185747-32-321370/kecewa-maruf-amin-cawapres-jokowi-pendukung-ahok-terbelah


    https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/indonesia-millions-gather-for-anti-government-rally/1327446
    Indonesia: Millions gather for anti-government rally
    By Dandy Koswaraputra
    JAKARTA, 02.12.2018

    https://cdnuploads.aa.com.tr/uploads/Contents/2018/12/02/thumbs_b_c_87a745b4b7467a3b28491fe1f20a53ac.jpg?v=134933

    Members of 212 movement poured into Jakarta from other countries on Saturday night

    More than 2 million Indonesians gathered in capital Jakarta on Sunday to mark the second anniversary of the “212 movement” by holding a peaceful anti-government rally.

    The protesters read verses from the holy Quran and sang songs against incumbent President Joko Widodo.

    “People are lied to, promises are denied, scholars are tyrannised, mandates are betrayed. In 2019, replace the senseless president,” said the lyrics of one song.

    The protesters dressed in white poured into Jakarta on Saturday night from several cities. They camped overnight to pray in congregation at dawn.

    Some 20,000 troops were deployed for their security.

    The “212 movement” was formed after a rally on Dec. 2, 2016 to call for the prosecution over blasphemy of former Jakarta Governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama, a Christian of Chinese descent.

    He was convicted and sentenced to two years in prison in May.

    Anadolu Agency


    https://www.efe.com/efe/english/portada/mass-islamic-rally-held-in-jakarta-ahead-of-presidential-elections/50000260-3830790#
    Mass Islamic rally held in Jakarta ahead of presidential elections
    efe-epa, Jakarta, 2 Dec 2018

    https://estaticos.efe.com/efecom/recursos2/imagen.aspx?lVW2oAh2vjOYWY-P-2bpYsLTc99Xa377QJBzQ4TncnkXVSTX-P-2bAoG0sxzXPZPAk5l-P-2fU5UnFnVobeUnUF38b3geXgv2Q-P-3d-P-3d
    Thousands of Indonesian Muslims attend a rally held to commemorate the ‘212’ rallies against former Jakarta Governor Basuki ‘Ahok’ Tjahaja Purnama in Jakarta, Indonesia, Dec. 02, 2018. EPA-EFE/MAST IRHAM

    Tens of thousands of people, mostly dressed in white and waving national and Islamic flags, marched on the streets of Jakarta on Sunday to commemorate the second anniversary of the 212 movement, which comes a few months ahead of presidential elections in Indonesia in April.

    According to consultancy Concord Review, at least 80,000 people took part in the demonstration, which was peaceful in nature.

    Opposition presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto, who took part in the rally, underlined in social networks the peaceful and tolerant nature of Islam in Indonesia.

    The 212 movement emerged following a demonstration by some 200,000 people, according to police data, in Jakarta on Dec. 2, 2016, calling for the dismissal of then-Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama – a Christian of Chinese origin – for blasphemy.

    Islamic fundamentalism has been gaining ground in Indonesia in recent years, and experts believe it could play a decisive role in the presidential elections on Apr. 17.

    Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world, accounting for 88 percent of its 260 million inhabitants, who mostly practice a moderate form of Islam.


    https://nation.com.pk/03-Dec-2018/thousands-march-in-jakarta-ahead-of-polls
    Thousands march in Jakarta ahead of polls
    AFP, December 03, 2018

    https://twitter.com/intent/tweet
    https://www.facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u=https%3A%2F%2Fnation.com.pk%2F&src=sdkpreparse
    https://web.whatsapp.com/send?text=https://nation.com.pk/03-Dec-2018/thousands-march-in-jakarta-ahead-of-polls

    JAKARTA – Around 100,000 people marched in Indonesia’s capital Sunday to mark two years since a demonstration that led to the fall of Jakarta’s Christian ex-governor, as presidential candidates seek to rally support ahead of next year’s general election.

    Former governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was voted out of office and later jailed for two years for blasphemy following the 2016 protests, in a case seen as an example of rising religious intolerance in Muslim-majority Indonesia.

    Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, has seen its reputation for pluralism eroded by a surge in attacks on minorities.

    Analysts say identity politics and rising intolerance are likely to feature prominently – along with the economy – in campaigning for next April’s general election across the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago.

    On Sunday, some 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally, with 23,000 officers securing the event, Jakarta police spokesman Argo Yuwono told AFP. The demonstrators – many dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags – gathered at the National Monument, where former general and presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto spoke.
    READ MORE: Pakistan remains committed to principles of SAARC charter: Tehmina

    Subianto supported the rally that led to Purnama’s ouster in December 2016, and analysts say Sunday’s rally may have been politically motivated to boost his chance of winning the presidential elections set for April.

    He will face President Joko Widodo, who has chosen conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his vice presidential candidate, a move analysts think will bolster the president’s Islamic credentials.

    Widodo also supported the 2016 rally, known as “212 demonstration” after the date when it was held – the second of December.


    http://u.afp.com/o9x9
    https://www.yahoo.com/news/thousands-islamists-march-jakarta-ahead-elections-082413396.html
    Thousands of Islamists march in Jakarta ahead of elections
    [AFP], AFP, December 2, 2018


    About 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally on Sunday with 23,000 officers securing the event (AFP Photo/PRANANDITYA, PRANANDITYA)

    Around 100,000 people marched in Indonesia’s capital Sunday to mark two years since a demonstration that led to the fall of Jakarta’s Christian ex-governor, as presidential candidates seek to rally support ahead of next year’s general election.

    Former governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was voted out of office and later jailed for two years for blasphemy following the 2016 protests, in a case seen as an example of rising religious intolerance in Muslim-majority Indonesia.

    Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, has seen its reputation for pluralism eroded by a surge in attacks on minorities.

    Analysts say identity politics and rising intolerance are likely to feature prominently — along with the economy — in campaigning for next April’s general election across the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago.

    On Sunday, some 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally, with 23,000 officers securing the event, Jakarta police spokesman Argo Yuwono told AFP.

    The demonstrators — many dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags — gathered at the National Monument, where former general and presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto spoke.

    Subianto supported the rally that led to Purnama’s ouster in December 2016, and analysts say Sunday’s rally may have been politically motivated to boost his chance of winning the presidential elections set for April.

    He will face President Joko Widodo, who has chosen conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his vice presidential candidate, a move analysts think will bolster the president’s Islamic credentials.

    Widodo also supported the 2016 rally, known as “212 demonstration” after the date when it was held — the second of December.


    http://www.arabnews.com/node/1414311/world
    Conservative Indonesian Muslims hold big rally in Jakarta
    Updated 02 December 2018
    Reuters
    December 02, 2018 04:56

    http://www.arabnews.com/sites/default/files/styles/n_670_395/public/2018/12/02/1387031-847653877.jpg?itok=oB7i6-re
    Thousands of police had been put on standby but the rally was peaceful. (AFP)

    “We are proud because the Islam in Indonesia is Islam that unifies and is united and will maintain peace for everyone”

    Hard-line groups were banned under the authoritarian regime of President Suharto, which ended in 1998, but they have gained ground in recent years

    JAKARTAP: Tens of thousands of Indonesian Muslims held a rally in Jakarta on Sunday led by hard-line groups who had agitated to remove the city’s Christian governor, underscoring the growing influence of Islamist groups ahead of elections in 2019.

    The rally was attended by former general, Prabowo Subianto, a nationalist with strong links to Islamists who is seeking to topple President Joko Widodo in next year’s polls after being narrowly defeated in 2014 during a bitterly fought campaign.

    The crowd, many of whom were dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags, started gathering at Jakarta’s National Monument from around 3 a.m. to hold prayers.

    “We are proud because the Islam in Indonesia is Islam that unifies and is united and will maintain peace for everyone,” Subianto said in a speech.

    Thousands of police had been put on standby but the rally was peaceful.

    Organizers call their movement a “reunion” for a series of rallies starting in late 2016 that targeted Jakarta governor Basuki TjaHajja Purnama, the first ethnic-Chinese Christian in the job, who was charged with insulting the Qur’an.
    Religious and political tensions spiralled during this period and then governor Purnama, an ally of President Widodo, lost his bid for re-election to a Muslim rival and was later sentenced to two years in jail for blasphemy.

    Hard-line Islamist groups were banned under the authoritarian regime of President Suharto, which ended in 1998, but they have gained ground in recent years, emerging from the fringes of society in the world’s biggest Muslim-majority country.

    Widodo, who is a popular moderate, has chosen a 75-year-old Islamic cleric, Ma’ruf Amin, as his running mate in next year’s election, sparking concern among some that he is pandering to conservative Muslims in a pluralist country with significant minority communities.


    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-6451519/Thousands-Islamists-march-Jakarta-ahead-elections.html?ito=amp_whatsapp_share-toptop
    Thousands of Islamists march in Jakarta ahead of elections
    By Afp
    Published: 08:29 GMT, 2 December 2018 | Updated: 08:30 GMT, 2 December 2018

    About 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally on Sunday with 23,000 officers securing the event

    Around 100,000 people marched in Indonesia’s capital Sunday to mark two years since a demonstration that led to the fall of Jakarta’s Christian ex-governor, as presidential candidates seek to rally support ahead of next year’s general election.

    Former governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was voted out of office and later jailed for two years for blasphemy following the 2016 protests, in a case seen as an example of rising religious intolerance in Muslim-majority Indonesia.

    Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, has seen its reputation for pluralism eroded by a surge in attacks on minorities.

    Analysts say identity politics and rising intolerance are likely to feature prominently — along with the economy — in campaigning for next April’s general election across the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago.

    On Sunday, some 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally, with 23,000 officers securing the event, Jakarta police spokesman Argo Yuwono told AFP.

    The demonstrators — many dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags — gathered at the National Monument, where former general and presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto spoke.

    Subianto supported the rally that led to Purnama’s ouster in December 2016, and analysts say Sunday’s rally may have been politically motivated to boost his chance of winning the presidential elections set for April.

    He will face President Joko Widodo, who has chosen conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his vice presidential candidate, a move analysts think will bolster the president’s Islamic credentials.

    Widodo also supported the 2016 rally, known as “212 demonstration” after the date when it was held — the second of December.


    https://www.google.com/amp/s/guardian.ng/news/world/thousands-of-islamists-march-in-jakarta-ahead-of-elections/amp
    https://guardian.ng/news/world/thousands-of-islamists-march-in-jakarta-ahead-of-elections/
    Thousands of Islamists march in Jakarta ahead of elections
    By AFP
    02 December 2018 | 9:23 am

    Thousands of Indonesian Islamists attend a rally in Jakarta on December 2, 2018, to commemorate the second anniversary of a demonstration which led to the fall of Jakarta’s then Christian governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama. PRANANDITYA / AFP

    Around 100,000 people marched in Indonesia’s capital Sunday to mark two years since a demonstration that led to the fall of Jakarta’s Christian ex-governor, as presidential candidates seek to rally support ahead of next year’s general election.

    Former governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was voted out of office and later jailed for two years for blasphemy following the 2016 protests, in a case seen as an example of rising religious intolerance in Muslim-majority Indonesia.

    Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, has seen its reputation for pluralism eroded by a surge in attacks on minorities.

    Analysts say identity politics and rising intolerance are likely to feature prominently — along with the economy — in campaigning for next April’s general election across the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago.

    On Sunday, some 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally, with 23,000 officers securing the event, Jakarta police spokesman Argo Yuwono told AFP.

    The demonstrators many dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags gathered at the National Monument, where former general and presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto spoke.

    Subianto supported the rally that led to Purnama’s ouster in December 2016, and analysts say Sunday’s rally may have been politically motivated to boost his chance of winning the presidential elections set for April.

    He will face President Joko Widodo, who has chosen conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his vice presidential candidate, a move analysts think will bolster the president’s Islamic credentials.

    Widodo also supported the 2016 rally, known as “212 demonstration” after the date when it was held — the second of December.


    https://www.france24.com/en/20181202-thousands-islamists-march-jakarta-ahead-elections
    Thousands of Islamists march in Jakarta ahead of elections
    Date created : 02/12/2018 – 09:24


    About 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally on Sunday with 23,000 officers securing the event About 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally on Sunday with 23,000 officers securing the event AFP

    Jakarta (AFP)

    Around 100,000 people marched in Indonesia’s capital Sunday to mark two years since a demonstration that led to the fall of Jakarta’s Christian ex-governor, as presidential candidates seek to rally support ahead of next year’s general election.

    Former governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was voted out of office and later jailed for two years for blasphemy following the 2016 protests, in a case seen as an example of rising religious intolerance in Muslim-majority Indonesia.

    Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, has seen its reputation for pluralism eroded by a surge in attacks on minorities.

    Analysts say identity politics and rising intolerance are likely to feature prominently — along with the economy — in campaigning for next April’s general election across the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago.

    On Sunday, some 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally, with 23,000 officers securing the event, Jakarta police spokesman Argo Yuwono told AFP.

    The demonstrators — many dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags — gathered at the National Monument, where former general and presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto spoke.

    Subianto supported the rally that led to Purnama’s ouster in December 2016, and analysts say Sunday’s rally may have been politically motivated to boost his chance of winning the presidential elections set for April.

    He will face President Joko Widodo, who has chosen conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his vice presidential candidate, a move analysts think will bolster the president’s Islamic credentials.

    Widodo also supported the 2016 rally, known as “212 demonstration” after the date when it was held — the second of December.


    https://www.thepeninsulaqatar.com/article/02/12/2018/Indonesia-Millions-gather-for-anti-government-rally
    Indonesia: Millions gather for anti-government rally
    By Dandy Koswaraputra | Anadolu
    02 Dec 2018 – 15:20


    People gather at Monas Square to attend a reunion rally held by 212 Rally Alumni in Jakarta, Indonesia on December 2, 2018. ( Mahmut Atanur – Anadolu

    JAKARTA: More than 2 million Indonesians gathered in capital Jakarta on Sunday to mark the second anniversary of the “212 movement” by holding a peaceful anti-government rally.

    The protesters read verses from the holy Quran and sang songs against incumbent President Joko Widodo.
    “People are lied to, promises are denied, scholars are tyrannised, mandates are betrayed. In 2019, replace the senseless president,” said the lyrics of one song.

    The protesters dressed in white poured into Jakarta on Saturday night from several cities. They camped overnight to pray in congregation at dawn. Some 20,000 troops were deployed for their security.

    The “212 movement” was formed after a rally on Dec. 2, 2016 to call for the prosecution over blasphemy of former Jakarta Governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama, a Christian of Chinese descent. He was convicted and sentenced to two years in prison in May.


    https://www.thesundaily.my/world/thousands-of-islamists-march-in-jakarta-ahead-of-elections-XL195303
    Thousands of Islamists march in Jakarta ahead of elections
    AFP / 02 Dec 2018 / 19:23 H.


    Thousands of Indonesian Islamists attend a rally in Jakarta on Dec 2, 2018, to commemorate the second anniversary of a demonstration which led to the fall of Jakarta’s then Christian governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama. — AFP

    JAKARTA: Around 100,000 people marched in Indonesia’s capital Sunday to mark two years since a demonstration that led to the fall of Jakarta’s Christian ex-governor, as presidential candidates seek to rally support ahead of next year’s general election.

    Former governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was voted out of office and later jailed for two years for blasphemy following the 2016 protests, in a case seen as an example of rising religious intolerance in Muslim-majority Indonesia.

    Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country, has seen its reputation for pluralism eroded by a surge in attacks on minorities.

    Analysts say identity politics and rising intolerance are likely to feature prominently — along with the economy — in campaigning for next April’s general election across the sprawling Southeast Asian archipelago.

    On Sunday, some 100,000 people joined the peaceful rally, with 23,000 officers securing the event, Jakarta police spokesman Argo Yuwono told AFP.

    The demonstrators — many dressed in white and carrying Islamic flags — gathered at the National Monument, where former general and presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto spoke.

    Subianto supported the rally that led to Purnama’s ouster in December 2016, and analysts say Sunday’s rally may have been politically motivated to boost his chance of winning the presidential elections set for April.

    He will face President Joko Widodo, who has chosen conservative cleric Ma’ruf Amin as his vice presidential candidate, a move analysts think will bolster the president’s Islamic credentials.

    Widodo also supported the 2016 rally, known as “212 demonstration” after the date when it was held — the second of December. — AFP


    http://m.utusan.com.my/berita/luar-negara/jutaan-sertai-himpunan-perpaduan-ummah-212-1.798008
    Jutaan sertai himpunan perpaduan ummah 212
    03 Disember 2018 3:00 AM


    PESERTA perhimpunan Reuni 212 membawa bendera Indonesia bagi memperingati siri demonstrasi bantahan yang diadakan pada 2016 terhadap bekas Gabenor Jakarta di Jakarta, semalam. REUTERS


    PESERTA perhimpunan Reuni 212 membawa bendera Indonesia bagi memperingati siri demonstrasi bantahan yang diadakan pada 2016 terhadap bekas Gabenor Jakarta di Jakarta, semalam. REUTERS


    JUTAAN penduduk Islam Indonesia menghadiri perhimpunan Reuni 212 di Jakarta. – REUTERS


    KAWASAN persekitaran Monumen Nasional (Monas) di Jakarta dipenuhi peserta perhimpunan Reuni 212 yang membawa mesej perpaduan ummah. REUTERS

    Memperingati peristiwa penghinaan terhadap Islam

    JAKARTA 2 Dis. – Perhimpunan Reuni 212 atau Reunion 212 (penya­tuan semula) yang diha­diri jutaan umat Islam Indonesia berjalan dengan aman di sekitar Monumen Nasional (Monas) dekat sini hari ini.

    Peserta yang kebanyakannya berpakaian putih serta membawa bendera dengan kalimah tauhid berhimpun untuk solat hajat seawal pukul 3 pagi.

    Ribuan polis diletakkan da­am keadaan berjaga-jaga bagi memastikan keamanan perhim­punan berkenaan namun se­galanya berjalan tanpa sebarang kekacauan.

    Perhimpunan itu turut dihadiri calon Presiden Indonesia, Prabowo Subianto, seorang nasionalis yang mempunyai hubungan kuat dengan kumpulan agama yang mahu menumbangkan Presiden Joko Widodo atau Jokowi dalam pilihan raya Presiden (Pilpres) tahun depan.

    Prabowo berkata, Islam di Indonesia adalah cukup membanggakan kerana berjaya me­nyatupadukan ummah.

    “Kita bersatu padu dan akan mengekalkan keamanan kepada semua,” katanya ketika berucap dalam perhimpunan tersebut.

    Perhimpunan 212 dianjurkan kumpulan Islam pada 2 Disember 2016 yang menuntut tindakan diambil terhadap bekas Gabenor Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama atau Ahok yang didakwa menghina Islam ketika kempen pilihan raya Gabenor, September 2016.

    Ahok mencetuskan kontroversi dan kemarahan umat Islam apabila menuduh musuh-musuhnya menggunakan ayat suci al-Quran untuk menipu rakyat supaya tidak mengun­dinya dalam pilihan raya kerana dia bukan beragama Islam.

    Ketegangan politik dan agama timbul ketika itu hingga menyebabkan Ahok sebagai pe­mimpin Cina Kristian pertama memegang jawatan itu gagal dalam pemilihan semula dan kemudiannya dihukum penjara dua tahun.

    Kumpulan Islam tegar telah diharamkan ketika pemerintahan rejim Presiden Suharto sehingga 1998 dan beberapa tahun ini kembali berkembang.

    Sementara itu, Jokowi telah memilih seorang agamawan berusia 75 tahun, Ma’ruf Amin sebagai calon Naib Presiden dalam pilihan raya akan datang yang menimbulkan kebimba­ngan sesetengah bahawa beliau melayani pemimpin Islam konservatif dalam negara majmuk bersama komuniti minoriti yang signifikan. – REUTERS


    https://www.thestar.com.my/news/regional/2018/12/03/islamic-politics-show-strength-in-massive-jakarta-anti-ahok-rally/
    Islamic politics show strength in massive Jakarta anti-Ahok rally
    Asean Plus
    Monday, 3 Dec 2018 10:58 AM MYT

    https://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2018/12/03/03/01/rally-indonesia.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=66A102343CB0A1EADCD3447F379CA9140C02A104
    Big turnout: Participants in the so-called reunion of the 212 alumni pack the National Monument (Monas) in Central Jakarta on Sunday. The gathering was named after the massive rally held on Dec. 2, 2016 that called for the prosecution of then-Jakarta governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama for blasphemy. (Antara/Sigid Kurniawan)

    Islamist groups behind the downfall of former Jakarta governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama are calling on Muslims to vote against the presidential candidate and political parties that backed the city’s first Chinese and second Christian governor.

    In a big rally that shows the growing clout of the Islamists in Indonesian politics and the 2019 general elections, hundreds of thousands of conservative Muslims flocked to the National Monument (Monas) in Jakarta on Sunday (Dec 2) to commemorate the second anniversary of the 2016 anti-Ahok rally that led to his imprisonment for blasphemy.

    Ahok, a close ally and deputy of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo when the latter served as Jakarta governor, was found guilty of insulting the Quran in a blasphemy case that was widely condemned as flawed and politically charged.

    The rally, organized by a group calling itself the 212 Rally Alumni, was billed as a “reunion” for those who participated in the 2016 protest, although it quickly turned into a political stage for opposition leaders and outspoken critics of the Jokowi administration.

    Other than calling on Muslims to boycott candidates backed by political parties that had supported Ahok, they also endorsed the anti-Jokowi movement bearing the moniker #2019GantiPresiden

    (2019ChangePresident ).

    Protesters brought thousands of flags of various colors bearing the Islamic creed “There is no God but Allah”, also known as the tauhid, and chanted slogans in defense of the flag, which they called “the Prophet’s banner”.

    The flag seems to have served as a unifying symbol for the various Islamist groups joining the 212 movement in the wake of a controversy surrounding the burning of one by members of Banser, a paramilitary group under the Nahdlatul Ulama’s youth wing, GP Anshor, which is considered to be pro-Jokowi.

    A report released in April 2018 by the Institute of Policy Analysis of Conflict (IPAC) highlighted fractures in the 212 Movement following Ahok’s conviction, but analysts said the upcoming elections might prove to be a unifying factor among sympathizers of the political-religious movement.

    Gerindra Party chairman Prabowo Subianto, who is challenging Jokowi in the presidential race for the second time, made a brief appearance at the rally together with Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan, who beat Ahok in the 2017 regional elections.

    Other opposition coalition politicians were also in attendance, including National Mandate Party (PAN) founder Amien Rais, People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) Speaker Zulkifli Hasan and Gerindra deputy chairman and House of Representatives Deputy Speaker Fadli Zon.

    “I’d like to thank the committee for inviting me today. I’m proud at seeing millions of Indonesians, millions of Muslims, gathering here peacefully,” Prabowo said in his speech at the rally.

    “I am proud to be an Indonesian Muslim.”

    Jokowi, who appeared at the 2016 rally, was not invited to this latest event and neither was his running mate and Indonesian Ulema Council chairman Ma’ruf Amin, once an influential figure among the 212 activists.

    Ma’ruf had previously signed a fatwa declaring that Ahok’s remarks were blasphemous, which was considered a trigger for the 2016 rallies.

    Islam Defenders Front (FPI) leader Rizieq Shihab took part in the rally through a phone call from Saudi Arabia, where he lives. He called on his supporters to continue the fight against Ahok during the 2019 presidential and legislative elections.

    “During the 2019 elections, it is haram for us to vote for presidential and legislative candidates backed by parties supporting the blasphemer,” he said, in a reference to Ahok.

    “Let’s vote for presidential and vice presidential candidates based on the decision of ijtima ulama [the consensus of the ulema].”

    Prabowo had been recommended as a presidential candidate at a gathering organized by the National Movement to Safeguard the Ulema Fatwa (GNPF) in August, while all the parties that backed Ahok in 2017 are now supporting Jokowi.

    ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute research fellow Quinton Temby said the upcoming elections and the flag-burning incident contributed to the scale of Sunday’s rally.

    “I think the approaching election is focusing the views of a certain constituency that the government is in some sense against Islam,” he told The Jakarta Post.

    “There’s a sense of the movement building momentum and small incidents like a flag burning in a regional town take on national significance.” – Jakarta Post / Asia News Network


    https://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201812030090.aspx
    印尼政壇轉捩點212 反鍾示威牽動總統大選
    最新更新:2018/12/03 12:21

    (中央社記者周永捷雅加達3日專電)印尼10萬名群眾昨天上街遊行,紀念兩年前的一場示威活動。當時一場針對前雅加達省長鍾萬學的示威,不僅讓鍾萬學入獄、雅加達變天,更牽動印尼總統佐科威明年的連任佈局。

    印尼總人口數接近2億7000萬,高居世界第四,其中穆斯林超過了85%。2016年12月2日,20萬名穆斯林上街抗議鍾萬學在演講中褻瀆可蘭經,造成鍾萬學在省長選舉角逐連任失敗,稍後又因褻瀆宗教罪名成立,遭判刑兩年。

    印尼媒體將兩年前的這場示威稱為「212大遊行」。外界分析,這場遊行是反對黨劍指鍾萬學的政治盟友佐科威,針對他們兩人力行肅貪及推動多項改革計畫的反撲。

    212這組簡單的數字(2 December, 12月2日),已成為反對陣營反抗政府的標誌。

    值得觀察的是,原本為捍衛宗教而舉行的「212大遊行」兩週年紀念活動,最終仍舊擺脫不了厚重的政治色彩。

    大印尼行動黨主席普拉伯沃(Prabowo Subianto)兩年前推舉阿尼斯(Anies Baswedan)參選雅加達省長,阿尼斯擊敗鍾萬學入主雅加達省府,普拉伯沃後來也宣布角逐明年4月的總統大選,再度與佐科威對決。

    在昨天的「212大遊行」兩週年紀念活動中,普拉伯沃、阿尼斯、國會議長法德利(Fadli Zon)等反對派要角都有現身。普拉伯沃雖未觸及政治議題,但他強調,「在印尼,伊斯蘭把不同的宗教和族群團結在一起,我們將為所有人繼續維持和平」。

    當初發動「212大遊行」的強硬派穆斯林團體「伊斯蘭防衛者陣線」(FPI)領袖哈比比利奇(Habib Rizieq)也透過越洋視訊,呼籲支持者要維持印尼的團結。哈比比利奇目前因遭通緝,滯留海外。

    若干人士認為,兩年前的「212大遊行」是佐科威政府上台以來最大的反政府示威,也激化印尼政治和宗教上的衝突。

    外界質疑「212大遊行」兩週年紀念活動是反對派發起的政治運動,印尼智庫「印尼選民機構」(Indonesian Voters Institute)主任保尼(Boni Hargens)向「雅加環球報」(Jakarta Globe)表示,「它(紀念活動)自動地成為政治運動」。

    不過,保尼認為,隨著阿尼斯擊敗鍾萬學、當選雅加達省長,許多當初參加「212大遊行」的支持者回到正常生活,想要藉著212這個數字建立「品牌認同」的努力,已經失敗。

    此外,角逐連任的佐科威,日前選擇伊斯蘭宗教學者理事會(MUI)主席安明(KH Ma’ruf Amin)擔任副手人選,旨在抗衡強硬派穆斯林團體的攻擊。

    從鍾萬學連任失利、執政的民主奮鬥黨在地方選舉慘敗,加上少數族群遭攻擊的事件頻傳,激進穆斯林團體在印尼社會及政壇的話語權和聲勢日益高漲。

    雅加達資深記者艾莉塔(Elitha Tarigan)分析,佐科威選擇安明擔任副手人選,就是希望能夠藉重他在穆斯林界的影響力,為連任選情加分。

    隨著「212大遊行」兩週年紀念活動和平落幕,保尼提醒,這個從2016年發起的政治運動一直都很活躍,很可能延續至明年的總統及國會大選,目標就是要擊敗現任總統佐科威。(編輯:屈享平)1071203


    https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cna.com.tw%2Fnews%2Faopl%2F201812030090.aspx
    Indonesian political turning point 212 anti-clock demonstrations affect the presidential election
    Latest update: 2018/12/03 12:21

    (Central News Agency reporter Zhou Yongjie Jakarta 3rd special) Indonesian 100,000 people took to the streets yesterday to commemorate a demonstration two years ago. At that time, a demonstration against the former Governor of Jakarta, Zhong Wanxue, not only allowed Zhong Wanxue to go to jail, Jakarta to change the sky, but also touched the re-election of Indonesian President Jokowi next year.

    The total population of Indonesia is close to 270 million, ranking fourth in the world, with more than 85% of Muslims. On December 2, 2016, 200,000 Muslims took to the streets to protest Zhong Wanxue’s speech in the speech, causing Zhong Wanxue to fail in the election of the governor’s election. Later, he was sentenced to two years in prison for religious crimes.

    The Indonesian media called the demonstration two years ago the “212 Parade.” According to outside analysis, this parade is the political ally of the opposition party, Zhong Wanxue, who is the political ally of Zou Kewei, against the two people’s anti-corruption and the promotion of a number of reform plans.

    The simple set of 212 (2 December, December 2) has become a sign of opposition to the camp against the government.

    It is worth observing that the commemoration of the second anniversary of the “212 Parade”, which was originally held to defend religion, will still not be able to escape the heavy political color.

    Prahawo Subianto, chairman of the Greater Indonesian Action Party, voted Anice Baswedan for the governor of Jakarta two years ago. Anis defeated Zhong Wanxue in the provincial capital of Jakarta. Prabowo later announced that it will compete in April next year. The presidential election, once again confronted with Zoke.

    In the commemoration of the second anniversary of the “212 Parade” yesterday, Prabwo, Anis, National Assembly President Fadli Zon and other opposition figures have appeared. Although Prabwo has not touched on political issues, he stressed that “In Indonesia, Islam brings together different religions and ethnic groups, and we will continue to maintain peace for all.”

    Habib Rizieq, the leader of the hard-line Muslim group “Finance Defenders Front” (FPI) who launched the “212 Parade”, also called on supporters to maintain Indonesia’s unity through Transoceanic video. Habibić is currently wanted to stay abroad.

    Several people believe that the “212 Parade” two years ago was the biggest anti-government demonstration since the arrival of the Zocorwe government, and it also intensified the political and religious conflicts in Indonesia.

    The second anniversary of the “212 Parade” is a political campaign initiated by the opposition. Boni Hargens, director of the Indonesian thinker “Indonesian Voters Institute”, told the Jakarta Globe. “It (commemorative event) automatically becomes a political movement.”

    However, Pouni believes that as Anis defeated Zhong Wanxue and was elected governor of Jakarta, many of the supporters who participated in the “212 Parade” returned to normal life and wanted to establish “brand identity” through the number of 212. failure.

    In addition, Jokowi, who has been re-elected, recently selected KH Ma’ruf Amin, chairman of the Council of Islamic Religious Scholars (MUI), as a deputy to counter the attacks of hard-line Muslim groups.

    From the re-election of Zhong Wanxue, the ruling democratic struggle party defeated in local elections, and the incidents of minority ethnic groups being attacked frequently, the voice and momentum of radical Muslim groups in Indonesian society and politics have become increasingly high.

    According to Elisaa Tarigan, a senior journalist in Jakarta, Zuckerway chose An Ming as a deputy. He hoped that he could rely on his influence in the Muslim world to add points for his re-election.

    With the closing of the second anniversary of the “212 Parade”, Pauli reminded that this political campaign launched from 2016 has been very active and is likely to continue until next year’s presidential and parliamentary elections, with the goal of defeating the current president, Zoco. Wei. (Editor: Qu Xiangping) 1071223


    http://timesofmanitoba.com/index.php/2018/12/03/indonesian-political-turning-point-212-anti-clock-demonstrations-affect-the-presidential-election/
    Indonesian political turning point 212 anti-clock demonstrations affect the presidential election
    Posted on Dec 3 2018 – 12:39pm by TOM DESK

    Indonesian 100,000 people took to the streets yesterday to commemorate a demonstration two years ago. At that time, a demonstration against the former Governor of Jakarta, Zhong Wanxue, not only allowed Zhong Wanxue to go to jail, Jakarta to change the sky, but also touched the re-election of Indonesian President Jokowi next year.

    The total population of Indonesia is close to 270 million, ranking fourth in the world, with more than 85% of Muslims. On December 2, 2016, 200,000 Muslims took to the streets to protest Zhong Wanxue’s speech in the speech, causing Zhong Wanxue to fail in the election of the governor’s election. Later, he was sentenced to two years in prison for religious crimes.

    The Indonesian media called the demonstration two years ago the “212 Parade.” According to outside analysis, this parade is the political ally of the opposition party, Zhong Wanxue, who is the political ally of Zou Kewei, against the two people’s anti-corruption and the promotion of a number of reform plans.

    The simple set of 212 (2 December, December 2) has become a sign of opposition to the camp against the government.

    It is worth observing that the commemoration of the second anniversary of the “212 Parade”, which was originally held to defend religion, will still not be able to get rid of the heavy political color.

    Prahawo Subianto, chairman of the Greater Indonesian Action Party, voted Anice Baswedan for the governor of Jakarta two years ago. Anis defeated Zhong Wanxue in the provincial capital of Jakarta. Prabowo later announced that it will compete in April next year. The presidential election, once again confronted with Zoke.

    In the commemoration of the second anniversary of the “212 Parade” yesterday, Prabwo, Anis, National Assembly President Fadli Zon and other opposition figures have appeared. Although Prabwo has not touched on political issues, he stressed that “In Indonesia, Islam brings together different religions and ethnic groups, and we will continue to maintain peace for all.”

    Habib Rizieq, the leader of the hard-line Muslim group “Finance Defenders Front” (FPI), who launched the “212 Parade”, also called on supporters to maintain Indonesia’s unity through Transoceanic video. Habibić is currently wanted to stay abroad.

    Several people believe that the “212 Parade” two years ago was the biggest anti-government demonstration since the arrival of the Zocorwe government, and it also intensified the political and religious conflicts in Indonesia.

    The second anniversary of the “212 Parade” is a political campaign initiated by the opposition. Boni Hargens, director of the Indonesian thinker “Indonesian Voters Institute”, told the Jakarta Globe. “It (commemorative event) automatically becomes a political movement.”

    However, Pouni believes that as Anis defeated Zhong Wanxue and was elected Governor of Jakarta, many of the supporters who participated in the “212 Parade” returned to normal life and wanted to establish “brand identity” through the number of 212. failure.

    In addition, Jokowi, who has been re-elected, recently selected KH Ma’ruf Amin, chairman of the Council of Islamic Religious Scholars (MUI), as a deputy to counter the attacks of hard-line Muslim groups.

    From the re-election of Zhong Wanxue, the ruling democratic struggle party defeated in local elections, and the incidents of minority ethnic groups being attacked frequently, the voice and momentum of radical Muslim groups in Indonesian society and politics have become increasingly high.

    According to Elisaa Tarigan, a senior journalist in Jakarta, Zuckerway chose An Ming as a deputy. He hoped that he could rely on his influence in the Muslim world to add points for his re-election.

    With the closing of the second anniversary of the “212 Parade”, Pauli reminded that this political campaign launched from 2016 has been very active and is likely to continue until next year’s presidential and parliamentary elections, with the goal of defeating the current president, Zoco. Wei.

    Credit : https://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201812030090.aspx


    https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/indonesia-s-212-rally-not-anti-government-gnpf-ulama/1330970
    Indonesia’s ‘212 rally not anti-government’: GNPF Ulama
    By Dandy Koswaraputra
    JAKARTA, 06.12.2018

    https://cdnuploads.aa.com.tr/uploads/Contents/2018/12/06/thumbs_b_c_89ad3eb9f1d4155db9206fa07ef8e704.jpg?v=112929

    National Movement to Guard Ulama’s Religious Edicts (GNPF Ulama) says rally has no political purpose, basically a moral movement

    The 212 Rally has created phenomenal momentum not only due to its success in mobilizing millions of people in central Jakarta, but also as a huge influencer for Muslims in voicing their aspirations towards change in Indonesia.

    A group calling itself the 212 Rally Alumni was established to gather people who joined the rally in December 2016.

    The recent rally drew a huge turnout and confirmed the solidity of Muslims for having a role in determining the country’s policies.

    According to the National Movement to Guard Ulama’s Religious Edicts (GNPF Ulama), this rally had no political purpose and is basically a moral movement.

    GNPF-Ulama Chairman Yusuf Muhammad Martak shared his views with Anadolu Agency during an interview Wednesday in Jakarta.

    How do you view the 212 Rally, which successfully drew large crowds?

    This is the second reunion of 212 Rally alumni. So it was not a demonstration but a reunion.

    The first reunion was held in 2017, and this year’s rally was the second one. Thankfully, the enthusiasm during the recent reunion exceeded that of the initial rally in 2016, which called for the prosecution of then-Jakarta Governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama for blasphemy.

    We consider this event as a phenomenal momentum, as it was successfully held without coordination or assistance, both in terms of materials and logistics.

    I do not know what happened behind this, as this rally has no political agenda. Moreover, the blasphemer was imprisoned after we held several movements.

    Why has this rally continued even though Ahok was imprisoned?

    In fact, our fight can not end here. It must continue until there is a change in leadership which suits most citizens, especially Muslims. Our country has a lot of problems, while many promises have not been fulfilled.

    Many cases are being stalled in the process. Cases which have been reported by people who do not like us would be followed up by the authorities as soon as possible.

    The Habib Bahar case is an example. Another example is the Abu Janda case, which has repeatedly insulted Tawhid sentences.

    It has been reported many times, but there is still no follow-up. It is very strange. We witness many injustices.

    So I believe we need such reunions so that Muslims remain solid with ulama or national figures who support citizens, especially Muslims.

    How much do you expect from this movement to change things?

    As a national movement that guards the fatwa of ulama, we believe the spirit of togetherness among Muslims is very high. While it is true that the other side has religious figures, we consider it as common things.

    There must be supporters both on our side and the other side. In 2016, there were seven million people who joined the rally.

    In 2017, the amount reached to three to four million people. And during the recent rally, there were around 13 million participants. That is why I believe we have the power to change.

    It may be based on expectations from Muslims who experience or witness injustice. The vice president candidate, Ma’ruf Amin, also a cleric, said the 212 Reunion is not relevant anymore.

    What do you think about this statement?

    This reunion was held to remember an event, an activity or a group of people that had been together. So no one is allowed to say that the reunion should not be held.

    If the reunion is not necessary, how about the commemoration of Youth Pledge Day, Independence Day and the birth of Prophet? Should they all not be commemorated? Don’t let such a superficial statement just because people feel concerned and jealous.

    It is already a common issue that there is no one at any level, from any organization that could mobilize people at that scale of numbers without the power of God.

    Do you think the 212 solidarity will not turn into a move that can be considered resistance towards the current government?

    As the good citizens that comply with the law, we don’t criticize the government but the leader of the government. From the president [executive] to parliament and its coalition, all of them can be considered sterile.

    They don’t play an active role and don’t represent people’s interests. It’s not just said by me, even the Speaker of Parliament Yusuf Muhammad Martak said he doesn’t have any power. Do we have to stay silent? Of course not. People’s interests are more important.

    Don’t let the rumor of us being anti-government arouse. If we really are anti-government, we wouldn’t want to sit together. We have been sitting together. We reported every violation according to the procedure. We went to the police and waited until our report was followed up.

    There are times when people we reported were found not guilty. But we didn’t give up. We will continue to fight for justice.

    We don’t want the government institutions to cause damage to the state’s order.

    Finally, what do the 212 alumnus hope for the future?

    We hope we can gather and hold the reunion every year. We asked the participants if they want to do the reunion again, and they said yes. There must be a reunion again in the future.

    I predict that in 2019, the reunion will be bigger than this year. Because, if God allows and with the greatness of God, Rizieq Shihab [Indonesian Islamic scholar and the founding leader of the Islamic Defenders Front] will have returned to the people who support him. And for the alumni who have never met Shibab [also known as Habib Rizieq] for two years, they can let go of their longing.

    We hope that in the next years, the reunion will be more orderly and safer compared to the past. We hope all of us get blessings and help from God.


     
  • the1uploader 3:12 am on 2018-11-09 Permalink  

    Menteri Rudiantara kekeuh menghapus izin frekuensi 2G 

    Menteri Rudiantara kekeuh menghapus izin frekuensi 2G

    Izin Pita Spektrum Frekuensi Radio (IPSFR)

    IPSFR adalah izin penggunaan frekuensi radio yang diberikan dalam bentuk pita frekuensi radio tertentu dalam skala nasional maupun zona wilayah tertentu. Penerbitan IPSFR ditetapkan melalui mekanisme seleksi lelang/beauty contest atau perubahan dari ISR ke IPSFR.

    IPSFR diberikan untuk jangka laku 10 (sepuluh) tahun dan dapat diperpanjang 1 (satu) kali untuk jangka laku 10 (sepuluh) tahun.

    IPSFR sudah diterapkan untuk izin penggunaan frekuensi radio untuk keperluan jaringan bergerak seluler 2G/3G (800/900/1800/2100 MHz) dan penyelenggaraan Wireless Broadband (BWA 2.3 GHz).

    IPSFR 450 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1.800 MHz, 2.300 MHz

    Penggunaan untuk layanan Seluler dan Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)


    https://inet.detik.com/telecommunication/d-4013084/penjual-sim-card-kami-dibohongi-kominfo
    Penjual SIM Card: Kami Dibohongi Kominfo!
    Agus Tri Haryanto – detikInet
    Rabu, 09 Mei 2018 16:58 WIB

    https://akcdn.detik.net.id/community/media/visual/2018/05/09/0fe14545-3596-41b7-9965-1a052567cba4.jpeg?w=700&q=90
    Foto: Agung Pambudhy

    Jakarta – Kesatuan Niaga Celuller Indonesia (KNCI) menagih janji dari Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) untuk merevisi aturan pembatasan satu Nomor Induk Kependudukan (NIK) untuk tiga kartu tiga nomor seluler.

    Ketua Umum KNCI Qutni Tysari, menuturkan sejak 7 November 2017 bahwa KNCI dan Kominfo telah mencapai kesepakatan mengenai perubahan aturan registrasi, yang pada saat itu dalam bentuk keputusan Dirjen Penyelenggara Pos dan Informatika (PPI) Kementerian Kominfo Ahmad M. Ramli. Namun dalam pelaksanaannya di lapangan, tidak direalisasikan.

    Kemudian pada 2 April 2018, kembali terjadi kesepakatan yang ditindaklanjuti dengan keputusan Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia (BRTI), tetapi lagi-lagi tidak direalisasikan.

    “Kami tidak mau keputusan BRTI. Kami maunya keputusan menteri dalam bentuk perubahan peraturan menteri. Kami sering dibohongi oleh Kominfo,” ungkapnya di Jakarta, Rabu (9/5/2018).

    Baca juga: 10 Ribu Penjual SIM Card Siap-siap ‘Geruduk’ Istana Negara

    KNCI yang menaungi para penjual SIM card ini mendesak agar pemerintah segera melakukan perubahan Peraturan Menteri Kominfo Nomor 12 Tahun 2016 tentang Registrasi Pelanggan Jasa Telekomunikasi, khususnya pada Pasal 11 yang berisikan pembatasan registrasi, yakni satu Nomor Induk Kependudukan (NIK) untuk tiga kartu perdana.

    “Kami minta Pasal 11 Peraturan Menteri nomor 12 tahun 2016 tentang pembatasan registrasi mandiri untuk satu NIK untuk tiga SIM card dihapus,” kata Qutni.

    Berdasarkan pantauan di lapangan, para pedagang SIM card menggelar aksi di depan Istana Negara, Jakarta, Rabu (9/5/2018). Mereka meneriakkan penolakan terhadap Peraturan Menteri Kominfo Nomor 12 Tahun 2016.

    Baca juga: Bakal Demo Lagi, Pedagang SIM Card Tuntut Menkominfo Lengser

    Para pedagang SIM card long march dari Patung Kuda menuju Istana Negara. Mereka membawa atribut aksi seperti poster dan spanduk. Massa aksi ini tergabung dalam Kesatuan Niaga Celuller Indonesia (KNCI). Sebagian dari mereka memakai topeng. Mereka berorasi di sepanjang jalan menuju Istana Negara. Poster-poster dibentangkan selama aksi, seperti penolakan aturan registrasi 1 NIK untuk 3 SIM card.

    Selain menuntut perubahan pembatasan registrasi prabayar, KNCI juga menyuarakan agar Presiden RI Joko Widodo melengserkan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika (Menkominfo) Rudiantara yang mereka nilai telah merugikan para pedagang kartu perdana.

    Tonton video lainnya terkait kebijakan pemerintah dan SIM card di sini:

    10 Ribu Penjual SIM Card Siap-siap ‘Geruduk’ Istana Negara https://inet.detik.com/read/2018/05/09/110131/4012300/328/10-ribu-penjual-sim-card-siap-siap-geruduk-istana-negara
    Bakal Demo Lagi, Pedagang SIM Card Tuntut Menkominfo Lengser https://inet.detik.com/read/2018/05/07/134750/4008770/328/bakal-demo-lagi-pedagang-sim-card-tuntut-menkominfo-lengser


    https://www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20170405154942-185-205185/telkomsel-pemerintah-jangan-paksa-masyarakat-tinggalkan-2g
    Telkomsel: Pemerintah Jangan Paksa Masyarakat Tinggalkan 2G!
    Bintoro Agung, CNN Indonesia | Rabu, 05/04/2017 17:10 WIB


    Telkomsel: Pemerintah Jangan Paksa Masyarakat Tinggalkan 2G! Ilustrasi pelanggan Telkomsel (dok. Telkomsel)

    Jakarta, CNN Indonesia — Vice President Technology and System Telkomsel, Ivan Cahya Permana mengatakan pemerintah tidak bisa serta-merta mewajibkan masyarakat pengguna 2G beralih ke teknologi 3G atau 4G.

    Dia meminta pemerintah untuk menyiapkan rencana peralihan jika memang serius dengan rencana tersebut. “Kalau pemerintah mau melakukan penataan 2G, harus dilakukan komprehesif,” ujarnya saat ditemui di Telkomsel Smart Office, Jakarta, Rabu (5/4).

    Untuk itu, Ivan mengusulkan agar pemerintah menghentikan keran impor ponsel 2G. “Setelah itu tunggulah satu-dua tahun, masyarakat (pengguna 2G) otomatis akan butuh ponsel baru, nanti pasti akan beralih ke 3G atau 4G,” tutur Ivan.

    Jika hal tersebut tidak dilakukan, Telkomsel bersikukuh mendukung untuk mempertahankan jaringan 2G di Indonesia.

    Telkomsel bersikukuh untuk mempertahankan jaringan 2G ini tak lepas dari kepentingan operator itu untuk tetap menyediakan jaringan 2G tersebut bagi sebagian besar pelanggannya.

    Perlu diketahui bahwa Telkomsel merupakan operator seluler dalam negeri dengan pelanggan 2G terbesar di Indonesia. Per Desember 2016, pelanggan 2G Telkomsel masih sekitar 65 persen dari total 157,6 juta pelanggannya.

    Sehingga, Telkomsel menilai pemerintah wajib menghormati pengguna 2G yang masih tersisa di Indonesia. Ivan tak mengelak bila wacana mempertahankan 2G ini dianggap menguntungkan pihaknya.

    Namun ia pun tak menolak, jika pemerintah memang memilih opsi menutup jaringan 2G di kemudian hari.

    Wacana penutupan jaringan 2G ini bermula dari pernyataan yang dikemukakan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika, Rudiantara beberapa waktu lalu.

    Saat itu, Rudiantara beralasan jaringan 2G perlu ditutup lantaran alasan efisiensi biaya dan untuk mendorong ekonomi digital yang digaungkan Presiden Jokowi.

    Menanggapi wacana ini, Ericsson, salah satu penyedia perangkat jaringan telekomunikasi sempat berwacana bahwa operator bisa melakukan efisiensi operasional tanpa mematikan jaringan 2G.

    Caranya dengan mengkhususkan jaringan 2G untuk panggilan suara saja. Sementara untuk transaksi data, operator bisa mengoptimalkan jaringan 3G dan 4G.


    https://kumparan.com/@kumparantech/telkomsel-pertahankan-jaringan-2g-demi-pengguna-ponsel-fitur
    Telkomsel Pertahankan Jaringan 2G Demi Pengguna Ponsel Fitur
    19 May 2017 9:20 WIB


    Gedung Telkomsel Gedung Telkomsel (Foto:Wikipedia)

    Operator telekomunikasi Telkomsel akan tetap mempertahankan teknologi 2G untuk menopang layanan voice dan SMS karena masih banyak pelannggannya yang memanfaatkan jaringan tersebut.

    Walaupun pertumbuhan layanan voice dan SMS tidak sebesar layanan data, namun kebutuhan pelanggan di daerah terpencil, terluar, dan terdalam, masih sangat membutuhkan jaringan 2G. Direktur Utama Telkomsel, Ririek Adriansyah, mengatakan itu adalah alasan utama Telkomsel untuk mempertahankan 2G.

    “Kami berpendapat belum bisa (menutup jaringan 2G) sampai saat ini. Pengguna feature phone (ponsel fitur) masih ada di beberapa daerah, di Jawa juga masih ada yang pakai 2G,” ucap Ririek di sela acara pemaparan uji jaringan Telkomsel menjelang Ramadhan dan Lebaran 2017.

    Di saat bersamaan, Telkomsel juga melakukan perluasan jaringan 3G dan 4G di seluruh Indonesia karena Ririek berpendapat, pemerataan teknologi jaringan juga harus tetap dilakukan untuk mewujudkan Indonesia sebagai digital society.


    Telkomsel Smart Office di Jakarta. (Foto:Jofie Yordan/kumparan)

    Telkomsel diketahui sebagai operator telekomunikasi seluler yang paling rajin membangun menara pemancar di daerah terpencil, terdalam, dan terluar di Indonesia.

    Saat ini, anak usaha Telkom tersebut memiliki 140 ribu base transceiver station (BTS) yang tersebar di berbagai penjuru Nusantara, di mana 35 persen BTS 2G, 55 persen BTS 3G, dan 10 persen BTS 4G. Sepanjang kuartal pertama 2017, Telkomsel telah menambah 7.060 BTS baru yang keseluruhannya adalah BTS 3G/4G.

    Selain Telkomsel, operator seluler lain yang juga masih mempertahankan jaringan 2G adalah XL Axiata. XL memutuskan untuk memelihara jaringan tersebut sampai beberapa tahun ke depan walau para pelanggannya banyak yang sudah beralih ke 4G LTE.

    Berbeda dengan Telkomsel dan XL Axiata, Hutchison Tri Indonesia justru menjadi perusahaan telekomunikasi seluler pertama yang akan meninggalkan 2G di tahun 2017 ini secara serentak di Indonesia dan sepenuhnya fokus pada 3G dan 4G, setelah melihat data pelanggan yang sangat haus dengan konsumsi data.


    https://www.republika.co.id/berita/trendtek/internet/18/01/11/p2cqbg335-jaringan-2g-akan-mati
    Jaringan 2G akan Mati?
    Kamis 11 Jan 2018 01:40 WIB
    Rep: Nora Azizah/ Red: Esthi Maharani

    REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — Menurut data Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kemkominfo) Republik Indonesia, jumlah pelanggan 2G di Indonesia masih berada di angka 30 persen dari total pelanggan operator hingga tahun lalu. Kemkominfo RI memprediksi bahwa pelanggan 2G akan habis pada 2019 mendatang. Terkait implementasi 5G dalam waktu tiga tahun ke depan, jaringan 2G di Indonesia akan ditiadakan.

    Menanggapi hal tersebut Vice President Technology and System PT Telkomsel Indra Mardiatna mengatakan, perihal pelanggan 2G di tanah air Telkomsel masih menyesuaikan layanan komunikasi sesuai dengan kebutuhan pelanggan, baik pada layanan 2G atau pita lebar.

    “Ada pergeseran penggunaan jaringan dari pelanggan seiring dengan perkembangan teknologi,” kata Indra kepada Republika.co.id, beberapa waktu lalu.

    Indra menjelaskan, perkembangan teknologi memang membuat pelanggan Telkomsel mulai bergeser untuk layanan pita lebar. Dengan demikian, Telkomsel selalu memberikan fasilitas perubahan pola penggunaan pelanggan dari basic service ke layanan data. Terhitung hingga November 2017, Telkomsel memiliki lebih dari 190 juta pelanggan dengan prosentase 99,5 juta merupakan pengguna layanan pita lebar atau layanan data.

    Telkomsel sebagai operator terus berupaya mengembangkan teknologi terkini 5G dalam industri telekomunikasi. “Kami terus melakukan uji coba jaringan dan ekosistem sesuai dengan kebutuhan,” kata Indra. Hal tersebut dilakukan untuk memrediksi kebutuhan dari infrastruktur 5G selain ketersediaan jaringan. Di antaranya, Telkomsel mengeksplorasi ketersediaan perangkat dan aplikasi yang dibutuhkan dalam perkembangan jaringan.

    Proses uji coba dilakukan agar sejalan dengan konsep DNA, yakni device, network, dan aplikasi. Teknologi 5G merupakan evolusi atau kelanjutan dari generasi sebelumnya. Terkait perhitungan investasi, pihak Telkomsel belum bisa memperhitungkan harga sehingga belum bisa disebut mahal atau tidak.


    https://kumparan.com/@kumparantech/tata-ulang-frekuensi-selesai-rudiantara-jamin-internet-tak-lemot-lagi?ref=rel
    Tata Ulang Frekuensi Selesai, Rudiantara Jamin Internet Tak Lemot Lagi
    16 April 2018 16:17 WIB


    Menkominfo RudiantaraMenkominfo Rudiantara. (Foto:Kemkominfo/Twitter)

    Penataan ulang (refarming) pita frekuensi 2,1 GHz dinyatakan selesai pada Senin (16/4). Setelah berlangsung selama 143 hari, penataan ulang ini bisa diselesaikan lebih cepat dari jadwal yang ditargetkan Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kemkominfo), yaitu 25 April 2018.

    Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika (Menkominfo) Rudiantara memastikan bahwa setelah rampungnya refarming frekuensi 2,1 Ghz ini, performa sinyal para operator seluler akan menjadi lebih baik dan tidak akan lemot lagi, karena sumber daya radio frekuensi yang dimiliki para operator lebih efisien.

    “Dulu saya sampaikan refarming akan selesai akhir April, tapi ternyata pertengahan April bisa selesai. Dengan refarming layanannya tidak lemot lagi, tidak padat lagi. Itu tujuan kita tambahkan frekuensi,” kata Rudiantara, dalam acara jumpa pers di Menara Merdeka, Jakarta, Senin (16/4).

    “Kan kemarin (para pelanggan) sempat tercekik, pelanggannya banyak tapi jaringannya sedikit. Sekarang kan (kapasitasnya) lebih besar,” lanjutnya.


    Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Rudiantara (Foto:Nurlaela/kumparan)

    Rudiantara mengatakan kalau hasil refarming akan diaktifkan sekitar akhir April dan awal Mei. Ia menyerahkan keputusan pengaktifan agar disesuaikan dengan kesiapan para operator seluler.

    “Ini (hasil refarming) belum diaktifkan, kan janjinya akhir April, tapi ya terserah kepada teman operator,” ucap Rudiantara.

    Refarming terbagi dalam target 42 cluster di seluruh Indonesia dan dilakukan secara bertahap dalam 136 langkah pemindahan frekuensi, yang melibatkan pembahasan dengan empat operator seluler di pita frekuensi 2,1 GHz dan dieksekusi oleh tiga operator yaitu Telkomsel, XL Axiata, dan Indosat Ooredoo.

    Setelah rampungnya penataan ulang, pihak operator seluler pun dapat mengatur efisiensi pengeluaran dalam hal pengembangan jaringan.

    Selain itu, manfaat lain dari refarming ini adalah masyarakat dapat menikmati akses mobile broadband dengan kualitas yang lebih baik, kecepatannya akan lebih tinggi karena adanya peningkatan kapasitas dan kinerja jaringan operator seluler.

    Refarming pita frekuensi 2,1 GHz telah dilaksanakan sejak 21 November 2017 hingga selesai pada 12 April 2018.


    https://www.liputan6.com/tekno/read/3636381/dukung-gaya-hidup-digital-bagaimana-nasib-pengguna-2g-telkomsel
    Dukung Gaya Hidup Digital, Bagaimana Nasib Pengguna 2G Telkomsel?
    Agustin Setyo Wardani
    04 Sep 2018, 17:30 WIB


    Ilustrasi layanan 2G, 3G, hingga 4G,

    Liputan6.com, Jakarta – Telkomsel kian fokus mendukung gaya hidup digital dengan menghadirkan paket bundling untuk pengguna smartphone Android baru dari berbagai merek.

    Kendati begitu, tidak semua pelanggan Telkomsel merupakan pengguna jaringan 4G. Ternyata masih banyak pelanggan Telkomsel yang hanya menggunakan layanan Telkomsel untuk menelepon dan berkirim pesan singkat (SMS).

    Diakui oleh Vice President Prepaid Marketing Telkomsel, Riny Novitriyanti, jumlah pelanggan 2G Telkomsel masih ada puluhan juta user.

    “Khusus untuk pelanggan 2G, sekarang jadi tugas kami bagaimana caranya agar mereka bergeser dari layanan 2G ke layanan 4G, salah satunya dengan kehadiran paket bundling TAU Dynamic Plan,” kata Riny saat ditemui usai peluncuran TAU Dynamic Plan di Telkomsel Smart Office, Jakarta, Selasa (4/9/2018).

    Sekadar diketahui, Telkomsel memiliki total pelanggan lebih dari 178 juta. Dari jumlah tersebut, kata Riny, lebih dari 109 juta pelanggan (65 persen) merupakan pengguna smartphone. Sementara, pelanggan 2G tersebar di berbagai daerah pinggiran.

    Untuk menggeser pelanggan 2G ke layanan 4G, salah satunya dengan bekerja sama dengan vendor smartphone melalui program bundling TAU Dynamic Plan. “Teman-teman device (vendor smartphone) juga menyediakan perangkat 4G dengan harga terjangkau,” kata Riny.

    Meski masih punya puluhan juta pelanggan layanan 2G, Telkomsel mengklaim layanan voice dan SMS-nya turun 20 persen dibandingkan tahun lalu. Hal ini, menurut Riny, seiring dengan pertumbuhan layanan 4G yang kian meningkat dari tahun ke tahun.

    “Voice dan SMS turun 20 persen, seiring dengan pertumbuhan pelanggan 2G yang langsung bergeser ke 4G,” ujarnya.

    Riny menjelaskan, makin lancarnya jaringan 4G di berbagai tempat membuat pelanggan yang tadinya menggunakan layanan 2G dan 3G berpindah menjadi pelanggan 4G.

    Nasib Jaringan 2G di Indonesia


    BTS 5G di Telkomsel 5G Experience Center. Liputan6.com/Jeko I.R.

    Sebelumnya, ada dua operator telekomunikasi Indonesia yang mulai menggelar uji coba jaringan 5G. Nasib layanan 2G pun terdampak dengan hadirnya 5G beberapa tahun mendatang.

    Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Rudiantara menyebut, ada kemungkinan pihaknya akan men-shut down jaringan 2G, namun semuanya tergantung hitung-hitungan biaya efektif yang dikorbankan untuk menyelenggarakan layanan 2G dibandingkan dengan layanan 5G.

    “Begini, pada akhirnya kita akan menghitung berapa effective cost per Mb atau Gb. Sudah pasti, 2G lebih mahal. Kalau 2G sudah tidak ekonomis, pasti kita akan putuskan agar 2G di-shut down,” kata Rudiantara ditemui di Kawasan Wisata Kota Tua Jakarta, belum lama ini.

    Kendati demikian, pihak Kemkominfo belum menentukan kapan waktu jaringan 2G akan dihentikan.

    “Waktunya kapan itu tinggal ke-ekonomiannya. Kalau sekarang lebih murah per Mb untuk data, hanya kan Indonesia belum 100 persen (menggunakan layanan) data,” ucapnya.

    Masih Banyak Pelanggan 2G


    Wisatawan asal Malaysia bermain gawai dekat menara BTS di Puncak Kawah ijen, Banyuwangi, Selasa (3/7). Sejumlah operator telekomunikasi terus memasang menara BTS untuk mempermudah penggunanya di sejumlah tempat pariwisata. (Merdeka.com/Arie Basuki)

    Rudiantara mencontohkan, operator seluler Telkomsel dan XL Axiata misalnya, masih memiliki basis pelanggan 2G yang cukup banyak.

    “Kayak Telkomsel atau XL, industri secara keseluruhan sudah data. 70-80 persennya XL kan (pelanggan layanan) data, nah begitu semua sudah pakai data, yang namanya 2G itu sudah tidak efisien,” tuturnya menjelaskan.

    Menteri yang karib disapa Chief RA ini menjelaskan, basis layanan 2G bukanlah Internet Protocol (IP) tetapi masih menggunakan teknologi lama, makanya untuk menghadirkan internet per Mb jadi lebih mahal.

    “Tinggal tunggu waktunya, nanti 2G di-shut down, tetapi masih menunggu industri, karena kalau misalnya mahal untuk masyarakat, buat apa? Kecuali kalau masyarakat cuma mau SMS,” katanya. (Tin/Ysl)


    https://kumparan.com/@kumparantech/rudiantara-tinggal-tunggu-waktunya-jaringan-2g-dimatikan-1534762903737452541
    Rudiantara: Tinggal Tunggu Waktunya Jaringan 2G Dimatikan
    20 August 2018 18:08 WIB


    Menkominfo Rudiantara. (Foto:Bianda Ludwianto/kumparan)

    Sudah menjadi hukum alam, jika hadirnya teknologi baru akan menggantikan teknologi yang lama. Inilah yang akan terjadi pada jaringan 2G di Indonesia, yang bakal tergantikan sepenuhnya oleh jaringan yang lebih modern, seperti 4G LTE.
    Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika (Menkominfo) Rudiantara kembali mewacanakan para operator telekomunikasi untuk mengkaji kembali untungnya mempertahankan jaringan 2G bagi mereka.

    “Pada akhirnya kita akan hitung berapa cost-nya. Kalo pakai 2G lebih mahal. Kalau tidak lebih ekonomis akan kita shut down,” ujar Rudiantara, saat ditemui dalam acara uji coba jaringan 5G XL Axiata di Kota Tua, Jakarta, Senin (20/8).

    Menurut pria yang akrab disapa Chief RA ini beban operasional 2G akan sangat memberatkan operator seluler, serta akan lebih baik jika layanan 2G dihapus demi kelancaran dan efisiensi industri teknologi.

    “Kalo sekarang lebih murah per megabyte. Industri sudah menerapkannya di atas 70 persen. XL saja sudah 80 persen. Semua sudah pakai data. Yang pakai 2G sudah gak efisien karena basisnya bukan IP, jadi masih mahal. Tinggal tunggu waktunya 2G di shut down. Kalau mahal juga buat apa,” terangnya.


    Menkominfo Rudiantara (Foto:Irfan Adi Saputra/kumparan)

    Wacana soal dimatikannya layanan 2G sudah mencuat sejak hadirnya teknologi 4G. Seiring dengan perkembangan zaman, di kala smartphone, dan berbagai gadget lainnya muncul, teknologi jaringan telekomunikasi ikut berkembang. Banyak gadget yang sudah mengoptimalkan penggunaan jaringan 4G.

    Apalagi saat ini teknologi jaringan 5G sudah mulai diuji coba oleh sejumlah operator telekomunikasi di Indonesia.
    Selain XL yang menguji jaringan 5G di kawasan Kota Tua, Telkomsel juga sedang menguji jaringan 5G di kawasan Stadion Gelora Bung Karno, Jakarta, selama Asian Games 2018.

    Sejumlah operator seluler di Indonesia sendiri berbeda pendapat mengenai nasib jaringan 2G ke depannya. XL dan Tri lebih memilih untuk mematikan 2G ketimbang 3G, sementara Telkomsel ingin mempertahankan jaringan 2G demi pengguna ponsel fitur.


    https://www.liputan6.com/tekno/read/3624436/kemkominfo-bakal-matikan-jaringan-2g-setelah-5g-hadir-di-indonesia
    Kemkominfo Bakal Matikan Jaringan 2G Setelah 5G Hadir di Indonesia?
    Agustin Setyo Wardani
    21 Agu 2018, 12:30 WIB


    Menkominfo Rudiantara meninjau pusat komando dan monitoring layanan XL didampingi oleh CTO XL Yessie D Yosetya (Foto: XL)

    Liputan6.com, Jakarta – Dua operator seluler terbesar di Indonesia yakni Telkomsel dan XL Axiata telah melakukan uji coba teknologi internet generasi kelima 5G.

    Telkomsel menggelar uji coba 5G dengan menampilkan teknologi bus otonom dan sejumlah gim virtual reality di sekitar area Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno (SUGBK) sepanjang perhelatan Asian Games 2018.

    Sementara belum lama ini, XL Axiata menguji coba 5G untuk mendukung program smart city Pemprov DKI Jakarta dalam bentuk transportasi cerdas, pengelolaan air, sampah, dan kamera keamanan.

    Tidak hanya itu, XL Axiata juga menjanjikan kehadiran internet cepat 5G untuk jaringan internet nirkabel di rumah dengan teknologi Wireless Gigabit (WiGig) dengan harga terjangkau.

    Disebutkan, XL bakal bisa menjual internet berkecepatan 1Gbps berteknologi 5G per rumah dengan biaya Rp 100 ribu saja.

    Lantas dengan kehadiran teknologi internet 5G di Indonesia di kemudian hari, bagaimana nasib jaringan 2G? Apakah pemerintah akan menghentikan jaringan 2G?

    Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Rudiantara menyebut, ada kemungkinan pihaknya akan men-shut down jaringan 2G, namun semuanya tergantung hitung-hitungan biaya efektif yang dikorbankan untuk menyelenggarakan layanan 2G dibandingkan dengan layanan 5G.

    “Begini, pada akhirnya kita akan menghitung berapa effective cost per Mb atau Gb. Sudah pasti, 2G lebih mahal. Kalau 2G sudah tidak ekonomis, pasti kita akan putuskan agar 2G di-shut down,” kata Rudiantara ditemui di Kawasan Wisata Kota Tua Jakarta, baru-baru ini.

    Belum Tentukan Kapan Matikan 2G


    BTS 5G di Telkomsel 5G Experience Center. Liputan6.com/Jeko I.R.

    Kendati demikian, pihak Kemkominfo belum menentukan kapan waktu jaringan 2G akan dihentikan.

    “Waktunya kapan itu tinggal ke-ekonomiannya. Kalau sekarang lebih murah per Mb untuk data, hanya kan Indonesia belum 100 persen (menggunakan layanan) data,” ucapnya.

    Rudiantara mencontohkan, operator seluler Telkomsel dan XL Axiata misalnya, masih memiliki basis pelanggan 2G yang cukup banyak.

    “Kayak Telkomsel atau XL, industri secara keseluruhan sudah data. 70-80 persennya XL kan (pelanggan layanan) data, nah begitu semua sudah pakai data, yang namanya 2G itu sudah tidak efisien,” tuturnya menjelaskan.

    Menteri yang karib disapa Chief RA ini menjelaskan, basis layanan 2G bukanlah Internet Protocol (IP) tetapi masih menggunakan teknologi lama, makanya untuk menghadirkan internet per Mb jadi lebih mahal.

    “Tinggal tunggu waktunya, nanti 2G di-shut down, tetapi masih menunggu industri, karena kalau misalnya mahal untuk masyarakat, buat apa? Kecuali kalau masyarakat cuma mau SMS,” katanya.

    Penataan Jaringan 2G


    Menkominfo Cek Persiapan Trafik Telekomunikasi.
    Menkominfo Rudiantara didampingi Direktur / Chief Service Management XL Axiata Yessie D. Yosetya saat meninjau Network monitoring XL di Jakarta, Jumat (23/6). (Liputan6.com/Angga Yuniar)

    Sementara itu, Direktur Teknologi XL Axiata Yessie D Yosetya mengatakan, XL selalu memperhatikan pengalaman pelanggan dalam menghadirkan layanan.

    “Untuk darah yang 2G-nya rendah dan data tinggi, sudah mulai ditata untuk jadi data. Contohnya di beberapa daerah, lebih dari 15 ribu site kita 1.800 Mhz-nya sudah 15 Ghz. Artinya, 2G yang dilayani dengan frekuensi 1.800 Mhz sudah makin sedikit,” kata Yessie.

    Yessie juga menyebut, sudah ada ratusan kabupaten di Indonesia yang jaringan 2G-nya telah ditata. (Tin/Ysl)


    https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/15317/siaran-pers-no-299hmkominfo112018-tentang-evaluasi-kinerja-penyelenggara-bwa-23-ghz/0/siaran_pers
    Evaluasi Kinerja Penyelenggara BWA 2.3 GHz
    SIARAN PERS NO. 299/HM/KOMINFO/11/2018

    Siaran Pers No. 299/HM/KOMINFO/11/2018
    Tanggal 9 November 2018
    tentang
    Evaluasi Kinerja Penyelenggara BWA 2.3 GHz

    Sehubungan dengan akan berakhirnya masa laku Izin Pita Frekuensi Radio pada Pita frekuensi radio 2.3 GHz untuk penyelenggaraan Jaringan tetap Lokal berbasis Packet Switched pada bulan November 2019, berikut disampaikan hasil evaluasi terhadap kepatuhan penyelenggara telekomunikasi dalam memenuhi ketentuan dalam izin yang telah diberikan:

    I. Kewajiban Pembayaran BHP Frekuensi Radio

    II. Capaian Kewajiban Pembangunan Jaringan Telekomunikasi

    Berdasarkan ketentuan Pasal 34 ayat (1) Undang-Undang Nomor 36 Tahun 1999 tentang Telekomunikasi jo. Pasal 29 ayat (1) Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 53 Tahun 2000 tentang Penggunaan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio dan Orbit Satelit, dinyatakan bahwa setiap pengguna spektrum frekuensi radio untuk tujuan penyelenggaraan telekomunikasi wajib membayar biaya hak penggunaan spektrum frekuensi radio.

    Selanjutnya, berdasarkan Pasal 83 ayat (1) Peraturan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Nomor 9 Tahun 2018 tentang Ketentuan Operasional Penggunaan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio dinyatakan bahwa setiap pemegang IPFR yang tidak melakukan pembayaran secara penuh BHP Frekuensi Radio paling lambat pada tanggal jatuh tempo pembayaran dikenakan sanksi administrasi berupa denda, penghentian sementara penggunaan Pita Frekuensi Radio, dan/atau pencabutan izin.

    Pencabutan Izin dimaksud dilakukan setelah pemegang IPFR diberikan 3 (tiga) kali surat peringatan, dan tidak melunasi seluruh BHP Frekuensi Radio untuk IPFR tahunan berikut dendanya sampai dengan bulan ke 24 (dua puluh empat) sejak tanggal jatuh tempo BHP Frekuensi Radio terutang, yaitu selambat-lambatnya pada tanggal 17 November 2018.

    Dalam rangka melaksanakan Asas-Asas Umum Pemerintahan yang Baik dan melindungi hak konsumen, Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika telah mengambil langkah-langkah seperti menerbitkan beberapa kali surat peringatan, mengundang ketiga penyelenggara yang belum melunasi BHP Frekuensi (PT Jasnita, PT Internux dan PT First Media) untuk berkoordinasi dalam rangka penyelesaian tunggakan BHP frekuensi radio dimaksud dan perlindungan hak konsumen, serta menerbitkan surat pemberitahuan kepada Penyelenggara untuk melakukan langkah strategis dalam pengalihan pelanggan jasa telekomunikasi kepada penyelenggara telekomunikasi, dalam hal ketiga Penyelenggara dimaksud tidak melakukan pelunasan tunggakan BHP frekuensi radio beserta denda dimaksud sampai dengan tanggal jatuh tempo.

    Dari sisi penyelenggaraan, dalam hal terjadi pencabutan Izin Pita Frekuensi Radio (IPFR) ataupun tindakan lain yang diambil oleh Pemerintah kepada penyelenggara tersebut sehingga mengakibatkan terhentinya layanan kepada pelanggan, Direktorat Jenderal Penyelenggaraan Pos dan Informatika (Ditjen PPI) segera mengambil langkah-langkah sebagai berikut:

    Meminta klarifikasi tertulis kepada penyelenggara bersangkutan perihal rencana kelangsungan usaha Jasa Akses Internet mereka. Perlu diketahui bersama, bahwa pita 2,3 GHz hanyalah salah satu media akses yang digunakan oleh penyelenggara Jaringan Tetap Lokal Berbasis Packet Switched dalam menyalurkan layanan kepada pelanggannya. Dari sudut pandang teknologi, selain spektrum frekuensi radio, jaringan akses dapat disalurkan melalui media lain seperti fiber optik, kabel (tembaga atau coaxial), maupun melalui teknologi VSAT (Broadband Satellite Access).

    Dari hasil klarifikasi sebagaimana butir 1 di atas, dalam hal Penyelenggara Jaringan Tetap Lokal Berbasis Packet Switched memiliki media akses lain yang tidak terbatas hanya pada pita 2,3 GHz, maka Ditjen PPI akan melakukan penyesuaian terhadap izin penyelenggaraan yang bersangkutan.

    Sebaliknya, jika penyelenggara bersangkutan tidak memiliki media akses lain sehingga tidak dapat beroperasi, maka sesuai ketentuan yang berlaku, Ditjen PPI akan melakukan pencabutan izin setelah diberikannya peringatan tertulis sebanyak 3 (tiga) kali berturut-turut yang masing-masing peringatan tertulis berlangsung selama 7 (tujuh) hari kerja.

    Bagi penyelenggara yang izin penyelenggaraannya akhirnya dicabut, penyelenggara bersangkutan wajib menyalurkan kepentingan pelanggan ke penyelenggara lainnya sesuai dengan area layanannya sepanjang layanan tersedia dan memungkinkan.

    Dari sejak terhentinya layanan kepada pelanggan, Ditjen PPI bersama-sama dengan unsur Pemerintah lainnya (Badan Perlindungan Kosumen Nasional) serta lembaga perlindungan konsumen swadaya masyarakat akan melakukan pengawasan terhadap pemenuhan hak-hak pelanggan dalam hal pelayanan yang telah disepakati.

    Ditjen PPI terus melakukan monitoring dan evaluasi terhadap penyelenggara lainnya yang memiliki pita frekuensi 2,3 GHz dan tidak terdampak dari kebijakan Pemerintah ini, agar senantiasa memenuhi kewajiban sebagaimana diatur dalam ketentuan perundang-undangan.

    Berdasarkan hasil evaluasi, sampai dengan tahun penyelenggaraan 2017, seluruh penyelenggara Jaringan Tetap Lokal Berbasis Packet Switched yang memiliki media akses pita frekuensi 2,3 GHz telah memenuhi kewajiban Penerimaan Negara Bukan Pajak (PNBP) berupa Biaya Hak Penyelenggaraan Telekomunikasi dan Kewajiban Kontribusi Pelayanan Universal (KKPU) tahun 2017, serta capaian kewajiban pembangunan yang bervariasi antar penyelenggara.

    Ferdinandus Setu
    Plt. Kepala Biro Humas Kementerian Kominfo
    e-mail: humas@mail.kominfo.go.id
    Telp/Fax : 021-3504024
    Twitter @kemkominfo FB: @kemkominfo IG: @kemenkominfo
    website: http://www.kominfo.go.id


     
  • the1uploader 2:02 pm on 2018-11-07 Permalink  

    Pencabutan Izin Frekuensi PT Internux dan First Media (KBLV): Awal Kebangkrutan Lippo di Bisnis Internet 

    Pencabutan Izin Frekuensi PT Internux dan First Media (KBLV): Kebangkrutan Lippo di Bisnis Internet

    Lippo beranggapan First Media merupakan nama yang bisa dijual untuk layanan internet wireless. Akal-akalan pun dibuat. Jual-beli saham Link.Net dan KBLV pun dilakukan. Perusahaan dengan alamat dan kantor yang sama dipertukarkan. Hanya beda kop surat, stempel, dan pemberi tanda tangan.

    Aksi akal-akalan Jual-Beli saham perusahaan di satu grup sudah dilakukan Lippo ribuan kali.
    OJK (alias Bapepam) pun berpangku-tangan terhadap aksi akal-akalan ini.
    BEI (Bursa Efek Indonesia alias BEJ) apa lagi.
    Bank Indonesia tutup mulut dan tutup mata.
    Menteri Keuangan, idem wae.

    Berbagai otoritas publik seakan tidak mau tau dan tidak mau perduli terhadap aksi akal-akalan Lippo.


    https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/11/07/belitan-utang-yang-mengancam-perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo
    Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo
    Penulis: Safrezi Fitra
    Editor: Amal Ihsan Hadian
    Rabu 7/11/2018, 17.20 WIB

    Sidang PKPU pada 13 November mendatang akan memutuskan nasib utang Internux akan berakhir damai atau dipailitkan.


    Telaah – Utang Lippo. lightwise/123rf

    PT Internux, perusahaan penyedia jasa internet Grup Lippo tengah dililit permasalahan utang hingga triliunan rupiah dari ratusan krediturnya. Namun, produsen modem merek Bolt ini berpeluang selamat dari kepailitan dan proses Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang (PKPU) hampir berujung damai atau homologasi.

    Saat ini Internux harus menghadapi gugatan PKPU dengan total tagihan Rp 4,69 triliun dari 283 kreditur. Rinciannya, sebesar Rp 226 miliar dari 2 kreditur separatis (berjaminan) dan 281 kreditur konruen (tidak berjaminan) senilai Rp 4,47 triliun. Sementara First Media menyebut total utang Internux hanya Rp 4,26 triliun.

    Terkait permasalahan utang ini PT Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) telah meminta penjelasan kepada induk usahanya, yakni PT First Media Tbk. pada 30 Oktober lalu. Otoritas pasar modal ingin mengetahui apakah permasalahan yang dihadapi Internux bisa berpengaruh besar terhadap bisnis First Media.

    “Pada 30 Oktober telah dilaksanakan voting atas proposal perdamaian yang disetujui oleh mayoritas kreditur,” Kata Sekretaris Perusahaan First Media Shinta M Paruntu dalam keterangannya kepada BEI, Senin (5/11).

    (Baca: Beban Berat Grup Lippo Menanggung Biaya Iklan Meikarta)

    Dalam voting ini, semua kreditur menyetujui perdamaian. Sementara masih ada 20% kreditur konruen yang menolak usulan tersebut. Sekadar informasi, sekitar 61% kreditur merupakan perusahaan yang terafiliasi dengan Internux. Hasil putusan sidang PKPU baru akan ditentukan pada 13 November, pekan depan.

    Sidang lanjutan akan menentukan nasib Internux dan pembayaran utang dari krediturnya.“Kreditur dapat menyaksikan sendiri apakah majelis akan mengesahkan perdamaian atau menyatakan debitur pailit,” kata Hakim Pengawas Marulak Purba usai membacakan hasil pemungutan suara di Pengadilan Niaga Jakarta Pusat, Selasa (30/10).


    Keuangan Internux. (First Media)

    Internux merupakan anak usaha First Media yang terafiliasi Grup Lippo. Melalui anak usahanya PT Mitra Media Mantap, First Media baru menambah kepemilikannya di Internux dari 74,58% menjadi 75,88% pada awal tahun lalu. Sisa saham Internux dipegang oleh Prosper International Limited sebesar 4% dan Asia Pacific Mobile Pte. Ltd sebesar 20%.

    Bisnis yang lesu dan kalah bersaing membuat perusahaan ini tak mampu membayar utang yang menumpuk hingga triliunan rupiah. Perusahaan ini terpaksa harus merestrukturisasi utang-utangnya melalui jalur PKPU sejak 17 September 2018 lalu. Perkara ini terdaftar di Pengadilan Niaga Jakarta Pusat dengan nomor 126/Pdt.Sus-PKPU/2018/PN Jkt.Pst.

    Internux masuk belenggu PKPU berdasarkan permohonan krediturnya, PT Equasel Selaras dan PT Intiusaha Solusindo. Equasel berupaya menagih utang senilai Rp 3,21 miliar yang berasal dari peralihan utang Internux kepada PT Cursor Media. Sementara tagihan Intiusaha senilai Rp 932 juta dari peralihan piutang PT Nusapro Telemedia Persada. Kemudian menyusul perusahaan-perusahaan lain, termasuk kepada pemerintah melalui Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo).

    (Baca: Upaya Lippo Group Menyelamatkan Meikarta)

    Berdasarkan laporan keuangan First Media, Internux disebutkan memiliki utang dari beberapa kreditur. Salah satunya kepada PT CIMB Niaga Tbk (BNGA) senilai Rp 510,75 miliar. Namun, utang ini telah dialihkan kepada First Media untuk membayarnya senilai 540 miliar yang akan jatuh tempo pada 2023. “Perseroan akan mengganti posisi Internux sebagai debitur,” tulis Shinta dalam keterbukaan informasi kepada BEI, Agustus lalu.

    Utang lainnya adalah kepada Raiffeisen Bank International AG, Malaysia. Pada Mei 2014, Internux mendapat fasilitas kredit senilai US$ 50 ribu yang bisa ditingkatkan hingga US$ 100 ribu. Pijaman ini memiliki jaminan surat piutang, aset, dan penjaminan dari pemegang saham Internux. Posisi utang kepada Raiffeisen per September 2018 sebesar Rp 667,05 miliar. Sebenarnya, total utang yang masuk dalam PKPU Internux mencapai Rp 5,65 triliun. Namun, nilai ini berkurang, karena Tim Pengurus PKPU mengeluarkan tagihan utang dari Raiffeisen senilai Rp 954 miliar.

    Kemudian fasilitas pembayaran jangka panjang dari PT Huawei Tech Investment selama 36 bulan sejak Juli 2015. Internux telah menerbitkan Surat Sanggup Bayar (Promissory Notes) senilai US$ 7.027 dan telah membayar US$ 5.870. Untuk utang yang dilakukan pada 2013, Internux juga menerbitkan Promissory Notes senilai US$ 62 miliar dan telah dilunasi.

    Saat rapat dengan para kreditur di Pengadilan Niaga Jakarta Pusat 29 Oktober lalu, Presiden Direktur Internux Dicky Moechtar menjelaskan lilitan utang ini terjadi akibat mandeknya bisnis perusahaan selama empat tahun. Pada 2009, perusahaannya mendapat alokasi frekuensi pita lebar (Wireless Broadband), tapi baru bisa beroperasi komersial pada 2013.

    Banyak hambatan selama empat tahun tersebut. Dampaknya, Internux tidak mendapatkan pemasukan, tapi harus tetap menanggung biaya operasional perusahaan. Para pemegang saham telah mengeluarkan investasi hingga Rp 8 triliun dan perusahaan pun terpaksa harus berutang pada banyak pihak.

    Komposisi Pengguna Internet Menurut Pulau (2017)
    Get the data data:application/octet-stream;charset=utf-8,nama_data%2Cvalue%0AMaluku%20dan%20Papua%2C2.49%0ABali%20dan%20Nusa%20Tenggara%2C5.63%0ASulawesi%2C6.73%0AKalimantan%2C7.97%0ASumatera%2C19.09%0AJawa%2C58.08

    Cerita bermula ketika jaringan frekuensi yang dimenangkan Internux pada 2009 ternyata belum steril. Masih banyak instansi pemerintah yang menggunakan frekuensi tersebut. Internux harus menunggu dua tahun untuk membersihkan frekuensi tersebut.

    Masalahnya belum selesai. Dalam tender disebutkan teknologi yang digunakan untuk pemanfaatan frekuensi tersebut jenis wimax yang belum dimiliki dan perangkatnya pun tidak tersedia di pasaran. Internux tetap menggelar jaringan frekuensi yang telah dimilikinya dengan teknologi seadanya, meski belum bisa dilakukan secara komersial.

    Mereka kemudian mengajukan izin untuk menggunakan teknologi netral 4G LTE pada 2012 dan pemerintah pun mengabulkannya. Namun, perusahaan ini harus berinvestasi ulang karena tidak memiliki teknologi tersebut. Perangkatnya pun belum tersedia di Indonesia, sehingga harus membeli dari luar negeri.

    Pada saat yang sama, pemerintah mengeluarkan aturan soal penggunaan Tingkat Kandungan Dalam Negeri (TKDN). Sekitar 50% perangkat telekomunikasi pita lebar nirkabel harus dipenuhi dari dalam negeri pada 2015. Internux berhasil menggandeng pabrikan domestik untuk memproduksinya.

    Akhir 2013, perusahaan ini menjadi pionir teknologi 4G LTE, karena fasilitasnya sudah disiapkan sebelumnya. Ketika mulai beroperasi komersial, hanya Internux yang menyelenggarakan layanan jaringan ini. Sementara beberapa operator pemenang tender frekuensi lain tak melakukannya.

    Dengan keterbatasan ini, jaringan Internux tak terkoneksi di luar wilayah yang dizinkannya. Pelanggan Bolt tak bisa menggunakan layanan di luar Zona 4 yang digarap Internux, yaitu Jakarta, Bogor, Tanggerang, Bekasi, dan Banten. Padahal, perusahaan juga mendapatkan frekuensi di Zona 1, yakni Sumatra bagian utara.

    Pada 2014 pemerintah memberikan alokasi frekuensi kepada salah satu operator telekomunikasi yang memiliki cakupan layanan hampir seluruh Indonesia. Namun, Bolt tak mampu bersaing dengan produk-produk perusahaan telekomunikasi lainnya, sehingga penjualannya pun turun.

    (Baca: Skandal Meikarta yang Menggoyang Pohon Bisnis Grup Lippo)

    Sekarang, demi keberlangsungan usaha dan melunasi seluruh utangnya, Internux berencana akan menghentikan bisnis prabayar. Perusahaan akan mengurangi pelanggan Bolt Mobile dengan menghentikan penjualan modem dan perangkat mobile, sehingga fokus pada penambahan pelanggan pascabayar (Bolt Home). Pelanggan prabayar masih tetap bisa dilayani dengan membeli voucher internet dalam jaringan mitra Internux.

    Penataan Frekuensi Broadband Oleh Pemerintah

    Internux juga akan berupaya merelokasi peralatan telekomunikasi ke lokasi tower yang sesuai dengan karakteristik pelanggan Bolt Home. Langkah-langkah ini merupakan upaya perseroan menekan biaya operasional. Biaya-biaya tower bisa berkurang hingga Rp 300 miliar.


    Hasil Penataan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio. (Kementerian Kominfo)

    Beban Berat Grup Lippo Menanggung Biaya Iklan Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/analisisdata/2018/11/06/beban-berat-grup-lippo-menanggung-biaya-iklan-meikarta
    Upaya Lippo Group Menyelamatkan Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/24/upaya-lippo-group-menyelamatkan-meikarta
    Skandal Meikarta yang Menggoyang Pohon Bisnis Grup Lippo https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/10/23/skandal-meikarta-yang-menggoyang-pohon-bisnis-grup-lippo


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/12/izin-first-media-dan-bolt-terancam-dicabut-karena-tunggakan-frekuensi
    Izin First Media dan Bolt Terancam Dicabut karena Tunggakan Frekuensi
    Penulis: Desy Setyowati
    Reporter: Desy Setyowati
    Editor: Pingit Aria
    Senin 12/11/2018, 18.35 WIB

    Total tunggakan First Media dan Bolt mencapai Rp 708,42 miliar. Batas akhir pembayaran tunggakan frekuensi adalah 17 November 2018.


    Bolt merayakan pencapaian 3 juta pelanggan pada Juni 2017 lalu.

    Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) memberikan tiga kali surat peringatan kepada dua perusahaan penyedia jasa internet di bawah naungan Lippo Group, yakni PT First Media Tbk dan PT Internux (Bolt). Sebab, keduanya belum membayar biaya hak penggunaan (BHP) frekuensi 2,3 GHz.

    Apabila keduanya belum juga membayar BHP berikut dendanya hingga 17 November 2018, maka Kementerian Kominfo bakal mencabut izin operasi perusahaan. “Kami masih optimistis First Media akan membayar,” kata Plt Kepala Biro Humas Kementerian Kominfo Ferdinandus Setu, Senin (12/11).

    Berdasarkan data Kementerian Kominfo, First Media menunggak BHP pada 2016 dan 2017. Alhasil, First Media harus membayar BHP berikut denda senilai Rp 364,84 miliar. Begitu pun Bolt yang menunggak selama dua tahun sehingga harus membayar Rp 343,58 miliar. Selain mereka, PT Jasnita Telekomindo belum membayar tunggakan selama dua tahun senilai Rp 2,2 miliar.

    (Baca juga: Tiga Tantangan Industri Nasional Berkompetisi di Era Digital)

    Ferdinandus menjelaskan, pencabutan izin bagi perusahaan yang menunggak sesuai dengan Pasal 83 ayat 1 Peraturan Menteri (Permen) Kominfo Nomor 9 Tahun 2018 tentang Ketentuan Operasional Penggunaan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio (PFR). “Pencabutan izin dilakukan setelah pemegang izin IPFR diberikan tiga kali surat peringatan dan tidak melunasi seluruh BHP Frekuensi Radio,” ujarnya.

    Apabila izin penyelenggara benar-benar dicabut, maka yang bersangkutan wajib menyalurkan pelanggan ke penyelenggara lainnya sesuai dengan area layanan. Serta harus dipastikan layanannya tersedia. Hal ini dilakukan untuk kepentingan pelanggan.

    Akan tetapi, First Media menggugat Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya dan Perangkat Pos dan Informatika (SDPPI) Kementerian Kominfo terkait ancaman pencabutan izin tersebut Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara (PTUN). Pria yang akrab disapa Nando ini menjelaskan, instansinya baru menerima surat panggilan sidang dari PTUN Jakarta pada 6 November 2018.

    Surat ini meminta yang tergugat untuk menghadiri sidang pemeriksaan persiapan pada 13 November 2018. “Saat ini kami belum dapat salinan gugatan, sehingga belum mengetahui secara pasti dasar gugatan First Media seperti apa,” kata dia.


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/13/perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo-berpotensi-pailit
    Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo Berpotensi Pailit
    Penulis: Dimas Jarot Bayu
    Editor: Yuliawati
    Selasa 13/11/2018, 17.08 WIB

    PT Internux yang merupakan produsen modem Bolt, menghadapi gugatan PKPU dengan total tagihan Rp 4,69 triliun dari 283 kreditur.


    Bolt merayakan pencapaian 3 juta pelanggan pada Juni 2017 lalu.

    Perusahaan penyedia jasa internet milik Grup Lippo, PT Internux, menghadapi gugatan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang (PKPU) yang kini dalam tahap akhir persidangan. Majelis Hakim Pengadilan Niaga Jakarta Pusat batal memutuskan putusan gugatan PKPU tersebut hari ini.

    PT Internux yang merupakan produsen modem Bolt, menghadapi gugatan PKPU dengan total tagihan Rp 4,69 triliun dari 283 kreditur. Rinciannya, sebesar Rp 226 miliar dari 2 kreditur separatis (berjaminan) dan 281 kreditur konruen (tidak berjaminan) senilai Rp 4,47 triliun. Sementara PT First Media, induk perusahaan Bolt, menyebut total utang Internux hanya Rp 4,26 triliun.

    Hakim batal membacakan lantaran hingga saat ini belum adanya kesepakatan dari PT Internux terkait fee pengurus PKPU. “Ditunda sampai besok,” kata Ketua Majelis Hakim Abdul Kohar di PN Jakarta Pusat, Selasa (13/11).

    (Baca juga: Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo)

    Kohar memberikan waktu satu hari bagi PT Internux dan pengurus PKPU untuk menyelesaikan masalah fee tersebut. Kedua pihak, lanjut Kohar, harus menandatangani surat kesepakatan tersebut.

    Kohar pun meminta agar surat kesepakatan fee pengurus PKPU dapat diberikan kepada majelis hakim pada Rabu (13/11) pagi. Jika hal tersebut tidak dilakukan, Kohar mewanti-wanti PT Internux berpotensi pailit.

    Sebab, pengadilan wajib menolak untuk mengesahkan perdamaian jika pelaksanaan perdamaian tidak cukup terjamin. Pengadilan juga wajib menolak untuk mengesahkan perdamaian jika imbalan jasa dan biaya yang dikeluarkan oleh ahli dan pengurus belum dibayar atau tidak diberikan jaminan untuk pembayarannya.

    Hal ini sebagaimana termaktub dalam Pasal 285 Undang-undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 tentang Kepailitan dan PKPU. “Akibatnya sudah dijelaskan,” kata Kohar.

    (Baca: Beban Berat Grup Lippo Menanggung Biaya Iklan Meikarta)

    Pengurus PKPU Tommy Sugih juga menyebut jika nilai fee mereka tidak disepakati, maka pengadilan bisa membatalkan kesepakatan perdamaian. Putusan, lanjut Tommy, harus dibacakan besok sebab sudah pernah ditunda pada 31 Oktober 2018.

    Pengadilan hanya memiliki waktu 14 hari untuk memberikan putusan setelah ditunda. “Sudah tidak bisa ditunda lagi. Sudah disampaikan kalau tidak setuju ya pailit,” kata Tommy.

    Menurut Tommy, fee yang ditawarkan oleh pengurus PKPU sebenarnya lebih kecil dibandingkan besaran yang tercantum dalam Pasal 5 Peraturan Menkumham Nomor 11 Tahun 2016.

    Pasal tersebut menjelaskan bahwa imbalan bagi pengurus dibebankan kepada debitur dengan ketentuan paling banyak 6% dari nilai utang yang harus dibayarkan.

    Hanya saja, Tommy bingung mengapa PT Internux sebagai debitur masih belum juga menyetujui fee pengurus PKPU. “Masih enggak setuju juga, maunya berapa?” tanya Tommy.

    (Baca: Upaya Lippo Group Menyelamatkan Meikarta)

    Pada 30 Oktober, PT Internux dan para kreditur telah melaksanakan voting atas proposal perdamaian. Dalam voting ini, semua kreditur separatis menyetujui perdamaian.

    Sementara masih ada 20% kreditur konruen yang menolak usulan tersebut. Sekadar informasi, sekitar 61% kreditur merupakan perusahaan yang terafiliasi dengan Internux.

    Internux masuk belenggu PKPU berdasarkan permohonan krediturnya, PT Equasel Selaras dan PT Intiusaha Solusindo. Equasel berupaya menagih utang senilai Rp 3,21 miliar yang berasal dari peralihan utang Internux kepada PT Cursor Media.

    Sementara tagihan Intiusaha senilai Rp 932 juta dari peralihan piutang PT Nusapro Telemedia Persada. Kemudian menyusul perusahaan-perusahaan lain, termasuk kepada pemerintah melalui Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo).

    Utang Menumpuk

    Berdasarkan laporan keuangan First Media, Internux disebutkan memiliki utang dari beberapa kreditur. Salah satunya kepada PT CIMB Niaga Tbk (BNGA) senilai Rp 510,75 miliar. Namun, utang ini telah dialihkan kepada First Media untuk membayarnya senilai Rp 540 miliar yang akan jatuh tempo pada 2023.

    Utang lainnya adalah kepada Raiffeisen Bank International AG, Malaysia. Pada Mei 2014, Internux mendapat fasilitas kredit senilai US$ 50 ribu yang bisa ditingkatkan hingga US$ 100 ribu.

    Pinjaman ini memiliki jaminan surat piutang, aset, dan penjaminan dari pemegang saham Internux. Posisi utang kepada Raiffeisen per September 2018 sebesar Rp 667,05 miliar.

    Sebenarnya, total utang yang masuk dalam PKPU Internux mencapai Rp 5,65 triliun. Namun, nilai ini berkurang, karena Tim Pengurus PKPU mengeluarkan tagihan utang dari Raiffeisen senilai Rp 954 miliar.

    Kemudian fasilitas pembayaran jangka panjang dari PT Huawei Tech Investment selama 36 bulan sejak Juli 2015. Internux telah menerbitkan Surat Sanggup Bayar (Promissory Notes) senilai US$ 7.027 dan telah membayar US$ 5.870. Untuk utang yang dilakukan pada 2013, Internux juga menerbitkan Promissory Notes senilai US$ 62 miliar dan telah dilunasi.

    Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/11/07/belitan-utang-yang-mengancam-perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo
    Beban Berat Grup Lippo Menanggung Biaya Iklan Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/analisisdata/2018/11/06/beban-berat-grup-lippo-menanggung-biaya-iklan-meikarta
    Upaya Lippo Group Menyelamatkan Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/24/upaya-lippo-group-menyelamatkan-meikarta


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/13/digugat-first-media-kominfo-minta-bantuan-kejaksaan-agung
    Digugat First Media, Kominfo Minta Bantuan Kejaksaan Agung
    Penulis: Desy Setyowati
    Reporter: Desy Setyowati
    Editor: Pingit Aria
    Selasa 13/11/2018, 20.13 WIB

    First Media menunggak biaya penggunaan frekuensi sejak 2016. Ditambah denda, First Media harus membayar sebesar Rp 364,84 miliar.


    Menkominfo Rudiantara. ANTARA FOTO/Wahyu Putro A

    PT First Media Tbk menggugat Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) perihal tunggakan Biaya Hak Penggunaan Frekuensi (BHP). Kominfo pun berkoordinasi dengan Kejaksaan Agung.

    Menteri Kominfo Rudiantara menjelaskan, perusahaan penyedia jasa internet di bawah naungan Lippo Group, yakni PT First Media Tbk dan PT Internux (Bolt) menunggak BHP sejak 2016. Oleh karenanya, Kominfo memberikan surat peringatan agar keduanya membayar BPH berikut dendanya maksimal pada 17 November nanti.

    “Kalau kamu menagih (tunggakan), terus dituntut bagaimana perasaannya,” kata Rudiantara di kantor XL Axiata, Jakarta, Selasa (13/11). “Kami sudah koordinasi dengan Kejaksaan Agung sebagai pengacara negara yang tentunya bisa mewakili kami di proses persidangan termasuk memberikan legal advisory.”

    Dengan begitu, apabila kedua perusahaan tersebut belum juga membayar hingga batas waktu, maka Kominfo akan mencabut izin penggunaan spektrum frekuensi radionya. Namun, Rudiantara juga meminta ada upaya dari kedua perusahaan supaya pelanggan tidak dirugikan. “Itu (urusan) bisnis korporasi dan pelanggan,” ujarnya.

    (Baca juga: Izin First Media dan Bolt Terancam Dicabut karena Tunggakan Frekuensi)

    Berdasarkan data Kementerian Kominfo, First Media menunggak BHP pada 2016 dan 2017. Alhasil, First Media harus membayar BHP berikut denda senilai Rp 364,84 miliar. Begitu pun Bolt yang menunggak selama dua tahun sehingga harus membayar Rp 343,58 miliar. Selain mereka, PT Jasnita Telekomindo belum membayar tunggakan selama dua tahun senilai Rp 2,2 miliar.

    Ia juga memastikan, tidak ada tebang pilih terkait kebijakan. Kendati pendiri PT Jasnita Telekomindo merupakan pejabat di Kominfo, ia akan tetap mencabut izin perusahaan tersebut apabila belum membayar BHP dan dendanya hingga batas waktu. “Kami tidak beda-bedakan siapapun,” katanya.

    Adapun First Media dan Bolt menuntut supaya pengenaan sanksi dibatalkan. Mereka juga meminta agar diberi perpanjangan waktu untuk membayar tunggakan hingga ada putusan yang berkekuatan hukum tetap (inkracht van gewijsde) dan atau kesepakatan bersama antara First Media dan Kementerian Kominfo. Hanya, hingga saat ini belum ada tanggapan lebih lanjut dari First Media terkait gugatan tersebut.

    (Baca juga: Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo)

    Selain tunggakan frekuensi, Perusahaan penyedia jasa internet milik Grup Lippo, PT Internux, juga menghadapi gugatan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang (PKPU) yang kini dalam tahap akhir persidangan.

    PT Internux yang merupakan produsen modem Bolt, menghadapi gugatan PKPU dengan total tagihan Rp 4,69 triliun dari 283 kreditur. Rinciannya, sebesar Rp 226 miliar dari 2 kreditur separatis (berjaminan) dan 281 kreditur konruen (tidak berjaminan) senilai Rp 4,47 triliun. Sementara PT First Media, induk perusahaan Bolt, menyebut total utang Internux hanya Rp 4,26 triliun.

    Hakim batal membacakan lantaran hingga saat ini belum adanya kesepakatan dari PT Internux terkait fee pengurus PKPU. “Ditunda sampai besok,” kata Ketua Majelis Hakim Abdul Kohar di PN Jakarta Pusat, Selasa (13/11).

    Izin First Media dan Bolt Terancam Dicabut karena Tunggakan Frekuensi https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/12/izin-first-media-dan-bolt-terancam-dicabut-karena-tunggakan-frekuensi
    Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/11/07/belitan-utang-yang-mengancam-perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/14/berakhir-damai-produsen-modem-bolt-lolos-pailit
    Berakhir Damai, Produsen Modem Bolt Lolos Pailit
    Penulis: Dimas Jarot Bayu
    Editor: Yuliawati
    Rabu 14/11/2018, 17.35 WIB

    Tidak ada denda, penalti, atau bunga atas tidak terpenuhinya pembayaran utang dalam proposal perdamaian.
    Ponsel internet


    Ilustrasi penggunaan paket internet. Arief Kamaludin (Katadata)

    Majelis Hakim Pengadilan Niaga Jakarta Pusat memutuskan perkara Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang (PKPU) produsen modem Bolt, PT Internux berakhir dengan perdamaian (homologasi). Dengan demikian, perusahaan yang terafiliasi dengan Grup Lippo tersebut, terlepas dari jeratan pailit dengan utang Rp 4,69 triliun.

    “Mengadili, menyatakan sah dan mengikat secara hukum tentang perjajian perdamaian antara PT Internux sebagai debitor dan para kreditornya,” kata Ketua Majelis Hakim Abdul Kohar di PN Jakarta Pusat, Rabu (14/11).

    (Baca juga: Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo Berpotensi Pailit)

    Kohar mengatakan, homologasi dicapai karena rencana perjanjian perdamaian telah disepakati oleh PT Internux dan para kreditornya melalui voting pada 30 Oktober 2018 lalu. Menurut Kohar, hakim pengawas telah menyampaikan kepada majelis hakim bahwa rencana perjanjian perdamaian telah sesuai persyaratan dalam Undang-undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 tentang Kepailitan dan PKPU.

    Para debitor dan kreditor pun telah membenarkan laporan yang disampaikan oleh hakim pengawas. Alhasil, Majelis Hakim Pengadilan Niaga Jakarta Pusat wajib mengabulkan rencana perdamaian tersebut.

    Dalam proposal perdamaian, PT Internux mengategorikan enam jenis utang, yakni usaha, afiliasi, provider tower, biaya hak penggunaan frekuensi, pembiayaan, dan outsourcing. PT Internux akan membayar dengan cara mencicil porsi 5%-15% dari total utang setiap tahunnya, kecuali untuk outsourcing. Untuk utang kepada outsourcing, PT Internux akan membayar sesuai ketentuan dalam kebijakan dan aturan perseroan.

    (Baca juga: Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo)

    Kecuali outsourcing, jika pembayaran cicilan utang per tahun gagal maka bisa ditangguhkan. Nilai utang itu akan digabungkan dengan pembayaran pada jatuh tempo berikutnya hingga waktu terakhir atau tahun kesepuluh.

    Jika dana untuk membayar sisa utang tidak memenuhi waktu jatuh tempo, maka Intenux dapat membayar paling lambat pada akhir bulan ke-360 atau 30 tahun. Tidak ada denda, penalti, atau bunga atas tidak terpenuhinya pembayaran utang dalam proposal perdamaian yang telah jatuh tempo sepanjang karena pemenuhan urutan prioritas cash waterfall.

    Tidak terpenuhinya pembayaran utang dalam rencana perdamaian yang telah jatuh tempo sepanjang karena pemenuhan urutan prioritas cash waterfall pun tidak dapat dinyatakan sebagai wanprestasi perseroan. “Menghukum debitor dan para kreditor menaati perjanjian tersebut,” kata Kohar.

    Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo Berpotensi Pailit https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/13/perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo-berpotensi-pailit
    Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/11/07/belitan-utang-yang-mengancam-perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/19/kominfo-cabut-izin-spektrum-frekuensi-internet-bolt-hari-ini
    Kominfo Cabut Izin Spektrum Frekuensi Internet Bolt Hari Ini
    Penulis: Desy Setyowati
    Editor: Hari Widowati
    Senin 19/11/2018, 13.54 WIB

    Kedua perusahaan tersebut belum membayar tunggakan Biaya Hak Penggunaan (BHP) frekuensi hingga batas waktu yang diberikan Kominfo habis pada Sabtu (17/11).


    Bolt merayakan pencapaian 3 juta pelanggan pada Juni 2017 lalu.

    Pada Senin ini (19/11), Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) akan menerbitkan Surat Keputusan (SK) pencabutan izin penggunaan spektrum frekuensi bagi PT First Media Tbk (KBLV) dan PT Internux, penyedia layanan internet Bolt. Sebabnya, kedua perusahaan tersebut belum membayar tunggakan Biaya Hak Penggunaan (BHP) frekuensi hingga batas waktu yang diberikan Kominfo pada Sabtu lalu (17/11).

    “Hari ini kami keluarkan SK pencabutan (izin penggunaan spektrum frekuensi),” kata Pelaksana tugas Kepala Biro Humas Kementerian Kominfo Ferdinandus Setu kepada Katadata, Senin (19/11). Kominfo sudah memberikan surat peringatan sebanyak tiga kali kepada First Media dan Internux.

    Dalam hal ini, First Media menunggak BHP pada 2016 dan 2017 senilai Rp 364,84 miliar. Begitu pun Bolt yang menunggak selama dua tahun sehingga harus membayar Rp 343,58 miliar.

    Selain kedua anak Lippo Group, ada perusahaan lain yang juga belum membayar tunggakan BHP selama 2 tahun senilai Rp 2,2 miliar yakni PT Jasnita Telekomindo. Adapun Jasnita didirikan oleh Samuel Abrijani Pangarepan, yang kini menjabat sebagai Direktur Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika Kementerian Kominfo.

    (Baca: Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo)

    Sebelumnya, Menteri Kominfo Rudiantara mengatakan, pencabutan izin penggunaan spektrum frekuensi radio tetap dilakukan jika ketiga perusahaan tersebut tak kunjung melunasi tunggakan BHP frekuensi. Kominfo juga sudah memberikan surat peringatan sebanyak tiga kali kepada ketiganya. Namun, pencabutan izin tak lantas dilakukan pada 17 November 2018 karena tergolong hari libur. “Kami lihat kepraktisannya,” kata Rudiantara.

    Manajemen First Media dalam siaran pers 14 November lalu menyebutkan, perseroan mengajukan gugatan Tata Usaha Negara (TUN) terhadap Direktur Operasi Sumber Daya qq Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya dan Perangkat Pos dan Informatika Kominfo di Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara (PTUN) dengan nomor perkara 266/G/2018/PTUN-Jkt.

    Gugatan tersebut terkait terkait lisensi layanan telekomunikasi nirkabel (Broadband Wireless Access 2,3 Ghz) milik perseroan. “Gugatan tersebut tidak berhubungan dengan layanan di bawah merek dagang (brand) First Media yang dioperasikan PT Link Net Tbk (LINK),” ujar manajemen First Media dalam siaran pers di situs Bursa Efek Indonesia.

    Layanan First Media yang dioperasikan PT Link Net Tbk adalah layanan televisi kabel dan internet pita lebar berbasis kabel (fixed broadband cable) yang menggunakan teknologi Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) dan fiber to the home (FTTH) yang menggunakan kabel serat optik (fiber) sebagai medium penghantar. Dengan demikian, Gugatan TUN tersebut tidak berdampak apapun terhadap layanan TV kabel dan internet “First Media” yang disediakan oleh PT Link Net Tbk.

    (Baca: Digugat First Media, Kominfo Minta Bantuan Kejaksaan Agung)

    Belitan Utang yang Mengancam Perusahaan Internet Grup Lippo https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/11/07/belitan-utang-yang-mengancam-perusahaan-internet-grup-lippo
    Digugat First Media, Kominfo Minta Bantuan Kejaksaan Agung https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/13/digugat-first-media-kominfo-minta-bantuan-kejaksaan-agung


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/22/tunggu-keputusan-kominfo-first-media-hentikan-pembelian-baru
    Tunggu Keputusan Kominfo, First Media Hentikan Pembelian Baru
    Penulis: Desy Setyowati
    Reporter: Desy Setyowati
    Editor: Pingit Aria
    Kamis 22/11/2018, 12.21 WIB

    Sementara upaya damai berjalan, pelanggan tidak bisa melakukan isi ulang (top up) maupun membeli paket berlangganan Bolt dan First Media.


    Bolt merayakan pencapaian 3 juta pelanggan pada Juni 2017 lalu.

    Setelah menggugat Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) lewat Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara (PTUN), PT First Media Tbk dan PT Internux (Bolt) kini menempuh jalan damai. Sembari menunggu putusan Kementerian Kominfo, kedua perusahaan menghentikan sementara pembelian layanan baru.

    Alhasil, pelanggan tidak bisa melakukan isi ulang (top up) maupun membeli paket berlangganan. “Perseroan memutuskan untuk sementara tidak menerima pembelian baru dari pelanggan baik isi ulang maupun paket berlangganan, sampai Perseroan mendapat arahan dan persetujuan dari Kementerian Kominfo,” demikian dikutip dari siaran pers ya, Rabu (21/11) sore.

    Manajemen First Media sudah mengajukan proposal penyelesaian kepada Kementerian Kominfo pada 16 November lalu. Perseroan berharap akan ada solusi dan kesepakatan di antara kedua belah pihak. “Terkait pemberitaan dan perkembangan beberapa hari terakhir, kami berterima kasih kepada Kementerian Kominfo atas kesempatan yang diberikan untuk terus berkoordinasi,” demikian dikutip.

    Perseroan pun kembali menegaskan, bahwa persoalan lisensi telekomunikasi nirkabel (Broadband Wireless Access 2,3 Ghz) ini tidak memengaruhi layanan. Sebab, layanan First Media yang dioperasikan PT Link Net Tbk adalah layanan televisi kabel dan internet pita lebar berbasis kabel (fixed broadband cable) yang menggunakan teknologi Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) dan fiber to the home(FTTH) yang menggunakan kabel serat optik (fiber) sebagai medium penghantar.

    Adapun kasus ini bergulir lantaran First Media menunggak Biaya Hak Penggunaan (BHP) frekuensi pada 2016 dan 2017 senilai Rp 364,84 miliar. Begitu pun Bolt yang menunggak selama dua tahun sehingga harus membayar Rp 343,58 miliar.

    (Baca juga: Berakhir Damai, Produsen Modem Bolt Lolos Pailit)

    Lantas, kedua perusahaan di bawah naungan Lippo Group ini menggugat Direktur Operasi Sumber Daya, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya dan Perangkat Pos dan Informatika, Kementerian Kominfo di Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara (PTUN) pada 14 November lalu. Namun, PTUN memutuskan agar keduanya memperbaiki gugatan. Padahal, batas waktu pembayaran BHP frekuensi adalah 17 November 2018.

    Sementara itu, Pelaksana Tugas (Plt) Kepala Biro Humas Kominfo Ferdinandus Setu mengatakan, keduanya sudah mencabut gugatan ke PTUN pada 19 November kemarin. Selain itu, keduanya mengajukan proposal penyelesaian ke instansinya. Untuk itu, instansinya menunda pencabutan izin penggunaan spektrum frekuensi 2,3 Ghz hingga ada keputusan.

    Kementerian Kominfo pun sudah melakukan kajian sejak Senin, 19 November, lalu dilanjutkan pada Rabu, 21 November. Namun, hingga kini belum ada putusan apakah Kementerian Kominfo menerima proposal penyelesaian itu atau tetap mencabut izin penggunaan frekuensi keduanya. “Belum (ada putusan),” kata Ferdinandus kepada Katadata, Kamis (22/11).

    Ada beberapa hal yang menjadi pertimbangan Kementerian Kominfo untuk memutuskan. Di antaranya, kepentingan pelanggan dan tawaran kedua perusahaan untuk melunasi tunggakan dengan cara mencicil hingga September 2020.

    Sementara itu, PT Jasnita Telekomindo yang juga menunggak BHP frekuensi selama dua tahun senilai Rp 2,2 miliar memilih mengembalikan izin. Dengan begitu, perusahaan yang didirikan oleh Direktur Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika Kementerian Kominfo Samuel Abrijani Pangarepan itu berhenti beroperasi. Meski begitu, Jasnita tetap harus membayar tunggakan.

    Itu artinya, ada slot frekuensi 2,3 Ghz yang kosong dan bisa diisi oleh perusahaan lain. Hanya, Chief Sales and Distribution Officer PT Indosat Tbk Hendri Mulya Syam tidak tertarik dengan slot frekuensi tersebut. “Kalau hanya (untuk) regional sangat sulit untuk kami berkompetisi,” ujar dia beberapa waktu lalu (19/11).

    Kominfo https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/19/kominfo-cabut-izin-spektrum-frekuensi-internet-bolt-hari-ini
    Berakhir Damai, Produsen Modem Bolt Lolos Pailit https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/14/berakhir-damai-produsen-modem-bolt-lolos-pailit


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/22/otoritas-bursa-akan-suspend-saham-first-media-bila-bisnisnya-terganggu
    Otoritas Bursa Suspend Saham First Media bila Bisnisnya Terganggu
    Penulis: Ihya Ulum Aldin
    Editor: Happy Fajrian
    Kamis 22/11/2018, 17.33 WIB

    First Media sudah dua kali menyambangi manajemen bursa efek. Meski izin frekuensi dicabut, First Media diyakini tetap memiliki pemasukan.


    Kominfo mengancam akan mencabut izin PT First Media Tbk dan PT Internux (Bolt) karena tunggakan tagihan frekuensi.

    Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) akan menghentikan perdagangan atau suspensi terhadap saham PT First Media Tbk (KBLV) apabila pencabutan izin penggunaan spektrum frekuensi oleh Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) mengganggu kelangsungan bisnis First Media.

    “Misal (pencabutan) izin tersebut menyebabkan going concern terganggu, sustainablity-nya terganggu, bisa kita lakukan suspen,” kata Direktur Penilaian Perusahaan BEI I Gede Nyoman Yetna di Gedung BEI, Jakarta, Kamis (22/11).

    Nyoman mengatakan pihak First Media sendiri sudah dua kali menyambangi manajemen BEI untuk membahas masalah ini. Dalam pertemuan tersebut, pihak Bursa menanyakan efek dari pencabutan izin tersebut bakal memengaruhi bisnis First Media atau tidak. Namun, karena pencabutan izin ini masih dalam proses, pihak BEI diminta untuk menunggu proses tersebut menemui titik terang dulu.

    Selain itu, ada pertimbangan lain yang bisa membuat tidak ada suspensi terhadap perdagangan saham First Media. Nyoman mengatakan, meski izin dicabut, bisa saja First Media tetap memiliki pemasukan yang porsinya tidak sedikit sehingga mereka mampu meyakinkan perusahaannya masih ada prospek ke depannya.

    “Mereka kalau ada anak (perusahaan) yang konsolidasi dan misalnya dominan, tentunya akan memengruhi induknya,” kata Nyoman.

    Seperti diketahui, Kominfo memberikan tiga kali surat peringatan kepada dua perusahaan penyedia jasa internet di bawah naungan Lippo Group, yakni First Media dan PT Internux (Bolt). Sebab, keduanya belum membayar biaya hak penggunaan (BHP) frekuensi 2,3 GHz.

    Berdasarkan data Kementerian Kominfo, First Media menunggak BHP pada 2016 dan 2017. Alhasil, First Media harus membayar BHP berikut denda senilai Rp364,84 miliar. Begitu pun Bolt yang menunggak selama dua tahun sehingga harus membayar Rp343,58 miliar.

    Pencabutan izin bagi perusahaan yang menunggak sesuai dengan Pasal 83 ayat 1 Peraturan Menteri (Permen) Kominfo Nomor 9 Tahun 2018 tentang Ketentuan Operasional Penggunaan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio (PFR).

    (Baca: Tunggu Keputusan Kominfo, First Media Hentikan Pembelian Baru) https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/22/tunggu-keputusan-kominfo-first-media-hentikan-pembelian-baru


     
  • the1uploader 7:30 am on 2018-10-26 Permalink  

    Komentar Kabareskrim Arief Sulistyanto tentang Pembakaran Bendera Tauhid 

    Komentar Kabareskrim Arief Sulistyanto tentang Pembakaran Bendera Tauhid

    https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/18/10/26/ph6yye384-polisi-mereka-tak-berniat-jahat-karena-tak-punya-korek

    Polisi: Mereka tak Berniat Jahat karena tak Punya Korek

    Jumat 26 Okt 2018 12:51 WIB
    Rep: Arif Satrio Nugroho/ Red: Andi Nur Aminah

    Kabareskrim Polri Komisaris Jenderal Polisi Arief Sulistyanto
    Foto: Antara/Jessica Helena Wuysan

    Karena spontan, tidak ada niat jahat dari Banser saat melakukan pembakaran.

    REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — Tiga anggota Barisan Ansor Serbaguna (Banser) yang membakar bendera hitam berlafaz tauhid diputuskan tidak terjerat hukum. Pasalnya, unsur pidana berupa niat jahat atau mens rea tak terpenuhi.

    Kepala Badan Reserse dan Kriminal (Bareskrim) Polri Komisaris Jenderal Polisi Arief Sulistyanto mengatakan, tiga orang tersebut membakar bendera yang dianggap bendera Hizbut Thahrir Indonesia (HTI) secara spontan. “Karena spontan, tidak ada niat jahat dari Banser saat melakukan pembakaran,” kata Arief di Markas Besar Polri, Jakarta, Jumat (26/10).

    Arief menjelaskan, polisi telah melakukan penyelidikan menyeluruh dalam rangkaian peristiwa pembakaran bendera yang terjadi di Peringatan Hari Santri Nasional di Garut, Senin (22/10). Dari hasil penyelidikan pada panitia, diketahui dalam acara resmi tersebut hanya boleh membawa bendera merah putih.

    Namun, lanjut Arief, seorang pria bernama Uus membawa bendera tersebut. Banser kemudian menanyakan pada Uus alasan membawa bendera tersebut. Menurut Arief, Uus menyatakan bendera tersebut adalah bendera HTI.

    Sehingga, Banser pun menyuruh Uus meninggalkan lokasi, tanpa bendera yang ia bawa. Bendera hitam itu pun dibakar Banser. Menurut Arief, sebelum membakar, pelaku pembakaran bahkan sempat mencari-cari dahulu korek. “Spontanitas Banser ini ditunjukkan dengan tidak ditemukannya alat pembakar (korek),” kata Arief. Ia mengatakan, pembakaran itu dilakukan Banser agar bendera tidak digunakan lagi, sesuai aturan acara.

    Dengan tidak adanya unsur niat jahat itu, maka gugurlah unsur pidana yang menjerat tiga anggota Banser. Untuk diketahui, dalam suatu pidana, harus dipenuhi dua unsur yakni actus reus atau fisik perbuatan pidana, dan mens rea atau niat motif melakukan pidana.

    Actus reus dalam kasus ini adalah perbuatan pembakaran bendera. Sementara, mens rea dalam kasus ini dianggap polisi tidak ada karena bersifat spontan dan Banser menganggap bendera itu sebagai bendera HTI yang merupakan organisasi terlarang pemerintah.

    Polisi: Tiga Pembakar Bendera tak Memenuhi Unsur Pidana https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/18/10/26/nasional/umum/18/10/25/ph4zqj430-polisi-tiga-pembakar-bendera-tak-memenuhi-unsur-pidana
    Ini Status Pembawa Bendera di Garut Menurut Polisi https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/18/10/26/nasional/daerah/18/10/26/ph61yj377-ini-status-pembawa-bendera-di-garut-menurut-polisi
    Pembakaran Bendera Tauhid, Kiai Ma https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/18/10/26/nasional/politik/18/10/25/ph5nbf354-pembakaran-bendera-tauhid-kiai-maruf-serahkan-ke-polisi


    https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/18/10/27/ph9fk4438-kpk-pastikan-surat-pemanggilan-sampai-ke-james-riady

    KPK Pastikan Surat Pemanggilan Sampai ke James Riady

    Sabtu 27 Oct 2018 20:45 WIB
    Rep: Bayu Adji P/ Red: Endro Yuwanto

    CEO Lippo Group James Riady menyampaikan kata sambutannya pada acara penandatanganan mou Meikarta dengan sembilan institusi ternama di dunia dalam bidang pendidikan, kesehatan dan teknologi di Jakarta, Rabu (21/3).
    Foto: Darmawan / Republika

    KPK melihat adanya keterkaitan manajemen Lippo Group dengan kasus proyek Meikarta.

    REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — Juru bicara Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) Febri Diansyah memastikan, surat pemanggilan kepada CEO Lippo Group James Riady telah sampai kepada yang bersangkutan. James akan dimintai keterangan sebagai saksi kasus dugaan tindak pidana korupsi dalam pengurusan izin pembangunan proyek Meikarta di Kabupaten Bekasi.

    “Surat sudah disampaikan pekan kemarin. Suratnya yang pasti sudah sampai,” kata Febri di Gedung KPK, Jakarta Selatan, Sabtu (27/10).

    Febri membantah isu yang mengabarkan James telah diperiksa pada Jumat (26/10). Menurut dia, bos Lippo Group itu akan datang pada akhir Oktober nanti. “Tapi nanti saya pastikan dulu ya (tanggalnya). Pokoknya di akhir Oktober,” jelas dia.

    Sebelumnya, komisi antirasuah melihat adanya keterkaitan antara manajemen Lippo Group dengan proyek Meikarta. Namun, KPK masih terus menyidiki sejauh mana keterkaitan manajemen Lippo dengan kegiatan operasi tangkap tangan yang melibatkan Bupati Bekasi. “Saya meyakini ada alasan cukup untuk memeriksa manajemen Lippo, terutama dilihat peran korporasinya,” kata Wakil Ketua KPK Alexander Marwata, Kamis (25/10).

    Menurut Marwata, KPK ingin melihat sejauh mana peran manajemen Lippo. Pasalnya, saat operasi tangkap tangan (OTT), salah satu petinggi Lippo Group ikut terlibat dalam memberikan suap.

    Artinya, lanjut Marwata, perusahaan seolah kurang memiliki unit compliance yang dapat melakulan verifikasi dan mengawasi pengeluaran uang dalam perusahaan. “Terbukti ada uang yang dikeluarkan ke pihak lain terkait perizinan. Jika ada aturan anti penyuapan pasti ketahuan,” kata dia.

    Marwata mengatakan, jika petingginya memerintahkan melakukan suap, perusahaan berpotensi terkena sanksi. Mahkamah Agung (MA), lanjut dia, menerbitkan Peraturan MA Nomor 13 Tahun 2016 tentang Tata Cara Penanganan Tindak Pidana oleh Korporasi. “Korporasi bisa disanksi jika tidak melakukan pencegahan. Mungkin itu yang didalami penyidik ya,” kata dia.

    Sebelumnya, KPK juga telah melakukan penggeledahan di kediaman James Riady pada Kamis (18/10). Menurut Marwata, dalam setiap kali melakukan penggeledahan, pasti ada alasan yang disampaikan. “Cuma pimpinan nggak sampai ke sana,” kata dia.

    KPK telah menetapkan sembilan tersangka dalam kasus dugaan suap terkait perizinan pembangunan proyek Meikarta. Selain Bupati Bekasi Neneng Hasanah Yasin, KPK telah menetapkan sejumlah satuan kerja perangkat daerah (SKPD) Kabupaten Bekasi, di antaranya Kepala Dinas PUPR Jamaludin, Kepala Dinas Pemadam Kebakaran Sahat MBJ Nahar, Kepala Dinas Penanaman Modal dan Pelayanan Terpadu Satu Pintu Dewi Trisnawati, dan Kepala Bidang Tata Ruang Dinas PUPR Neneng Rahmi, sebagai tersangka penerima suap.

    Sementara di pihak swasta, Direktur Operasional Lippo Group Billy Sindoro, Konsultan Lippo Group Taryudi dan Fitra Djaja Purnama, serta pegawai Lippo Group Henry Jasmen, dijadikan tersangka pemberi suap.

    Dari hasil OTT yang dilakukan KPK pada Ahad (14/10), ditemukan barang bukti berupa uang tunai 90 ribu dolar Singapura dan Rp 513 juta pecahan Rp 100 ribu. Tim juga menemukan satu unit mobil Toyota Avanza dan Innova.

    Pemberian dalam perkara itu diduga sebagai comitment fee proyek pertama dan bukan pemberian pertama dari total komitmen Rp 13 miliar. Hingga saat ini, diduga uang yang telah diberikan mencapai Rp 7 miliar melalui beberapa kepala dinas selama April, Mei, dan Juni 2018.

     
  • the1uploader 2:35 pm on 2018-10-23 Permalink  

    Meikarta: Ekspansi bisnis yang menenggelamkan Lippo 

    Meikarta: Ekspansi bisnis yang menenggelamkan Lippo

    Generasi ketiga merupakan biang keladi kehancuran grup Lippo. Keserakahan dan ambisi cucu Mochtar Riyadi yang ingin punya bisnis bak air mengalir dari bisnis properti coba diulang dan diturunkan dari kesuksesan Lippo Karawaci (Lippo Village) dan Lippo Cikarang (Lippo City).

    Itu dulu. Petinggi Lippo berkhayal masih bisa menjalankan bisnis seperti dulu. Business as usual. Sogok sana-sini. Bayar pejabat dan pemberi izin. Ngemplang biaya-biaya resmi. Tuntut balik lawan bisnis. Kalau perlu: binasakan, seperti halnya Hari Dharmawan.

    Mari kita lihat episode Lippo di zaman cebong yang tiran dan mendukung PKI.


    https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/10/23/skandal-meikarta-yang-menggoyang-pohon-bisnis-grup-lippo
    Skandal Meikarta yang Menggoyang Pohon Bisnis Grup Lippo
    Penulis: Amal Ihsan Hadian
    Editor: Yura Syahrul
    Selasa 23/10/2018, 06.00 WIB

    Merujuk analisis perhitungan Altman Z-score, beberapa perusahaan Grup Lippo sejatinya memiliki kemungkinan kolaps yang cukup tinggi.


    Properti – Telaah. 123rf.com | Ioulia Bolchakova

    Pengusutan kasus dugaan suap perizinan proyek Meikarta terus bergulir dan mengarah ke korporasi Grup Lippo serta sang penggawa, James Tjahaja Riady. Padahal, megaproyek tersebut digadang-gadang menjadi mesin uang baru Lippo di tengah seretnya likuiditas dan tumpukan utang sejumlah anak usahanya di sektor properti dan retail. Kasus ini juga menggerus nilai kapitalisasi perusahaan-perusahaan Lippo di bursa saham dan memperbesar risiko kebangkrutan usahanya.

    Kamis (18/10) pekan lalu, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) menggeledah rumah James di Perumahan Taman Golf, Lippo Village, Tangerang. Kantor PT Lippo Karawaci Tbk (LPKR) di Menara Matahari, yang berlokasi tidak jauh dari rumahnya, juga disatroni KPK. Di Bekasi, kantor anak usaha pengembang properti tersebut yaitu PT Lippo Cikarang Tbk (LPCK), juga bernasib sama.

    Total, komisi anti rasuah mengaduk-aduk 12 lokasi. Selain tiga tempat tersebut, KPK juga menyambangi antara lain, Kantor Dinas Penanaman Modal dan Pelayanan Terpadu Satu Pintu (DPMPTSP) Kabupaten Bekasi, kantor Bupati Bekasi Nenang Hassanah Yasin, rumah pribadi Neneng, rumah petinggi Grup Lippo Billy Sindoro, dan apartemen Trivium Terrace di Bekasi.

    Penggeledahan ini menyusul penangkapan 9 orang tersangka dalam kasus sangkaan suap perizinan proyek Meikarta. Empat orang yang diduga sebagai pemberi adalah Billy Sindoro, Taryudi (Konsultan Grup Lippo), Fitra Djaja Purnama (Konsultan Lippo), dan Henry Jasmen (Pegawai Grup Lippo).

    Sedangkan lima orang diduga sebagai penerima: Neneng Hasanah, Jamaludin (Kepala Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Pemerintah Kabupaten Bekasi), Sahat MBJ Nahor (Kepala Dinas Pemadam Kebakaran Kab. Bekasi), Dewi Tisnawati (Kepala Dinas Penanaman Modal), dan Neneng Rahmi (Kepala Bidang Tata Ruang Dinas PU). Mereka diduga menerima suap Rp 7 miliar dari total komitmen Rp 13 miliar.

    (Baca: Rumah James Riady Digeledah, Saham Grup Lippo Rontok)

    Sejak awal, masalah perizinan sudah mengganjal proyek pembangunan kota baru seluas 774 hektare (ha) di Cikarang, Jawa Barat, dengan total nilai investasi Rp 278 triliun tersebut. Menurut Wakil Ketua KPK Laode M. Syarif, pemberian suap untuk memuluskan terbitnya izin dalam tiga tahap. Fase pertama izin untuk lahan seluas 84,6 ha. Fase kedua untuk 252 ha dan fase terakhir 101,5 ha.


    James Riady (Donang Wahyu | KATADATA)

    Bergulirnya pengusutan kasus ini dapat memukul Grup Lippo dari berbagai sisi. Selain mengganggu penjualan dan pembangunan proyek Meikarta, Lippo dapat dijerat dengan kasus pidana korupsi korporasi.

    Hal tersebut sesuai dengan Undang-undang Nomor 21 Tahun 2001 tentang Tindak Pidana Korupsi dan Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 13 tahun 2016 tentang Tata Cara Penanganan Perkara oleh Korporasi. “KPK bisa langsung menetapkan tersangka terhadap korporasi mengingat semua perizinan itu untuk kepentingan perusahaan,” kata pakar hukum pidana dari Universitas Trisakti, Abdul Fickar Hajar.

    Kabar kasus tersebut juga memukul harga saham beberapa perusahaan Grup Lippo yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI). Harga saham Lippo Karawaci misalnya, selama pekan lalu anjlok 5,07% menjadi Rp 272 per saham pada Jumat (19/10).

    Dalam waktu yang sama, harga saham Lippo Cikarang, yang merupakan induk usaha PT Mahkota Sentosa Utama (MSU) selaku pengembang proyek Meikarta, juga turun 6,53% menjadi Rp 1.300 per saham. Nasib serupa menimpa PT Siloam Hospitals Tbk (SILO) –anak usaha Lippo Karawaci– yang harga sahamnya merosot 4,56%.

    Kemalangan juga menimpa anak-anak usaha Lippo di sektor nonproperti. Harga saham PT Matahari Department Store Tbk (LPPF) turun 6,6% sedangkan PT Matahari Putra Prima Tbk (MPPA) melorot 6,05% selama pekan lalu. Adapun, harga saham PT Bank National Nobu Tbk (NOBU) turun 0,55%.

    Sementara harga saham PT Multipolar Tbk (MLPL) –induk usaha sektor retail Lippo– sempat anjlok 9,85% saat muncul berita penangkapan Billy Sindoro dan kawan-kawan, Senin (15/10). (Baca: Batal Bertemu Direksi BEI, Lippo Cikarang Fokus Investigasi Internal)

    Harga surat utang terbitan perusahaan-perusahaan Lippo juga menurun sehingga beban keuangan untuk membayar bunga utang bertambah besar. Per 17 Oktober lalu, yield to maturity obligasi dolar Lippo Karawaci yang akan jatuh tempo pada 2022 dan 2026 rata-rata naik 8% sejak diterbitkan. Jadi, perusahaan harus menanggung bunga yang lebih tinggi untuk membayar utangnya yang akan jatuh tempo dalam 12-18 bulan ke depan.

    Rumah James Riady Digeledah, Saham Grup Lippo Rontok https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/18/rumah-james-riady-digeledah-saham-grup-lippo-rontok
    Batal Bertemu Direksi BEI, Lippo Cikarang Fokus Investigasi Internal https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/18/batal-bertemu-direksi-bei-lippo-cikarang-fokus-investigasi-internal


    https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/10/23/skandal-meikarta-yang-menggoyang-pohon-bisnis-grup-lippo/1

    Peringatan Lembaga Pemeringkatan

    Lembaga pemeringkat global pun langsung mengeluarkan peringatan dampak kasus suap Meikarta terhadap Grup Lippo. Moody’s Investor Service menilai, kasus dugaan suap tersebut menjadi sentimen negatif bagi kinerja emiten Grup Lippo, terutama Lippo Karawaci. Kepercayaan investor dan konsumen akan tergerus sehingga penjualan properti di proyek tersebut terancam melambat.

    “Kepercayaan konsumen yang jatuh akan menahan penjualan baru di proyek Meikarta sementara ketidakpastian penyelesaian unit-unit yang dijual bisa menunda atau mengurangi arus kas dari konsumen yang sudah mengikat perjanjian jual beli,” kata Analis Senior Moody’s Jacintha Poh, dalam laporannya, Kamis (18/10).

    Pada 19 September lalu, Moody’s sudah menurunkan peringkat kredit Lippo Karawaci dari B2 menjadi B3. Ini adalah level kredit terendah yaitu spekulasi tinggi (highly speculative grade) dengan profil risiko kredit yang tinggi. Pemangkasan rating ini menyusul peringatan Moody’s sebelumnya yang mengkhawatirkan kinerja operasi dan likuiditas perusahaan. Alhasil, Moody’s juga menyematkan prospek “Negatif” untuk Lippo Karawaci.

    Penurunan peringkat mencerminkan ekspektasi Moody’s bahwa arus kas operasional Lippo Karawaci di tingkat perusahaan induk akan melemah lebih lanjut dalam 12-18 bulan ke depan. “Kemampuan perusahaan untuk membayar kewajiban utangnya akan bergantung pada kemampuannya mengeksekusi aset penjualan, ” ujar Poh.

    (Baca: Bisnis Grup Lippo Terseret Masalah Keuangan Lini Properti)


    Meikarta – Luhut ( ANTARA FOTO/Risky Andrianto)

    Pada 25 April 2018, Moody’s lebih dulu menurunkan peringkat kredit Lippo Karawaci dari B1 menjadi B2 dengan prospek negatif. Selain itu, memangkas rating obligasi Theta Capital Pte Ltd, anak usaha sayap bisnis properti Grup Lippo, dari B1 menjadi B2, dengan prospek negatif.

    Pada 11 April lalu, Moody’s sudah memperingatkan, sedang mengkaji penurunan rating Lippo Karawaci setelah perusahaan terlambat melaporkan kinerja keuangan 2017 dan gagal memenuhi kewajiban pelaporan khusus dalam penerbitan pinjaman berdenominasi dolar Amerika Serikat (AS).

    Senin (8/10) lalu, Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) juga menjatuhkan sanksi peringatan tertulis terhadap LPKR dan LPCK karena belum menyampaikan laporan keuangan audit tengah tahun 2018.

    Moody’s melihat, arus kas operasional LPKR di tingkat perusahaan induk akan terus negatif dalam kurun 12-18 bulan ke depan. Perhitungan arus kas total konsolidasi ini tidak termasuk arus kas dari anak usaha Siloam International dan Lippo Cikarang, namun melingkupi arus kas antarperusahaan seperti dividen dan hasil penjualan aset.

    Lembaga pemeringkat internasional lainnya, Standard & Poor’s (S&P) Global Ratings juga menilai, kasus dugaan suap ini menimbulkan pertanyaan mengenai tata kelola internal perusahaan. Apalagi, Lippo Karawaci dinilai memiliki penyangga likuiditas yang tipis.

    S&P berpendapat, bakal ada dampak kasus dugaan suap terhadap kemajuan dan arus kas proyek Meikarta. Ini berujung pada tekanan lebih lanjut terhadap likuiditas perusahaan.

    (Baca: Empat Korporasi Besar Terbelit Masalah Pelemahan Kurs Rupiah)

    Indeks Saham Sektor Properti Grup Lippo (2 Jan – 18 Okt 2018)

    “Lippo mungkin perlu menyuntik modal jika proyek tidak mampu didanai sendiri secara mandiri dan membutuhkan lebih banyak modal,” seperti dikutip dari laporan S&P, Kamis.

    S&P menilai, penjualan aset Lippo akan memberi tambahan likuiditas sementara untuk perusahaan. Namun, S&P yakin perusahaan akan terus menghadapi tekanan likuiditas karena penjualan aset hanya cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pembayaran utang selama satu tahun ke depan.

    Tumpukan Masalah di Anak Usaha

    Lippo Karawaci memang salah satu pilar kelompok usaha yang didirikan Mochtar Riady tersebut. Ada dua lini usaha utama Grup Lippo. Pertama, sektor properti yang dimotori oleh Lippo Karawaci dengan dua anak usaha besarnya yaitu Lippo Cikarang dan Siloam International Hospitals yang bergerak di bidang jasa rumah sakit.

    Kedua, lini usaha retail yakni Matahari Putra Prima dan Matahari Department Store yang bernaung di bawah induk usaha (holding) bidang investasi yaitu Multipolar.

    Bisnis retail ini pun tak lepas dari masalah. Moody’s sudah menurunkan peringkat MPPA dari B2 menjadi B3. Menurut Analis Moody’s Maisam Hasnain, penurunan peringkat ini mencerminkan peningkatan risiko likuiditas dan berkurangnya fleksibilitas keuangan.

    Dengan laba negatif dan utang meningkat, profil kredit MPPA terus melemah karena mengeksekusi strategi transformasi untuk menghidupkan operasi, termasuk diskon harga yang curam dan rasionalisasi inventaris. Tapi, manfaat potensial masih harus direalisasikan.

    Sebelumnya, MPPA berencana menerbitkan saham baru (rights issue) senilai Rp 802 miliar pada April 2018 untuk mendanai modal kerja. Namun, Moody’s memperkirakan aksi korporasi itu kemungkinan akan tertunda.

    “Tanpa rights issue, kami melihat MPPA akan mengandalkan utang untuk membiayai operasinya,” kata Maisam. Akibatnya, leverage MPPA, yang diukur dengan utang yang disesuaikan untuk EBITDA, akan meningkat menjadi sekitar 7-8 kali pada akhir tahun ini. Tingkat seperti ini tidak dapat mendukung peringkat B3 perusahaan retail tersebut.

    Moody’s juga memperkirakan likuiditas MPPA akan semakin melemah, jika rights issue tertunda. Sebab, proyeksi kas dari operasi perusahaan kemungkinan akan tetap negatif hingga akhir tahun ini.

    Bahkan, jika right issue berhasil meraup dana Rp 802 miliar sesuai yang direncanakan, Moody’s memperkirakan, MPPA tidak akan memiliki cukup uang untuk membiayai operasinya, melunasi utang jatuh tempo terjadwal dan belanja modal.

    (Baca: Moodys: Kasus Meikarta Makin Menekan Likuiditas Lippo Karawaci)

    Analisis Katadata terhadap laporan keuangan emiten Grup Lippo, nilai penjualan keenam perusahaan mesin uang Grup Lippo tersebut mengalami tren penurunan selama lima tahun terakhir. LPCK, MLPL, dan MPPA mencatatkan pertumbuhan penjualan yang negatif tahun lalu. Sedangkan LPKR, SILO, dan LPPF masih meraih pertumbuhan positif, namun jauh melambat dibandingkan tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

    LPKR misalnya, mencatatkan penjualan Rp 10,9 triliun pada 2017, atau hanya tumbuh 1,4% dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. Padahal, pada 2016, perusahaan properti ini mampu mencetak pertumbuhan penjualan 23,5%.

    Di sektor retail, LPPF juga mengalami kondisi yang sama. Penjualannya tahun lalu hanya tumbuh 1,3%, melambat dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya yang tumbuh 9,9%.

    Meski masih meraup keuntungan, dua emiten properti Grup Lippo yakni LPKR dan LPCK menderita penurunan laba bersih dibanding tahun sebelumnya. LPCK membukukan laba bersih Rp 366,8 miliar pada 2017 atau merosot 32% dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya. Sedangkan laba bersih LPKR tahun lalu sebesar Rp 715,3 miliar atau turun 18,8%.

    Bisnis Grup Lippo Terseret Masalah Keuangan Lini Properti https://katadata.co.id/inside/2018/04/30/bisnis-grup-lippo-terseret-masalah-keuangan-lini-properti
    Empat Korporasi Besar Terbelit Masalah Pelemahan Kurs Rupiah https://katadata.co.id/inside/2018/07/10/test
    Moodys: Kasus Meikarta Makin Menekan Likuiditas Lippo Karawaci https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/19/moodys-kasus-meikarta-makin-menekan-likuiditas-lippo-karawaci


    https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/10/23/skandal-meikarta-yang-menggoyang-pohon-bisnis-grup-lippo/2

    Menyusutnya pendapatan dan laba bersih sejumlah perusahaan diperburuk oleh beban utang yang tinggi. Akibatnya, kemampuan perusahaan membayar utang melalui hasil pendapatan operasional semakin melemah.

    Indikator yang bisa digunakan adalah rasio utang terhadap laba sebelum bunga, pajak, depresiasi dan amortisasi (EBITDA). Rasio ini mengukur kemampuan perusahaan melunasi utangnya. Makin tinggi rasio utang terhadap EBITDA maka bakal semakin berat beban perusahaan untuk melunasi kewajibannya.

    Ada tiga emiten Grup Lippo yang menanggung beban utang besar dengan rasio tinggi. LPKR memiliki utang terbesar dengan nilai Rp 13,8 triliun. Sedangkan rasio utang terhadap EBITDA sebesar 7,32 kali. Artinya, beban utang yang ditanggungnya 7,3 kali lebih besar dibandingkan perolehan profitnya.

    Rasio ini terus meningkat dalam empat tahun terakhir, yaitu pada 2014 sempat menyentuh rasio terendah sebesar 2,6 kali. (Baca: Daya Tahan Enam Perusahaan Grup Lippo Menanggung Utang)

    Pergerakan Harga Saham Lippo Cikarang dan Lippo Karawaci (3 Juli 2017 – 11 Mei 2018)

    Sementara itu, dengan kerugian yang diderita MLPL dan MPPA, kedua perusahaan ini masih harus menanggung beban utang tinggi yaitu masing-masing Rp 5,2 triliun dan Rp 1,4 triliun. Alhasil, rasio utangnya negatif: MLPL minus 4,9 kali dan MPPA minus 1,2 kali. Ini akan semakin menyulitkan perusahaan untuk melunasi utangnya.

    Potensi Kebangkrutan

    Secara umum, kondisi keuangan yang memburuk dan beban utang besar menjadikan perusahaan-perusahaan Grup Lippo kesulitan secara likuiditas jangka pendek dan menengah. Ujungnya, hal ini mengancam keberlangsungan usaha.

    Rasio yang sering digunakan untuk memprediksi kebangkrutan suatu perusahaan adalah Altman Z-score. Jika skor Z di bawah 1,8, maka probabilitas perusahaan mengalami kebangkrutan sangat tinggi. Sementara skor di atas 3 berarti probabilitas bangkrut sangat kecil.

    Berdasarkan analisis Katadata terhadap koefisien rasio dari laporan keuangan 2017, beberapa emiten Grup Lippo ternyata memiliki Skor Z Altman yang lebih rendah dari 1,8. Lippo Karawaci misalnya, memiliki skor hanya 1,50 atau probabilitas kebangkrutan yang tinggi.

    MPPA bahkan mencatatkan Skor Z Altman hanya 1,44. Adapun, MLPL bahkan hanya mencatat skor sebesar 0,89. Sedangkan LPCK memiliki skor 1,78, sedikit di bawah ambang batas. Berbeda dengan SILO dan LPPF, mengantongi skor yang kuat masing-masing 8,53 dan 10,44.

    Meski demikian, hal ini tidak lantas berarti perusahaan akan kolaps. Untuk LPKR misalnya, Moody’s memperkirakan kasus dugaan suap memiliki dampak terbatas terhadap keuangan Lippo Karawaci yang merupakan induk di sektor properti.

    Peringkat utang Lippo Karawaci di B3 dan prospek negatif yang diberikan Moody’s pada September lalu tidak terpengaruh kondisi ini. Sebab, tidak memperhitungkan tambahan aliran kas dari proyek Meikarta maupun Lippo Cikarang.

    Pada 18 September lalu, LPKR juga sudah mengumumkan penjualan sahamnya di Bowsprit kepada OUE Limited dan OUE Lippo Healthcare Limited (OUELH). Bowsprit merupakan pengelola aset Dana Investasi Real Estate (DIRE) atau Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) senilai 202 juta dolar Singapura atau setara Rp 2,18 triliun. Sejumlah gedung seperti Life Tower dan Berita Satu Plaza di Jakarta merupakan salah satu asetnya.

    (Baca: : Tiga Raksasa Properti Terseret Masalah Akibat Terpuruknya Rupiah)

    (Arief Kamaludin | KATADATA)

    QUE mengambil alih 40% saham Bowsprit Capital Corporation Limited senilai 99 juta dolar Singapura. Sementara anak usaha OUELH, yakni OLH Healthcare Investments Pte Ltd, juga mengakuisisi 10,6% kepemilikan First Reit dari Bridgewater International Limited. Bridgewater merupakan anak usaha yang dimiliki secara tak langsung oleh LPKR. Nilai transaksinya 103 juta dolar Singapura.

    Menurut Ketut Budi Wijaya, Presiden Direktur LPKR, prosesnya diharapkan tuntas pada akhir November 2018. Setelah rampung, kepemilikan LPKR di First REIT akan berkurang menjadi 10,6% dari sebelumnya 28,2%. Adapun, likuiditas LPKR akan meningkat dengan penjualan saham tersebut.

    Sebelumnya, dalam keterangan resminya, Vice President Head of Corporate Communication Lippo Karawaci Danang Kemayan Jati menyatakan, perusahaan menyayangkan keputusan lembaga pemeringkat rating yang menurunkan peringkat kreditnya. Alasannya, fundamental perusahaan sejatinya tidak banyak berubah.

    Meski demikian, LPKR berkomitmen untuk bekerja sama dengan para lembaga pemeringkat untuk menanggapi pendapat konstruktif mereka. LPKR juga menegaskan komitmen untuk memperkuat likuiditas dan neraca perusahaan sehingga memperoleh kembali peringkat sebelumnya dengan prospek stabil.

    Untuk Matahari Putra Prima, meski likuiditasnya mengkhawatirkan, Moody’s melihat perusahaan tersebut memiliki rekam jejak yang selalu berhasil memperbarui fasilitas pinjaman ketika jatuh tempo. Sebagai contoh, pada Januari 2018, MPPA memperpanjang fasilitas utangnya senilai Rp 300 miliar dengan Bank of China, hingga Januari tahun depan.

    Daya Tahan Enam Perusahaan Grup Lippo Menanggung Utang https://katadata.co.id/analisisdata/2018/05/29/daya-tahan-enam-perusahaan-grup-lippo-menanggung-utang
    Tiga Raksasa Properti Terseret Masalah Akibat Terpuruknya Rupiah https://katadata.co.id/inside/2018/05/24/tiga-raksasa-properti-terseret-masalah-akibat-terpuruknya-rupiah


    https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/24/meikarta-proyek-fenomenal-yang-merana
    Meikarta, Proyek Fenomenal yang Merana
    Oleh Fitria Nurhayati, 24 Oktober 2018

    Pembangunan megaproyek Meikarta berujung antiklimaks.

    Rentetan persoalan modal hingga terungkapnya kasus suap perizinan membuat ambisi Lippo Group untuk membangun proyek fenomenal Meikarta berujung antiklimaks. Saham Lippo Cikarang sebagai pihak yang menaungi pembangunan Meikarta rontok. Diikuti dengan kemerosotan saham perusahaan lain yang berada di bawah bendera Lippo Group.

    (Baca juga: Karut Marut Perizinan Meikarta Saham Lippo Cikarang Rontok)

    Gelagat persoalan yang membelit proyek pembangunan 100 gedung ini sudah mencuat sejak tahun lalu. Pada Agustus 2017, Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat meminta pengurusan izin mengenai analisis dampak lingkungan (Amdal) Meikarta dihentikan.

    Enam bulan setelahnya, Lippo Karawaci dan Lippo Cikarang mencoba melakukan right issue untuk menambah modal perusahaan. Namun sampai tanggal rencana penjualan pada akhir Maret 2017, right issue tidak jadi dilakukan. Ditambah, pada Mei 2018, investor asal Tiongkok yang digadang-gadang melakukan investasi Rp 190 triliun justru hengkang.

    Masalah tidak berhenti sampai disitu. Lippo Cikarang juga mendapat gugatan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang (PKPU) bernilai Rp puluhan miliar oleh dua mitra pemasaran Meikarta. Selanjutnya, pada September, Moody’s Investors Service menurunkan peringkat Lippo Karawaci menjadi B3 dengan outlook negatif.

    Ujungnya pada medio Oktober, Direktur Operasional Lippo Group Billy Sindoro harus mengenakan rompi oranye dari Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK). Ia menjadi tersangka dugaan suap perizinan proyek Meikarta yang menyeret nama Bupati Bekasi Neneng Hasanah Yasin. Saham Lippo Cikarang kemudian merosot ke titik terendah senilai Rp 1.200 per saham pada posisi per 16 Oktober 2018.

    Karut Marut Perizinan Meikarta Saham Lippo Cikarang Rontok https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/19/carut-marut-perizinan-meikarta-saham-lippo-cikarang-rontok


    https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/24/upaya-lippo-group-menyelamatkan-meikarta
    Upaya Lippo Group Menyelamatkan Meikarta
    Oleh Widya Nandini, 24 Oktober 2018

    Arus dana penyelamatan proyek Meikarta melalui pembelian saham oleh OUE Limited dan Hasdeen Holdings Ltd.

    Harga saham PT Lippo Cikarang Tbk sempat melejit saat proyek Meikarta mulai didengungkan pada awal 2015. Menuju 2016, harga saham Lippo Cikarang mulai merosot dan menuju titik terendahnya yaitu Rp 1.200 per saham per 18 Oktober 2018.

    Pelemahan harga saham tersebut diakibatkan oleh melemahnya pasar properti dan segudang permasalahan perizinan proyek Meikarta. Pada Maret 2018 Moody’s, bahkan menurunkan peringkat instrumen investasi Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) Lippo Grup menjadi Ba1 atau tak layak investasi.

    Dengan situasi ini, beberapa upaya penguatan keuangan Lippo Cikarang dilakukan, termasuk mengenai pembiayaan proyek Meikarta. Di tengah ketatnya kondisi likuiditas dan utang jangka panjang, Lippo Cikarang mendapatkan kucuran dana baru. Dana tersebut berasal dari pembelian saham oleh OUE Limited dan OUE Lippo Healthcare Limited atas PT Bowsprit Asset Management pada September 2018. Bowsprit merupakan pengelola aset Dana Investasi Real Estate (DIRE) atau REIT senilai SGD 202 juta atau sekitar Rp 2,18 triliun.

    (Lihat : Karut-Marut Perizinan Meikarta, Saham Lippo Cikarang Rontok)

    Tidak hanya itu, usaha pengumpulan dana untuk Meikarta juga dilakukan dengan pembelian saham oleh Hasdeen Holdings Ltd. Menurut laporan keuangan PT Lippo Cikarang Tbk pemegang saham Mahkota Sentosa Utama, bertambah satu investor yaitu PEAK Asia Investment Pte Ltd per Maret 2017. Dalam perjanjian tersebut, Hasdeen melalui PEAK akan menyuntik modal sebesar US$ 300 juta atau sekitar Rp 4,2 triliun secara bertahap hingga Desember 2018.

    (Baca : Lippo Sudah Alihkan 49,9% Saham Meikarta ke Perusahaan Luar Negeri)

    PT Bowsprit kemudian menawarkan DIRE Bowsprit Commercial and Infrastructure dengan target penghimpunan dana sebesar Rp 1,19 triliun. Selain itu, menerbitkan Dinfra Bowsprit Township Development dengan dana himpunan yang ditaksir bisa mencapai Rp 750 miliar. Meikarta juga menerbitkan Medium Term Notes (MTN) senilai Rp 4,8 miliar untuk penghimpunan dana.

    (Baca : Grup Lippo yang Kian Nestapa Akibat Kasus Suap Meikarta)

    Lippo Cikarang https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/18/batal-bertemu-direksi-bei-lippo-cikarang-fokus-investigasi-internal
    Moody’s https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/19/moodys-kasus-meikarta-makin-menekan-likuiditas-lippo-karawaci
    Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/20/belajar-dari-meikarta-konsumen-perlu-teliti-ini-sebelum-beli-properti
    Karut-Marut Perizinan Meikarta, Saham Lippo Cikarang Rontok https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/19/carut-marut-perizinan-meikarta-saham-lippo-cikarang-rontok
    PT Lippo Cikarang Tbk https://katadata.co.id/infografik/2018/10/24/meikarta-proyek-fenomenal-yang-merana
    Lippo Sudah Alihkan 49,9% Saham Meikarta ke Perusahaan Luar Negeri https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/24/lippo-sudah-alihkan-499-saham-meikarta-ke-perusahaan-luar-negeri
    Grup Lippo yang Kian Nestapa Akibat Kasus Suap Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/telaah/2018/10/16/grup-lippo-yang-kian-nestapa-akibat-kasus-suap-meikarta


    https://katadata.co.id/analisisdata/2018/11/06/beban-berat-grup-lippo-menanggung-biaya-iklan-meikarta
    Beban Berat Grup Lippo Menanggung Biaya Iklan Meikarta
    Nazmi Haddyat Tamara
    6 November 2018 | 09:00

    Grup Lippo jor-joran mempromosikan megaproyek Meikarta dengan mengucurkan dana hingga Rp 1,5 triliun. Kini, selain harus menanggung beban keuangan yang berat, perusahaan Lippo tak bisa menikmati hasil penjualan itu di masa depan.


    Meikarta

    Ambisi mewujudkan megaproyek Meikarta menyebabkan perusahaan properti Grup Lippo menanggung beratnya beban keuangan. Demi mempromosikan proyek ambisius tersebut, Lippo telah menggelontorkan dana lebih dari Rp 1,5 triliun. Namun, di masa depan, hasil penjualan properti itu belum tentu bisa dinikmati sepenuhnya pasca pemisahan perusahaan pengembang Meikarta dari induknya.

    Masifnya iklan Meikarta sudah terlihat sejak awal tahun lalu. Hampir di semua media promosi seperti televisi, radio, surat kabar, billboard, hingga media sosial dipenuhi iklan Meikarta, yang menawarkan hunian berkelas metropolitan di sebelah timur Jakarta.

    Merujuk pada riset Nielsen Ad Intel, Meikarta menempati urutan pertama sebagai produk dengan biaya iklan terbesar. Sekitar 58% iklan tersebut disebar dalam bentuk cetak, dan sisanya ditayangkan dalam bentuk digital. Selain itu, Meikarta menyumbang 36% dari total iklan properti yang dipublikasikan sepanjang 2017.

    Total Biaya Iklan (2017)

    Meikarta menempati urutan pertama sebagai produk dengan biaya iklan terbesar

    Nielsen mencatat total biaya iklan yang dikeluarkan seluruh produk sepanjang tahun lalu sebesar Rp 145,5 triliun. Meikarta bersanding dengan Traveloka dan Indomie di posisi dua dan tiga dengan biaya iklan masing-masing Rp 1,1 triliun dan Rp 981,5 miliar. Riset ini mencakup iklan yang bertebaran pada 15 stasiun TV nasional, 99 surat kabar dan 120 majalah dan tabloid.


    Terbesar di Antara Pesaingnya

    Tak hanya menempati urutan pertama pada riset Nielsen, iklan Meikarta juga jauh meninggalkan para pesaingnya di sektor properti. Jika dibandingkan dengan beban penjualan dan beban usaha, proporsi biaya iklan dan promosi PT Lippo Cikarang Tbk (LPCK) –yang merupakan induk usaha pengembang Meikarta– paling besar.

    Berdasarkan laporan keuangan 2017, LPCK tercatat menghabiskan Rp 126 miliar untuk bagian promosi dan iklan. Sedangkan, untuk total beban penjualan sebesar Rp 176,2 miliar. Artinya, lebih dari 70 % beban penjualan berasal dari iklan dan promosi.

    Lebih jauh lagi, iklan dan promosi ini menyumbang 45% dari total beban usaha keseluruhan yang mencapai Rp 278 miliar. Pos beban penjualan dan usaha ini bersamaan juga dengan gaji karyawan, perizinan, hingga perbaikan dan pemeliharaan.

    Bandingkan dengan pesaingnya di sektor properti, proporsi biaya iklan dan properti tidak ada yang lebih dari 60 % terhadap total beban penjualan. Yang mendekati LPCK adalah PT Ciputra Develompent Tbk (CTRA) yang memiliki proporsi 57%, disusul oleh PT Summarecon Agung Tbk (SMRA) sebesar 54%.

    Proporsi Biaya Iklan dibanding Beban Usaha dan Penjualan

    Proporsi biaya iklan dan promosi PT Lippo Cikarang Tbk (LPCK) paling besar.

    Di sisi lain, perusahaan properti milik Grup Sinarmas yakni PT Bumi Serpong Damai Tbk (BSDE) hanya mengalokasikan 41,6 % untuk iklan dan promosi. Proporsi yang lebih kecil bisa dilihat pada PT Agung Podomoro Land Tbk (APLN), salah satu pengembang terbesar di Jakarta, memiliki porsi 31% untuk iklan dan promosi.

    Kondisi tersebut jauh berbeda dengan perbandingan total beban usaha. Dari lima perusahaan yang dibandingkan, semuanya berada pada angka maksimal 15%. Bahkan, APLN hanya memiliki proporsi 3,24% terhadap beban usaha.

    Perusahaan Iklan dan Promosi (Rp Miliar) Beban Penjualan (Rp Miliar) Total Beban Usaha (Rp Miliar)
    PT. Lippo Cikarang Tbk 126.4 176.2 278.2
    PT. Ciputra Development Tbk 191.5 332.7 1774.1
    PT. Summarecon Agung Tbk 183.1 338.7 1228.6
    PT. Bumi Serpong Damai Tbk 379.9 912.6 2528
    PT. Agung Podomoro Land Tbk 79.9 252.9 2464.3
    Sumber: Bursa Efek Indonesia (diolah)

    Berdasarkan data-data di atas, terlihat bahwa iklan dan promosi merupakan pos penting dan menjadi yang utama bagi Meikarta atau Lippo Cikarang sebagai perusahaan induk. Perusahaan berani mengeluarkan dana besar untuk promosi dibandingkan pos lain yang menjadi beban usaha dan penjualan.

    Beban Berat

    Pengeluaran iklan dan promosi oleh Lippo Cikarang mulai meningkat pada medio 2017 seiring dengan peluncuran proyek besar mereka yakni Meikarta. Biaya iklan sepanjang 2017 sebesar Rp 126 miliar, melonjak 177% dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya yang hanya Rp 45 miliar.

    Jika dirinci per kuartal, biaya iklan selalu meningkat pada kuartal II dan IV. Bahkan hingga 2018, biaya yang dikeluarkan pada April-Juni tahun ini mencapai Rp 71,9 miliar. Sedangkan secara akumulasi sepanjang Januari-Juni 2018 sudah mengeluarkan Rp 99 miliar atau meningkat 74% dibandingkan periode sama tahun lalu.

    Total Biaya Iklan dan Promosi PT. Lippo Cikarang Tbk.
    Sumber: Bursa Efek Indonesia (diolah)

    Perbedaan nilai yang dicatatkan pada laporan keuangan dan riset Nielsen rupanya berhulu pada pos iklan yang belum dibukukan. Menilik lebih lanjut, beberapa pos iklan dan promosi masih berada pada “Beban dibayar di muka” sebesar Rp 552 miliar, “Aset tidak lancar” sebesar Rp 660 miliar dan juga “Beban Akrual” Rp 42,3 miliar.

    Saat ini, beberapa pos tersebut masih dalam status utang yang tercantum dalam liabilitas dan belum dicatat sebagai beban usaha. Namun, cepat atau lambat akan segera dicatatkan dan menjadi beban penjualan dan usaha dari Lippo Cikarang.

    Seperti pada Juni yang lalu, pengembang Meikarta yaitu PT Mahkota Sentosa Utama pernah menghadapi gugatan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang (PKPU) di Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Pusat atas tagihan utang biaya iklan yang mencapai puluhan miliar rupiah.

    Gugatan tersebut diajukan oleh PT Relys Trans Logistic dan PT Imperia Cipta Kreasi yang merupakan mitra Meikarta dalam menciptakan dan memasarkan iklan. Dalam beberapa waktu ke depan, bukan tidak mungkin biaya iklan yang menjadi beban penjualan dan usaha ini akan menggerus laba korporasi secara bertahap.

    Kabar terbaru, nilai aset Lippo Cikarang turun sebesar Rp 3 triliun menjadi Rp 9,4 triliun pada kuartal III 2018 pasca tidak lagi dikonsolidasikannya MSU dalam laporan keuangan Lippo Cikarang. LPCK kehilangan kendali atas MSU sejak Mei lalu.

    Kondisi ini diprediksi akan memperburuk kondisi keuangan Lippo Cikarang. Sebab, besarnya biaya promosi dan iklan yang diutamakan untuk Meikarta, tidak bisa dipetik hasilnya saat penjualan telah dibukukan.


    https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/14/kpk-keterangan-40-saksi-kasus-meikarta-dari-grup-lippo-tak-sinkron
    KPK: Keterangan 40 Saksi Kasus Meikarta dari Grup Lippo Tak Sinkron
    Penulis: Dimas Jarot Bayu
    Editor: Muchamad Nafi
    Rabu 14/11/2018, 21.51 WIB

    Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi mengingatkan para saksi dari pejabat dan pegawai Lippo untuk memberikan keterangan secara benar.


    Juru Bicara KPK Febri Diansyah. Antara

    Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) menilai keterangan saksi dari pejabat dan pegawai Grup Lippo dalam perkara suap perizinan megaproyek Meikarta di Cikarang, Bekasi, Jawa Barat tidak sinkron. Hal itu setelah KPK memeriksa 69 orang saksi di tingkat penyidikan hingga Rabu (14/11).

    Juru bicara KPK Febri Diansyah mengatakan pemeriksaan dilakukan terhadap 40 pejabat dan pegawai Grup Lippo. Selebihnya, komisi antirasuah memeriksa 12 orang pejabat Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat dan 17 pejabat Pemerintah Kabupaten Bekasi. “KPK menemukan ketidaksinkronan keterangan saksi dari pejabat dan pegawai di Grup Lippo,” kata Febri dalam keterangan tertulisnya, Rabu (14/11).

    (Baca juga: Bupati Neneng Akui Bertemu Bos Lippo James Riady Bahas Proyek Meikarta).

    Karenanya, Febri mengingatkan para saksi dari pejabat dan pegawai Lippo untuk memberikan keterangan secara benar. Mereka diminta tidak mempengaruhi saksi-saksi lainnya. Jika melanggar, ada ancaman pidana terhadap saksi yang menyampaikan keterangan tidak benar.

    Hal ini diatur dalam Pasal 22 Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi. “Selain itu ada ketentuan larangan melakukan perbuatan obstruction of justice di Pasal 21 UU Tipikor tersebut,” kata Febri.

    Sejauh ini, KPK sudah mendalami proses pemberian rekomendasi perizinan dari masing-masing dinas di Pemerintah Kabupaten Bekasi dan Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat. Dari pihak Lippo, KPK menelusuri sumber uang suap yang diberikan kepada pejabat Pemerintah Kabupaten Bekasi.

    KPK sempat menemukan indikasi penanggalan mundur atau backdate dalam sejumlah dokumen perizinan megaproyek Meikarta di Cikarang, Kabupaten Bekasi, Jawa Barat. Indikasi itu, di antaranya, dalam rekomendasi penerbitan Izin Mendirikan Bangunan (IMB) serta izin lingkungan dan pemadam kebakaran.

    (Baca: KPK Temukan Dugaan Manipulasi Tanggal dalam Perizinan Meikarta)

    Terkait dugaan backdate, KPK tengah menelusuri apakah pembangunan Meikarta sudah dilakukan sebelum perizinan selesai. Menurut Febri, jika rekomendasi-rekomendasi tersebut tidak diproses dengan benar, risiko seperti masalah lingkungan di lokasi-lokasi pembangunan properti dapat menjadi lebih tinggi.

    KPK menduga persoalan perizinan Meikarta terjadi sejak awal, misalnya pada persoalan tata ruang. Karena itu, Febri menilai Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat, Pemerintah Kabupaten Bekasi, serta instansi berwenang lainnya bisa mengevaluasi perizinan proyek tersebut. Febri pun mengingatkan bahwa peruntukkan lahan dan tata ruang penting diperhatikan.

    Hal ini agar pembangunan properti dilakukan dengan benar dan izinnya tidak bermasalah. Jika bermasalah, masyarakat sebagai konsumen bakal dirugikan. “Temuan KPK tentang dugaan suap dalam proses perizinan, dan indikasi backdate sejumlah dokumen perizinan semestinya menjadi perhatian bagi pihak yang memiliki kewenangan untuk melakukan review perizinan Meikarta,” kata Febri.

    Dalam perkara ini, KPK telah menetapkan sembilan tersangka. Mereka antara lain Bupati Bekasi Neneng Hasanah Yasin, Kepala Dinas Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat (PUPR) Jamaludin, Kepala Dinas Pemadam Kebakaran Kabupaten Bekasi Sahat MBJ Nahor, Kepala Dinas DPMPTSP Dewi Tisnawati, dan Kepala Bidang Tata Ruang Dinas PUPR Neneng Rahmi.

    (Baca juga: Dicecar 59 Pertanyaan, James Riady Benarkan Pernah Temui Bupati Neneng)

    Tersangka dari pihak swasta yaitu Direktur Operasional Grup Lippo Billy Sindoro, dua orang konsultan Lippo bernama Taryudi dan Fitra Djaja Purnama, serta satu pegawai Grup Lippo bernama Henry Jasmen. Billy, Taryudi, Fitra, serta Henry diduga menyuap Neneng dan empat anak buahnya senilai Rp 7 miliar dari total komitmen fee Rp 13 miliar. Suap diduga diberikan untuk memuluskan berbagai perizinan pada fase pertama proyek Meikarta.

    Setidaknya terdapat tiga fase terkait izin yang sedang diurus untuk proyek seluas 774 hektare tersebut. Fase pertama proyek Meikarta diperkirakan untuk luasan 84,6 hektare. Fase kedua seluas 252 hektare. Sementara fase terakhir terhampar 101,5 hektare.

    Bupati Neneng Akui Bertemu Bos Lippo James Riady Bahas Proyek Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/30/bupati-neneng-akui-bertemu-bos-lippo-james-riady-bahas-proyek-meikarta
    KPK Temukan Dugaan Manipulasi Tanggal dalam Perizinan Meikarta https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/11/13/kpk-temukan-dugaan-manipulasi-tanggal-dalam-perizinan-meikarta
    Dicecar 59 Pertanyaan, James Riady Benarkan Pernah Temui Bupati Neneng https://katadata.co.id/berita/2018/10/30/dicecar-59-pertanyaan-james-riady-benarkan-pernah-temui-bupati-neneng


     
  • the1uploader 10:07 pm on 2018-09-25 Permalink  

    Get familiar with the slangs in the crypto world 

    Slangs in the crypto world

    Today I am REKT, with all the BEARWHALE in CHOYNA, the BAGHODLERS do what they do when there is FUD, yet in spite of the BEAR the newbies are going ATH and TO THE MOON, wish I was a WHALE I would use my ADDY instead of HODL and feeling FOMO.

    ADDY: a cryptocurrency public address (or key). For example: “Tell me your ADDY, please.”
    ALTCOIN: any cryptocurrency other than bitcoin.
    ASHDRAKED: a situation where you lost all your money.
    ATH: all time high. the price of a certain cryptocurrency or coin has broken all of its past records and is trading at the highest price it has ever achieved.
    BAGHODLER: an investor or a trader who has been holding (or hodling) for too long on a particular cryptocurrency and now has to face the consequences of that decision.
    BEAR
    BEARWHALE: a trader with a fat account who is bearish on the price of a cryptocurrency.
    BTFD: buy the fucking dip (an indication to buy a coin when it has dumped so hard)
    CHOYNA: a deliberately distorted way of referring to China. As China is a country which is immensely influential in the bitcoin space, it has largely dominated mining and trading activities.
    DCA: dollar cost averaging
    DILDO: long green or red candles
    DUMP: to sell off a coin
    DUMPING: downward price movement
    DYOR: do your own research
    FA: fundamental analysis
    FOMO: fear of missing out, on the profit which might result from an investment or a decision.
    FUD: fear, uncertainty, and doubt, investors who are unsure of the potential of a situation.
    HODL: hold on for dear life, hold on despite loss
    JOMO: joy of missing out
    LONG: margin bull position
    MCAP: market capitalization
    OTC: over the counter
    PUMP: upward price movement
    REKT: a misspelling of wrecked, a trader or investor who is utterly ruined and destroyed with losses from the current downfall of a price.
    REVERSE INDICATOR: someone who is always wrong predicting price movements.
    SHITCOIN: a coin with no potential value or use
    SHORT: margin bear position
    SWING: zig-zag price movement (upwards and downwards)
    TA: technical analysis
    TO THE MOON: a crypto’s upward momentum as it keeps climbing in price, as in, “The price of this coin will one day go to the moon!”
    WHALE

    True HODL’r: puts “play money” into the crypto market with no foreseeable reason for needing that money at all and truly invests into the idea of whatever currency they buy.
    FODL’r: puts money into the crypto market with the intentions of letting it grow but runs into hard times and is forced to sell due to personal circumstances.
    Trader: guys work all day to make a few bucks and push the ‘buy low, sell high’ idea of our market. a valuable asset but not necessarily for everyone.
    Lover: wants to be in, affords to be in a little but can’t fully commit because of financial situation. often a DCA enthusiast and maybe smart about they’re purchases but limited due to their enthusiasm about the big 3 over the whole market. (I’d rather wait to date a 7 then settle for a 4 mindset)
    SODL’r: the type we love to help us buy more.
    Other Guy: this guy is either here for karma or money. they don’t really see anything…just a fashion that they may or may not understand. their importance in the market could be devastating or inconsequential… these people exist as millionaires and ‘hundredaires.’ Let’ em play.
    “You and I”: we’re here, we’re in. we are the early-‘ish’ adopters that are hoping to be happy in 5 years that we were aware early enough to recognize a good, upcoming market. we play our money as smart as we can and hope for the best. our lives can be made but never broken by the crypto market.
    The Forgotten: real heroes. these guys invested significant amounts early and forgot. they either lost their account info or don’t care enough to check but they are permanently invested either way. they deserve a moment of silence.

     
  • the1uploader 10:19 am on 2018-09-07 Permalink  

    Billy Sindoro Diganjar Hukuman Mati 

    The curse manifests.

    Dalam bahasa politik, ada petugas partai.

    dalam bahasa mafia, ada letnan.

    dalam bahasa bisnis, namanya tangan kanan.
    dalam praktek dan kehidupan nyata, namanya kacung.

    setelah 2 kacung lippo tertangkap, the sindoro brotherhood, bisakah lippo bangkit?

    jual beli perusahaan dengan modal kertas dan stempel notaris merupakan mainnanya lippo. mereka tidak punya skill kecuali tipu-tipu dalam akte jual-beli saham tanpa mengeluarkan uang sepeser pun. coba cari sejarah lippo bank, lippo securities, lippo life, lippo general insurance, tanjung bangun semesta.

    cuma satu usaha yang lagi dan sedang digeluti lippo group,
    lippo suck !
    lippo suction.
    lippo sucker.

    kesian hari dharmawan.

    coba ikuti cerita dedengkot lippo group, mochtar riady.
    berjaya dengan menyuap sana-sini, kanan-kiri, atas-bawah.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Asian-Family-Conglomerates/Lippo-tycoon-looks-to-young-gun-grandson-to-build-digital-empire
    Asian Family Conglomerates
    Lippo tycoon looks to young-gun grandson to build digital empire
    JUN SUZUKI, Nikkei staff writer
    September 07, 2018 16:39 JST

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F9%2F4%2F8%2F8%2F15598849-2-eng-GB%2F20180906%20Lippo%20Collage.png?source=nar-cms
    Lippo Group founder Mochtar Riady, center, and his son James, left, look poised to pass the baton to a third generation led by James’ son John, right.

    Mochtar Riady’s heir apparent, John Riady, makes mark in Indonesian e-payments

    JAKARTA — Indonesian tycoon Mochtar Riady has been contemplating the question of succession for nearly 30 years. Part of the answer, he thinks, lies in Chinese folk wisdom about failure.

    Nikkei recently caught up with the 89-year-old and asked about his plans for ceding control of his Lippo Group conglomerate, which has evolved over more than half a century from a domestic bank to a property and retail empire with assets reportedly exceeding $10 billion. The challenge for the next generation is to spearhead another reinvention, this time in health care and e-commerce.

    As Mochtar’s grandson and heir apparent, 33-year-old John Riady is expected to build on the group’s successes — and learn from brushes with controversy and defeat.

    Mochtar, in the interview on July 5, brought up a Chinese tale of how eagles teach their young to fly by letting them go in the air. The moral of the story is to let one’s offspring learn from mistakes. Then he bluntly declared that John had “failed” with an online shopping business.

    John attempted to make his mark with MatahariMall.com, an online marketplace offering a wide range of women’s fashions. The site was launched with great fanfare in 2015 but has struggled to build its user base. Meanwhile, rivals such as Tokopedia and Bukalapak have become unicorns — privately held startups valued at $1 billion or more.

    “I told John, ‘You made a big mistake, because you always think about buyers but you never think of sellers,” Mochtar said, referring to consumers and merchants. “That was your mistake.'”

    MatahariMall.com counted 4.6 million monthly visitors in the second quarter of this year, according to iPrice Group, versus 111 million for Tokopedia and 85 million for Bukalapak.

    But if Mochtar is unimpressed with his grandson’s handling of the online mall, John seems to be making up for it with e-money.

    In July, restaurants on the first floor of the Gandaria City shopping mall in southern Jakarta started accepting Ovo, an e-payment platform Lippo launched last year. In front of every eatery stands a purple Ovo signboard promising “10% cash back” and other deals.

    The Ovo logo is also appearing more in Surabaya, Medan, Bandung and other cities. The group says its e-money can be used at 200 malls and 5,000 restaurants nationwide. By transaction volume and value, the operator says it is the No. 1 player in an Indonesian e-payments market that grew 434% in the first half of 2018.

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F7%2F6%2F4%2F5%2F15465467-1-eng-GB%2F20180830OVO%20in%20shopping%20mall%20in%20Surabaya.jpg?source=nar-cms
    Indonesians can sign up for Ovo at counters like this one in a Surabaya shopping mall. (Photo by Jun Suzuki)

    Ovo symbolizes Lippo’s path forward in more ways than one: It is a further step into digital technology and e-commerce for a group Mochtar founded in the 1950s. And it is run by John.

    “Now John operates Ovo and [has found] success,” Mochtar said. The founder argues it is just as important to keep merchants in mind in the e-payments business, since Ovo’s future depends on how many stores introduce it.

    Mochtar is showing few signs of slowing down. But he is pushing 90 and his second son, James Riady, who supervises Lippo’s core operations in Indonesia, is 61. That is a year older than Mochtar was when he started thinking about passing the reins to his descendants.

    Lippo is under pressure to put John and other third-generation family members in charge sooner rather than later. In relatively young Indonesia, where the median age is around 30, youth could be an advantage.

    John, currently a Lippo Group director, is the eldest son of James, the group’s CEO.

    James is credited with expanding the domestic real estate business after the Asian financial crisis of 1997 spurred the group to divest its banking operations and transform into a property developer. He also led the conglomerate’s forays into health care and education. But he has encountered his own tough lessons over the years.

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F2%2F7%2F2%2F7%2F15527272-8-eng-GB%2F20180907-Lippo-Group-Dia.png?source=nar-cms

    Lippo Group kept a cautious distance from the Suharto government that ruled Indonesia for three decades. This stood in contrast to the approach of the late Sudono Salim, the founder of Salim Group and Mochtar’s longtime business partner. Salim maintained close ties with Suharto’s authoritarian regime.

    Since Lippo kept Suharto at arm’s length, it avoided significant damage from the strongman’s downfall. Yet, in the U.S., Lippo became embroiled in a major political fundraising scandal.

    The group acquired a bank in the state of Arkansas and the young James took charge of its management. In the process, he became acquainted with then-Governor and future President Bill Clinton. This connection would prove costly, both financially and in terms of Lippo’s reputation.

    James became involved in fundraising for Clinton and ran afoul of federal election law. In 2001, he pleaded guilty to a conspiracy to “defraud the United States by unlawfully reimbursing campaign donors with foreign corporate funds,” according to a release by the Department of Justice. This brought an $8.6 million fine, a record for a campaign finance violation at the time.

    The department said that in 1992, soon after James pledged $1 million to Clinton’s presidential campaign, contributions made by another Lippo executive “were reimbursed with funds wired from a foreign Lippo Group entity into an account Riady maintained at LippoBank and then distributed to [the executive] in cash.” The department said the contributions were made, in part, to secure “access, meetings and time with politicians, elected officials and other high-level government officials.”

    Looking back on the scandal, James said: “Power is both a blessing and curse. Since that time, I have attempted with all my heart to avoid politics.”

    To cope with the pressure of inheriting a huge conglomerate, James stressed the need to separate “vision and ambition.” The line between them, he said, is often blurred.

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F_aliases%2Farticleimage%2F9%2F0%2F7%2F8%2F15528709-3-eng-GB%2F20180907-Riady-Family-Tree.png?source=nar-cms

    In an English-language autobiography published in 2016, titled “Mochtar Riady: My Life Story,” Mochtar writes that he began considering how to hand the reins to James and his third son, Stephen, when he turned 60 in 1989.

    In the early 2000s, James started supervising Lippo Group’s domestic businesses, including Lippo Karawaci, its core property developer. Stephen was put in charge of overseas operations based in Hong Kong and Singapore, and he is now executive chairman of OUE, a Singaporean real estate company Lippo acquired from United Overseas Bank in 2006.

    Mochtar told Nikkei he is no longer active in the group’s management, joking that he would not be receiving any phone calls during the interview. But he also said he still provides management “guidance.”

    Several insiders said Mochtar continues to play a pivotal part in making important decisions.

    Day-to-day operations are largely left to a team of professional managers. “How can [we] manage the business with two sons and three grandsons?” the tycoon said, emphasizing the importance of recruiting the right people and separating ownership from management.

    Lippo’s diversification has helped it meet its own personnel needs.

    Thanks in part to James, the group has become a major education player, running schools across all levels from elementary to university. Its Pelita Harapan University has become one of the country’s top private institutions, with campuses in Jakarta suburbs, Surabaya and elsewhere. The university provides Lippo with a steady stream of new recruits.

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F_aliases%2Farticleimage%2F0%2F5%2F0%2F8%2F15468050-1-eng-GB%2FUniversitas%20Perita%20Harapan%20in%20Karawachi%20by%20LIPPO%20L00009.JPG?source=nar-cms
    Lippo’s Pelita Harapan University in Karawaci offers the company a steady stream of talented graduates. (Photo by Shinya Sawai)

    The group also has an army of middle managers with extensive experience at overseas banks and other businesses. And its workforce is international, with over 300 team members from outside Indonesia.

    Recruiting has had its pitfalls, too, however. Emirsyah Satar, a former CEO of national airline Garuda Indonesia, was brought in to serve as chairman of MatahariMall.com, only to wind up being investigated on suspicion of taking bribes at the carrier.

    As for the Riady family’s role in running things, Mochtar said it is “to look at balance sheets and give directions.”

    Of course, someone still has to give those directions.

    In November 2016, James told Nikkei that family succession was not necessarily a given. “We must be mindful of succession but it is not automatic that our family members are qualified to take the jobs,” he said. “We must have patience and learn discipline.”

    Even so, John is clearly being groomed to lead the way.

    John was educated mainly in the U.S., receiving an MBA from the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania and a juris doctor from Columbia University’s law school. Last September, he became president commissioner of the group’s health care business, Siloam International Hospitals — the largest hospital chain in Indonesia. He also serves as commissioner of Matahari Department Store.

    If and when John takes the helm, the question will be how to help new operations retain momentum and old ones regain it.

    Under Stephen’s leadership, OUE is expanding the international scope of its hospital business.

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F_aliases%2Farticleimage%2F5%2F8%2F8%2F7%2F15467885-1-eng-GB%2FSiloam%20hospital%20in%20Jakarta.jpg?source=nar-cms
    This Siloam hospital in Jakarta is part of the largest hospital chain in Indonesia. © Reuters

    Last year, OUE Lippo Healthcare teamed up with China Merchants Group, a state-run Chinese company, to start operating hospitals in China. OUE also runs hospitals and nursing homes in Japan with trading house Itochu. Mochtar said the idea is to soak up expertise for efficient management that can be put to use in China.

    But while the group’s hospital operations and Ovo e-payment service are on the rise, its key property business is not.

    The stock price of Lippo Karawaci is two-thirds lower than it was two years ago. In April, Moody’s Investors Service downgraded the company’s credit rating to B2 from B1.

    Moody’s expressed concern over Lippo Karawaci’s operating cash flow, with analyst Jacintha Poh warning the flow would be dependent on “asset sales that are subject to delays and market conditions.”

    Another worry is Meikarta, an enormous Lippo urban development project on the outskirts of Jakarta.

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F_aliases%2Farticleimage%2F9%2F2%2F9%2F4%2F15524929-1-eng-GB%2F20180904-Lippo-share-price-Line.png?source=nar-cms

    Meikarta, a 273 trillion rupiah ($18.32 billion) investment and Lippo’s biggest project yet, is to include condominiums and offices along with malls, schools, medical facilities and luxury hotels. In other words, Lippo is pouring all of its expertise — property development, education and health care — into a new city that will be home to 1 million residents.

    The endeavor marks an important shift from high-end properties to more affordable housing for Indonesia’s growing middle class. Local news reports, though, have suggested the project is stalled — something Mochtar has strongly denied, insisting anyone can look at the construction site to see that work is progressing.

    Tensions escalated on May 30, when a group of homebuyers in Manado, North Sulawesi Province, enraged by delays briefly held Lippo Karawaci President Ketut Budi Wijaya hostage, according to local reports.

    The trouble adds an extra element of uncertainty as Lippo looks to marry its traditional businesses with the digital operations led by John Riady. Soon, like the eagles of Chinese folklore, John may have to prove he can fly.

    The Nikkei Asian Review will begin publishing Mochtar Riady’s “My personal history,” an autobiographical series, on Monday.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History

    20180910, The story of Lippo Group and modern Indonesia: Mochtar Riady’s story (1)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-story-of-Lippo-Group-and-modern-Indonesia-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-1
    The group’s founder and chairman shares his history in this exclusive series
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F3%2F6%2F3%2F6%2F14086363-3-eng-GB%2F20180604%20Lippo%20Img.png?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20180911, My early years in a turbulent China: Mochtar Riady’s story (2)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/My-early-years-in-a-turbulent-China-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-2
    Born in Dutch-controlled Java, I soon moved to my father’s home village in Fujian
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F9%2F5%2F1%2F9%2F15559159-1-eng-GB%2FA300%20Indonesia%20PT%20Lippo%20Karawaci%20Tbk20180905134039_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20180912, The deep affection and profound wisdom of my grandmother: Mochtar Riady’s story (3)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-deep-affection-and-profound-wisdom-of-my-grandmother-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-3
    I never forgot her words, even though it took me many years to understand them
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F0%2F6%2F5%2F5%2F15395560-1-eng-GB%2F20180827%20Mochtar%20Riady%20collage.png?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20180913, Returning to a homeland under Dutch rule: Mochtar Riady’s story (4)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Returning-to-a-homeland-under-Dutch-rule-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-4
    In Malang, I received a Chinese education and saw colonial arrogance firsthand
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F2%2F0%2F4%2F9%2F15559402-1-eng-GB%2FRTX6S3C.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20180914, My mother’s untimely death in childbirth: Mochtar Riady’s story (5)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/My-mother-s-untimely-death-in-childbirth-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-5
    My bereaved father played the role of both parents — and taught me to work hard
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    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F7%2F1%2F1%2F1%2F14521117-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%95%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E7%99%BE%E8%B2%A8%E5%BA%97%E3%82%92%E6%AD%A9%E3%81%8F%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%E5%A4%AB%E5%A6%BB20180628172433_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20181005, Surviving a crisis and pioneering new industries: Mochtar Riady’s story …
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Surviving-a-crisis-and-pioneering-new-industries-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-26
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F7%2F4%2F4%2F1%2F14521447-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%96%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E7%B3%BB%E5%88%97%E3%81%AE%E7%97%85%E9%99%A2%E3%81%A7%E6%82%A3%E8%80%85%E3%82%92%E8%A6%8B%E8%88%9E%E3%81%8620180605152308_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20181006, Grooming my sons as heirs to the Lippo empire: Mochtar Riady’s story (27)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Grooming-my-sons-as-heirs-to-the-Lippo-empire-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-27
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F8%2F8%2F9%2F4%2F15784988-1-eng-GB%2Friady%20with%20sons20180628172438_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20181007, The value of keeping politicians at arm’s length: Mochtar Riady’s story (28)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-value-of-keeping-politicians-at-arm-s-length-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-28
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F1%2F5%2F8%2F0%2F14540851-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%98%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%E6%B0%8F%E3%81%A8%E3%82%AF%E3%83%AA%E3%83%B3%E3%83%88%E3%83%B3%E5%A4%AB%E5%A6%BB20180605152306_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20181008, Becoming a Christian in my 60s: Mochtar Riady’s Story (29)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Becoming-a-Christian-in-my-60s-Mochtar-Riady-s-Story-29
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F0%2F4%2F8%2F8%2F14618840-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%99%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%E5%A4%AB%E5%A6%BB%E3%81%AE%E9%81%A0%E9%9A%94%E5%9C%B0%E8%A8%AA%E5%95%8F20180605152304_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces

    20181009, Back in banking, armed with IT power: Mochtar Riady’s story (30)
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Back-in-banking-armed-with-IT-power-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-30
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F9%2F7%2F8%2F8%2F14618879-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%93%EF%BC%90%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E5%BB%BA%E8%A8%AD%E9%80%B2%E3%82%80%E6%96%B0%E8%88%88%E9%83%BD%E5%B8%82%E3%80%81%E3%83%A1%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AB%E3%83%AB%E3%82%BF20180605152301_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms&width=1600&height=900&fit=cover&gravity=faces


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-story-of-Lippo-Group-and-modern-Indonesia-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-1
    My Personal History
    01 The story of Lippo Group and modern Indonesia
    September 10, 2018 11:00 JST

    The group’s founder and chairman shares his history in this exclusive series

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F3%2F0%2F8%2F1%2F14081803-1-eng-GB%2F20180604%20Lippo%20Img.png?source=nar-cms

    From a small bicycle parts retailer in 1950s Indonesia, Lippo Group has grown into one of the country’s biggest and most diverse conglomerates. Best known as a property developer, Lippo is involved in everything from malls and hospitals to banks and blockchain technology. The group’s diversity and success — it churns out some $7 billion in revenue a year — is largely down to its founder and long-serving chairman, Mochtar Riady.

    The 89-year-old recently opened up to the Nikkei Asian Review about himself and his sprawling group. In this 30-part series, he recounts the history of both a man and a business, from their humble beginnings in Indonesia to their success on larger scale.

    The story of my life, particularly my professional life, is in many ways the story of modern Indonesia.

    My name is Mochtar Riady, and I am the founder and chairman of Lippo Group. With sales totaling approximately $7 billion, Lippo Group is one of the five largest ethnic Chinese conglomerates in Indonesia, with operations in both Asia and the United States.

    Written in Chinese, the word Lippo is composed of two characters, one meaning “power” and the other meaning “treasure.” If you have ever visited Hong Kong or Shanghai, you may have seen the name on such buildings as Lippo Center and Lippo Plaza.

    I was born on May 12, 1929, and am of ethnic Chinese descent — my Chinese name is Lie Mo Tie (Li Wenzheng).

    In my youth, I became involved in Indonesia’s independence movement for a period of time. Later I built up the nation’s largest commercial bank, though I had to let it go after the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s. After that, I focused my business on real estate development.

    Now approaching 90, I am pouring my heart and soul into creating a new city in Indonesia. Meikarta, located some 40km east of Jakarta, will integrate residential areas with academic research facilities to create a new kind of community. The total construction cost is estimated at 278 trillion rupiah ($19.7 billion), and once completed it will have a population of 1 million.

    The first part of the city’s name comes from the name of my wife. Like me, she is ethnic Chinese, and her Chinese name is Li Limei.

    Meikarta will have not only houses and shopping malls but also elementary, junior high and high schools, universities, hospitals and information technology research institutions.

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    Mochtar Riady (Photo by Akiyoshi Inoue)

    Housing, education, health care — areas like these are a crucial part of daily life for residents, and it is the intention of Lippo Group to manage all of its operations itself. Through our group companies and business units, we provide all of the commercial services and public facilities essential for urban life, including supermarkets, department stores, coffee shops, playgrounds, movie theaters, schools and hospitals.

    Lippo Group has two core businesses.

    The first is property development. This involves more than simply selling land and buildings. To be successful in this business, you must also add various value to the land, and that means providing the facilities and services that residents need to lead a comfortable life. This aspect of land development has driven Lippo’s expansion into various lifestyle industries.

    Our other core business is providing information and communication services.

    In addition to mobile phone services, we also have a cable television unit and operate a TV news channel. We are also expanding our e-commerce and online banking operations.

    Our two core businesses have given rise to a wide variety of units and are now generating synergies, with all our operations functioning as an integrated group.

    In writing this series, I would like to do more than simply tell my own story. I also want to help deepen people’s understanding of Indonesia, even if only a little.

    Indonesia’s independence came at exactly the same time as my own. I spent my university years in China and returned to my home country in 1950. Indonesia had gained its independence at the end of December 1949, and its history as a truly independent nation began the following year.

    Both the successes and crises that I have experienced in business were reflections of Indonesia’s situation at the time. Sometimes ahead of the times and sometimes in danger of being swept away by their violent currents, I have kept my business going through the years.

    Allow me now to take you on a journey through the history of modern Indonesia.

    Mochtar Riady is the founder of Lippo Group. Pinyin Romanization is used for Chinese names, except in cases of well-known or historical figures with established English spellings.

    The “My personal history” series of autobiographies first appeared in The Nikkei in 1956. Since then, a wide variety of world-changing individuals have written or dictated their life stories for publication. The list includes Margaret Thatcher, Suharto, Lee Kuan Yew, Mahathir bin Mohamad, George W. Bush, Alan Greenspan, Seiji Ozawa and Carlos Ghosn.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/My-early-years-in-a-turbulent-China-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-2
    My Personal History
    02 My early years in a turbulent China
    September 11, 2018 11:00 JST

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    Born in Dutch-controlled Java, I soon moved to my father’s home village in Fujian
    I was born in May 1929 on the island of Java, which was then part of the Dutch East Indies. At the time, there was no country called Indonesia.

    I hail from Malang, a highland region in eastern Java. My father, Li Yamei, migrated from China’s Fujian Province to a resort town in Malang called Batu (which today is separate from Malang regency). There he earned a living by selling traditional Javanese textiles known as batik.

    When I was 5 months old, my father took me and my mother to his home in Fujian Province to be with my ailing grandfather. My father was the eldest son and was worried about the family he had left behind. I had four elder sisters, all of whom were born in China and lived in the family home.

    Xindian, my father’s ancestral village, was located in the town of Jiangkou, in what was then Putian County (now Putian city). The area is halfway between Fuzhou, in the north of Fujian Province, and Xiamen, in its south.

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    Lying between mountains and the sea, Putian — or Xinghua, as it was once called — had very little land for farming. Many people hoping to start a new life emigrated to what is now Indonesia or Singapore. In those days it was easy to enter and leave the country, and people traveled frequently between China and Southeast Asia.

    In 1918, when he was about 19, my father left his village for Indonesia. He was already married and had a child by then.

    Initially my father would travel back and forth between China and Indonesia, but he eventually brought my mother to Malang, where I was born.

    My ailing grandfather died soon after we arrived in Xindian. My father then returned to Malang on his own, leaving my mother behind to take care of my grandmother. I stayed with her.

    Some 1,000 people from about 200 households lived in Xindian at the time. All but one family in the village had the surname of Li, the lone exception being a family called Chen.

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    Mochtar Riady, left, and his wife (Photo provided by company)

    In the old days, Chinese villages were basically communities of families from the same clan living together. My father came from a family of woodworkers and was part of the fifth generation born in the village.

    During my grandfather’s time, the family had 2 hectares of farmland and was the second-richest household in the village. The family even lent money to other villagers as a side business.

    Those were turbulent times in China. Though the Kuomintang held power in Nanjing, in reality warlords controlled much of the country.

    Even in Fujian Province, armed groups were rampant, with rival factions in the north and south locked in a fierce back-and-forth battle for dominance.

    Because Xindian was close to a road running between Fuzhou and Xiamen, the village was exposed to constant danger.

    When a battle began, groups of armed fighters would pass near the village, causing terrified villagers to flee to the mountains, where they hid in tombs until the danger had passed. Battles broke out every month or two, and each time the villagers were forced to take refuge in the mountains.

    Villagers also feared the gangs of tu fei, or bandits, who usually struck at night. To protect against invasions, houses were built along a narrow road with forts at either end.

    Every night, villagers took turns standing guard against the bandits. These gangs also fought each other, sometimes with guns. I remember villagers, too, owned guns, to protect themselves.

    As the fighting continued and public order broke down almost completely, my grandmother began to worry about my future. She urged my father to come and take me back to Malang as soon as possible.

    Mochtar Riady is the founder of Lippo Group.

    Click here to read Mochtar Riady’s full “My personal history” series.
    here https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Mochtar-Riady


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-deep-affection-and-profound-wisdom-of-my-grandmother-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-3
    My Personal History
    03 The deep affection and profound wisdom of my grandmother
    September 12, 2018 11:01 JST

    I never forgot her words, even though it took me many years to understand them

    I lived in my father’s home village in Putian County in China’s Fujian Province until I was 6 years old.

    I was the fifth of my parents’ eight children and their only son. My four older siblings and three younger ones were all girls.

    I was the first grandson for my grandmother in Fujian Province. I was the apple of her eye and she lavished affection on me.

    My grandmother was always with me and protected me from any danger or harm. When she was around, no other member of the family dared to scold me. I slept with my grandmother in her room, not with my mother, and I was always served the best food available in the house.

    My savvy grandmother inspired deep respect among the villagers. She ran the family business of providing loans, usually in the form of rice, to people in the village, and she also managed all of the family’s farmland.

    The words that came out of her mouth were always plain but often deep and inspiring.

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    A portrait of my grand mother (Photo provided by company)

    One of my uncles, my father’s youngest brother, remembered me asking her this question when I was 4 years old: “If we cut down all trees in the mountains, how will we boil rice?”

    At that time, people in Putian burned wood from the mountains to cook their meals. Though still a child, I was apparently worried that someday there would be no trees left.

    Speaking gently, my grandmother gave me the following answer, according to my uncle. “This world, created by God, works wonderfully. Everything is arranged for the human race. Even if we cut down all the trees, they will grow again. And there will always be things that can be burned instead of wood, so you don’t have to worry.”

    One day she took me to a temple. There, in the profound silence of the surroundings, she began to speak to me. “Child, our home is very beautiful, but look how poor everyone is here. That’s because they have no skills. You must go abroad to study. You can come back once you are done and do things for the village.”

    I still remember the earnest tone in which she spoke these words. She also said emphatically to me, “You must go away in order to come back, my child.”

    Still a young child, I was of course unable to understand what she meant. Even after I grew up, I remained uncertain about the real meaning of her words. But the phrase “go away in order to come back” was seared into my memory.

    More than half a century later, in the 1980s, I visited my father’s home again. It was then that I finally understood the message that she wanted to convey to me. I will talk more about that episode later.

    Back then, my father was running a textile shop in Malang, on the island of Java, having left me and my mother in his home village. In 1935, when I was 6 years old, he came back to take the two of us with him to Malang. It had been decided that one of my uncles who was also living in Malang — my father’s immediate younger brother — would return to the family home to take care of my grandmother. My four elder sisters remained in China and continued to live apart from us.

    I was terrified at the prospect of parting from my grandmother. I cried almost every day and would not let go of her. My resistance, however, was in vain. I was separated from my grandmother and brought back by my parents to my hometown, Malang.

    I never saw my grandmother again. She died six years after I left Putian.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Returning-to-a-homeland-under-Dutch-rule-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-4
    My Personal History
    04 Returning to a homeland under Dutch rule
    September 13, 2018 11:01 JST

    In Malang, I received a Chinese education and saw colonial arrogance firsthand

    It was in Surabaya, a port city on the island of Java, that I saw a Dutch person for the first time in my life.

    The Dutch began colonizing what is now Indonesia in the early 17th century. They first established a foothold on Java and then colonized the surrounding islands one by one, eventually bringing the entire archipelago under a colonial rule that was to last for more than three centuries. When I was a boy, Indonesia was called the Dutch East Indies.

    Our family left my father’s home in China’s Fujian Province to live in Java. After a two-week trip by sea, we arrived in Surabaya. To go through immigration, we had to wait in a long line in the sweltering heat.

    That was when I saw a Dutchman for the first time. I was stunned by how much taller he was than the average Chinese person. To a young boy like me who had never seen a Dutch person, he looked scary.

    The Dutch immigration officer was very rude to me and other Chinese. I started crying. I missed my grandmother in China dearly.

    My mother tried to comfort me, hugging me tightly and telling me not to worry.

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    After we cleared immigration, we got into a car and headed to Batu, located in a highland region known as Malang, in the southern part of Surabaya. Malang had grown into a popular retreat and health spot for Dutch people working in Surabaya.

    After spending some time in Batu, our family moved to the city of Malang. Between 10,000 to 20,000 ethnic Chinese lived there, most of them working as retailers and restaurant owners. There were elementary and junior high schools where classes were taught in Chinese, and I ended up going to a school called Nan Qiang.

    Classes at these schools were taught in the Beijing dialect, the standard back in China. Because they had come from all parts of China, the Chinese living in Malang spoke a broad variety of dialects. Even those from different areas within Fujian Province had difficulty in communicating with each other.

    Our family spoke the dialect of Xinghua (now Putian city).

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    Me in 1937, when I was attending a Chinese school in Malang (Photo provided by company)

    Every day after school, I spent countless hours learning Chinese characters under my father’s watchful eye. I practiced calligraphy regularly, using the handwriting of Liu Gongquan, a great master of Tang calligraphy, as a model.

    My father was one of the few people in his home village of Xinghua who had received an education. My grandfather, who was passionate about education, brought teachers to the village and opened a private school, where my father studied.

    My father also read Chinese classics to me, explaining the stories in simple terms. In this way I became acquainted with “The Twenty-four Filial Exemplars,” a classic text of Confucian filial piety, and the sayings of Fan Li (also known as Tao Zhu Gong), who is worshipped in China as “the God of Wealth.”

    My father bought me a children’s illustrated version of the historical novel “Romance of the Three Kingdoms,” too. Thanks to my father, I gained wide knowledge about Chinese culture.

    There was also a Chinese temple in Malang. Its architecture was a mixture of Buddhist and Taoist styles. I believe the temple was dedicated to Mazu, a Chinese Sea Goddess worshipped as the protector of seafarers in Fujian Province. The temple was always very lively during the Chinese New Year, when it would be thronged with worshippers.

    The food we ate in Malang was no different from what we had in China. Our family often ate rice porridge. Local Muslims did not eat pork, but we could buy and eat it, as there were Chinese pig breeders in Malang.

    One day, I was playing with a friend whose family ran a Chinese restaurant when I heard someone inside the shop suddenly start yelling.

    It turned out to be a Dutch customer raising a fuss after he saw a waiter touch the inside of a dish with his finger. There was no need for the customer to yell like that. A quiet admonition would have been enough.

    That was the moment I saw firsthand the arrogance of the Dutch.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/My-mother-s-untimely-death-in-childbirth-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-5
    My Personal History
    05 My mother’s untimely death in childbirth
    September 14, 2018 11:01 JST

    My bereaved father played the role of both parents — and taught me to work hard

    Personal relationships are extremely important for huaqiao, as ethnic Chinese living abroad are called. They place particular importance on blood relations and ties with people from the same parts of China as themselves. Nurturing such relationships and helping one another enabled overseas Chinese to survive despite being outsiders in foreign lands.

    My father had three younger brothers, all of whom emigrated to Batu in Malang, a region on the island of Java. But the eldest of these three returned to the family home in Xinghua (present-day Putian) in Fujian Province to take care of my grandmother. One of the remaining two younger brothers continued to live in Batu, while my father and the other younger brother moved to the city of Malang.

    My father remitted money to his mother back home in Xinghua almost every month. Even after my grandmother died, my father continued remitting money for his younger brother who had returned to the family home. My father’s actions were a reflection of our strong family ties.

    We also had close ties with other people who had come from our home village. Many Chinese from Xinghua lived in Malang, where my father had opened a textile shop. For those who could not read and write, my father read out letters they had received from China and wrote their replies for them. He never accepted money for such acts of kindness.

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    A portrait of my mother, who died when I was 9 years old (Photo provided by company)

    My father loathed chasing easy money. Once when I bought a lottery ticket, he snatched it from my hand and tore it up in front of me. He then slapped my hand and gave me a good talking-to. “Wealth comes from sweat and toil, not from gambling,” he said. “Gambling is the road to ruin.”

    When I was around 11 years old and had learned to write basic Chinese characters, I started helping my father write letters for those who could not. I gradually built up the knowledge I needed for this task, such as personal information about the relatives of the people who asked for our help. I was happy that I could be of use for people from the same village, whom I regarded as my family.

    My father sold traditional Indonesian fabrics called batik to local customers, and as I learned Indonesian, I also helped him with his textile business.

    My father also never allowed me to accept gifts. “If you accept gifts from others, you become indebted to them and it’s easier for them to give you orders. Giving makes you happier than receiving.”

    When I was given some sweets from a relative, my father insisted that I return them.

    My mother died in childbirth when I was 9 years old. At that time in Java, it was customary for women to give birth at home with the help of a midwife.

    My father and I were waiting outside the room for the baby to be born when we suddenly heard my mother give an anguished cry. My father was too worried to sit still.

    A girl was finally born, but my mother breathed her last immediately afterward. It was a sudden and unexpected death.

    My father put up a picture of my mother in the middle of the room and set up a household Buddhist altar to pray for the repose of her soul. For 49 days after her death, he got up before 5 every morning and chanted a sutra for her.

    My father struggled for a long time to overcome the grief of his loss. Sometimes he would stare at my mother’s picture and weep bitterly. Adding to his grief, the baby, my youngest sister, died several months later. My father and I were now the only members of our family who remained in Malang.

    My father was 41 years old when my mother died, but he did not remarry because he thought doing so would make me unhappy. After my mother’s death, he played the role of both parents, acting not only as a stern father but also as a kind mother. He mended my torn clothes and even bathed me.

    All of my three younger sisters died while they were still infants. As a young boy I saw the deaths of so many close family members. These experiences instilled a fear of death into my heart.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/On-my-own-at-13-I-learned-a-painful-lesson-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-6
    My Personal History
    06 On my own at 13, I learned a painful lesson
    September 15, 2018 11:00 JST

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    The Japanese army detained my farther, leaving me alone and prey to swindlers

    At the age of 13 I was suddenly left alone when my father was detained by the Imperial Japanese Army.

    The Pacific War broke out in December 1941, and the following March Japan invaded the Dutch East Indies in pursuit of oil. Japanese forces landed on Java and advanced to Malang, where my father and I lived.

    In Malang, there was an association of people who had come from Xinghua (present-day Putian) in China’s Fujian Province. Both my father and uncle belonged to this association. The Japanese military believed the group to be an anti-Japanese organization linked to the Kuomintang government in Chongqing.

    One morning not long after its arrival, the Japanese army detained the 62 members of the association. Both my father and uncle were taken away and did not return until Japan’s surrender in 1945.

    I was left completely on my own. I started running my father’s textile store, and I also worked as a clerk at a hotel where Japanese military officers stayed.

    Since Japanese guests used kanji to fill out the registration forms, I was asked to use my knowledge of Chinese characters to help with the registration process.

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    A portrait of my father, who detained by the Imperial Japanese Army (Photo provided by company)

    I heard that some rank-and-file Japanese soldiers were violent, but the Japanese officers I met were all polite. They often asked, “Can you write kanji?” Even though I couldn’t speak Japanese, using Chinese characters I was able to communicate with them in writing.

    During Japan’s occupation of Java, local residents were required to take turns keeping watch on each of the town’s streets every night.

    We had nothing to do but to kill time during these long night watches. On one such night, three men and I were also on watch and we agreed to bet on a traditional Chinese card game called “Si Se Pai,” or Four Color Cards.

    I suffered an endless spate of losses and ended up deep in debt. I sold some of my father’s belongings, including gold ornaments, to pay what I owed, but even that was not enough.

    The three men came to my house and demanded payment. They were all more than 10 years older than me.

    I left my house and did not return for days. But as I stood in front of my mother’s grave weeping tears of bitter regret, it suddenly dawned on me: “They must have cheated me, a child, out of money.” This realization gave me the courage to return home and reopen the shop.

    Before long, the three men came to my house and again demanded money. I flatly refused them.

    “You cheated me in the game,” I said. “I’ll forget about the money I have already paid, but if you keep asking for more, I’ll tell people I know about this.”

    The trio never gave me a hard time again. I learned a bitter lesson from this mistake. Since then, I have always heeded my father’s advice and refrained from gambling.

    During the Japanese occupation, junior high school classes were canceled, so I continued to attend Nan Qiang Primary School.

    The school’s principal, Luo Yitian, was well-versed in classical Chinese literature. Principal Luo helped me read such classics as “Laotzu,” “the Analects of Confucius” and “Master Zuo’s Commentary to the Spring and Autumn Annals.”

    The principal also enlightened me on contemporary thinking, like Sun Yat-sen’s “Three Principles of the People.”

    Principal Luo was a staunch believer in leftist ideology and encouraged me to read a book written by Zou Taofen, a respected Chinese journalist in those days. The book described how black people were oppressed in the U.S. and criticized capitalism.

    “Although all people are equal, imperialist nations rule many colonies and discriminate against Asians and Africans,” Principal Luo said.

    Influenced by his thinking, I began to develop sympathy for anti-imperialist and anti-colonial causes.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Supporting-Indonesia-s-pro-independence-guerrillas-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-7
    My Personal History
    07 Supporting Indonesia’s pro-independence guerrillas
    September 16, 2018 11:01 JST

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    Me, second from left in the third row, and my classmates in junior high school (Photo provided by company)

    After a brush with danger, I went to study in Nanjing with the help of a general

    On Aug. 15, 1945, Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.

    In Malang, where I lived, junior high school classes were resumed and I started attending them.

    My father, who had been detained by the Japanese army, was released and returned home. But afterward he was always afraid. He was particularly terrified by the sound of motorbikes and would instantly run away whenever he heard one. He had heard the sound of motorbikes when the Japanese army came to take him away.

    I took my father to Singapore and we stayed there for a while. The change of environment apparently did him good, and his fear gradually faded.

    After Japan’s surrender, Sukarno, the leader of the Indonesian independence movement, declared Indonesia’s independence as a republic on Aug. 17. But the Dutch colonialists refused to acknowledge Indonesian independence.

    First, British troops landed in Surabaya and other areas of Java to disarm the Japanese army. Then, Dutch forces landed across the country to regain the ground they had lost.

    Indonesian residents rose up in revolt and started fighting both the British and the Dutch. The Indonesian fighters mainly staged guerrilla warfare in the mountainous areas from Surabaya to Malang.

    Influenced by the views of the principal of my primary school, I viewed colonialism as an evil that undermined equality among humans and created gaps between rich and poor.

    As I was young and vigorous, I began supporting Indonesia’s pro-independence guerrillas.

    A man in his 30s called Imam Soekarto led the guerrillas operating in areas around Malang. Despite our large age difference, the two of us hit it off. I helped his fight by buying medical supplies in Surabaya and bringing them to fighters in the mountains. I also reported the locations of Dutch troops to Soekarto’s forces.

    The Dutch adopted a “divide-and-conquer” strategy of setting up puppet states in Indonesia.

    Siauw Giok Tjhan, a Chinese Indonesian activist who later served as a cabinet minister in the government of the republic, called on ethnic Chinese students to organize demonstrations against the Dutch.

    While the older generations of ethnic Chinese who had migrated from China to Indonesia generally distanced themselves from politics, younger Chinese born in Indonesia were keen to get involved in political activities.

    The anti-Dutch student movement attracted many young ethnic Chinese. I joined the movement immediately.

    The Dutch arrested students who took part in the movement and sent them to a jail in Malang. I was among those put on a wanted list and detained, but I was immediately released. The Dutch apparently thought I was not the student on their list.

    My Chinese name, as pronounced in Mandarin, is Li Wenzheng. That matched the name on the Dutch wanted list, but on my ID card my name was written as Li Mo Di.

    The pronunciation of my Chinese name in the Xinghua dialect, which our family spoke at home, was closer to Li Mong Ding. As a result, when my family had my birth registered, the Dutch official in charge wrote my name as Li Mo Di, which eventually became my Indonesian name of Riady.

    I had barely escaped being jailed, but I was afraid that I could be arrested again if I remained in Indonesia. My great-uncle in Surabaya (a cousin of my grandfather, to be exact) introduced me to a merchant from Xinghua who was living in Shanghai at the time.

    Counting on the merchant’s support, I headed to Shanghai. I believe this was around the end of 1946.

    The merchant introduced me to a general named Wu Heyun, who held a senior post in the Kuomintang government in Nanjing. Wu also came from Xinghua.

    The general arranged for me to take the entrance exam of the National Central University in Nanjing. I applied to study Chinese philosophy because there was less competition for the department.

    I passed the exam and began my life as a student in Nanjing.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Hyperinflation-and-hunger-in-Nanjing-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-8
    My Personal History
    08 Hyperinflation and hunger in Nanjing
    September 17, 2018 11:01 JST

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    The Chinese Civil War devastated the city and forced me to escape to Hong Kong

    After enrolling in the National Central University in Nanjing, I became even more staunchly leftist.

    Following Japan’s surrender, U.S. forces advanced to North China. At the end of December 1946, news that a female Chinese student at Peking University had been raped by an American soldier came out, sparking a wave of anger and indignation among Chinese youth.

    The following January, anti-U.S. demonstrations protesting the incident spread across China. Students at universities in Nanjing joined the protests, and I readily took to the streets, shouting, “No to U.S. Imperialism.”

    At the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War, the National Central University relocated to Chongqing. It had only recently returned to Nanjing when I enrolled, and the number of faculty members was not large.

    I majored in Chinese philosophy and immersed myself in such classics as the works of Laotzu and Sun Tzu.

    My classmates came from various parts of China, but I was the only overseas Chinese at the university.

    I lived in a university dormitory and ate at the student cafeteria with my classmates.

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    This photo was taken in 1948, when I was studying Chinese philosophy at the National Central University in Nanjing. (Photo provided by company)

    In 1947 and 1948, China suffered hyperinflation. The Kuomintang was locked in civil war with the Communist Party and kept heedlessly printing money to finance the war.

    As a result, the value of the currency nosedived, triggering runaway inflation. The prices of various things skyrocketed hundreds of thousands of times in a matter of months. Printed money became as worthless as wastepaper.

    In 1948, the Kuomintang government tried to tame the chaotic situation by issuing a new currency backed by gold and called the jin yuan quan, or gold yuan. But the new currency also became worthless in about half a year.

    People used rice as a substitute for money. My father sent me money from Indonesia, but it was useless as people were relying on barter to get by. Life became increasingly desperate.

    The civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party continued raging across China. After winning a decisive victory against the Kuomintang’s forces in the Huaihai Campaign, fought in areas to the north of the Yangtze River, in early January 1949, the Communist Party’s People’s Liberation Army advanced toward Nanjing. The city started suffering acute shortages of food and other necessities. Public order in Nanjing deteriorated and theft became rampant.

    The National Central University canceled its classes, and most students and faculty members left Nanjing. Only a handful of students, including me, remained in the dormitory.

    With nothing to eat, I shivered in the cold of the Nanjing winter. In Xinjiekou, the city’s downtown district, refugees were freezing to death.

    As I had nobody to turn to, I went to the Dutch Embassy. Although I had supported Indonesia’s fight for independence from the Netherlands and left Malang, my hometown in Java, to escape the Dutch authorities, I had no choice now but to seek the country’s help.

    The Netherlands provided protection to people from Indonesia on humanitarian grounds. I told the embassy officials about my situation, and they arranged for me to board a ship bound for Hong Kong.

    I thought I would probably be better off going to Hong Kong than remaining in Nanjing, where there was little to eat. At least in Hong Kong, I assumed, I would be able to get some food.

    I left Nanjing before the People’s Liberation Army captured the city in April 1949.

    The first 20 years of my life were constantly overshadowed by war. I experienced four armed conflicts before I turned 20. The first was the conflict among warlords in Fujian Province, where my father was born. The second was the Japanese invasion of Indonesia. The third was Indonesia’s war of independence. The fourth was the civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, which affected my life in Nanjing.

    My experiences during these four wars convinced me that war can never be anything but a source of horror and sorrow. War not only causes death on the battlefield, it also creates hunger and poverty.

    Arriving in Hong Kong after my escape from the chaos in Nanjing, I fully realized the great value of peace.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-letter-that-saved-my-life-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-9
    My Personal History
    09 The letter that saved my life
    September 18, 2018 11:01 JST

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    Me and my future wife in our younger days (Photo provided by company)

    A reply from my sweetheart came just in time to prevent my boarding an ill-fated ship

    To escape the civil war between the Kuomintang-led government and the Communist Party, I left Nanjing and came to Hong Kong, even though I did not know anybody there.

    I visited the local association of people who had come from Xinghua in Fujian Province (present-day Putian), my father’s home region, hoping that I might receive some help.

    As I expected, a member of the association took pity on me and arranged for me to stay at a shop run by a relative.

    I wanted to return to Indonesia, but unfortunately I had no identification documents. I submitted an application to the Indonesian consulate in Hong Kong for permission to return home, but my request was rejected.

    Then I heard rumors that Imam Soekarto, who had led guerrillas fighting the Dutch forces in Indonesia’s war of independence, had become the Indonesian ambassador to Burma (now Myanmar).

    In Indonesia, I had supported Soekarto’s fight by bringing medical supplies to his troops.

    The armed conflict between the Netherlands and Indonesia continued while I was in Nanjing. Finally, however, the Netherlands acknowledged Indonesia as an independent and sovereign nation in the Hague Agreement at the end of 1949.

    I wrote a letter to Soekarto, asking him to prove that I was an Indonesian national. I had no choice but to wait for his reply in Hong Kong.

    I spent my time in Hong Kong visiting bookstores and libraries to study Karl Marx’s “Das Kapital.”

    I found that these shops and libraries also had large collections of books criticizing communism, so I read many of those, too.

    Because the authors critical of communism were well-versed in communist ideology, reading their works helped me better understand Marx’s theory. I did not have the slightest desire to become an entrepreneur.

    Through my study of communism, I made many friends. We talked about traveling to Yan’an, a city in Shaanxi Province famous as the wartime stronghold of the Communist Party until 1947, and eventually agreed to go.

    But I was concerned about my relationship with Li Limei (Suryawati Lidya), my sweetheart, who was four years younger than me.

    I first met Li Limei in Surabaya while I was involved in supporting the Indonesian guerrilla army. Later, she also went to China and studied at a junior high school in Nanjing. As the situation in Nanjing became dangerous, however, her family called her back to Indonesia.

    If I returned to China to join the revolution, I would probably never see her again. Almost every night, my heart ached for her and I longed for her even in my dreams.

    I didn’t want to part from her, but I would have to if I wanted to pursue my ideals.

    Day after day, I was tormented by this painful dilemma. My friends became worried by my haggard face.

    I wrote a letter to Limei from Hong Kong and waited for her reply. I checked the mailbox every day, in vain.

    Just as my anguish was becoming unbearable, I received a letter from her. It arrived the day before I was to aboard a ship for Tianjin with my friends.

    “I have been waiting every day for your letter and for your return home,” she wrote. It had simply taken a long time for her reply to reach me.

    My heart was torn in two. I couldn’t get a wink of sleep and spent the whole night crying.

    The following day I told my friends that I wanted some time to think over what I should do and urged them to board the ship ahead of me.

    Just then a typhoon was approaching Hong Kong, whipping up the wind and waves. Because I arrived late I was unable to board the ship. My friends were waiting on board, but the wind only grew stronger.

    Chemicals had been loaded onto the ship, and as the vessel rolled, it created friction that sparked a fire. The flames engulfed the ship, and everyone on board was killed.

    I learned of the tragedy next morning from the newspaper. My girlfriend’s letter had saved my life.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Travel-opened-my-eyes-to-Indonesia-s-great-diversity-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-10
    My Personal History
    10 Travel opened my eyes to Indonesia’s great diversity
    September 19, 2018 11:01 JST

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    This building in Jember housed the shop run by the family of my future wife. (Photo provided by company)

    Meeting shop owners and seeing how business worked cooled my ardor for communism

    In 1950, I returned from Hong Kong to Malang, my home village on the Indonesian island of Java.

    Imam Soekarto, the guerrilla leader I had become acquainted with during Indonesia’s war of independence, vouched for my identity, and I received permission to return home. My father was waiting for me alone in Malang.

    Indonesia had been recognized by the Dutch as an independent state at the end of 1949, and now it was embarking on efforts to turn itself into a modern nation.

    I pondered what I should do. My studies had been cut short by the civil war in China between the Kuomintang-led government and the Communist Party, though I did not take part in the country’s communist revolution.

    After returning home, I set out on a long journey to see every corner of Indonesia.

    I boarded a train in Banyuwangi in East Java Province and started traveling around the country, going anywhere my fancy took me. Wherever I went, I visited bicycle shops.

    In those days, ethnic Chinese in Indonesia sold different kinds of products depending on where in China they had come from. People from my father’s home village of Xinghua in Fujian Province (present-day Putian) earned a living selling bicycles and bicycle parts.

    In bicycle shops across the nation, whenever I spoke the Xinghua dialect, the owners would extend their warmest hospitality to me. They put great value on connections with people from the same place as themselves.

    At that time, there were few hotels in the country, and many of the bicycle shop owners I met allowed me to stay at their shops for free. In half a year, I had traveled to almost every corner of Java.

    During my travels, as I saw firsthand how business operated in the real world, I gradually lost my ardent faith in communism.

    I became increasingly sympathetic to the economic theory that Adam Smith described in “The Wealth of Nations,” which I had read simultaneously with Marx’s “Das Kapital.”

    I felt Smith’s argument that the prices of goods are determined by the balance between supply and demand in the market was quite convincing.

    My travels made one thing very clear to me: Indonesia is a country of great diversity.

    Countless ethnic groups inhabit the country’s many islands, each with its own language. This is the reason Indonesians are comfortable embracing people from all over the world.

    Another thing these travels taught me was that when it came to the distribution of goods, all roads led to Jakarta. Products made across Indonesia were brought to the capital, where they were sold to customers.

    There was also a wealth of imported goods available in the city. I became convinced that I had to go to Jakarta if I was to run a big business.

    I was 22 and my father wanted me to get married and start a family as soon as possible.

    My father saw a prospective bride for me in a girl named Chen who lived in Malang. He tried to arrange my marriage with her, but I told him I had no intention of marrying her.

    My heart was set on Limei (Suryawati Lidya), whose letter to me while I was in Hong Kong had made me think twice about my plans to travel to Yan’an. Her letter saved my life — a fire broke out on the ship that I was supposed to embark on, killing everyone on board.

    But my father strongly opposed me marrying Limei, because both Limei and myself had the same family name. According to an old Chinese custom, it was taboo for two people with the same family name to marry each other. Since I did not want to upset my father, I decided to avoid talking about marriage in front of him for a while.

    Limei’s mother also opposed the idea of us marrying. She had heard how I ran around trying to support Indonesia’s war of independence and was sure that I could not be a “decent person.” She assumed that I was vulgar and rough-mannered, so I had my work cut out for me trying to persuade her to allow me to marry her daughter.

    I mustered up the courage to go to Jember in East Java, where Limei and her mother lived, to do what I had to do.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/How-business-talks-led-to-marriage-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-11
    My Personal History
    11 How business talks led to marriage
    September 20, 2018 11:01 JST

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    I won over my future mother-in-law with sound advice for her shop

    The first time I visited the home of my girlfriend, Li Limei (Suryawati Lidya), it was to win her mother’s permission to marry. Her home was in Jember, a town near the eastern tip of Java, further east from Malang, where I lived.

    Her family ran a general shop located in the busiest part of Jember’s main shopping district. It used to be a Japanese-run store, but her family acquired it after Japan’s defeat in World War II.

    Limei’s father had already passed away, so her mother and older brother ran the shop. It was a fairly large space for a shop in those days, measuring 14 meters wide and 50 meters deep. The family only used the front 7 meters or so for their business, however, leaving the back part empty.

    After a brief look inside the store, I decided against talking about marriage immediately and instead pointed out the wasted floor space.

    Her mother retorted, saying, “What does that have to do with you?” I ignored her and said, as if talking to myself, “It’s too bad. Such a waste of store space, it’s a great loss.”

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    A family photo: I am second from left in the back row, and my father is in the center in the front row. (Photo provided by company)

    Her mother, apparently intrigued, asked me what she should do. I readily seized the opportunity and offered my advice. I suggested that she display fabrics and cloth on the right-hand side of the shop, sarongs on the left, and in the middle cosmetics and women’s shoes. To make a visual impact, I suggested arranging these products by color.

    As I explained my ideas to Limei’s mother, her wariness of me gradually faded and she asked me where she could find the money to purchase such goods. I replied with confidence, saying that since the store location was so good, that there must be many wholesalers who would want to sell their goods there. I suggested that she make arrangements with these wholesalers in which she paid them for their products only after they had been sold. Sale on consignment was also an option, I said.

    Impressed by my advice for her store, she invited me to her home and cooked dinner for me. We talked about her business until late into the night, and I ended up staying over at their house.

    The next morning, as I was about to leave, I asked Limei’s mother to give her blessing for our marriage. She approved on the condition that I help her with the shop in Jember for three years. After thinking about it for a moment, I agreed. I had won over my girlfriend’s mother by talking business with her.

    My father also opposed my marriage with Limei, and I kept him in the dark about our plan for a while. When I finally told him about my intention to marry her several months later, he gave his permission, saying, “Do as you please.”

    But I did not tell him about my agreement with Limei’s mother. I successfully pleaded with my relatives to open an ice candy shop in Jember and went to live there under the pretext of working at their shop.

    I worked with Limei, her older brother and mother to expand the family’s business. Three years passed, and all went well. But I had no intention of spending the rest of my life in Jember.

    While traveling around Indonesia, I had decided that one day I would go to Jakarta to seek my success in business.

    My father was worried about my plan, asking what I could do in a city where I had neither money nor connections.

    I wanted to leave the small town where I lived and try my hand at doing business in a major city. My granduncle (my grandfather’s cousin) in Surabaya supported my plan and offered to help me. “A bonsai tree can never become large,” he said. “A tree needs open space to grow and thrive.”

    In 1954, I went to Jakarta with little more than the shirt on my back. I was 25.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/How-I-learned-the-ropes-of-trade-in-a-port-town-Mochtar-Riday-s-story-12
    My Personal History
    12 How I learned the ropes of trade in a port town
    September 21, 2018 11:01 JST

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    Jakarta has historically been a bustling trade hub with a large ethnic Chinese business community. (Photo courtesy of the National Archives of Indonesia)

    Importing electronics led to me operating a successful shipping company

    I went to Jakarta to start my own business, but I trod carefully at first.

    In those days, many ethnic Chinese who had come to Indonesia from my father’s home region of Xinghua, in China’s Fujian Province, were in the business of selling bicycles or related products. Deciding to start selling bicycle parts, I began studying the local network of parts suppliers.

    I soon heard that Medan, a city on the island of Sumatra, was the distribution hub for bicycle parts. When I visited Medan, however, I found that the hub was actually Langsa in Aceh, located further northwest and across the Strait of Malacca from Malaysia.

    I traveled on to the port of Langsa and was surprised to discover that it was a small town with only two streets.

    All of the inns, however, were packed with merchants, and there were piles of containers stacked up at the small port. Various goods were imported from Singapore into Langsa and then shipped on to be sold in Jakarta.

    During the era of the Dutch colonial rule, development of what is now Indonesia focused mainly on natural resources and agricultural products. As a result, development of the colony’s metal and machinery industries lagged. This meant that bicycle parts had to be imported from other countries via Singapore.

    I wondered why such a rural town was used as the transit point for imports. As I did more research, I found that it was due to Langsa’s unique customs duty system, which was different from the system in the rest of Indonesia.

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    Generally, customs duties are levied according to the value of the imported goods. In Langsa, however, they were based on the volume of the container in which the imports were carried — the content of those containers was not checked.

    The Republic of Indonesia was officially born in 1950, but four years later there were still areas of the new country that the central government had yet to control.

    An idea struck me. For some products, tariffs were lower if they were imported through Langsa than at other ports. If I imported electronic devices, which were relatively small but expensive, via Langsa and sold them in Indonesia, I could make a bigger profit than if I imported cheaper but larger bicycle parts.

    I went to Singapore and visited my father’s cousin, Huang Yaxin, who had a large and successful bicycle wholesale business in the city and also served as vice chairman of Far East Bank.

    Huang agreed to act as a guarantor so that I could purchase radios, electronic parts and the like in Singapore on credit.

    The problem was that I didn’t have a license to engage in international trade. The government of the newly independent Indonesia adopted a policy of preferential treatment for indigenous people, and it refused to grant Chinese in Indonesia licenses to import goods into the country.

    To get around this problem, I asked an indigenous friend to serve as an import agent for my business. With the help of this friend, I could import the products I had bought in Singapore via Langsa and then sell them in Jakarta. I made a killing.

    I imported products in this way only twice, however. I didn’t think the simplified customs duty system at Langsa would remain unchanged for long, and I was worried I would get into trouble if the government changed the system.

    Through my experience in trade, I acquired an interest in shipping. I bought a wooden boat and started my own shipping business. But I couldn’t find any customers for my new business.

    Not knowing what to do, I turned to my old primary school teacher, Yang Xiulian. Her husband, who had many friends in the business community, introduced me to Xu Naichang, a Chinese businessman. Chinese, as I have mentioned, place great value on personal connections.

    Xu operated thriving rubber and coconut ventures in Tembilahan, in central Sumatra. He helped me get acquainted with local merchants who became my customers.

    My shipping business proved enormously successful. At its height, the company operated a fleet of 17 ships.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Sukarno-s-economic-policy-left-me-on-the-brink-of-ruin-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-13
    My Personal History
    13 Sukarno’s economic policy left me on the brink of ruin
    September 22, 2018 11:01 JST

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    Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno, right (Photo courtesy of the National Archives of Indonesia)

    I lost my father and nearly went bankrupt, but my wife’s support saw me through

    My trading and shipping businesses achieved a measure of success.

    In the autumn of 1958, however, my father started to look unwell. His appetite faded and he began to lose weight.

    I had him examined at several hospitals, and his condition was diagnosed as gastritis. But even though I took him to Singapore for medical treatment, his condition failed to improve.

    Finally, when he was X-rayed at a hospital in Surabaya, it was found that he had cancer of the esophagus.

    At that time, there were no hospitals in Indonesia that could provide adequate treatment for cancer, and my father was forced to live in pain. He sought treatment from doctors of traditional Chinese herbal medicine who had come from China and even from an Indonesian shaman in Malang, but nothing worked.

    The pain made my father irritable, but when I finally told him the truth about his condition, he suddenly became calm and quiet. He stopped eating and taking medicine the next morning. Two days later, on Aug. 22, 1959, he breathed his last.

    I was away from my trading business for the two months leading up to my father’s death. During that period, a serious situation had developed.

    Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno, adopted an economic policy focused on growth driven by state-run enterprises. But his economic program, combined with an inefficient administrative system, caused the fiscal deficit to balloon, resulting in a period of rapid inflation that began in the late 1950s.

    On Aug. 25, three days after my father’s death, the Sukarno administration announced a sharp devaluation of the country’s currency. Under sanering, or “currency remediation,” as the policy was called, 1,000-rupiah bank notes were now worth 100 rupiah, and 500-rupiah bills worth 50. The government also capped the amount of money that people could withdraw from their bank accounts.

    Prices of goods, however, remained unchanged. This meant that those with money suffered losses. The program was aimed at curbing inflation by weakening the purchasing power of the rich.

    As the value of my cash reserves fell, it became impossible for me to keep up with my debt payments.

    For the first time in my life, I was on the brink of bankruptcy. Instead of cash I offered to give my three creditors my house and inventory, but they declined.

    Well aware of my situation, the three creditors granted me a moratorium on my payments.

    Because the rupiah’s effective exchange rate against the U.S. dollar also fell sharply, it would have been impossible for me to even cover the cost of the goods I had imported if I sold them in rupiah.

    But I didn’t panic. I decided against trying to sell the items right away, hoping that prices would eventually start rising. Half a year later, as I expected, prices were higher than the import cost and I could again sell my goods at a profit.

    I was honest with my wife, Li Limei, about the dire situation of my business and asked her to try to save money.

    We had four young children, and my wife not only consoled and encouraged me, she also secretly began to sew children’s clothing. She had no sewing skills to speak of and had to learn the art from scratch.

    Her plan was actually to sell the clothes to help us make ends meet. Fortunately, her items proved very popular and sold well. She then bought a sewing machine and hired workers to increase the output.

    Our house started to look like a sewing factory. She eventually started contracting out some of the work to homemakers in the neighborhood. Her support allowed me to concentrate on my own businesses.

    I was able to pay off my remaining debt earlier than expected. My three creditors said I didn’t have to pay the interest that had accrued during the grace period they gave me, but I did anyway.

    That was because of the advice my father gave me immediately before he died. He told me not to cause any trouble to others and not to take anyone else’s profits. I faithfully followed that advice.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Achieving-my-childhood-dream-of-becoming-a-banker-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-14
    My Personal History
    14 Achieving my childhood dream of becoming a banker
    September 23, 2018 11:01 JST

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    My first foray into banking proved a valuable learning experience

    When I was in elementary school, there was a magnificent Western-style building in Malang, my home village in Java. The building turned out to be a bank.

    The people inside were all well-dressed and always busy at work, but the place didn’t seem to sell anything. Mystified, I one day asked the principal of my school, Luo Yitian, what kind of business it was.

    He told me that it was a bank opened by the Dutch and explained the banking business to me. Banks accept deposits from people, paying them interest on their savings, and use that money to make loans to merchants at higher rates of interest. Banks make profits by acting as financial intermediaries, he said. His explanation made me feel that I sort of understood banking. I thought what a good business it was: earning profits simply by moving money from some people to others.

    As a child, I developed a dream of opening a bank when I grew up. Every time I passed by that splendid building, I looked inside and imagined myself working as a banker.

    As I grew a little older, I started to learn more about banks from what I read in newspapers and books.

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    The first bank I acquired later became Panin Bank through a merger. (Photo provided by company)

    When I was engaged in the trading business in Jakarta, a person named Chen Defa lived next door. He first ran a small bicycle shop and then opened a bank on the site of his shop. Chen’s bank grew into a big business in three years.

    Chen became a banker even though he was not highly educated. If he could run a bank, I thought, surely I could, too. Chen’s success only fueled my desire to become a banker.

    I told my father about this dream. He was skeptical and asked me how I could start a bank without capital.

    Though he tried to discourage me, I refused to budge. I tried to convince him by explaining how banks act as financial intermediaries that move funds from those with excess capital to those who need it. The business of banks, I said to him, was to buy and sell credit, not money. “If you have credit, you can become a banker without a lot of capital.”

    In 1959, a friend of mine named Wu Wenrong gave me welcome news. He told me that Bank Kemakmuran had fallen into financial trouble and was looking to build up its capital. I went to the bank to negotiate a purchase of its shares. I agreed with the owner to pay $200,000 for a 66% stake in the bank. The problem was I didn’t have the money.

    I persuaded the father of Wu Wenrong and four other Chinese to join me and buy the stake together. After our acquisition of the bank, I became its chairman and general manager.

    Thus my dream came true. On my first day as the bank’s chief executive, employees brought the bank’s financial statements to me. I perused the documents, trying to figure out what the numbers meant. But it was beyond my comprehension. Finally I just signed the statements, pretending that I understood them.

    A banker has to be able to understand financial statements, so I asked a head accountant at a foreign bank to teach me accounting. Initially I didn’t even understand why accounting entries had to be divided into two categories — debits and credits.

    I found that learning about accounting and finance through day-to-day operations at the bank was more efficient than learning from books. I watched how money actually moved through the bank and how those movements were recorded in the books. After half a year, I could make sense of financial statements.

    I also applied myself to increasing the amount of deposits at the bank. First I asked friends and relatives of the bank’s senior executives to deposit money. Then I approached friends and relatives of our new customers and asked them to open accounts.

    Just 16 months after I took over, the bank that had been on the verge of failing was back in good financial health.

    Unfortunately, ethical standards among the bank’s senior executives were not very high. Many of them feathered their own nests by using money deposited at the bank to make loans in their own name, taking the interest as profit. I left Bank Kemakmuran.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/To-build-trust-find-a-trustworthy-partner-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-15
    My Personal History
    15 To build trust, find a trustworthy partner
    September 24, 2018 11:01 JST

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    A photo of me standing at a meeting of Bank Buana (Provided by the company)

    The next stage of my banking career came at a turbulent time for Indonesia

    I made a fairly successful foray into the banking business. But at the bank that I first managed, unethical behavior was rife. I needed more reliable banking partners.

    There was a horse trekking business in Batu, a town in Malang, where I was born. When tourists went for a horseback ride, the owner of the horses would follow after them on foot. If the horses went too fast, the owner soon became exhausted and was unable to keep up with them.

    To chase a horse, you need to ride a horse. The owner’s situation gave me some insight into business management. To gain people’s trust, you should first seek the help of someone who already has it. In other words, you cannot win more trust unless you ride a trustworthy horse.

    I turned to my old primary school teacher, Yang Xiulian, for help. She was the chairperson of the Jakarta Overseas Chinese Women’s Association and her husband, Wang Dayue, was secretary of the Indonesian Overseas Chinese General Association. Through the introduction of Wang, I became acquainted with a Chinese businessman named Huang Yuanchang. Huang was the head of the organization representing the country’s textile industry and had an astounding amount of influence.

    Huang loved to play tennis and had a tennis court at his home. After I was introduced to Huang, I went to his home every morning and played tennis with him. I tried to convince him of the need for a reliable bank for Chinese doing business in the country. I also met many other influential Chinese businesspeople and tried to convince them to support my project.

    The owners of top-class businesses in such industries as coffee, pepper, rubber, cloth and glass backed my plan to establish a bank.

    I partnered with influential Chinese businessmen to buy Bank Buana. The bank — which was founded by a fellow student from my junior high school in Malang — was losing money and struggling to stay afloat. I used Bank Buana as a foothold to make a full-scale entry into the banking business in 1963.

    At that time, Indonesia was in a state of political and economic turmoil. Sukarno, a nationalist, adopted policies that antagonized foreign businesses, such as nationalizing the assets of Dutch companies. This caused production to falter. The Sukarno administration tried to tame runaway inflation by devaluing the currency, but the scheme backfired, causing the annual inflation rate to soar over 100%.

    In addition to antagonizing the Netherlands, Indonesia under Sukarno also became embroiled in a conflict with the U.K. and Malaysia over ownership of the island of Borneo, or Kalimantan. Sukarno moved toward closer ties with the Chinese Communist Party, straining his country’s relations with the U.S. as well. At the end of 1965 the administration again devalued the currency, this time at a rate of 1,000 old rupiah to 1 new rupiah. But this measure, too, did nothing but worsen the economic turmoil.

    Amid this political and economic upheaval, an attempted coup took place on Sept. 30, 1965, when a leftist group within the Indonesian military assassinated several army generals. The group was crushed by the rightist faction led by Suharto, a major general at the time. This faction then took over the military.

    The incident damaged the clout of Sukarno, a leftist, paving the way for Suharto’s rise to power in March 1966.

    At the time of the power shift from Sukarno to Suharto, I was taking an evening course in economics at University of Indonesia while managing the bank. Through my studies, I became friends with economics professors who had returned home after studying in the U.S. While they were well-versed in economic theories, I knew how business actually worked. As a result, we had lively and intriguing discussions. Many of the professors I came to know during this period later joined the Suharto administration.

    These professors predicted that Indonesia would shift from its socialist economic system to a market economy. They also said foreign businesses would come back and hyperinflation would come to an end.

    Inflation made it easy for borrowers to pay off their debts, so banks in the country were willing to extend high-interest loans without collateral. But the era of high inflation was coming to a close.

    Realizing that I had to prepare for a new era of low inflation, I started to take action.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/A-fateful-meeting-with-a-powerful-tycoon-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-16
    My Personal History
    16 A fateful meeting with a powerful tycoon
    September 25, 2018 11:01 JST

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    I partnered with Sudono Salim, front row, center, to create what I thought would be the ideal bank. (Photo provided by company)

    After weathering the banking crisis, I convinced Sudono Salim to join me

    In the mid-1960s, political power in Indonesia was shifting from Sukarno to Suharto. It was expected that the country’s sky-high inflation would start to come down, making it harder for businesses and merchants to raise prices. That, in turn, would likely increase the number of borrowers unable to repay their loans, leaving banks with massive amounts of bad debt.

    Until then, banks in Indonesia had extended loans without demanding collateral. It was now clear that this had to change.

    Bank Buana, which I managed, offered to cut interest rates on loans by half in exchange for collateral to secure them. Many customers welcomed the proposal, and the bank switched to a low-interest, secured loan policy. The upshot was an increase in the amount of loans the bank extended.

    In 1966, many banks went under, but Bank Buana managed to weather the crisis.

    Bank Kemakmuran, the first bank I headed, was on the brink of bankruptcy because of lax credit assessments by Wu Wenrong, a friend of mine who was involved in the bank’s management. I came to the bank’s rescue when they asked for help. At the same time, I also agreed to help bail out Bank Industri Dagang Indonesia, which was managed by an ethnic Chinese businessman from Xinghua (present-day Putian), in China’s Fujian Province.

    When my mother-in-law heard that I had set about rescuing these banks, she asked me if I had any opportunities for her relatives. I agreed to invite the son of my wife’s elder sister to join me in the management of a new bank I was opening in Surabaya. I ended up in control of four banks.

    As the financial crisis began to abate, the government set about developing measures to prevent a recurrence. One such measure was to promote the consolidation of small and midsize banks.

    I proposed to their shareholders a merger of the four banks I managed, but Bank Buana’s shareholders were against it. I left Bank Buana’s management team and in 1971 merged the three other banks into a new entity named Pan Indonesia Bank, also known as Panin Bank.

    I took control of the management of Panin Bank, which became a foreign exchange bank. But I soon discovered misconduct among the senior executives. Some of them would use money from deposits at the bank to make loans to businesses for their own profit. When the borrowers failed to repay their debts, the executives put the bad debts on the bank’s books. My relatives were also involved in these activities.

    I handled the issue without making it public, but it made me ponder some basic questions about managing a bank.

    What is my purpose in running banks? Do I only want to make them bigger? Should I care if our borrowers engage in unscrupulous activities? Shouldn’t banks try to create wealth and jobs through their commercial lending? I decided I should become a good banker rather than just a successful one. In May 1975, I quit Panin Bank.

    After purging all the Sukarno-era leftists from power, Suharto officially became president in 1968. Salim Group expanded its business empire on the back of the rapid economic growth of the Suharto era. This conglomerate was founded by Sudono Salim, also known by his Chinese name of Liem Sioe Liong.

    Sudono was born in Fuqing in China’s Fujian Province and immigrated to Indonesia. During Indonesia’s war of independence, he supported pro-independence forces and came into contact with Suharto.

    His conglomerate was involved in such businesses as soap making, spinning and cement production. Under the Suharto administration, the group acquired the exclusive right to import cloves (used to flavor a type of cigarette in Indonesia) and wheat. Its position as clove supplier gave the group control over the Indonesian tobacco industry.

    I felt that my partner in banking should be someone with influence over the tobacco industry, which was one of the largest business sectors in Indonesia at the time.

    In 1975, I happened to sit next to Sudono on a plane to Hong Kong. I seized the opportunity to tell him about my ideal bank. Then and there, Sudono decided to partner with me.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Bringing-efficiency-to-Salim-s-bank-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-17
    My Personal History
    17 Bringing efficiency to Salim’s bank
    September 26, 2018 11:01 JST

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    The author speaking at a ceremony of Bank Central Asia in 1979. (Photo provided by company)

    Given a free hand, I reformed everything from workflow to accounting practices

    Under the government of Suharto, the sphere of activities for private companies expanded. I forged a business partnership with the fast-growing Salim Group in banking. The founder of the conglomerate, Sudono Salim (Liem Sioe Liong), was not highly educated, but he was remarkably intelligent.

    Whenever he became involved in a new business, Sudono would find the best person to manage it and leave everything to that person.

    I wanted to create a clearing bank, that is, a bank involved in the system of finalizing or “clearing” financial transactions. Sudono supported my plan and entrusted me with the management of one of his group’s banks, Bank Central Asia. Sudono never intervened in the bank’s business operations.

    In June 1975, I walked into BCA’s office and started studying its workflow. The tasks for each unit were described in great detail in massive documents. I turned these stacks of papers into simple diagrams that depicted the relevant workflow as a sequence of numbered tasks. Each of these tasks was described in a corresponding document. The system was designed so that even new recruits could understand and perform their tasks immediately.

    Next, I set out to have documents concerning past business transactions sorted and organized. I found that the bank’s document archives was a mess. It was clear that nobody had checked the reams of documents in the office for years. For a bank, records of its past transactions should be a valuable source of future profit. I had the records of the bank’s operations from 1960 to 1974 organized by month.

    I also revamped the bank’s accounting system. I changed the system so that its financial statements showed not only the bank’s total profit but also how much profit each transaction generated. With this system, when management trouble arose, solutions could be found by analyzing the information in these statements.

    I employed leaders in local business communities and their relatives as senior executives at the bank’s local branches, and I trained them for their jobs myself. To help in my recruitment efforts, I ordered lists to be made of local business owners in the country’s six major industries in those days — tobacco, textiles, construction materials, food, automobiles and bicycles. These lists included personal information such as facts about their families, hobbies, assets and character.

    It took 20 months to complete these reforms. Starting in 1978, we focused our efficiency-boosting efforts on computerization. It was a complicated task requiring both manpower and time, but I pushed ahead with the project without a moment’s hesitation.

    In the Taoist classic “Tao Te Ching,” the ancient Chinese philosopher Laotzu says, “All difficult things arise from that which was easy, and all great things from that which was small.” Laotzu also says, “A journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step.”

    The success of a business depends on how solid its foundation is.

    Until 1985 Indonesia’s telecommunication infrastructure was extremely poor and transferring money between banks could take as long as 40 days. Against this backdrop, BCA introduced a next-day remittance service. Since there was no well-developed telecommunication infrastructure, we decided to use trains and other public transportation to carry remittance documents between branches. This service helped convince many new customers to open accounts at BCA.

    Many large companies, however, were still unwilling to do business with us. We sought to establish a relationship with Gudang Garam, which was then Indonesia’s largest cigarette maker, but to no avail. Even Sudono was unable to win over the company despite his huge clout in the tobacco industry.

    I opened a branch near the company’s head office and assigned a very sociable executive to work there. This executive soon started playing badminton and tennis with Gudang Garam’s financial and sales managers. After a year or so, BCA started doing business with the tobacco company through the two executives.

    Another tough nut to crack was Unilever’s Indonesian unit. I again assigned an employee to develop personal ties with Unilever’s executive in hopes of winning over the company, but the strategy did not work this time.

    Changing tack, I ordered that reports on BCA’s favorable exchange rates and next-day remittance service be sent to the company by telex every day. After a year or so, Unilever contacted us.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-bumpy-road-to-entering-the-US-market-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-18
    My Personal History
    18 The bumpy road to entering the US market
    September 27, 2018 11:01 JST

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    Me, left, dining with Jackson Stephens, the CEO of an investment bank in Arkansas, center, and future U.S. President Bill Clinton (Photo provided by company)

    My first attempt to buy an American bank ran into an unexpected setback

    For years, Indonesia suffered from a shortage of foreign currency. In the 1950s, when I was engaged in trade, it was difficult for Indonesian banks to even issue letters of credit. This situation forced Indonesian trading companies to rely on financial institutions in Singapore or Hong Kong for financing. The situation remained mostly unchanged in the 1970s.

    In 1975, I took over the management of Bank Central Asia, the banking unit of Salim Group. I had aspirations to grow the bank into an international financial institution capable of settling foreign exchange transactions. I set up a finance company in Hong Kong for BCA’s financing operations, but it was only a small business. I started to think about acquiring a creditworthy U.S. bank.

    In those days, ethnic Chinese business owners in Southeast Asia frequently made business trips to Taiwan, as well as Singapore and Hong Kong. I would visit Taiwan at least several times a year.

    In 1976, I was invited to attend a dinner party thrown by Yu Kuo-hwa, the governor of Taiwan’s central bank at the time. The guest of honor was Robert Anderson, a former U.S. Treasury secretary.

    I took advantage of the opportunity to get acquainted with Anderson and told him about my desire to buy an American bank. The following year, I received a phone call from him. He informed me that a major shareholder was looking to sell a large stake of a bank in Georgia called National Bank of Georgia. Anderson also told me that a man named Jackson Stephens, who managed an investment bank in Arkansas, was the broker for the shareholder.

    I immediately flew to the U.S. and struck a deal to purchase the shares from the investor. Before I signed the agreement, however, the deal was leaked to a newspaper. The shareholder seeking to sell shares was Bert Lance, a big-time supporter of President Jimmy Carter who had become the administration’s budget director.

    Lance had promised to divest his stake in the bank in order to avoid a conflict of interest in his new government position, but he had been unable to do so due to a stock market tumble. The newspaper article reported on the deal as if it were an attempt to help the Democratic Party out of the bind.

    Alarmed by the possibility of the Indonesian government becoming embroiled in political trouble in the U.S., the finance minister asked me — through Sudono Salim, the chief of Salim Group — to abandon my planned purchase.

    Although I failed to buy a stake in the bank, I acquired a close friendship with Stephens, the broker, which would serve me well in the future.

    In 1980, Stephens helped me acquire a stake in Union Planters National Bank of Memphis in Tennessee. Through a secret deal I bought a 4.9% stake in the bank.

    I invited the bank’s senior executives to visit Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Indonesia. After seeing firsthand how rapidly the economies of these countries were growing, they decided to expand the bank’s operations into Asia.

    The U.S. bank and the BCA group jointly set up a finance company in Hong Kong, with both sides providing half of the capital. The partnership enabled our banking unit to provide financing on a far larger scale, making it much easier for our Indonesian corporate customers to raise funds in foreign currencies.

    At this point, BCA was ready to start doing business in the U.S. But we couldn’t expect ethnic Chinese doing business in the U.S. to become our customers because they already had accounts at U.S. banks. Chinese who had immigrated more recently from Hong Kong to the U.S. likewise already had accounts at Citibank and HSBC.

    Sudono objected to my plan to expand BCA’s business into the U.S., but I tried to convince him that my idea was workable. I pointed out that in addition to a dozen or so major banks, there were also more than 10,000 small and midsize banks operating in the U.S. There must be ways, I argued, for small banks to operate profitably in the country.

    I decided our banking business in the U.S. should mainly target the huge number of Vietnamese Chinese who had fled to America after Vietnam became a communist country. Many of them ran small retail shops, and I thought our bank could help them open shops and buy goods.

    In 1985, BCA opened a branch in New York.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/My-debt-of-gratitude-toward-Li-Ka-shing-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-19
    My Personal History
    19 My debt of gratitude toward Li Ka-shing
    September 28, 2018 11:01 JST

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    The generosity of Hong Kong’s richest man opened up countless opportunities for me

    Li Ka-shing is the richest man in Hong Kong. Li immigrated from his hometown of Chaozhou, in China’s Guangdong Province, to Hong Kong and made his fortune in real estate and infrastructure. I first met him through a friend around 1971. We developed a close friendship and would dine together whenever I traveled to Hong Kong.

    Probably sometime in the first half of the 1990s, while we were eating lunch at Li’s office in Hong Kong, I asked him if he knew any good property to invest in. He suggested that I buy a building on Nathan Road, the main thoroughfare in Kowloon. It was operating as a hotel and owned jointly by Li and a foreign construction company.

    Li said that investing in the property was sure to bring a profit because the location was good. The price was about 900 million Hong Kong dollars (about $115 million at current rates). The top executive of the construction company also agreed to sell the building to me. When we were about to sign the deal, however, the construction company said it wanted to cancel the sale.

    A would-be purchaser from China had apparently offered to buy the building for HK$80 million more than I had offered to pay. Li told the construction company chief that he shouldn’t break his promise even though the contract had not been signed yet, arguing that trust was vital in business. He even offered to pay the difference in price himself to try to convince the company head to honor our agreement.

    Thanks to Li’s mediation, I was able to buy the building for the originally agreed price of HK$900 million. Several months later, an ethnic Chinese businessman from Thailand expressed a strong desire to buy the building. I sold it to him for about HK$2.1 billion.

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    I bought this unique building in Hong Kong and renamed it Lippo Center. (Photo provided by company)

    This was just one of many times Li helped me.

    In 1983, I purchased Seng Heng Bank in Macau jointly with Jackson Stephens, who managed an investment bank in the U.S., and Sudono Salim.

    Seng Heng Bank was owned by Hong Kong businessmen and a Macau banker. After buying the bank, we discovered that the owners had sold it to us without disclosing the fact that it had a lot of undersecured and nonperforming loans.

    The sellers feigned ignorance. The executive Stephens had dispatched to Hong Kong to handle the deal was furious and ready to file a lawsuit. But I advised against taking legal action, pointing out that Macau’s judicial institutions would not necessarily make a fair and impartial decision.

    I discovered that the Macau banker had close ties with China and thought he might be susceptible to influence from that country.

    I asked the top official at Bank of China’s Hong Kong office to help us deal with the problem. As I expected, the sellers agreed to negotiate the matter and offered real estate as compensation for the undersecured and bad loans.

    I later sold the real estate when the market was good and made a profit. It was again Li who helped me out of trouble — he was the one who introduced me to people at Bank of China.

    Another unforgettable property deal I was able to make because of Li’s generosity involved a unique building in Admiralty, a business district in Hong Kong.

    At the end of the 1980s, the high-rise, then called Bond Center, was owned by Japanese property developer EIE International, which later had to sell the building when it fell into financial trouble.

    As I inquired about buying the building, I learned that someone else had already expressed an interest in purchasing the property. That person turned out to be Li.

    I called him and told him that I badly needed an office in Hong Kong. When I asked him whether he could help me with the matter, Li readily agreed to let me buy Bond Center. I bought it and renamed it Lippo Center. To this day it still soars into the sky on the island of Hong Kong.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Expanding-into-China-at-the-dawn-of-economic-reform-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-20
    My Personal History
    20 Expanding into China at the dawn of economic reform
    September 29, 2018 11:00 JST

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    I built close personal ties with Xi Jinping, left, who served as a political leader in Fujian Province before becoming China’s president. (Photo provided by company)

    After more than 50 years, I was finally able to return and help my father’s village

    In 1986, I set foot in mainland China for the first time since I left Nanjing 37 years earlier to escape the civil war between the Kuomintang-led government and the Communist Party.

    Indonesian President Suharto sent a group of Indonesian business leaders to China on a diplomatic mission in hopes of improving and eventually normalizing bilateral ties. I traveled to Beijing as a member of the mission, acting in the capacity of managing director of Bank Central Asia.

    In Indonesia, Suharto purged leftists from his government after assuming power and severed the country’s diplomatic ties with China in 1967. China continued on a path of radical socialism until it began reforming its economy and opening up to the outside world, a process that began in earnest in the 1980s. The two countries decided to start mending their relations by promoting private-sector exchanges.

    As the representative of BCA, I signed a correspondent bank agreement with Bank of China in Beijing. Gen. Ye Fei entertained me in the capital. Ye was born to a Chinese family in the Philippines. He immigrated to China during his boyhood and made a name for himself as the leader of the Communist Party’s guerrilla unit.

    In 1986, Ye was vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. Ye’s family hailed from Fujian Province and he invited me, a native of that province, to dinner.

    He asked for my views about China’s economic policy. I condensed all the information I had about the issue into several problems with the country’s economic policy: (1) nonmanual labor was undervalued; (2) wages were too low relative to the prices of goods; (3) the prices of goods were not determined by their value; (4) the official exchange rate of the yuan was too high; (5) China’s laws, which demanded conformity, were unable to meet natural human needs.

    As he listened to my words, Ye’s expression grew stern. In 1986, the Communist Party had yet to totally embrace market principles. I regretted my remarks, thinking I had said things I shouldn’t have.

    The next morning, a messenger came to my hotel and asked me to go and meet the general. I feared that I might be taken to the police.

    Instead, I was taken to Peking University, where the general and a scholar were waiting to greet me. Ye told me that he had been impressed by what I had told him on the previous day and asked me to speak to academics.

    Speaking to a group of scholars, I pointed out problems with the Chinese economy, quoting from the books written by Marx and Engels I had read in my younger days. After my lecture, I learned that the attendees were reformist advisers to Premier Zhao Ziyang.

    I then traveled to Putian in Fujian Province, my father’s hometown. It had been more than half a century since I unwillingly left Putian, where I lived with my beloved grandmother, in 1935.

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    In Fujian Province, I was welcomed by local political leaders including the province’s Communist Party secretary and the provincial governor. Expectations were high that I would invest in the province.

    I walked around my father’s village, where I had lived in my early childhood, and found the area even poorer than it used to be. It lacked sufficient electricity and running water.

    This reminded me of what my grandmother said to me when I was a young child. She said that the villagers had no skills to make them wealthy, and told me to go abroad so that I could acquire the means to return and help the village. “You must go away in order to come back, my child,” she said. I finally understood the true meaning of her words.

    Electricity is vital for economic development. I crafted a plan to build a power plant in Meizhou Bay, which is located close to Putian. As a banker, I had become acquainted with some senior officials at the Asian Development Bank, an international financial institution for development headquartered in Manila.

    I secured financing from the ADB and worked with companies from various countries to develop a $750 million project to build a power plant.

    During this period, I built close personal ties with Xi Jinping, who served as party leader in various parts of Fujian Province from the 1980s until 2002 before later becoming president of China.

    In 2000, the power plant began operating. That was the moment I finally fulfilled my grandmother’s wish.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Lippo-gets-its-start-as-an-import-agency-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-21
    My Personal History
    21 Lippo gets its start as an import agency
    September 30, 2018 11:01 JST

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    I grew Lippo Bank, seen here in the 1990s, alongside Bank Central Asia. (Photo provided by company)

    Favorable conditions in Hong Kong opened up investment opportunities

    Let me now talk about the genesis of Lippo Group.

    I hit upon the name Lippo around 1960. Written in Chinese, the word is composed of two characters — one, li, meaning “power” and the other, po, meaning “treasure.”

    For a while, I entertained the dream of expanding my business into the energy industry and coined the name Lippo to mean “the treasure of power” (in other words, “the source of money.”)

    Unfortunately, the Indonesian government refused to open the energy industry to the private sector and my dream never came true.

    Nevertheless, I used the name for a trading services company I established. That was sometime from the late 1960s to early 1970s, I believe.

    I was already managing a bank, but I faced a problem. Commercial banks in Indonesia at the time were unable to issue letters of credit for importers who were their customers.

    This was because commercial banks in the country were not authorized to provide foreign exchange services, including issuing letters of credit. As a result, Indonesian importers would ask trade agencies in Singapore to obtain letters of credit from Singaporean banks on their behalf.

    Seeing a business opportunity in this situation, I set up import agencies in Indonesia, Singapore and Hong Kong.

    I named this business Lippo. Using Lippo to obtain letters of credit issued by overseas banks, I was able to help my banking customers with their import operations.

    The bank I managed changed a number of times, from Bank Buana to Pan Indonesian Bank (Panin Bank) to others. But throughout all those years, I continued using Lippo to help my customers with their trade settlements.

    Gradually, Lippo in Hong Kong began to perform the functions of an investment company. A major benefit was that it was much cheaper to raise foreign currency funds in Hong Kong than in Indonesia.

    I teamed up with Jackson Stephens, who operated an investment bank in the U.S., to make various investments, including the acquisitions of Seng Heng Bank in Macau and Worthen Bank in Arkansas. All of these investments were made through Lippo in Hong Kong.

    Lippo also helped us strengthen our ties with China. When I bought Hongkong Chinese Bank in the mid-1980s through Lippo, I had China Resources Group, a state-run conglomerate, agree to hold half of the bank’s shares. When I decided to invest in a power plant project in Fujian Province, I arranged for Lippo to make the investment.

    In the mid-1980s, I put my third son, Stephen, in charge of the management of Lippo in Hong Kong.

    Lippo first grew in Hong Kong and later started operating its namesake bank in Indonesia. This story dates back to June 1975, when Sudono Salim entrusted me with the management of Salim Group’s banking unit. Around the same time, I met a businessman named Hashim Ning through an economist friend.

    Hashim Ning was managing a bank called Bank Perniagaan Indonesia, but it was in poor financial shape. When I offered some management advice for turning the bank around, Hashim asked me to join BPI’s management. Since I had just agreed to manage Bank Central Asia, I declined his request.

    Six years later, Hashim again asked me to become involved in the management of his bank. By that time, BCA had secured stable growth, so I decided it would be all right if I took over Hashim’s bank.

    I invited Sudono to join me and together we acquired a 49% stake in BPI in 1981. BPI merged with another bank at the end of 1980s and changed its name to Lippo. That was when Lippo Bank was born.

    My second son, James, took the helm at the bank.

    Now, I had come to effectively oversee the management of two banks — BCA and Lippo Bank.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-opportunity-for-growth-finally-comes-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-22
    My Personal History
    22 The opportunity for growth finally comes
    October 01, 2018 11:01 JST

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    I developed a close personal relationship with President Suharto, right, through Sudono Salim. (Photo provided by company)

    I rapidly expanded my bank branch networks after Indonesia’s deregulation of 1988

    A new era arrived for Indonesia’s commercial banks in 1988, bringing with it unprecedented opportunities for growth.

    In that year, the Indonesian government finally lifted the ban on joint banking ventures between domestic and foreign banks and eased the restrictions on the opening of branches by Indonesian banks.

    I immediately started expanding the operations of the banks I managed, ordering them to open new branches around the country. My target was to open 150 Bank Central Asia branches and 100 Lippo Bank branches within a year.

    Opening new branches wasn’t hard as long as we could find places to set them up, but training enough employees to operate them was a big challenge.

    One branch needed at least 40 employees. Achieving my goal opening 250 new branches would require quickly training 10,000 employees. My love of management theory helped me tackle this challenge.

    I had long been enamored of the thoughts and theories of Frederick W. Taylor, an American inventor and engineer who was known as the father of scientific management.

    Taylor preached the need to standardize working processes at factories. I applied his ideas to banking operations.

    I standardized the tasks at bank branches as much as possible and codified them in manuals so that even new recruits could learn to perform them quickly.

    I read books by such American thinkers as Alvin Toffler, John Naisbitt and Peter Drucker. They all predicted the advent of an “information society.” Computers would play vital roles in this future, they said.

    From early on, I became interested in information processing and network building. With the help of Jackson Stephens, an American investment banker and one of my business partners, I invested heavily in computer systems for my banks.

    I became the first banker to introduce ATMs to Indonesia.

    Standardizing and computerizing operations helped us achieve our branch-opening targets for both BCA and Lippo Bank. When I took over management of BCA in 1975, it had only one office. Now, it had more than 300 branches. Its asset value surged from $1 million to $3 billion in 1990, making BCA the largest commercial bank in Indonesia.

    I considered taking BCA and Lippo Bank public as a step toward transforming them from owner-managed businesses to banks with modern corporate management systems.

    But my main business partner, Sudono Salim, opposed the idea of listing BCA because he was concerned that its major shareholders would not be able to keep the bank under their control. Due to Sudono’s objection, BCA’s initial public offering was postponed. But Lippo Bank made its stock market debut in Jakarta in 1989.

    Despite our disagreement over the IPO issue, my relationship with Sudono remained close and friendly.

    Sudono never blamed others for losses in business. His broad-mindedness was one of the factors that helped make Salim Group the largest conglomerate in Indonesia.

    Sudono also showed concern about my health and arranged for me to receive a medical checkup at a U.S. hospital. The examination found that some of the arteries in my heart were blocked.

    In 1989, after a thorough examination, I was told that my life could be at risk if the problem was left untreated. I was advised to have bypass surgery and underwent an operation in Australia.

    Before the operation, I sorted out my assets. Sudono and I had become co-owners of many financial institutions through mergers and acquisitions. We reconfirmed our respective rights concerning these institutions.

    Fortunately, the operation went well and I returned to the banking business. This experience, however, led me to start thinking about becoming independent from Salim Group.

    Salim Group grew by capitalizing on its close ties with President Suharto, but I felt that Sudono and Suharto were too friendly with each other. Their personal relationship made me uneasy. Suharto had ruled the nation for a quarter century and was now 70 years old. It was impossible to rule out the possibility of a regime change.

    I decided to strike out on my own in 1991.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Turning-wasteland-into-a-valuable-asset-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-23
    My Personal History
    23 Turning wasteland into a valuable asset
    October 02, 2018 11:01 JST

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F9%2F5%2F5%2F2%2F14502559-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%93%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E3%82%A4%E3%83%B3%E3%83%89%E3%83%8D%E3%82%B7%E3%82%A2%E3%81%AE%E3%82%AB%E3%83%A9%E3%83%AF%E3%83%81%E3%81%AE%E5%BB%BA%E8%A8%AD%E7%8F%BE%E5%A0%B4%EF%BC%88%E6%99%82%E6%9C%9F%E4%B8%8D%E6%98%8E%EF%BC%8920180605152310_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms
    Lippo started building a new housing area on wasteland in Karawaci. (Photo provided by company)

    Lippo got into the property development businesses in an unexpected way

    I managed Bank Central Asia, the banking unit of Salim Group, for 16 years. The bank grew remarkably over those years, expanding to 600 branches by 1991 from just one originally.

    Sudono Salim, the head of the conglomerate, held my management prowess in high esteem. When I told him I wanted to leave Salim Group, he strongly urged me to reconsider. Even President Suharto voiced his opposition to the idea.

    Seeing that I was determined to strike out on my own, however, Sudono finally agreed to let me go my own way. I exchanged my shares in BCA for Sudono’s shares in Lippo Bank under a deal designed to make Lippo an independent bank.

    Around that time, Hashim Ning, the leading shareholder of Lippo Bank, and his heir both died, and I replaced them as chairman of the bank.

    Lippo Bank opened a branch in California and grew to a leading banking institution rivaling BCA in Indonesia.

    I had no intention of keeping the bank under owner management and recruited an outside expert to serve as its CEO. In addition to acquiring a life insurance subsidiary, the bank also set up joint banking ventures with Japanese and French peers. These steps were aimed at turning the bank into an international financial conglomerate.

    I was immersed in the financial business, but an unexpected chain of events forced me to expand into another area.

    A surge in interest rates around 1990 caused one of Lippo Bank’s corporate borrowers to go under, leaving three tracts of land used as collateral for the loan in Lippo’s hands.

    These tracts of land, totaling 70 sq. kilometers in area, were located between 25 km and 59 km from central Jakarta. Not only was the location inconvenient, the land itself was a wasteland with no trees.

    Since it was clear that there would be no buyer for these plots as they were, I had no choice but to develop them myself.

    I visited Taipei, Manila and Kuala Lumpur to study property development projects in those cities. Good transport connections to the city center had allowed the suburbs of these capitals to develop. But the three plots of land that Lippo had acquired were all located too far from the Indonesian capital.

    It seemed impossible to craft an effective strategy that would bring the benefits of development in central Jakarta to these areas.

    Around that time, I traveled to Shenzhen to see how the city was developing and was inspired to use it as the model to develop Lippo’s land.

    Although Shenzhen is adjacent to Hong Kong, the city is far away from the central parts of Hong Kong Island. It is also remote from Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province.

    Until the Chinese government designated it a special economic zone in 1980, Shenzhen was a fishing village with a population numbering in the tens of thousands.

    Factories were built in this sleepy, nondescript village, along with housing for the people who worked at them.

    One of the three plots of land in Lippo’s possession was in Karawaci, west of Jakarta. There were many plants operated by foreign companies in the area, but few houses suitable for foreigners.

    I decided to transform the land in Karawaci into a new housing area. I started building a new town complete with a school, hospital, supermarket and golf course.

    On the eastern wasteland of Cikarang, I decided to build an industrial park. This industrial park was divided into four areas for manufacturers from four Asian economies — Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Indonesia. A housing area was also developed for the workers at these factories.

    The last plot of land, in the hilly Karawang area, was the biggest development challenge. It was too far from central Jakarta even for an industrial park, so I turned the land into a sprawling cemetery.

    These projects transformed three tracts of wasteland into valuable assets.

    The land development business is about more than buying and selling land like a real estate agent. At the heart of this business lies the question of how best to develop land to raise its value.

    Land is to a property developer what raw material is to a manufacturer. The value of the material is determined by what the manufacturer makes with it. That value is what you sell.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Pressure-from-the-Suharto-s-son-and-dangerous-rumors-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-24
    My Personal History
    24 Pressure from the Suharto’s son and dangerous rumors
    October 03, 2018 11:01 JST

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    A golf course in Sentul developed by Lippo Group (Photo provided by company)

    Lippo was forced into a development project and suffered a bank run as a result

    Lippo Bank was hit by a crisis from a totally unexpected angle.

    In the early 1990s, Lippo Group seized three tracts of wasteland as collateral in a debt default and developed them into various properties, including housing complexes and an industrial park. President Suharto’s third son, Hutomo Mandala Putra (widely known as Tommy), learned about the group’s property development projects and sought its help in developing land he owned.

    There is a mountain range to the south of Jakarta. Nestled at its foot is Sentul, a place of great scenic beauty. There were rumors that the nation’s capital would be moved there.

    Tommy had bought a huge amount of land in Sentul and was struggling to find a way to carry out his plan of developing it as a residential area. Eventually, he tried to get Lippo to do the job.

    I declined his request because I felt that companies should keep their distance from politics.

    President Suharto, who wrested power from Sukarno in 1966, had radically changed the government’s economic policy and pushed Indonesia toward a government-led market economy. This had boosted the nation’s economic growth.

    Around 1985, however, it started to become clear that Suharto’s government was becoming lax. The president’s children had their hands in various businesses and the presidential residence was dominated by corrupt politicians.

    Tommy sent State Secretary Moerdiono, who was known as a political wheeler-dealer, to pressure us into joining the Sentul development project. I found it difficult to keep turning him down and finally gave in.

    I discovered that Tommy was connected to many bad and corrupt people. The man he had appointed as financial manager of the Sentul project started illegally demanding money from the project’s contractors, including construction companies and suppliers of materials. If contractors rejected his forceful demands, he would refuse to pay for the work and materials contracted out to them.

    The extortion scandal involving the financial manager bred rumors that Lippo Group was strapped for cash due to the development project. The story snowballed into a completely groundless rumor that Lippo Bank was on the verge of bankruptcy.

    That sparked a run on the bank, with long lines of depositors forming at branches to withdraw their money. This was in 1995.

    Several months before that, Bank Indonesia, the central bank, conducted an annual inspection of Lippo Bank and rated its financial health as class A, or superb. I wrote a letter to Bank Indonesia urging it to step in to dispel the false rumors. But I received no reply.

    In the end, I visited the central bank myself and talked to its governor. I handed the governor the key to Lippo Bank’s head office and a letter saying I would hand over control of the bank to Bank Indonesia unless it took action to deny the rumors.

    A while after I returned to Lippo Bank I received a phone call from my former business partner Sudono Salim. He asked me to come visit him.

    When I went to the head office of Bank Central Asia, the banking unit of Salim Group, I found the owners of five of the country’s major commercial banks, including Sudono. They asked me how much money my bank needed.

    They said they were acting at the behest of the central bank, which, unwilling to bail out Lippo Bank itself, had asked them to come to the rescue instead.

    I told them that Lippo Bank did not need any financial support. Instead, I asked them to issue a statement to their branches to stop false rumors about Lippo Bank from spreading.

    The managers of their branches were the ones who had been spreading rumors about Lippo’s financial trouble in hopes of taking customers from Lippo.

    I myself drafted a statement on the spot saying that the five banks confirmed the financial health of Lippo Bank and that their branches would provide all possible support to Lippo.

    The statement was sent to their branches, making it impossible for their managers to spread false rumors about Lippo’s financial trouble.

    As I had expected, the run on Lippo Bank started blowing over the day after the statement was sent out.

    As it turned out, however, we were in for another big shock — the 1997 Asian financial crisis.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/A-new-direction-for-Lippo-after-the-Asian-financial-crisis-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-25
    My Personal History
    25 A new direction for Lippo after the Asian financial crisis
    October 04, 2018 11:00 JST

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    My wife and I at a Lippo Group department store. After the Asian financial crisis, I pulled the group out of banking. (Photo provided by company)

    Five bank runs in 41 years convinced me to focus on less volatile businesses

    On July 2, 1997, the collapse of the Thai baht triggered the Asian financial crisis. I was at my home when the baht plunged.

    At first I did not expect this event to develop into anything serious. But it quickly grew into a full-blown financial crisis and spread to other parts of Asia.

    The value of several Asian currencies crashed relative to the dollar amid waves of sell-offs. Many Asian companies with large amounts of foreign currency-denominated debt defaulted and went under.

    While Thailand was ground zero of the crisis, the biggest victims were South Korea and Indonesia.

    I believe now, as then, that this financial tsunami was created by a combination of speculative investments by U.S. funds and rumors of a looming currency crisis.

    In 1997, Indonesia was in relatively good economic shape. But rumors that the country’s currency was going to collapse prompted many Indonesians to sell the rupiah. This heavy sell-off precipitated the crash of the currency.

    Unable to respond effectively to the situation, the embattled Suharto administration accepted financial aid from the International Monetary Fund in November 1997. This move, however, failed to defuse the crisis. The exchange rate collapsed to between 16,000 and 18,000 rupiah to the dollar in 1998, down from the 2,000 rupiah level before the crisis.

    In May 1998, the government followed the IMF’s advice and raised public utility charges. This sparked a wave of anti-Suharto sentiment among Indonesians that eventually led to riots and looting.

    Amid this economic turmoil, President Suharto resigned on May 21, bringing an abrupt end to his 32-year rule.

    The situation grew even worse in the ensuing weeks. Amid intense economic, political and social upheaval, Indonesian banks were left with mountains of bad loans as one corporate borrower after another defaulted.

    Many banks suffered a run on deposits. Bank Central Asia, the Salim Group bank I had managed and expanded, received an injection of public funds and was put under state control.

    Most major commercial banks were nationalized during this period. Lippo Bank managed to avoid this fate because it had pushed through reforms to build up its cash reserves following a bank run it suffered in 1995. Nevertheless, it now needed funds to deal with its huge pile of bad loans.

    In 1999, Lippo Group sold 70% of Lippo Life to American International Group for $310 million.

    In 2000, at the turn of the millennium, I found myself deeply concerned about the future of Lippo Group. I had been involved in managing banks for 41 years and had experienced five bank runs during that time.

    The political situation in a developing country seldom remains stable for long. Political turmoil often leads to economic turmoil, and that delivers a direct blow to banks.

    In short, developing countries are usually tough places to run a bank, and Indonesia is no exception.

    Lippo Bank was under the strict supervision of Bank Indonesia, the central bank, and we had to obtain permission for every new business activity. We were a commercial bank, yet our chief executive had no freedom to make management decisions.

    Even when we wanted to open branches in the U.S. and Hong Kong we were subject to high capital adequacy requirements, simply because we were an Indonesian bank.

    While many people may envy a bank manager’s job, it entails endless trouble in a developing country.

    I thought about whether I would feel comfortable leaving such an onerous and stressful business to my children and grandchildren. After a lot of thinking, I decided to pull out of banking.

    By the end of 2004, I had sold not only Lippo Bank but also most of my bank-related businesses in Macau, Hong Kong and the U.S. I decided to focus Lippo’s operations on two areas: land development, and information and telecommunications.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Surviving-a-crisis-and-pioneering-new-industries-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-26
    My Personal History
    26 Surviving a crisis and pioneering new industries
    October 05, 2018 11:01 JST

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    Here I am visiting a patient at Siloam Hospital, which is operated by Lippo Group. (Photo provided by company)

    Lippo began operating schools and hospitals as part of its shift to development

    Lippo Group pulled out of banking and made land development its core business.

    In the 1990s, Lippo developed a new town on a tract of wasteland in Karawaci, located to the west of Jakarta. In planning the project, we placed a high priority on ensuring that the town would be able to provide residents with all of the services that are essential for daily life. A residential area must have the facilities to meet these needs.

    We thought that eight types of facilities were essential: shopping malls with various specialty stores, supermarkets, movie theaters, play areas for children, hotels, hospitals and schools.

    This meant that Lippo had to expand its operations into these eight areas. I decided to operate these businesses as independent companies and grow them into nationwide chains.

    We could enter many of these business areas, including retail, through acquisitions or partnerships. But this approach could not easily be applied to schools and hospitals because operating these facilities was not yet a viable industry in Indonesia.

    In 1993, we opened an elementary and middle school with classes taught in English in Karawaci. The school was named Sekolah Pelita Harapan (ray of hope). We recruited qualified teachers from the U.S. for the new school, and limited the number of students in each class to around 10 as part of our small-class policy. We also opened a school where classes were taught in Indonesian.

    In the ensuing years, Lippo opened many such schools in the residential communities it developed and in doing so established school operation as a new industry. Later, we also set up a university called Universitas Pelita Harapan in Karawaci. It now has a range of faculties, including law and medicine.

    For our medical business, we persuaded the operator of Singapore’s reputed Gleneagles Hospital to open a hospital in Karawaci in 1996. Unfortunately, however, the hospital kept losing money and Gleneagles eventually withdrew from the business.

    Lippo took over the money-losing hospital and operated it under the new name of Siloam Hospital.

    An unprofitable business cannot be sustained for long, no matter how lofty its purpose. I set out to reform the management of the hospital.

    As I had once done when managing banks, I drew up a chart showing operational workflows so that we could identify the factors behind the hospital’s continued losses. It took a year and a half to complete this chart, but it helped us pinpoint wasteful practices and overlapping operations.

    To cut costs, we replaced X-ray film with digital data and introduced stricter rules for purchasing and managing inventories of medical supplies. We even went so far as to reduce the number of items on the hospital cafeteria menu.

    These efforts paid off, and the hospital started eking out a small profit. Lippo’s hospital business has since grown into a national network of 32 medical institutions.

    I also radically restructured Lippo’s overseas operations, which were headquartered in Hong Kong. As the group changed its core business from financial services to land development, we moved its headquarters to Singapore in 2000. Hong Kong’s real estate market was dominated by a small number of Chinese conglomerates, leaving little room for growth for newcomers.

    In 2006, Lippo acquired Overseas Union Enterprise, a Singapore-based real estate developer that operated Mandarin Hotel on Orchard Road, Singapore’s main shopping street. With its first floor being used as a large, old-fashioned hall, however, the hotel was failing to take full advantage of its prime location.

    We remodeled the hotel’s first through fourth floors into a shopping mall featuring brand-name shops and restaurants. This was opened up to hotel guests and local residents alike, so that anyone could enjoy shopping and dining out.

    OUE bought the former head office of Singapore’s DBS Bank and renovated the first four floors of the building to include commercial facilities such as gyms, clinics and shared kitchens. The property was reborn as a combined office and apartment complex serving both business and residential needs, sharply increasing the value of the old building.

    Lippo had survived the Asian financial crisis of 1997~1998 and transformed itself into a new, real estate-focused group.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Grooming-my-sons-as-heirs-to-the-Lippo-empire-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-27
    My Personal History
    27 Grooming my sons as heirs to the Lippo empire
    October 06, 2018 11:01 JST

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F2%2F1%2F6%2F1%2F14521612-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%97%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%E6%B0%8F%E3%81%A8%EF%BC%92%E4%BA%BA%E3%81%AE%E6%81%AF%E5%AD%9020180628172438_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms
    Me with my sons and business heirs James, right, and Stephen, left (Photo provided by company)

    I had James and Stephen hone their management skills in the real world

    When I got married, I couldn’t get a wink of sleep that night. I was tormented by the fear of death.

    My three younger sisters all died in early childhood, and my mother died after a difficult delivery when I was 9 years old. The premature deaths of so many family members was profoundly traumatic. I couldn’t stop thinking about what would happen to my wife and future children if I died early.

    Fortunately, I have not been called to heaven and will turn 90 next year. I have been blessed with three sons and three daughters.

    I have groomed my second son, James, and third son, Stephen, to take over Lippo Group. James is in charge of the group’s businesses in Indonesia, while Stephen manages its overseas operations, including those in China, from Singapore.

    I remember once watching a TV program showing how hawks teach their young to fly. In the video, a parent hawk grabbed its baby, flew high into the sky and then released it. If the fledgling hawk failed to fly and fell toward the ground, the parent would come to its rescue and catch it before flying upward again and releasing it for another try. The parent repeated this process again and again until the baby hawk had learned to fly.

    Parents should push their children out into the world at some point and allow them to learn from their mistakes.

    Believing that I should give my sons opportunities to acquire the skills they would need to manage a business on their own, I did not put James in charge of a company right away.

    After graduating from the University of Melbourne in Australia, he joined a company manufacturing TVs and other home electric appliances in Jakarta. In 1984, I dispatched him to Arkansas, in the U.S., to manage Worthen Bank, a local bank we had acquired. I also gave him the opportunity to hone his management skills in Los Angeles and involved him temporarily in the management of Lippo Bank.

    Through these years of business experience, including some rough patches, James has become a skilled corporate manager. He deserves the credit for Lippo’s smooth transition to property development.

    Stephen, my third son, attended a Chinese primary school in Singapore. Since I had decided early on that I would hand the reins of Lippo’s overseas operations to him, I had him learn Chinese and English.

    After he graduated from the University of Southern California, I sent him to Hong Kong to take charge of Lippo Group’s overseas operations.

    It was Stephen who proposed moving the headquarters for Lippo’s overseas businesses from Hong Kong to Singapore after the Asian financial crisis.

    Stephen also had his share of tough times in Singapore, where he failed numerous times to make a winning bid in government land auctions. Through these failures, he learned how to assess land prices properly and bid successfully in auctions.

    After Lippo Group acquired OUE, a Singapore-based company that operated hotels and other properties, Stephen found himself locked in constant conflict with the senior executive sent in by OUE’s second-largest shareholder.

    Experiencing hardships like these has made him a talented corporate manager with a global perspective.

    My family has grown over years. In addition to my six children, I now have 22 grandchildren and 56 great-grandchildren.

    I have seen some Chinese family-run businesses weakened by feuds over succession. Avoiding such damaging quarrels requires good communication among family members. To strengthen our own family ties, we make annual trips involving many of the children and grandchildren. In early spring last year, we traveled to a resort town of Niseko in Hokkaido and enjoyed skiing. We made a trip to Bhutan in December.

    My children and grandchildren have grown up, gone to school and worked in various countries around the world. As a result, they speak a number of different languages.

    I talk with my wife in Pekingese or Indonesian, but use Indonesian when I converse with James. I communicate with my grandchildren mainly in English.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/The-value-of-keeping-politicians-at-arm-s-length-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-28
    My Personal History
    28 The value of keeping politicians at arm’s length
    October 07, 2018 11:01 JST

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F1%2F5%2F8%2F0%2F14540851-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%98%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%E6%B0%8F%E3%81%A8%E3%82%AF%E3%83%AA%E3%83%B3%E3%83%88%E3%83%B3%E5%A4%AB%E5%A6%BB20180605152306_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms
    I attended a ball to celebrate Bill Clinton’s inauguration as president on Jan. 20, 1993. (Photo provided by company)

    My son learned a hard lesson after donating to Bill Clinton’s campaign

    In the 19th century, during the latter Qing dynasty, there was a reputed business tycoon in China named Hu Xueyan.

    Hu started out as an apprentice to a financier in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, and went on to amass a vast fortune through finance and trade. He used his financial muscle to control politicians and wield great power.

    Hu was granted the rare privilege of wearing a special pointed, red-topped hat worn by high-ranking court bureaucrats, earning him the nickname Hong Ding Shang Ren, literally “red top merchant.”

    But Hu met with a miserable end. He became embroiled in a power struggle, his business floundered, and he died a disappointed man.

    After reading a novel about his life, I became determined to keep a respectful distance from politicians.

    Sudono Salim, the leader of Salim Group and at one time my main business partner, had close personal ties with Indonesian President Suharto, which helped him win various business permits and licenses from the government.

    I could have easily started government-related businesses if I had sought Sudono’s good offices. But I did not do so.

    The last 10 years of the Suharto government were marked by rampant corruption, and I feared I would be forced to accept unreasonable demands if I became involved in businesses linked to politicians.

    When Suharto resigned from power in 1998, Salim Group faced growing criticism about its cozy ties with the strongman and Sudono was forced to take refuge in Singapore for his own safety.

    Among foreign political leaders, I developed close personal ties with former U.S. President Bill Clinton, whom I first met around 1984.

    I, my American business partner Jackson Stephens and Sudono jointly acquired a bank in Arkansas called Worthen Bank.

    Before a party to celebrate the acquisition, Stephens asked me if I wanted to meet the governor of the state. He called then-Gov. Clinton, who was in his 30s, on the phone, and 15 minutes later he came to see me.

    I appointed my second son, James, as chief executive of Worthen Bank. Since the bank acted as an underwriter for bonds issued by the state government, James became Clinton’s friend and jogging partner.

    When Clinton ran for president, James, as one of his close friends, helped him collect political donations. James played the same role during Clinton’s re-election bid.

    But James became embroiled in a political spat, and his donations to the Clinton campaign were judged to be illegal. This incident taught him some important lessons.

    I had repeatedly advised James to keep a certain distance from politicians. The trouble he experienced over his donations must have brought home to him the meaning of my advice.

    I cannot forget my relations with Chinese President Xi Jinping, either. I frequently visited Fujian Province from the late 1980s through the 1990s, and I first became acquainted with Xi during this period. He was in his 30s at the time and serving as secretary of the Communist Party’s Fuzhou Municipal Committee in the province.

    Xi held various party posts in Fujian Province from 1985 until 2002, when he transferred to Zhejiang Province.

    I was attempting to build a power plant in Meizhou Bay in Fujian Province, and I met with Xi many times in connection with the project.

    During his stint in Fujian, Xi visited Indonesia three times. On one of these occasions, I welcomed him at my Lippo office in Karawaci. At that time, Lippo was developing a residential area in Karawaci, and I arranged for Xi to inspect the private-sector urban development project.

    During his third visit to Indonesia during that period, I invited him to my home and served him local dishes from my father’s hometown of Putian, in Fujian Province.

    When you run a business you inevitably become acquainted with politicians. But I have adhered to the principle of maintaining a certain distance, even from those who have become my close personal friends.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Becoming-a-Christian-in-my-60s-Mochtar-Riady-s-Story-29
    My Personal History
    29 Becoming a Christian in my 60s
    October 08, 2018 11:01 JST

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F0%2F4%2F8%2F8%2F14618840-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%92%EF%BC%99%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%EF%BC%89%E3%83%A2%E3%83%95%E3%82%BF%E3%83%AB%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%87%E3%82%A3%E5%A4%AB%E5%A6%BB%E3%81%AE%E9%81%A0%E9%9A%94%E5%9C%B0%E8%A8%AA%E5%95%8F20180605152304_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms
    I have supported various education and health care projects for people in remote areas. (Photo provided by company)

    My faith, friends and business partners are all important parts of my life

    As this series of essays approaches its conclusion, let me talk about some more personal aspects of my life, such as my faith and my close friends.

    I became a Christian in my 60s.

    As a child, I often wondered why there was poverty and inequality in the world. The principal of my primary school in Indonesia was a staunch leftist and blamed these problems on Dutch colonial rule. As a child, I believed what my principal said and as a result harbored hostile feelings toward the Dutch.

    It was impossible for me to have any favorable feelings toward Christianity because it was the religion of the Dutch. But my sentiment toward the Christian faith changed after I turned 60.

    My children were educated in Australia and the U.S. and returned home as Protestants. Once, one of my children invited me to a Christian gathering. I reluctantly went along and found that the attendees were top corporate executives.

    The pastor gave a sermon in which he preached that all humans were born with a sinful nature. This made me indignant. I had done many good deeds. I had contributed money to help build Buddhist temples, Muslim mosques and Christian churches. As a banker, I had given jobs to many people.

    The questions the pastor posed to us, however, unsettled my mind. First, he asked if there was anyone in the audience who had never cheated the government. I found that I could not swear that I had never done so.

    His second question shook my soul. “Who among you has never lied to your wife at some point?”

    I had done something inexcusable to my wife. Tears flooded my eyes. I realized that I was indeed a sinful person.

    Christian teachings showed me how to repent of sinful behavior, but I still resisted accepting Christianity. It took me a long time to embrace the faith. Eventually, however, I became a Christian and started attending church, even during trips.

    Let me now touch on some of the people who have become my friends and partners.

    Hong Kong business magnate Li Ka-shing has generously supported me in business many times. When Lippo developed land in Karawaci, west of Jakarta, Li helped us by becoming a shareholder of the development company. I still have no idea why he has been so kind to me. Perhaps it is because Li’s forebears came from Putian, in China’s Fujian Province, which was also my father’s hometown. He may feel this created a bond between us.

    Another business partner I can never forget is Jackson Stephens, the American investment banker who led me to start investing in U.S. businesses. He was a legendary investor based in Arkansas, which then had a population of less than 3 million.

    Stephens focused on discovering promising businesses in the state and helping them expand nationwide. Walmart, Tyson Foods and J.B. Hunt are all headquartered in Arkansas and Stephens helped them go public and raise funds.

    Although Stephens died in 2005, our families have maintained our ties of friendship. The eldest son of my second son James, John Riady, lived in Arkansas for a year and a half and cultivated personal ties with the grandchildren of Stephens.

    I also have a new friend in the business world, Jack Ma Yun, executive chairman of Alibaba Group Holding, the Chinese internet behemoth.

    In 2016, I visited Ma in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. We had such a lively conversation that our meeting, originally scheduled for 8:30 to 11 a.m., actually continued until 5 p.m.

    Ma then invited me to his home to continue our discussion, and we ended up chatting until 9:30 at night. We talked for a total of 13 hours, mainly about the future of the information technology industry.

    It seems that I am good at cultivating relationships with people who are either much older or much younger than myself.

    When I was young, I formed friendships with people older than me, such as the leader of a guerrilla group fighting in Indonesia’s war for independence. Now, as an old man, I have many young friends like Ma.


    https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/My-Personal-History/Back-in-banking-armed-with-IT-power-Mochtar-Riady-s-story-30
    My Personal History
    30 Back in banking, armed with IT power
    October 09, 2018 11:01 JST

    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/https%3A%2F%2Fs3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com%2Fpsh-ex-ftnikkei-3937bb4%2Fimages%2F9%2F7%2F8%2F8%2F14618879-1-eng-GB%2F%E5%B1%A5%E6%AD%B4%E6%9B%B8%EF%BC%93%EF%BC%90%EF%BC%89%E5%86%99%E7%9C%9F%EF%BC%89%E5%BB%BA%E8%A8%AD%E9%80%B2%E3%82%80%E6%96%B0%E8%88%88%E9%83%BD%E5%B8%82%E3%80%81%E3%83%A1%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AB%E3%83%AB%E3%82%BF20180605152301_Data.jpg?source=nar-cms
    Lippo Group is building a new high-tech city called Meikarta, seen here in April, in Indonesia. (Photo provided by company)

    The new era of digital banking rekindled my interest in the sector

    When I pulled out of the banking business in the wake of the 1997 Asian financial crisis, I had no intention of ever returning.

    After Lippo Group sold off its banking business, we decided to focus on two areas as our core businesses — land development and the information and telecommunications industry.

    As a land developer, the group needed to branch out, not only into retail but also into operating schools and hospitals. Still, I had no plans to re-enter the banking sector. In the telecom market, the group has been preoccupied with new businesses, including a mobile phone venture.

    Several years ago, however, Lippo happened to acquire a small bank called Nobu National Bank in response to a request for help from one of my friends.

    My friend had wanted to buy the bank, but Bank Indonesia, the central bank, refused to approve the acquisition. My friend asked me to buy it for him under my name.

    When the acquisition came to light, the media trumpeted the news with headlines declaring that Lippo had returned to the banking scene. The way I looked at it initially was that I was simply letting my friend use my name, but gradually I became seriously interested in managing a bank again, given this new era of banking.

    The growing use of digital technology is transforming banking into a kind of telecom industry as the sector as a whole moves toward electronic banking.

    In Indonesia as in other parts of the world, online shopping has become part of the mainstream retail industry. Our retail unit has also set up an e-commerce company.

    The rapid growth of online shopping is also driving the spread of electronic money and mobile payments.

    Lippo Group has turned Nobu Bank into the core unit for its cutting-edge financial services, including e-money services. The transformative power of digital technology has sparked the fusion of retail, telecom and financial services.

    Another example of digital transformation is in the hospital business.

    Indonesia is an archipelago composed of more than 10,000 islands. Apart from a few large cities, the level of medical care in the country is very low.

    Even if such medical equipment as X-ray machines, CT scanners and MRI systems are available, there are not enough doctors and experts, including radiographers, who can use them to diagnose diseases.

    We are exploring the possibility of using artificial intelligence rather than human experts to perform diagnoses. Two business areas that we once considered to be completely distinct — IT and hospital operations — are fusing into one.

    I mentioned Meikarta, a new city that Lippo is developing in a Jakarta suburb, at the outset of this series. The city is a comprehensive development project that involves all of Lippo’s businesses, and we expect various fusions will take place there.

    Lastly, let me give a brief overview of Lippo’s overseas operations. In Southeast Asia, Lippo Group operates real estate businesses in Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines. The group is growing its hospital operations in Myanmar and Vietnam, and it is expanding its partnerships with Japanese and Chinese companies in the hospital business.

    Lippo Group also has office buildings and shopping malls in major Chinese cities and commercial properties in Australia.

    Lippo once expanded its banking business into the U.S., and currently owns a skyscraper in Los Angeles.

    Why has a company based in Indonesia, a developing country, been able to expand its operations on such a global scale? The answer can be found on by looking at a map.

    To the east of Indonesia is the Pacific Ocean, a huge expanse of water stretching to the U.S. To the north of the country is the Asian continent including China, while Australia is located to the south. To the west of Indonesia is the Indian Ocean, which stretches to India and Africa.

    Indonesia is located where the Indian Ocean meets the Pacific, the place where the world’s two economic growth centers intersect and connect with each other.

    In other words, Indonesia is a country where Eastern and Western cultures meet and fuse. Some 260 million people live in this country, and the ranks of middle-class consumers are continuing to grow.

    Indonesia has an immeasurable potential. I strongly urge anyone who has read my life story and developed an interest in Indonesia to pay a visit to the country.


    How Mochtar Riady Built Lippo

    James Riady merayu Megawati Soekarnoputri?

    James Riady merayu Megawati Soekarnoputri?

     
  • the1uploader 4:50 pm on 2018-08-08 Permalink  

    Another Indonesian telecommunications satellite launched 




     

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    https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/08/07/indonesian-communications-satellite-deployed-in-orbit-by-spacex/
    Indonesian communications satellite deployed in orbit by SpaceX
    Stephen Clark, August 7, 2018


    SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket lifts off at 1:18 a.m. EDT (0518 GMT) Tuesday with the Merah Putih communications satellite. Credit: SpaceX

    Keeping up a run of middle-of-the-night launches from Cape Canaveral, a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket powered by a recycled first stage booster climbed into orbit early Tuesday with the Indonesian Merah Putih communications satellite. The Falcon 9’s first stage dropped out of the night sky a few minutes later over the Atlantic Ocean, descending to a pinpoint landing on SpaceX’s drone ship “Of Course I Still Love” parked a few hundred miles east of Cape Canaveral.

    The up-and-down journey was the second such trip for the same Falcon 9 booster, which debuted May 11 with the successful launch of Bangladesh’s first communications satellite. The first stage was also the first of SpaceX’s upgraded line of “Falcon 9 Block 5” rockets, featuring improvements to make the vehicles more reliable and easier to reuse.

    Tuesday’s mission with the Merah Putih communications satellite, owned by Telkom Indonesia, was the first time SpaceX has re-flown a Block 5 booster. The 229-foot-tall (70-meter) rocket took off from Cape Canaveral’s Complex 40 launch pad at 1:18 a.m. EDT (0518 GMT), turned toward the east and broke the sound barrier within about one minute.

    Riding 1.7 million pounds of thrust from nine Merlin main engines, the Falcon 9 rocket soared into the stratosphere, then its first stage detached around two-and-a-half minutes after liftoff. The first stage pulsed cold gas nitrogen thrusters to ready for its descent, while the Falcon 9’s second stage — powered by a single Merlin engine — ignited for the first of two burns to send the Merah Putih satellite into an egg-shaped geostationary transfer orbit.

    With the aid of grid fins, rocket thrust and four landing legs, the first stage touched down on SpaceX’s landing barge around eight minutes into the mission. “All stations, this is recovery, Falcon 9 has landed,” radioed a member of SpaceX’s launch and landing team.


    The first stage of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket after landing on the drone ship “Of Course I Still Love You” in the Atlantic Ocean. Credit: SpaceX

    Around the same time, the Falcon 9’s upper stage shut down and entered a preliminary orbit before a nearly 20-minute coast across the Atlantic. The Merlin upper stage engine reignited for a nearly minute-long firing at 1:44 a.m. EDT (0544 GMT), giving the Merah Putih satellite enough velocity to climb into a geostationary transfer orbit with a low point a few hundred miles above Earth, and a high point expected to reach tens of thousands of miles in altitude.

    Pre-programmed commands gently nudged the satellite away from the rocket at the mission’s 32-minute mark, and live views from the Falcon 9 rocket showed the Merah Putih spacecraft separating from the Falcon 9’s second stage over Africa.

    Tuesday’s launch was the third SpaceX mission in 16 days, and the company’s 15th launch of the year overall. It was also the 28th time SpaceX has recovered one of its first stage boosters intact, and the 15th re-flight of a Falcon first stage.

    But it was the first time SpaceX demonstrated reuse of a Block 5-generation booster, which the company plans to be its workhorse in the coming years, until a new, super-powerful rocket dubbed the BFR is ready for service. The upgrades to the Falcon 9 Block 5 include a beefed up heat shield, retractable landing legs and other modifications to make the first stage simpler to reuse, reducing the refurbishment needed between missions.

    SpaceX was expected to conduct more invasive and time-consuming inspections on the first returned Block 5 booster, and three months after its first launch, the stage was ready to go again. “We are going to be very rigourous in taking this rocket apart and confirming our design assumptions to be confident that it is indeed able to be reused without being taken apart,” said Elon Musk, SpaceX’s founder and CEO, during a conference call with reporters, referring to the first Block 5 booster.

    “Ironically, we need to take it apart to confirm that it does not need to be taken apart. So this rocket probably won’t re-fly for a couple of months.” He said the Block 5’s first stage booster is designed to fly 10 times “with no scheduled refurbishment.”

    With “moderate scheduled maintenance,” Block 5 first stages could be capable of 100 missions, Musk said. Such reuse goals are crucial to SpaceX’s long-term mission of reducing the cost of space transportation, with an aim to eventually launch a Falcon 9 rocket, recover the booster, and re-launch it within 24 hours, according to Musk, who said in May that could be accomplished as soon as next year.

    Between 30 and 50 boosters for Falcon 9 Block 5 vehicles could be manufactured to meet customer demand, each flying multiple times, he said. The turnaround between the Bangabandhu 1 and Merah Putih missions did not set a record for the shortest time between flights of the same Falcon 9 first stage.

    That distinction goes to an older-generation Block 4 booster, which launched April 18 and then again June 29 from Cape Canaveral, before SpaceX intentionally disposed of the rocket. Block 4-generation Falcon 9 boosters could only be reused once.


    Members of the Merah Putih team pose with the spacecraft before launch. Credit: Telkom Indonesia

    The Merah Putih satellite launched Tuesday will provide C-band telecommunications services over Indonesia and India. The new telecom craft was built by SSL in Palo Alto, California. SSL completed construction of the Merah Putih satellite ahead of schedule, according to Telkom Indonesia, also known as PT Telkom.

    The new satellite will replace Telkom 1, which failed in a mysterious debris-shedding event in geostationary orbit last year. Officials from Telkom Indonesia expected the Telkom 1 satellite, which launched in 1999, to remain operational until Merah Putih’s launch. But Telkom 1’s failure last year forced the operator to re-route communications traffic through other satellites.

    The Merah Putih satellite is designed for a 16-year life, its owner said in a statement. The spacecraft will be positioned in geostationary orbit more than 22,000 miles (nearly 36,000 kilometers) over the equator at 108 degrees east longitude.

    Merah Putih’s on-board engine will circularize its orbit over the equator in the coming weeks. “Satellite plays a vital role in our telecommunications infrastructure,” said Zulhelfi Abidin, chief technology officer of Telkom Indonesia, in a press release earlier this year.

    “SSL has been an excellent spacecraft supplier and has completed the satellite construction ahead of schedule. We look forward to traveling to Florida to see the satellite launch later this summer.” Based on SSL’s 1300-series satellite platform, Merah Putih carries 60 C-band transponders with coverage across the Indonesian archipelago, and other parts of South and Southeast Asia.

    The satellite will provide Internet, telephone and cellular backhaul services, according to SSL. Tuesday’s flight came 16 days after an early morning Falcon 9 launch July 22 that sent the Telstar 19 VANTAGE communications satellite into orbit for Telesat.

    Another predawn Falcon 9 flight from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on July 25 delivered 10 Iridium voice and data relay payloads to orbit. The next launch from Cape Canaveral is scheduled for Saturday at 3:33 a.m. EDT (0733 GMT), when a United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket is set to loft NASA’s Parker Solar Probe on a seven-year mission to fly through the sun’s corona.

    A flight readiness review Monday approved the continuation of final launch preps for Parker Solar Probe, which will fly closer to the sun than any previous mission. SpaceX’s next mission is set for launch no earlier than Aug. 23 with the Telstar 18 VANTAGE communications satellite to provide broadcast, enterprise and government communications services over parts of India, China, Mongolia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Ocean region.

    APT Satellite of Hong Kong has an agreement to use capacity on Telstar 18 VANTAGE, which is also known as Apstar 5C. If launch remains set for Aug. 23, liftoff is scheduled for a window opening at 11:33 p.m. EDT (0333 GMT on Aug. 24).

    Email the author. sclark@spaceflightnow.com
    Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @StephenClark1.


    https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-4.htm
    Telkom 4 (Merah Putih)
    Last update: 07.08.2018


    Telkom 4 [SpaceX]

    Telkom-4 or Merah Putih is an Indonesian geostationary communications satellite.

    PT Telkom Indonesia (Persero) Tbk, the largest telecommunication and network provider in Indonesia, selected Space Systems Loral (SSL) in December 2015 to build the Telkom-4 satellite based on the. The new satellite is to replace its aging Telkom 1 satellite that goes out of commission in 2018.

    The satellite will be based on the SSL-1300 platform, which provides the flexibility to support a broad range of applications and technology advances. It will carry 60 C-band transponders. 36 transponders will be used in Indonesia and the rest will be used for the Indian market.

    Telkom 4 is planned to be launched in 2018. It is designed to provide service for 15 years or more.

    Nation: Indonesia
    Type / Application: Communication
    Operator: PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk.
    Contractors: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
    Equipment: 60 C-Band Transponders
    Configuration: SSL-1300
    Propulsion: ?
    Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
    Lifetime: 15 years
    Mass: 5800 kg
    Orbit: GEO

    Satellite: Telkom 4 (Merah Putih)
    COSPAR: 2018-064A
    Date: 07.08.2018
    LS (Launch SIte): CC SLC-40
    Launch Vehicle: Falcon-9 v1.2
    Remarks

    Telkom 1 https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-1.htm
    SSL-1300 https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sat/ssloral-1300.htm
    Falcon-9 v1.2 https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_lau_det/falcon-9_v1-2.htm
    20151230 SSL Selected As Winner Of Procurement For Communications Satellite To Telkom, Indonesia’s Largest Telecommunications And Network Provider http://sslmda.com/html/pressreleases/pr20151230.html

    Telkom Satellites
    Telkom 1 [A2100A] https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-1.htm
    Telkom 2 [Star-2] https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-2.htm
    Telkom 3 [Ekspress-1000N] https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-3.htm
    Telkom 3S [Spacebus-4000B2] https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-3s.htm
    Telkom 4 (Merah Putih) [SSL-1300] https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/telkom-4.htm


    https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/08/06/falcon-9-launch-timeline-with-merah-putih/
    Falcon 9 launch timeline with Merah Putih
    Stephen Clark, August 6, 2018

    SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket is set for liftoff from Cape Canaveral on Tuesday, heading due east over the Atlantic Ocean to deliver the Merah Putih communications satellite into orbit around 32 minutes later. The 229-foot-tall (70-meter) rocket is poised for launch from pad 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 1:18 a.m. EDT (0518 GMT) Tuesday at the opening of a two-hour launch window.

    The Falcon 9 rocket set for launch Tuesday is the first to re-fly an upgraded Block 5 configuration first stage. The same booster first flew on the maiden Falcon 9 Block 5 mission in May. Perched atop the rocket is the Merah Putih communications satellite, a spacecraft manufactured by SSL — formerly known as Space Systems/Loral — and owned by Telkom Indonesia.

    The U.S.-built, Indonesian-owned satellite will provide C-band telecommunications services over Indonesia and India, along with other parts of South and Southeast Asia. SSL completed construction of the Merah Putih satellite ahead of schedule, according to Telkom Indonesia. The new satellite will replace Telkom 1, which failed in a mysterious debris-shedding event in geostationary orbit last year.

    Officials from Telkom Indonesia expected the Telkom 1 satellite, which launched in 1999, to remain operational until Merah Putih’s launch. But Telkom 1’s failure last year forced the operator to re-route communications traffic through other satellites.

    The Merah Putih satellite is designed for a 16-year life, its owner said in a statement. The spacecraft will be positioned in geostationary orbit more than 22,000 miles (nearly 36,000 kilometers) over the equator at 108 degrees east longitude. Based on SSL’s 1300-series satellite platform, Merah Putih carries 60 C-band transponders with coverage across the Indonesian archipelago, and other parts of South and Southeast Asia.

    The satellite will provide Internet, telephone and cellular backhaul services, according to SSL. The timeline below outlines the launch sequence for the Falcon 9 flight with Merah Putih, including the descent of its first stage back to SpaceX’s drone ship “Of Course I Still Love You” in the Atlantic Ocean east of Cape Canaveral.

    Data source: SpaceX

    T-0:00:00: Liftoff


    After the rocket’s nine Merlin engines pass an automated health check, hold-down clamps will release the Falcon 9 booster for liftoff from pad 39A.

    T+0:01:09: Mach 1


    The Falcon 9 rocket reaches Mach 1, the speed of sound, as the nine Merlin 1D engines provide more than 1.7 million pounds of thrust.

    T+0:01:19: Max Q


    The Falcon 9 rocket reaches Max Q, the point of maximum aerodynamic pressure.

    T+0:02:30: MECO


    The Falcon 9’s nine Merlin 1D engines shut down.

    T+0:02:34: Stage 1 Separation


    The Falcon 9’s first stage separates from the second stage moments after MECO.

    T+0:02:36: First Ignition of Second Stage


    The second stage Merlin 1D vacuum engine ignites for a six-minute burn to put the rocket and Merah Putih into a preliminary parking orbit.

    T+0:03:28: Fairing Jettison


    The 5.2-meter (17.1-foot) diameter payload fairing jettisons once the Falcon 9 rocket ascends through the dense lower atmosphere. The 43-foot-tall fairing is made of two clamshell-like halves composed of carbon fiber with an aluminum honeycomb core.

    T+0:06:13: Stage 1 Entry Burn


    A subset of the first stage’s Merlin 1D engines ignite for an entry burn to slow down for landing. A final landing burn will occur just before touchdown.

    T+0:08:06: SECO 1


    The second stage of the Falcon 9 rocket shuts down after reaching a preliminary low-altitude orbit. The upper stage and Merah Putih begin a coast phase scheduled to last more than 18 minutes before the second stage Merlin vacuum engine reignites.

    T+0:08:08: Stage 1 Landing


    The Falcon 9 rocket’s first stage booster touches down on SpaceX’s drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean.

    T+0:26:15: Second Ignition of Second Stage


    The Falcon 9’s second stage Merlin engine restarts to propel the Merah Putih communications satellite into a geostationary transfer orbit.

    T+0:27:13: SECO 2


    The Merlin engine shuts down after a short burn to put the Merah Putih satellite in the proper orbit for deployment.

    T+0:32:40: Merah Putih Separation


    The Merah Putih satellite separates from the Falcon 9 rocket in a geostationary transfer orbit.

    Email the author. sclark@spaceflightnow.com

    Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @StephenClark1.


    https://www.theverge.com/2018/8/6/17656952/spacex-falcon-9-block-5-launch-merah-putih-watch-live
    One of SpaceX’s powerful new Falcon 9 rockets pulled off its second mission tonight
    A Block 5 booster flies again

    By Loren Grush@lorengrush
    Updated Aug 7, 2018, 1:51am EDT

    Update Tuesday August 7th, 1:50AM ET: SpaceX’s used Block 5 rocket successfully took off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 1:18AM ET, deploying the Merah Putih satellite just over half an hour later. The Falcon 9’s first stage booster also performed another successful landing on one of the company’s drone ships in the Atlantic, becoming the 28th booster that SpaceX has ever recovered.

    Original Story: Early Tuesday morning, SpaceX is slated to launch a new communications satellite from the Florida coast, using one of its used Falcon 9 rockets for the job. However, this is the first time that SpaceX will reuse one of its new powerful Block 5 boosters — the final upgrade of the Falcon 9 that is supposed to be able to go to space and back up to 100 times.

    Previous versions of the vehicle were only able to fly to space twice, meaning this particular vehicle could be the first Falcon 9 to go into space for a third time. For this mission, SpaceX is using the very first Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket it’s flown, a vehicle that sent up a large communications satellite for Bangladesh in May from Florida.

    The vehicle landed on one of SpaceX’s drone ships after the flight, and the company has since done inspection and refurbishment on the vehicle over the last three months to get it ready for flight again.

    “SpaceX is using the very first Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket it’s flown”

    Eventually, SpaceX hopes to do as little refurbishment on these Block 5 vehicles as possible, if any at all. Limiting the amount of inspection and tweaking needed between re-flights could significantly up the cost savings that SpaceX gets from reusing its rockets.

    Less money is needed if fewer people and materials are needed to turn around the rockets each time. Ultimately, SpaceX hopes to fly each Block 5 vehicle a total of 10 times before any refurbishment is needed. However, since this was the first Block 5 flight, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk noted that inspection was necessary to ensure that these vehicles really do not need refurbishment immediately following a rocket landing.

    “Ironically, we need to take it apart to confirm that it does not need to be taken apart,” Musk said during a press call in May. On Twitter, Musk also indicated that the inspection went well, but that getting down to zero refurbishment may be tough.

    Looks good, but so many details need to be right. Journey back from hypersonic becomes extremely difficult as velocity increases. Altitude is easy, velocity is hard.
    — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) July 23, 2018

    Tonight’s launch will loft a communications satellite called Merah Putih into a high orbit above Earth. The satellite, which will eventually provide telecommunications services to parts of Indonesia and South Asia, is set to be deployed about 32 minutes after takeoff.

    Following launch, the used Falcon 9 booster will attempt to perform another landing on one of SpaceX’s drone ships in the Atlantic. SpaceX has a two-hour launch window to get this vehicle off the ground starting at 1:18AM ET on Tuesday, August 7th.

    So far, weather looks good, with an 80 percent chance that conditions will be favorable for a launch. SpaceX’s coverage is slated begin about 15 minutes before takeoff. Rocket enthusiasts and night owls should check back then to watch this mission live.

    one of its new powerful Block 5 boosters https://www.theverge.com/2018/5/9/17254384/spacex-falcon-9-block-5-upgrade-rocket-reusability-savings
    Musk said during a press call in May https://www.theverge.com/2018/5/11/17341452/spacex-falcon-9-block-5-launch-landing-success
    July 23, 2018 https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/1021288692655067136?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw
    an 80 percent chance that conditions will be favorable https://www.patrick.af.mil/Portals/14/documents/Weather/L-1%20Forecast%207%20Aug%20Launch.pdf?ver=2018-08-06-082945-040


    https://www.kennedyspacecenter.com/launches-and-events/events-calendar/2018/august/rocket-launch-spacex-merah-putih
    Rocket Launch: August 7, 2018 1:18 AM EDT | SpaceX Falcon 9 Merah Putih
    Aug 07, 2018 August 7, 2018 1:18 AM

    https://www.kennedyspacecenter.com/-/media/DNC/KSCVC/Event-Images/Rocket-Launches/Michael-Seeley-SES-9-2016-Falcon-9-SpaceX_900x6001.ashx?h=600&w=900&la=en&hash=265729CF87586365299D1745A89EF7CCEFB6763E
    Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Space Launch Complex 40 Rocket Launch: August 7, 2018 1:18 AM EDT | SpaceX Falcon 9 Merah Putih

    MISSION

    A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches Merah Putih to a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) NET August 2018. The name Merah Putih represents the red and white of the Indonesian flag, and the satellite will improve telecommunications throughout the country, India, and other areas of South and Southeast Asia.

    LAUNCH VIEWING

    Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex offers the closest public viewing of launches, as well as launch commentary, bleacher seating and access to visitor complex exhibits and attractions. Due to the launch window scheduled significantly outside visitor complex operating hours, no launch viewing opportunities are available for SpaceX Falcon 9 Merah Putih.


    https://www.spacex.com/news/2018/08/06/merah-putih-mission
    Merah Putih Mission
    August 06, 2018

    On Tuesday, August 7th at 1:18 a.m. EDT, Falcon 9 successfully lifted off from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida carrying the Merah Putih mission for PT Telkom Indonesia. The satellite was deployed approximately 32 minutes after liftoff into its targeted Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO).

    Following stage separation, Falcon 9’s first stage, which previously flew on the first Block 5 mission in May 2018, successfully landed on SpaceX’s “Of Course I Still Love You” droneship stationed in the Atlantic Ocean.

    You can watch a replay of the launch below and find out more about the mission in our press kit. http://www.spacex.com/sites/spacex/files/merahputihpresskit.pdf


    https://www.sslmda.com/html/pressreleases/2018-06-21-Maxar-SSL-ships-first-of-three-advanced-communications-satellites-scheduled-to-launch-on-the-SpaceX-Falcon-9-this-summer.php
    Maxar’s SSL Ships First of Three Advanced Communications Satellites Scheduled to Launch on the SpaceX Falcon 9 This Summer
    20180621

    Commercially driven advances help SSL customers to connect people and transform lives around the world

    PALO ALTO, Calif. – June 21, 2018 – SSL, a Maxar Technologies company (formerly MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd.) (NYSE: MAXR, TSX: MAXR), today announced it shipped the first of three satellites that SSL will deliver to the SpaceX launch base at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida over the next month.

    Driven by commercial advances, the three satellites will bring communications capability to connect people and transform lives around the globe. Telstar 19 VANTAGE, an advanced high throughput satellite (HTS) built for Telesat, one of the world’s leading satellite operators, marks the 50th SSL-built communications satellite to launch this decade.

    It arrived safely at the launch base this week for a launch scheduled next month. Two more SSL communications satellites are scheduled to ship to SpaceX launch base over the next month including a second HTS for Telesat, Telstar 18 VANTAGE, and the Merah Putih satellite (previously known as Telkom-4), for Indonesia’s largest telecommunication and network provider, PT Telkom Indonesia (Persero) Tbk.

    “SSL has a long legacy of leveraging its commercial mindset to provide satellite operators with spacecraft systems that address their requirements and enable global transformation,” said Dario Zamarian, group president, SSL. “The cadence this month of shipping out three satellites for launch demonstrates our ongoing market leadership and commitment to quality, reliability, and performance.”

    Telstar 19 VANTAGE

    Telstar 19 VANTAGE is one of a new generation of Telesat spacecraft designed to serve today’s bandwidth intensive applications. It will support a range of services, including advanced broadband connectivity for consumer, enterprise and mobility users across the Americas and Atlantic from its prime orbital location of 63 degrees West, the same location used today by Telesat’s Telstar 14R.

    Like all Telesat VANTAGE satellites, Telstar 19 VANTAGE combines broad regional beams and powerful HTS spot beams enabling customers to maximize throughput and spectral efficiency while optimizing network performance. Its Ka-band HTS capacity will serve Telesat customers operating in Northern Canada, the Caribbean, the North Atlantic Ocean, and South America.

    Additional Ku-band HTS spot beams will serve growing South American markets in Brazil and the Andean region. Telstar 19 VANTAGE will also bring new Ku-band broadbeam capacity over the North Atlantic Ocean enhancing Telesat’s coverage of this important mobility market.


    Telstar 19 VANTAGE shown in antenna testing at SSL in Palo Alto, Calif, before it was shipped to launch base.
    View Archived Press Releases here. https://www.sslmda.com/html/pressreleases/press_releases.php

    Telstar 18 VANTAGE

    Telstar 18 VANTAGE, the third HTS in Telesat’s global fleet, will be located at 138 degrees East, an ideal position for connecting Asia to the Americas. It will replace and expand on the capabilities of Telesat’s Telstar 18 satellite through its extensive C-band coverage of Asia, its Ku-band HTS spot beams over Indonesia and Malaysia, and its six additional Ku-band regional beams.

    These high performance beams will enable Telstar 18 VANTAGE to meet growing demand for mobility, enterprise networks and telecom services across the Asia region. As previously announced, Telesat has partnered with APT Satellite of Hong Kong in the design and procurement of this spacecraft, which APT calls Apstar-5C.

    “Telesat has worked closely with SSL and the Maxar family of companies for many years and we are pleased to have collaborated with them on our newest Telstar VANTAGE high throughput satellites,” said Dan Goldberg, President and CEO of Telesat.

    “These state-of-the-art spacecraft are going to provide important competitive advantages for our customers across the Americas and Asia. It’s great news that Telstar 19 VANTAGE is now at the launch base and that Telstar 18 VANTAGE is nearly finished and in the queue to ship.”

    Merah Putih

    Merah Putih, a name which represents the red and white of the Indonesian flag, will be integrated into Telkom’s greater telecommunications network to provide service throughout the 17 thousand islands of the Indonesian archipelago, as well as India and other parts of South and Southeast Asia.

    Satellite forms the telecommunications backbone that connects Indonesia, along with other technologies, such as submarine cable. Merah Putih, which was completed ahead of schedule, will replace Telkom-1, at 108 degrees East, where it will expand on Telkom’s coverage to serve new markets.

    Its all C-band payload will enhance both internet and telephone service for populations in remote regions and offload backhaul for cellular service. “Satellite plays a vital role in our telecommunications infrastructure,” said Mr. Mr. Zulhelfi Abidin, Chief Technology Officer of Telkom.

    “SSL has been an excellent spacecraft supplier and has completed the satellite construction ahead of schedule. We look forward to traveling to Florida to see the satellite launch later this summer.”

    About Telesat

    Telesat is a leading global satellite operator, providing reliable and secure satellite-delivered communications solutions worldwide to broadcast, telecom, corporate and government customers. Headquartered in Ottawa, Canada, with offices and facilities around the world, the company’s state-of-the-art fleet consists of 15 GEO satellites, the Canadian payload on ViaSat-1 and one Phase 1 LEO satellite which is the start of Telesat’s planned global LEO satellite constellation that will offer low latency, high throughput broadband services.

    An additional two GEO satellites are scheduled for launch mid-2018. Telesat is also a leading technical consultant providing high value expertise and support to satellite operators, insurers and other industry participants on a global basis. Privately held, Telesat’s principal shareholders are Canada’s Public Sector Pension Investment Board and Loral Space & Communications Inc. (NASDAQ: LORL).

    About Telkom

    PT Telkom Indonesia (Persero) Tbk (“Telkom”) is the largest telecommunications and network provider in Indonesia. The company offers a wide range of network and telecommunication services, including fixed wireline connections, cellular services, network and interconnection services, as well as internet and data communication services.

    Beside telecommunication services, it also operates multimedia businesses such as content and applications, completing its business portfolio which includes Telecommunication, Information, Media, Edutainment and Services (TIMES). Its shares are traded on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (“IDX”) and the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), using the TLKM and TLK tickers, respectively. For more information, please visit http://www.telkom.co.id/en/

    About SSL

    SSL, based in Palo Alto, California, is a leading provider of advanced spacecraft systems, with broad expertise to support commercial and government satellite operators and innovative space missions. The company designs and manufactures spacecraft for services such as direct-to-home television, video content distribution, broadband internet, mobile communications, in-orbit servicing, space exploration, and Earth observation.

    As a Silicon Valley innovator for 60 years, SSL’s advanced product line includes state-of-the-art small satellites, and sophisticated robotics and autonomous solutions for remote operations. SSL is a Maxar Technologies company (NYSE: MAXR; TSX: MAXR). For more information, visit http://www.sslmda.com.

    About Maxar Technologies

    As a global leader of advanced space technology solutions, Maxar Technologies (formerly MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates) is at the nexus of the new space economy, developing and sustaining the infrastructure and delivering the information, services, systems that unlock the promise of space for commercial and government markets.

    As a trusted partner, Maxar Technologies provides vertically-integrated capabilities and expertise including satellites, Earth imagery, robotics, geospatial data and analytics to help customers anticipate and address their most complex mission-critical challenges with confidence.

    With more than 6,500 employees in over 30 global locations, the Maxar Technologies portfolio of commercial space brands includes MDA, SSL, DigitalGlobe and Radiant Solutions. Every day, billions of people rely on Maxar to communicate, share information and data, and deliver insights that Build a Better World. Maxar trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange as MAXR. For more information, visit http://www.maxar.com.

    Forward-Looking Statements

    This release contains forward-looking statements and information, which reflect the current view of MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (“MDA” or the “Company”) with respect to future events and financial performance. The forward-looking statements in this regard include statements regarding the strategic business venture entered into between MDA and its business partner.

    Any such forward-looking statements are based on MDA’s current expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions in light of its experience and its perception of historical trends. The factors and assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements in this release include, but are not limited to, certain contracts not being terminated.

    Any such forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations. MDA cautions readers that should certain risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary significantly from those expected.

    The risks that could cause actual results to differ from current expectations include, but are not limited to:
    risks associated with executing the parties strategy and plans for securing future commercial customers;
    the introduction of competing technologies; unexpected technical or marketing difficulties;
    unexpected deterioration of economic and financial conditions;
    the imposition of budgetary constraints or deferment of funding for programs in which the Company or its customers participate;
    risks associated with satellite manufacturing, including competition, cyclicality of end-user markets, contractual risks, creditworthiness of customers, performance of suppliers and management of factory and personnel;
    certain customers are highly leveraged and may not fulfil their contractual payment obligations, including vendor financing;
    risks associated with operating satellites and providing satellite services, including satellite construction or launch delays, launch failures, in-orbit failures or impaired satellite performance;
    risk associated with financial factors such as volatility in exchange rates, increases in interest rates and restrictions on access to capital;
    failure of third parties and subcontractors; failure of systems to meet performance requirements;
    failure to anticipate changes in technology, technical standards and offerings or compliance with the requisite standards, or
    failure to maintain technological advances and offer new products to retain customers and market position; and
    other risks including litigation.

    Readers should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they were made. Except as required by law, MDA disclaims any obligation or undertaking to update or revise the information herein.

    For additional information with respect to certain of these risks or factors, plus additional risks or factors, reference should be made to the Company’s continuous disclosure materials filed from time to time with Canadian and U.S. securities regulatory authorities, which are available online under the Company’s SEDAR profile at http://www.sedar.com, under the Company’s EDGAR profile at http://www.sec.gov, or on the Company’s website at http://www.maxar.com.

    Contact

    Wendy Lewis | SSL Media Contact | 1-650-852-5188 | wendy.lewis@sslmda.com
    Marissa Poratto | Maxar Investor Relations | 1-604-331-2044 | marissa.poratto@maxar.com
    Nancy Coleman | Maxar Media Contact | 1-303-684-1674 | nancy.coleman@maxar.com


    http://www.sslmda.com/html/pressreleases/pr20151230.php
    SSL SELECTED AS WINNER OF PROCUREMENT FOR COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE TO TELKOM, INDONESIA’S LARGEST TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORK PROVIDER

    PALO ALTO, Calif. – December 30, 2015 — Space Systems Loral (SSL), a leading provider of commercial satellites, today announced that it was selected to provide a communications satellite to PT Telkom Indonesia (Persero) Tbk, the largest telecommunication and network provider in Indonesia.

    SSL was informed last week that it is the winner of the procurement of the TELKOM-4 satellite, which will be used for fixed satellite services in Indonesia, India, and Southeast Asia. “Satellite services are particularly important in regions such as Indonesia where the population is spread over thousands of islands,” said John Celli, president of SSL.

    “For SSL, this is the third satellite for Indonesia that we will add to our backlog and we are honored to play such an important role in expanding the telecommunications infrastructure for the nation and the region.” “Because our country consists of thousands of islands, Indonesia needs satellite technology,” said Alex J Sinaga, president director and chief operating officer of Telkom.

    “Satellite complements our other technologies, such as submarine cable, as the backbone that connects the islands of Indonesia.” The satellite will be based on the highly reliable SSL 1300 platform, which provides the flexibility to support a broad range of applications and technology advances. It is designed to provide service for 15 years or more.

    About Telkom

    PT Telkom Indonesia (Persero) Tbk is the largest telecommunication and network provider in Indonesia. Serving millions of customers nationwide, we provide a strong portfolio of information and communication services, including fixed wireline, mobile cellular, data and internet, and network and interconnection services, directly or through our subsidiaries.

    We have broadened our business portfolio to encompass TIMES – telecommunications, information, media, edutainment and services. Telkom’s shares are listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX: TLKM) and its American Depository Shares are listed in the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: TLK).

    About SSL

    Space Systems Loral (SSL), is a leading provider of commercial satellites with broad expertise to support satellite operators and innovative space related missions. The company designs and manufactures spacecraft for services such as direct-to-home television, video content distribution, broadband Internet, mobile communications, and Earth observation.

    As a Silicon Valley innovator for more than 50 years, SSL’s advanced product line also includes state-of-the-art small satellites, and sophisticated robotics and automation solutions for remote operations. For more information, visit http://www.sslmda.com.

    Forward-Looking Statements

    This news release contains forward-looking statements and information, which reflect the current view of Space Systems Loral (SSL) with respect to future events and financial performance. When used in this news release, the words “believes”, “expects”, “plans”, “may”, “will”, “would”, “could”, “should”, “anticipates”, “estimates”, “project”, “intend” or “outlook” or other variations of these words or other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements and information.

    Actual results may differ materially from the expectations expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements as a result of known and unknown risks and uncertainties.

    Known risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to:
    risks associated with operating satellites and providing satellite services, including satellite construction or launch delays, launch failures, in-orbit failures or impaired satellite performance;
    risks associated with satellite manufacturing, including competition, cyclicality of SSL’s end-user markets, contractual risks, creditworthiness of customers, performance of suppliers and management of SSL’s factory and personnel;
    risk associated with financial factors such as volatility in exchange rates, increases in interest rates, restrictions on access to capital, and swings in global financial markets;
    risks associated with domestic and foreign government regulation, including export controls and economic sanctions; and other risks, including litigation.

    The foregoing list of important factors is not exhaustive. The information contained in this news release reflects SSL’s beliefs, assumptions, intentions, plans and expectations as of the date of this news release. Except as required by law, SSL disclaims any obligation or undertaking to update or revise the information herein.

    1. # #

    Media Contact:

    SSL
    Wendy Lewis
    Director of Communications
    Wendy.Lewis@sslmda.com
    +1 (650) 852-5188



    http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/technik/alain-charmeau-die-amerikaner-wollen-europa-aus-dem-weltraum-kicken-a-1207322.html
    Wettlauf um Raketentechnik “Die Amerikaner wollen Europa aus dem Weltraum kicken”
    Race for Rocket Technology “Americans want to kick Europe out of space”

    Mit Milliardenaufwand entwickelt Europa die neue “Ariane 6”- Rakete. Aber das amerikanische Pendant SpaceX ist viel billiger. Alain Charmeau, Chef der Ariane Group, erklärt, wie die Amerikaner das schaffen – und setzt ein Ultimatum.
    © Christian O. Bruch/ laif
    With billions of euros, Europe is developing the new “Ariane 6” rocket. But the American counterpart SpaceX is much cheaper. Alain Charmeau, head of the Ariane Group, explains how Americans make it – and sets an ultimatum.
    © Christian O. Bruch / laif


    Ein Interview von Christoph Seidler
    An interview by Christoph Seidler


    Modell einer “Ariane 6” auf der Luft- und Raumfahrtmesse ILA in Berlin (April 2018)
    Model of an “Ariane 6” at the Aerospace Fair ILA in Berlin (April 2018)

    Freitag, 18.05.2018 10:52 Uhr
    Friday, 18.05.2018 10:52

    Weißer Rauch stieg im Januar auf über Lampoldshausen. In einem baden-württembergischen Teststand des Deutschen Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) zündeten Ingenieure damals das mächtige Raketentriebwerk “Vulcain 2.1” zum ersten Mal. Bei einer Reihe von Tests sollten seine Eigenschaften genau geprüft werden.
    White smoke rose over Lampoldshausen in January. In a test stand of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Baden-Württemberg, engineers set fire to the powerful rocket engine “Vulcain 2.1” for the first time. In a series of tests, its properties should be closely examined.

    Mit einer Schubkraft von 130 Tonnen soll das teils im 3D-Drucker gefertigte Aggregat dabei helfen, die zukünftige “Ariane 6”-Rakete ins All zu bringen. An ihr arbeiten Europas Staaten derzeit mit Milliardenaufwand – um die zuverlässige, aber nicht mehr wettbewerbsfähige “Ariane 5” abzulösen.
    With a thrust of 130 tons, the unit, which is partly manufactured in a 3D printer, will help to launch the future “Ariane 6” rocket into space. Europe’s states are currently working on it with billions of efforts – to replace the reliable but no longer competitive “Ariane 5”.

    Gefertigt werden die neuen Raketen unter anderem in Bremen und in der Nähe von Paris, abheben sollen sie dann vom Weltraumbahnhof Kourou in Französisch-Guyana. Dort entsteht derzeit die neue Startrampe. In zwei Jahren soll es von dort aus den Jungfernflug geben.
    The new rockets are manufactured in Bremen and near Paris, and will then take off from the Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. There is currently the new launch pad. In two years, it will give the maiden flight from there.


    http://www.spiegel.de/fotostrecke/spacex-elon-musk-schiesst-rakete-mit-tesla-ins-all-fotostrecke-156863.html

    SpaceX: Rakete startet mit Tesla ins All
    SpaceX: Rocket launches with Tesla into space

    Doch die “Ariane 6” hat ein Problem: Sie ist im Vergleich mit der amerikanischen Konkurrenz zu teuer. Konkret geht es um die Raketen des – von der US-Regierung kräftig unterstützten – Privatunternehmens SpaceX. Die sind – gebraucht – für etwa 50 Millionen Dollar pro Start zu haben. Es ist ein Preis, den die “Ariane 6” unter keinen Umständen erreichen kann, selbst wenn – wie versprochen – die Kosten im Vergleich zur “Ariane 5” halbiert werden.
    But the “Ariane 6” has a problem: it is too expensive compared to the American competition. Specifically, it is about the rockets of the – strongly supported by the US government – private company SpaceX. They are – used – for about 50 million dollars per start to have. It is a price that the Ariane 6 can never reach, even if, as promised, the cost is halved compared to the Ariane 5.

    SpaceX-Chef Elon Musk hat außerdem in Aussicht gestellt, dass die Startkosten mit der neuesten Version seiner “Falcon 9”-Rakete (“Block 5”) sogar noch einmal kräftig sinken werden. Was also soll Europa tun? Von den Billigangeboten der Amerikaner profitieren – auch auf die Gefahr hin, dass die irgendwann enden? Oder mit Milliardenaufwand einen eigenen Zugang zum All behalten?
    SpaceX boss Elon Musk has also announced that the launch costs will even drop sharply with the latest version of his “Falcon 9” (“Block 5”) rocket. So what should Europe do? Benefit from the cheap offers of the Americans – even at the risk that someday will end? Or, with billions of dollars, keep your own access to space?

    Alain Charmeau ist Chef der Ariane Group. Im Interview erklärt er, dass Musk seine Kampfpreise aus seiner Sicht nur dank massiver Hilfe aus Washington anbieten kann – und welche Probleme sich die Europäer dadurch einhandeln können. Ob seine Argumente Europas Staats- und Regierungschefs überzeugen, wird sich zeigen. Nur wenn sie der “Ariane 6” einen Grundstock von Einsätzen garantierten, würde die Rakete auch wirklich in Serie gebaut, so Charmeau.
    Alain Charmeau is the boss of the Ariane Group. In an interview, he explains that from his point of view Musk can only offer his fight prizes thanks to massive help from Washington – and what problems the Europeans can get involved with. Whether his arguments will convince European leaders, will show. Only if they could guarantee the “Ariane 6” a foundation of operations, the rocket would really be built in series, so Charmeau.

    Zur Person
    To person


    REUTERS

    Alain Charmeau ist Chef der Ariane Group. Das Unternehmen, ein Joint-Venture von Airbus und Safran mit 9000 Mitarbeitern, ist für den Bau der “Ariane”-Rakete verantwortlich. Der Franzose arbeitet seit 2005 für den Airbus-Konzern, davor war er beim europäischen Rüstungsunternehmen MBDA. Charmeau hat an der Elitehochschule École Nationale Supérieure d’Arts et Métiers in Paris und dem California Institute of Technology in Pasadena studiert.
    Alain Charmeau is the boss of the Ariane Group. The company, a joint venture of Airbus and Safran with 9,000 employees, is responsible for the construction of the “Ariane” rocket. The Frenchman has been working for the Airbus Group since 2005, before joining the European defense company MBDA. Charmeau studied at the elite high school École Nationale Supérieure d ‘Arts et Métiers in Paris and the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Die neue “Ariane 6”-Rakete soll im Juli 2020 das erste Mal starten. Kriegen Sie das hin?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: The new “Ariane 6” rocket is scheduled to launch in July 2020 for the first time. Can you do that?

    Charmeau: Ja. Wir liegen im Plan.
    Charmeau: Yes. We are on schedule.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Damit das Projekt kein Rohrkrepierer wird, brauchen Sie Unterstützung. Europas Regierungen sollen sich verpflichten, eine bestimmte Menge an Raketen zu kaufen. Welche Zusagen haben Sie mittlerweile?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: So that the project does not become a piper, you need support. Europe’s governments should commit to buy a certain amount of rockets. What commitments do you have meanwhile?

    Charmeau: Der erste Start ist mit dem Entwicklungsvertrag finanziert. Jetzt brauchen wir Kunden für Starts Nummer zwei, drei und so weiter. Immerhin eine Bestellung haben wir schon von der EU-Kommission erhalten.
    Charmeau: The first start is funded with the development contract. Now we need customers for launches number two, three and so on. After all, we have already received an order from the European Commission.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Dort will man zwei Raketen für “Galileo”-Navigationssatelliten kaufen.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: There they want to buy two missiles for “Galileo” navigation satellites.

    Charmeau: Nach unseren Plänen brauchen wir insgesamt fünf Starts im Jahr 2021 und acht im Jahr 2022. Ein Teil davon muss von den Regierungen oder der EU-Kommission abgenommen werden.
    Charmeau: According to our plans, we need a total of five launches in 2021 and eight in 2022. Part of this needs to be done by the governments or the EU Commission.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Was stellen Sie sich konkret vor?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: What do you imagine?

    Charmeau: Wir denken an insgesamt vier “Galileo”-Starts, dazu eine Sonde der Esa, außerdem je eine deutsche und eine französische Regierungsmission. Wir brauchen ein klares Signal, dass wir mit der Produktion der weiteren Raketen anfangen können. Und wir brauchen insgesamt sieben Verträge für garantierte Starts. Bis Ende Juni.
    Charmeau: We are thinking of a total of four “Galileo” launches, plus a probe from the Esa, plus one German and one French government mission. We need a clear signal that we can start producing the other rockets. And we need a total of seven contracts for guaranteed launches. Till the end of June.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Das klingt sportlich. Und warum ausgerechnet bis Ende Juni?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: That sounds sporty. And why just until the end of June?


    “Ariane 6” Rakete
    “Ariane 6” rocket

    ArianeGroup

    Charmeau: Weil die Produktion der ersten Rakete schon läuft. Unsere Fabriken, unsere Teams brauchen jetzt weitere Aufträge, um die Arbeit fortzusetzen. Der zweite Start der “Ariane 6” soll ja schon Ende 2020 oder Anfang 2021 stattfinden, je nach Kundenwunsch. Das ist in weniger als drei Jahren.
    Charmeau: Because the production of the first rocket is already running. Our factories, our teams now need more orders to continue their work. The second launch of the “Ariane 6” should already take place in late 2020 or early 2021, depending on customer requirements. That’s in less than three years.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Was passiert, wenn Sie die Verträge bis Ende Juni nicht haben?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: What happens if you do not have the contracts until the end of June?

    Charmeau: Ohne Verträge müssten wir die Produktion anhalten.
    Charmeau: Without contracts, we would have to stop production.

    Teuer für Washington, billig für Europa – aber warum?
    Expensive for Washington, cheap for Europe – but why?

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Sie sagen, dass Sie Regierungsaufträge brauchen, um die Produktion aufrechtzuerhalten. Gleichzeitig startet die deutsche Bundeswehr ihre “SARah”-Aufklärungssatelliten auf Raketen der US-Firma SpaceX. Wie passt das zusammen?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: You say that you need government contracts to maintain production. At the same time, the German Bundeswehr is launching its “SARah” reconnaissance satellites on rockets of the US company SpaceX. How does it fit together?

    Charmeau: Deutschland gibt viel Geld für die “Ariane 6” aus und hat seinen Anteil um 20 Prozent im Vergleich zum Vorgänger “Ariane 5” erhöht. Ich bin überzeugt, dass die deutsche Regierung Interesse an der Auslastung der Werke in ihrem Land hat. Deswegen wird man Satelliten – für den Verteidigungsbereich und andere – mit unseren “Ariane” und “Vega”-Raketen starten.
    Charmeau: Germany spends a lot of money on the “Ariane 6” and has increased its share by 20 percent compared to its predecessor “Ariane 5”. I am convinced that the German government is interested in the utilization of the plants in their country. That’s why satellites – for defense and others – will be launched with our “Ariane” and “Vega” missiles.

    Das könnte Sie auch interessieren
    You might also be interested in


    AP/ Orlando Sentinel
    Elon Musks “Falcon Heavy”-Rakete: Willkommen in der Zukunft
    Elon Musk’s “Falcon Heavy” rocket: Welcome to the future

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Selbst bei militärisch sensiblen Satelliten macht Deutschland das eben nicht.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Even with militarily sensitive satellites Germany does not do that.

    Charmeau: Aber in Zukunft machen sie es vielleicht.
    Charmeau: But in the future they might do it.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Einstweilen ist SpaceX preiswerter.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Meanwhile SpaceX is cheaper.

    Charmeau: Entschuldigung, aber das stimmt nicht. Man sollte sich fragen, warum SpaceX der US-Regierung pro Start 100 Millionen Dollar in Rechnung stellt, Starts für europäische Kunden aber viel billiger anbietet. Warum machen die das?
    Charmeau: Sorry, but that’s not true. One should ask why SpaceX bills the US government $ 100 million per launch, but launches much cheaper for European customers. Why are they doing that?

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Weil sie so Starts für kommerzielle Kunden – wie auch die deutsche Regierung – billiger anbieten können.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Because they can offer such launches for commercial customers – as well as the German government – cheaper.

    Charmeau: Sie machen das, um Europa aus dem Weltraum zu kicken. Und die Öffentlichkeit und unsere Politiker sollten das wissen. Es geht um die Frage, ob Europa auch morgen noch im Weltraum aktiv ist. Unsere US-Freunde unterstützen das nicht wirklich. Ich unterschreibe auf der Stelle Verträge mit europäischen Regierungen für 100 Millionen Dollar pro Start. Das ist der Preis, den SpaceX von der eigenen Regierung verlangt. Wenn aber Deutschland Starts partout billiger einkaufen will, profitiert davon unser US-Wettbewerber.
    Charmeau: You do that to kick Europe out of space. And the public and our politicians should know that. It is about the question of whether Europe will still be active in space tomorrow. Our US friends do not really support that. I am signing contracts with European governments for $ 100 million per launch. That is the price that SpaceX demands from its own government. If, however, Germany wants to start shopping cheaper, our US competitor benefits from it.

    “Heute kennt er Ihre Amazon-Bestellungen, morgen fährt er Ihr Auto”
    “Today he knows your Amazon orders, tomorrow he drives your car”

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Warum soll eine Regierung mehr Geld für einen Start ausgeben, als sie muss? Man kann mit dem Geld auch Straßen und Brücken bauen oder Schulen sanieren.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Why should a government spend more money on a start than it has to? You can also use the money to build roads and bridges or rehabilitate schools.

    Charmeau: Der einfachste Grund: Es schafft Arbeitsplätze in Deutschland. Und diese Firmen und ihre Mitarbeiter zahlen Steuern, die im deutschen Haushalt landen. Ich bin ziemlich sicher, dass Angestellte von SpaceX nichts ans deutsche Finanzamt zahlen. Und es geht noch um mehr.
    Charmeau: The simplest reason: It creates jobs in Germany. And these companies and their employees pay taxes that end up in the German budget. I am pretty sure that SpaceX employees pay nothing to the German tax office. And it’s about more.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Und zwar?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: And that?

    Charmeau: Es geht um die Geschäfte der Zukunft. Warum investieren denn all die Milliardäre in den Weltraum? Warum kommt auch Jeff Bezos nach Deutschland und erklärt, dass das Land nicht in den Weltraum gehen sollte? Er macht Geld mit Ihren persönlichen Daten. Heute kennt er Ihre Amazon-Bestellungen, morgen fährt er Ihr Auto.
    Charmeau: It’s about the business of the future. Why are all the billionaires investing in space? Why is Jeff Bezos coming to Germany too and declaring that the country should not go into space? He makes money with your personal information. Today he knows your Amazon orders, tomorrow he drives your car.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Das wird er wohl sowieso machen. Wir haben uns in vielen Feldern doch längst von unseren Daten verabschiedet. Ich zeichne dieses Gespräch gerade mit einem iPhone auf. Da habe ich meine Daten doch längst abgegeben.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: He’ll probably do that anyway. We have long since said goodbye to our data in many fields. I’m just recording this conversation with an iPhone. Since I have given my data but long ago.

    Charmeau: Sollten wir nicht wenigstens versuchen, um Eigenständigkeit zu kämpfen? Wir haben noch immer eine Industrie für Raketen und Satelliten, die weltweit absolut vorn dabei ist. Sollten wir das aufgeben?
    Charmeau: Should not we at least try to fight for independence? We still have an industry for rockets and satellites that is absolutely in the lead worldwide. Should we give that up?

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Umgekehrt gefragt: Warum sollten wir es partout behalten?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Conversely asked: Why should we keep it partout?

    Charmeau: Da sind als Erstes die wirtschaftlichen Gründe. Es wird in der Zukunft einen riesigen Markt zur Auswertung von Weltraumdaten geben, für das Internet der Dinge, autonome Autos und so weiter. Es gibt aber auch strategische Gründe. Deutschland und Frankreich wollen beim Bau eines zukünftigen Kampfflugzeugs zusammenarbeiten. Solch ein Flugzeug fliegt nicht ohne Weltraumtechnik. Das dürfen wir nicht aufgeben.
    Charmeau: First there are the economic reasons. There will be a huge market for the evaluation of space data in the future, for the Internet of Things, autonomous cars and so on. But there are also strategic reasons. Germany and France want to work together to build a future fighter plane. Such a plane does not fly without space technology. We can not give that up.

    Fotostrecke
    photo gallery


    7 Bilder
    7 pictures

    Raumfahrzeug “IXV”: Vor dem heißen Höllenritt
    Spacecraft “IXV”: Before the hot hell ride

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Ein Grund dafür, dass SpaceX seine Starts so billig anbieten kann, ist auch, dass die Firma auf Wiederverwendbarkeit setzt. Wann kehrt die erste “Ariane”-Raketenstufe sanft zur Erde zurück, damit sie wiederverwendet werden kann?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: One of the reasons that SpaceX can offer its launches so cheaply is that the company relies on reusability. When does the first “Ariane” rocket stage gently return to Earth so it can be reused?

    Charmeau: Der Grund, warum SpaceX auf dem kommerziellen Markt billiger sind, hat nichts mit Wiederverwendbarkeit zu tun. Entscheidend ist nur, dass sie ihrer eigenen Regierung 100 Millionen Dollar pro Start berechnen. Und ich bin bereit, das auch so zu machen.
    Charmeau: The reason SpaceX is cheaper on the commercial market has nothing to do with reusability. The only thing that matters is that they charge their own government $ 100 million per launch. And I’m ready to do that too.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Nichtsdestotrotz sagt SpaceX, dass sie ihre Raketen auch durch die Wiederverwendbarkeit billig anbieten können.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Nonetheless, SpaceX says they can offer their rockets cheaply through reusability.

    Charmeau: Woher wissen Sie das? Kennen Sie deren echte Kostenstruktur?
    Charmeau: How do you know that? Do you know their real cost structure?

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Für mich als Kunde ist es jedenfalls billiger, meinen Satelliten auf einer gebrauchten SpaceX zu fliegen als auf einer “Ariane”.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: For me as a customer it is certainly cheaper to fly my satellite on a used SpaceX than on an “Ariane”.

    Charmeau: Weil die Firma Ihrer Regierung zu viel Geld abknöpft.
    Charmeau: Because the company is over-spending too much money on your government.

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Das haben Sie jetzt schon mehrmals gesagt.
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: You have already said that several times.

    Charmeau: SpaceX hat einen Markt an garantierten Starts für die Regierung, der vielleicht zehn Mal so groß ist wie für uns in Europa. Da kann man dann für den Rest leicht die Wiederverwendbarkeit in den Vordergrund stellen.
    Charmeau: SpaceX has a guaranteed startup market for the government, maybe ten times the size of ours in Europe. Since then you can easily put the reusability in the foreground for the rest.

    “Ich kann meinen Teams nicht sagen: ‘Tschüs, dann bis nächstes Jahr’!”
    “I can not tell my teams: ‘Bye, then see you next year!’

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Sie haben auch mal gesagt, dass sich Wiederverwendbarkeit für Europa gar nicht lohnen würde. Wie das?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: You also said that reusability would not be worthwhile for Europe. As the?

    Charmeau: Nehmen wir mal an, wir hätten zehn garantierte Starts pro Jahr in Europa und würden eine Rakete haben, die man zehnmal wiederverwenden kann – dann würden wir genau eine Rakete pro Jahr bauen. Das ergibt keinen Sinn. Ich kann meinen Teams nicht sagen: ‘Tschüs, dann bis nächstes Jahr’!
    Charmeau: Let’s say we have ten guaranteed launches a year in Europe and have a rocket that you can reuse ten times – then we would build exactly one rocket a year. That does not make sense. I can not tell my teams: ‘Bye, then until next year’!

    SPIEGEL ONLINE: Wie viele Starts bräuchte Sie denn, damit sich Wiederverwendbarkeit für Sie lohnt?
    SPIEGEL ONLINE: How many starts would you need, so that reusability is worthwhile for you?

    Charmeau: Das sehen wir uns gerade an. Vielleicht etwa 30 Starts pro Jahr. Wir müssen uns aber immer fragen, ob sich diese Technologien für uns rechnen. Aber wir bereiten das auf jeden Fall vor. Zum Beispiel ist unser zukünftiges “Prometheus”-Triebwerk wiederverwendbar. Wir arbeiten auch an der Technologie, eine Raketenstufe zu bergen und wieder zu benutzen. Wir wollen bereit sein.
    Charmeau: That’s just what we’re looking at. Maybe about 30 starts a year. But we always have to ask ourselves, if these technologies pay off for us. But we definitely prepare it. For example, our future “Prometheus” engine is reusable. We are also working on the technology of retrieving and reusing a rocket stage. We want to be ready.

    Zur Startseite
    To home page


    http://www.spiegel.de/fotostrecke/spacex-elon-musk-schiesst-rakete-mit-tesla-ins-all-fotostrecke-156863.html
    SpaceX: Rakete startet mit Tesla ins All
    SpaceX: Rocket launches with Tesla into space

    06.02.2018


    Nach jahrelanger Verzögerung ist die “Falcon Heavy” des privaten Weltraumunternehmens SpaceX am Dienstag von Cape Canaveral aus auf einen Testflug ins All gestartet.
    After years of delay, the “Falcon Heavy” of the private space company SpaceX launched on Tuesday from Cape Canaveral on a test flight into space.


    Nach rund 70 Kilometern Flug wurden die Antriebsraketen der ersten Zündstufe unter dem Jubel Zehntausender Schaulustiger abgekoppelt.
    After about 70 kilometers of flight, the propulsion rockets of the first firing stage were decoupled under the cheers of tens of thousands of onlookers.


    Der Bau der Rakete dauerte zwar länger als gedacht, dafür ist die “Falcon Heavy” nach Angaben des Unternehmens die weltweit größte Rakete in derzeitigem Betrieb.
    The construction of the rocket took longer than expected, but is the “Falcon Heavy” according to the company, the world’s largest rocket in the current operation.


    An Bord hat die Rakete aber nicht etwa wissenschaftliche Ausstattung, sondern einen kirschroten Tesla-Sportwagen. Der stammt aus dem Fuhrpark von SpaceX-Chef Elon Musk.
    On board, the rocket but not about scientific equipment, but a cherry-red Tesla sports car. The comes from the fleet of SpaceX boss Elon Musk.


    Musk ist für seine persönliche Note bei Großprojekten bekannt: 2015 benannte er zwei Landeplattformen für Raketen zu Ehren eines Scifi-Autoren: “Read the instructions” und “Of course I still love you”. Das waren auch die Namen zweier Raumschiffe in der Scifi-Geschichte “Das Spiel Azad”.
    Musk is known for his personal touch on major projects: in 2015, he named two landing platforms for rockets in honor of a scifi writer: “Read the instructions” and “Of course I still love you”. These were also the names of two spaceships in the scifi story “The Game Azad”.


    Die Startrampe 39A am Cape Canaveral ist historisch: Von hier hoben einst die Apollo-Mondraketen der Nasa ab, später dann die Space Shuttles. Nun auch die “Falcon Heavy”.
    The launch pad 39A at Cape Canaveral is historic: From here, once the Nasa Apollo moon rockets took off, later the space shuttles. Now also the “Falcon Heavy”.


    Vor dem Start der Rakete gab sich SpaceX- und Tesla-Chef Musk gelassen: “Es wird ein großartiger Raketenstart – oder das beste Feuerwerk aller Zeiten.” Auch ein “großer Knall” könne ihn nicht aus der Fassung bringen. Mit Raketenunfällen hat Musk Erfahrung: Zuletzt explodierte ein Gefährt der Reihe “Falcon 9” bei einem Zündversuch.
    Before launching the rocket, SpaceX and Tesla boss Musk said, “It’s going to be a great rocket launch – or the best fireworks ever!” Even a “big bang” could not upset him. With rocket crashes Musk has experience: Recently exploded a vehicle of the series “Falcon 9” in a detonation attempt.


    Musks langfristiger Plan ist es, mithilfe seiner Raketen die Siedlung von Menschen auf dem Mars möglich zu machen. Um diesen Plan umzusetzen, arbeite SpaceX derzeit an einer elementaren Rakete seines interplanetaren Transportsystems: der BFR.
    Musk’s long-term plan is to use his missiles to make possible the settlement of people on Mars. To implement this plan, SpaceX is currently working on an elementary rocket of its interplanetary transport system: the BFR.


    Der rote Tesla Roadster an Bord dient natürlich vor allem Marketingzwecken. Der Wagen wurde ausgesetzt, er soll auf einer Flugbahn Richtung Mars fliegen. Eine Puppe (Spitzname “Starman”) in einem Astronautenanzug sitzt am Steuer. Außerdem sind Kameras an das Auto montiert, eine davon machte diese spektakuläre Aufnahme.
    The red Tesla Roadster on board is of course primarily for marketing purposes. The car was suspended, he is to fly on a trajectory towards Mars. A doll (nicknamed “Starman”) in an astronaut suit sits at the wheel. In addition, cameras are mounted on the car, one of which made this spectacular shot.


    Mit “Starman” spielt Elon Musk natürlich auf das Lied von David Bowie an. Im SpaceX-Livestream war zwischenzeitlich auch Bowies Hit “Life on Mars?” zu hören. Auf der Anzeige im Cockpit des Teslas stand “Don’t panic”. Außerdem postete Musk auf Instagram ein Bild von einer Platine im Inneren des Autos. Dort stand: “Made on earth by humans” – “Hergestellt auf der Erde von Menschen”.
    With “Starman” Elon Musk naturally plays the song of David Bowie. In the meantime, the SpaceX livestream also had Bowie’s hit “Life on Mars?” to listen. On the display in the cockpit of the Teslas was “Do not panic”. In addition, Musk posted a picture on Instagram of a board inside the car. It read: “Made on earth by humans” – “Made on earth by humans”.


    Einsatz erledigt, die beiden Booster-Raketen des “Heavy Falcon” landen punktgenau am Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    Mission accomplished, the two heavy rocket boosters land at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.



    https://www.suara.com/tekno/2018/08/07/212544/diangkut-roket-bekas-ini-fakta-unik-di-balik-satelit-merah-putih?medium=TopNews&campaign=TopNews_click_3
    Diangkut Roket Bekas, Ini Fakta Unik di balik Satelit Merah Putih
    Liberty Jemadu
    Selasa, 07 Agustus 2018 | 21:25 WIB


    Satelit Merah Putih pada posisinya yang siap diluncurkan di Cape Canaveral, Florida, Amerika Serikat, Senin (6/8). Satelit milik PT. Telkom Tbk., itu diluncurkan pada Selasa (7/8) dini hari waktu setempat. ANTARA FOTO/Saptono
    Roket yang membawa Satelit Merah Putih sudah pernah digunakan pada Mei tahun lalu.

    Suara.com – Satelit Merah Putih, pada Selasa (7/8/2018), sukses dikirim ke antariksa oleh roket Falcon 9 milik SpaceX, perusahaan antariksa Amerika Serikat. Diluncurkan dari Space Launch Complex 40 di Cape Canaveral, Florida, Amerika Serikat sekitar